6. Sabbatia Campestris Nutt Prairie Sabbatia

Fig. 3341

Sabbatia campestris Nutt. Trans. Amer. Phil. Soc. (II.) 5: 197, 1833-37.

Stem 4-angled, branched, 6'-15' high, the branches alternate or dichotomous, or the lowest opposite. Leaves ovate, oblong or lanceolate, mostly obtuse at the apex, sessile or slightly clasping and subcordate at the base, 1/2'- 1' long; flowers solitary at the ends of the branches and peduncles, 1-2' broad; peduncles, 1-2' long; calyx 5-ribbed or almost 5-winged, its lobes lanceolate, acute, 6"-12" long, about as long as the obovate lilac corolla-segments, becoming rather rigid in fruit; style 2-cleft; capsule oblong, 3"-4" high.

On prairies, Missouri and Kansas to Texas.

7. Sabbatia Stellaris Pursh. Sea Or Marsh Pink

Fig. 3342

Sabbatia stellaris Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept. 1: 137. 1814. Chironia stellata Muhl. Cat. Ed. 2, 23. 1818.

Stem nearly terete, or slightly 4-angled, usually much branched, 6'-2° high, the branches alternate. Leaves lanceolate-oblong to linear, sessile, i'-2' long, 2"-$" wide, or the lowest smaller, somewhat obovate and obtuse, the uppermost narrowly linear and bract-like; flowers 9"-18" broad, usually numerous, solitary at the ends of the branches or slender peduncles; calyx not ribbed, its lobes narrowly linear, shorter than or nearly equalling the oblong or obovate corolla-segments; corolla pink to white with a yellowish starry eye bordered with red; style 2-cleft to below the middle; capsule about 2\" high.

In salt-meadows, coast of Massachusetts to Florida. Recorded from Maine. Called also Rose-of-Plymoutlu July-Sept.

7 Sabbatia Stellaris Pursh Sea Or Marsh Pink 137 Sabbatia Stellaris Pursh Sea Or Marsh Pink 14

8. Sabbatia Elliottii Stetid. Elliott's Sabbatia

Fig. 3343

Swertia difformis L. Sp. Pl. 226. 1753?

Sabbatia paniculata Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. x: 282. 1817. Not Pursh, 1814.

S. Elliottii Steud. Nomenel. Ed. 2, 2: 489. 1841.

Stem paniculately branched, terete or slightly ridged, 1°-2° high, the branches alternate. Lower leaves obovate or lanceolate-oblong, obtuse, 6"-9" long, the upper and those of the branches narrowly linear or subulate; flowers very numerous, white, solitary at the ends of the branches and short peduncles, 1' broad or less; calyx not ribbed, its lobes subulate-linear, one-half as long as the spatulate or oblanceo-late segments of the corolla, or less; style 2-parted; capsule about 21/2" high.

In pine-barrens, Virginia and North Carolina to Florida. Quinine-flower. July-Sept.

9. Sabbatia Campanulata (L.) Torr. Slender Marsh Pink

Fig. 3344

Chironia campanulata L. Sp. Pl. 190. 1753- Chironia gracilis Michx. Fl. Bor. Am. 1: 146. 1803.

Sabbatia gracilis Salisb. Parad. Lond. pl, 32. 1806.

Sabbatia campanulata Torr. Fl. U. S. 1: 217. 1824.

Similar to the preceding species. Stem usually very slender and much branched, 1°-2° high, the branches alternate. Leaves linear, or linear-lanceolate, 1'-1 1/2' long, sessile, acute, or the lowest much shorter, obtuse, oblong or oblanceolate, sometimes narrowed into short petioles, the uppermost almost filiform; flowers pink with a yellow eye, about 1' broad, solitary at the ends of the branches and peduncles, mostly 5-parted; calyx-lobes filiform-linear, equalling the oblong-obovate corolla-segments, or somewhat shorter; style 2-cleft to about the middle; capsule obovoid, about 22" high.

In salt marshes and along brackish rivers, rarely in fresh-water swamps, Nantucket to Florida and Louisiana. Also on the summits of the southern Alleghanies. Bahamas; Cuba. May-Aug.

9 Sabbatia Campanulata L Torr Slender Marsh Pink 15