This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol3", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Viburnum Lentago L. Sp. Pl. 268. 1753.
A shrub, or often a small tree, sometimes 300 high and with a trunk diameter of 10'. Winter buds acuminate, glabrous; leaves slender-petioled, ovate, mostly rounded at the base, acuminate at the apex, 2'-4' long, glabrous on both sides, or rarely a little pubescent beneath, sharply serrulate; petioles often broadened and wavy-margined, 9'-12" long; cyme sessile, several-rayed, 2'-s' broad; drupes oval to subglobose, bluish-black with a bloom, sweet and edible, 5"-6" long; stone very flat, circular or oval.
In rich soil, Quebec to Hudson Bay, Manitoba, New Jersey, along the Allegha-nies to Georgia, and to Indiana, Kansas and Colorado. Wood orange-brown, hard; weight 45 lbs. to the cubic foot. May-June. Fruit ripe in October. Nanny-bush. Black thorn or haw. Nanny-plum. Tea-plant (Wis.). Wild raisin.
Viburnum prunifolium L. Sp. Pl. 268. 1753.
A shrub or small tree somewhat similar to the preceding species; but the winter buds smaller, less acute, often reddish-pubescent. Leaves shorter-petioled, ovate or broadly oval, obtuse or acutish but not acuminate at the apex, narrowed or rounded at the base, 1'-3' long, finely serrulate, glabrous or nearly so; petioles rarely margined; cyme sessile, several-rayed, 2'-4' broad; flowers expanding with the leaves or a little before them; drupe oval, bluish-black and glaucous, 4"-5" long; stone very flat on one side, slightly convex on the other, oval.
In dry soil, Connecticut to Georgia, west to Michigan, Kansas and Texas. Wood hard, reddish-brown; weight per cubic foot 52 lbs. April-June. Sheep- or nanny-berry. Fruit ripe in September, sweet and edible. A race, Viburnum prunifolium globosum Nash, has the drupe globose, about 3" in diameter, smaller; New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania.
Viburnum rufidulum Raf. Alsog. Am. 56. 1838. Viburnum prunifolium var. ferrugineum T. & G. Fl.
A small tree, becoming 200 high. Leaves elliptic to obovate, mostly obtuse at the apex, finely and sharply serrate or serrulate, narrowed or obtuse at the base, the veins brown-tomentose beneath; petioles 3"-8" long, winged, brown-tomentose; cymes large, sessile, or very short-peduncled, the principal rays 3-5, mostly 4; flowers 3"-3i" broad; drupe oval, 5"-7" long, blue with a bloom; seed nearly orbicular.
In woods and thickets, New Jersey to Missouri, Kansas, Florida and Texas. Ascends to 3500 ft. in Virginia. April-May. Fruit ripe Aug.-Sept.
Viburnum obovatum Walt., admitted into our first edition as recorded from Virginia, is not definitely known to range north of South Carolina.
Viburnum Lantana L. Sp. Pl. 268. 1753.
A shrub, or small tree, sometimes 12 ft. high, widely branched, the winter-buds naked. Young twigs, buds and petioles densely stellate-tomentose. Leaves ovate to ovate-elliptic, serrulate, dark green and loosely stellate-pubescent or glabrous above, paler and more or less stel-late-tomentose beneath, 2'-4' long, rounded or acutish at the apex, subcordate at the base, the petioles stout and short; cymes short-stalked, stellate-tomentose, densely many-flowered, the flowers all alike, 3"-4" broad; drupe red, oval, 4"-S" long, its stone grooved.
Roadsides, escaped from cultivation in New England. Native of Europe and Asia. The naked winter-buds ally this species to V. alnifolium Marsh. May-July.