This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol3", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Solidago Elliottii T. & G. Fl. N. A. 2: 218. 1841. Solidago elliptica Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. 2: 376. 1824. Not Ait. 1789.
Stem glabrous, or minutely puberulent above, stout, 3°-6° high, simple, or branched at the inflorescence. Leaves firm, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, rarely ovate-oblong, acute or acuminate, sessile by a broad base, or sometimes narrowed below, finely serrate, crenate-serrate, or the upper entire, rough on the margins, pinnately veined, glabrous on both sides, or puberulent on the veins beneath, 1'-5' long, 4"-12" wide; heads about 3" high, more or less secund on the short, spreading or recurving branches of the narrow panicle; bracts of the involucre linear-oblong, obtuse; rays 6-12, short; achenes pubescent.
In swamps, Nova Scotia (?), Massachusetts to North Carolina and Georgia, mainly near the coast. Sept.-Oct.
Solidago neglecta T. & G. Fl. N. A. 2: 213. 1841.
Stem glabrous, or slightly rough above, simple, rather stout, 2°-4° high. Leaves firm, the basal and lower ones lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, large, sometimes 12' long, acute or acutish, closely serrate or serrulate, tapering into margined petioles, rough on the margins; upper leaves smaller, lanceolate, acute, sessile, serrate or nearly entire; heads about 2\" high, more or less secund on the short branches of the thyrsoid panicle; rays 3-8, small; bracts of the involucre thin, linear-oblong, obtuse; achenes glabrous, or nearly so.
In swamps and bogs, Maine to Vermont, Michigan, Maryland, Illinois and Wisconsin. Recorded north to New Brunswick. Forms with the heads little secund resemble S. uliginosa. Pyramid-golden-rod. Aug.-Sept.
Bigelovia (?) uniligulata DC. Prodr. 5: 329. 1836. Solidago linoides T. & G. Fl. N. A. 2: 216. 1841.
Stem simple, slender, 1 1/2°-2 1/2° high, glabrous, or slightly pubescent above. Leaves firm, obscurely pinnately veined, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, finely and sharply serrate, acute or acuminate, the lower long-petioled, 4'-9' long, 4,"-g" wide, the upper sessile, the uppermost very small and erect; heads about 2" high, densely secund on the short spreading or recurving branches of the small naked panicle; rays 1-4; bracts of the involucre firm, linear-oblong, obtuse; achenes glabrous.
In bogs and swamps, Newfoundland to New York, New Jersey, Ontario and Illinois. Aug.-Sept.
• Genus 22.
Solidago juncea Ait. Hort. Kew. 3: 213. 1789. S. arguta scabrella T. & G. Fl. N. A. 2: 214. 1841. Solidago juncea scabrella A. Gray, Syn. Fl. 2: Part 2, 155. 1884. Solidago juncea ramosa Porter & Britton, Bull. Torr.
Club 18: 368. 1891.
Stem glabrous, or very nearly so throughout, rigid, rather stout, simple, or branched at the inflorescence, 1 1/2°-4° high. Leaves firm, glabrous, sometimes rough, lanceolate or oval-lanceolate, acute or acuminate, serrate, serrulate, or nearly entire, the lower large, sometimes 12' long and 2' wide, long-petioled, the upper smaller, sessile; heads \\"-2" high, secund on the recurved or sometimes nearly erect branches of the usually ample spreading panicle; rays 7-12, small; bracts of the involucre oblong or ovate-oblong, obtuse or acute; achenes glabrous or sparingly pubescent.
In dry or rocky soil. New Brunswick to Hudson Bay, Saskatchewan, North Carolina and Missouri. One of the earliest flowering species. Yellow top. Plume or pyramid-golden-rod. June-Nov,