6. Agalinis Paupercula (A Gray) Britton. Small-Flowered Agalinis

Fig. 3823

Gerardia purpurea var. paupercula A. Gray, Syn. 2:

Part 1, 293. 1878. Gerardia intermedia Porter; A. Gray, loc. cit. As synonym. 1878. G. paupercula Britton, Mem. Torr. Club 5: 295. 1894.

Annual, glabrous and smooth or very nearly so; stems strict, branched above, 6'-18' high, the branches nearly erect. Leaves narrowly linear, 1/2' - 1' long, 1/2" - 1" wide, spreading or ascending; pedicels equalling the calyx, or longer in fruit; calyx campanulate, its teeth about one-half the length of the tube, triangular-lanceolate, acute, or acuminate; corolla 6"-10" long, puberulent, rose purple, its limb about as broad, somewhat villous in the throat within, the lobes ciliate; stamens very villous; anther-sacs mucronulate at the base; capsule globose-oblong, 3" high, longer than the calyx.

In bogs and low meadows, Nova Scotia to New Jersey, Tennessee, Manitoba and Wisconsin; apparently also in Georgia and South Carolina. July-Sept.

7. Agalinis Maritima Raf. Sea-Side Or Salt-Marsh Agalinis

Fig. 3824

Gerardia maritima Raf. Med. Rep. (II.) 5: 361. 1808. A. maritima Raf. New Fl. N. A. 2: 62. 1836.

Annual, smooth and glabrous, fleshy; stem erect, usually branched, 4'-16' high, the branches ascending. Leaves linear, thick, 1/2' - 1' long, 1" wide or less, obtuse, spreading, the upermost very small and subulate, scarcely longer than the pedicels; pedicels in flower shorter than or equalling the calyx, about twice as long in fruit; calyx-teeth broad, short, obtuse; corolla rose purple, 5"-9" long, glabrous, the limb about as broad; anther-sacs mucronulate at the base; capsule globose-oblong, 2"-3" high.

In salt marshes, Maine to Florida. July-Aug. The southern plant has larger flowers than the northern. Flowers before the upland species.

7 Agalinis Maritima Raf Sea Side Or Salt Marsh Aga 495

8. Agalinis Tenuifolia (Vahl.) Raf. Slender Agalinis

Fig. 3825

Gerardia tenuifolia Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 79. 1794. A. tenuifolia Raf. New Fl. N. A. 2: 64. 1836.

Annual, glabrous; stem very slender, panicu-lately branched, 6'-24' high, the branches spreading or ascending. Leaves very narrowly linear, flat, acute, 1/2'-1 1/4' long, 1/4"- 1" wide, spreading; pedicels mostly equalling or longer than the flowers; calyx campanulate, its teeth very short, pointed; corolla light purple, spotted, rarely white, 6"-9" long, vertically compressed when fully expanded, minutely puberulent, or glabrous; anther-sacs mucronate at the base; capsule globose or slightly obovoid, 2"- 2 1/2" in diameter, longer than the calyx.

In dry woods and thickets, Quebec to Georgia, west to western Ontario, Kansas and Texas. Aug.-Oct.

8 Agalinis Tenuifolia Vahl Raf Slender Agalinis 496

9. Agalinis Besseyana Britton. Bessey's Agalinis

Fig. 3826

Gerardia tenuifolia var. macrophylla Benth. Comp. Bot. Mag. 1: 209. 1835. Not G. macrophylla Benth.

Gerardia Besseyana Britton, Mem. Torr. Club 5: 295. 1894.

Annual; stem glabrous, rather stout, strict, branched, 1°- 2° high, the branches ascending or nearly erect. Leaves linear, 1' - 2' long, 1"- 2" wide, scabrous, acute, ascending; pedicels ascending, longer than the flowers; calyx campanulate, its teeth triangular-subulate, one-third to one-half the length of the tube; corolla purple, 5"-6" long; capsule globose, 2"-3" in diameter, exceeding the calyx.

On dry hills and prairies, Ontario to South Dakota, Colorado, Louisiana and Kansas. Recorded east to Connecticut. July-Sept.

9 Agalinis Besseyana Britton Bessey s Agalinis 4979 Agalinis Besseyana Britton Bessey s Agalinis 498