20. Solidago Racemosa Greene. River-Bank Golden-Rod

Fig. 4232

5. racemosa Greene, Pittonia 3: 160. 1897.

Nearly glabrous, sometimes glutinous; stems simple, usually somewhat glutinous, 6'-18' high. Lower and basal leaves oblanceolate, obtuse or acutish, dentate, or crenate, 1 1/2'-4' long, 2i"-4" wide, narrowed into slightly margined petioles; stem leaves sessile, lanceolate, oblong or linear, numerous, crenate or entire, mostly acute, smaller; heads about 3" high, distinctly peduncled, in a terminal simple or branched thyrsus; bracts of the involucre linear-oblong, obtuse, or the inner acutish; achenes striate, pubescent On rocky river-banks, Newfoundland to northern New York, Vermont and Virginia. Described, in our first edition, under the name S. Purshii Porter, which proves to be untenable. July-Sept.

Solidago chrysolepis Fernald, of Quebec, has bright yellow acute involucral bracts.

20 Solidago Racemosa Greene River Bank Golden Rod 90320 Solidago Racemosa Greene River Bank Golden Rod 904

21. Solidago Gillmani (A. Gray) Steele. Gillman's Golden-Rod

Fig. 4233

S. humilis Gillmani A. Gray, Proc. Am. Acad. 17:

191. 1882. S. Virgaurea Gillmani Porter, Bull. Torr. Club 20:

209. 1893. S. Gillmani Steele, Contr. Nat. Herb. 13: 367.

1911. S. racemosa Gillmani Fernald, Rhodora 10: 91.

1908.

Glabrous, except the puberulent inflorescence; stem erect or reclining, rather stout, sometimes 3° long. Lower and basal leaves spatulate or oblanceolate, dentate, 3'-12' long, narrowed into long narrowly margined petioles; upper stem leaves lanceolate to linear-lanceolate, gradually smaller; inflorescence narrowly thyrsoid-paniculate, sometimes 16' long; heads distinctly peduncled, about 4" high; bracts of involucre oblong, scarcely glutinous; rays 6-10, deep yellow, 2" long; achenes sparingly pubescent.

Sandy shores of Lakes Michigan and Superior. Aug.-Sept.

22. Solidago Sciaphila Steele. Shadowy Golden-Rod

Fig. 4234

S. sciaphila Steele, Contr. Nat. Herb. 13: 371. 1911.

Glabrous, except the ciliate leaf-margins and pu-berulent inflorescence, 2°-31/4° high, light green. Leaves thin in texture, sparingly faintly veined, the lower spatulate to broadly oblanceolate, obtuse, 3-5' long, narrowed into long petioles, the upper oblong to oblong-lanceolate, sessile, smaller; heads racemose on the slender branches of the narrow thyrsus, on peduncles as long as the involucre or longer; involucre campanulate, about 3" long, its bracts linear-oblong, obtuse; rays about 5, light yellow, short.

Shaded cliffs of the Wisconsin River, Sauk County, Wisconsin. Aug.-Sept.

22 Solidago Sciaphila Steele Shadowy Golden Rod 90522 Solidago Sciaphila Steele Shadowy Golden Rod 906

23. Solidago Sempervirens L. Sea-Side Golden-Rod

Fig. 4235

Solidago sempervirens L. Sp. Pl. 878. 1753. S. angustifolia Ell. Bot. S. C. & Ga. 2: 388. 1824. Not Mill. 1768.

Stem stout, leafy, usually simple, 2°-8° high, glabrous or slightly puberulent above. Leaves thick, fleshy, entire, with 2-5 pairs of lateral veins, the lower and basal ones oblong, spatulate or lanceolate, mostly obtuse, sometimes l° long, narrowed into long petioles; upper leaves sessile, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acute; heads 3"-5" high, in secund racemes of a large terminal often leafy panicle; rays 8-10, showy; bracts of the involucre lanceolate, acute.

On salt marshes, sea-beaches, along tidal rivers and in sandy soil near the sea, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick to Florida and Mexico. Also in Bermuda. Salt-marsh or beach golden-rod. Aug-Dec.