Annual, or rarely perennial, coarse branching or feebly climbing herbs, with 1-2-pinnately divided leaves, and lateral irregular raceme-like cymes of small yellowish flowers opposite the leaves. Calyx 5-parted, or rarely 6-parted, the segments linear or lanceolate. Corolla rotate, the tube very short, the limb 5-cleft or rarely 6-cleft, plicate. Stamens 5 (rarely 6), inserted on the throat of the corolla; filaments very short; anthers elongated, connate or connivent, introrsely longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary 2-3-celled; style simple; stigma small, capitate. Berry in the wild plants globose or pyriform, much modified in cultivation, the calyx persistent at its base. [Greek, wolf-peach.]

About 4 species, natives of North America, the following typical.

7 Lycopersicon Mill Gard Dict Abr Ed 4 1754 397

1. Lycopersicon Lycopersicon (L.) Karst. Tomato. Love Apple. Cherry Tomato

Fig. 3726

Solatium Lycopersicum L. Sp. Pl. 185. 1753. L. esculentum Mill. Gard. Dict. Ed. 8. 1768. Lycopersicum Lycopersicum Karst. Deutsch. Fl. 966. 1880-83.

Viscid-pubescent, much branched, 1°-3° high, the branches spreading. Leaves peti-oled, pinnately divided, 6-18' long, the segments stalked, the larger 7-9, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, mostly acute, dentate, lobed or again divided, 2'-4' long, with several or numerous smaller, sometimes very small ones interspersed; clusters several-flowered; peduncles 1'-3' long; flowers 5"-8" broad; calyx-segments about equalling the corolla; berry the well-known tomato or love-apple.

Escaped from cultivation and occasionally spontaneous from New York and Pennsylvania southward. Jews' ear. June-Sept.