This section is from the book "An Illustrated Flora Of The Northern United States, Canada And The British Possessions Vol3", by Nathaniel Lord Britton, Addison Brown. Also available from Amazon: An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Volume Set..
Anonymos graminifolius Walt. Fl. Car. 197.
1788. Liatris graminifolia Pursh, Fl. Am. Sept.
Glabrous, or sparingly pubescent, 1°-3° high. Leaves similar to those of the preceding species, but more conspicuously punctate, usually somewhat ciliate, at least near the base and acute or acutish at the apex; heads spicate, racemose or sometimes panicled, mostly peduncled; involucre obovoid, narrowed or acute at the base, 2"-4" broad, its bracts distinctly punctate, appressed, rounded, more or less scarious-margined, thick; flowers purple; pappus barbellate; achenes hairy.
In dry soil, New Jersey to Florida. Fine-leaved blazing-star. Aug.-Sept.
Serratula pilosa Ait. Hort. Kew. 3: 138. 1789. L. pilosa Heller, Muhlenbergia 1: 6. 1900.
Glabrous, except the ciliate leaf-bases and involucral bracts, 5'-31/4° tall, simple. Leaves rather numerous, the basal often fully half as long as the stem, with broadly linear or linear-oblong blades, the upper stem leaves much smaller, with linear blades, all more or less ciliate near the base; involucres turbinate, 2V-3" broad, sessile or short-peduncled, the bracts purple, the outer ovate or oval, the middle ones with oval or ovate blades and short claws, the inner linear or linear-spatulate, all obtuse and rather broadly margined; pappus barbellate; achenes 2V-3" long, hairy.
In dry or rocky soil, Virginia and West Virginia to Georgia and Alabama. July-Sept.
Lacinaria Smallii Britton, Manual 927. 1901.
Similar to L. graminifolia. Stem very slender, 1°-2° high. Leaves scattered, linear, 2"-5" wide, acute, pubescent on the midvein beneath, spreading, very punctate; heads scattered, sessile in the axils of the upper small leaves, the uppermost leaves not larger than the involucral bracts; involucre oblong-campanulate, about 8-flowered, about 5" high, its innermost bracts linear, acute or acutish, the outermost obtusish, all punctate; flowers purple; pappus plumose.
Iron Mountain, Smyth Co., Virginia. Aug.