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Neltje Blanchan | by Neltje Blanchan



An aid to knowledge of our wild flowers and their insect visitors

TitleNature's Garden
AuthorNeltje Blanchan
PublisherDoubleday, Page & Co.
Year1900
Copyright1900, Doubleday, Page & Co.
AmazonNature's Garden; An Aid To Knowledge Of Our Wild Flowers And Their Insect Visitors

With Colored Plates And Many Other Illustrations Photographed Directly From Nature By Henry Troth And A. R. Dugmore

Text By Neltje Blanchan, Author Of "Bird Neighbors" And "Birds That Hunt And Are Hunted"

Nature's Garden   An Aid To Knowledge Of Our Wild Flowers And Their Insect VisitorsLogo Flower
-Preface
Surely a foreword of explanation is called for from one who has the temerity to offer a surfeited public still another book on wild flowers. Inasmuch as science has proved that almost every blossom in...
-From Blue To Purple Flowers
If blue is the favourite colour of bees, and if bees have so much to do with the origin of flowers, how is it that there are so few blue ones? I believe the explanation to be that all blue flowers ha...
-Virginia, Or Common Day-Flower (Commelina Virginica) Spiderwort Family
Flowers - Blue, 1 in. broad or less, irregular, grouped at end of stem, and upheld by long leaf-like bracts. Calyx of 3 unequal sepals; 3 petals, 1 inconspicuous, 2 showy, rounded. Perfect stamens 3; ...
-Spiderwort; Widow's Or Job's Tears (Tradescantia Virginiana) Spiderwort Family
Flowers - Purplish blue, rarely white, showy, ephemeral, 1 to 2 in. broad; usually several flowers, but more drooping buds, clustered and seated between long blade-like bracts at end of stem. Calyx of...
-Pickerel Weed (Pontederia Cordata) Pickerel-Weed Family
Flowers - Bright purplish blue, including filaments, anthers, and style; crowded in a dense spike; quickly fading; unpleasantly odorous. Perianth tubular, 2-lipped, parted into 6 irregular lobes, free...
-Wild Hyacinth, Scilla Or Squill. Quamash (Ouamasia Hyacinthina) Lily Family (Scilla Fraseri Of Gray)
Flowers - Several or many, pale violet blue, or rarely white, in a long, loose raceme; perianth of 6 equal, narrowly oblong, widely spreading divisions, the thread-like filaments inserted at their bas...
-Purple Trillium, Ill-Scented Wake-Robin, Or Birth-Root (Trillium Erectum) Lily-Of-The-Valley Family
Flowers - Solitary, dark, dull purple, or purplish red; rarely greenish, white, or pinkish; on erect or slightly inclined footstalk. Calyx of 3 spreading sepals, 1 to 1 1/2 in. long, or about length ...
-Larger Blue Flag; Blue Iris; Fleur-De-Lis; Flower-De-Luce (Iris Versicolor) Iris Family
Flowers - Several, 2 to 5 in. long, violet-blue variegated with yellow, green, or white, and purple veined. Six divisions of the perianth: 3 outer ones spreading, recurved; 1 of them bearded, much lon...
-Pointed Blue-Eyed Grass; Eye-Bright; Blue Star (Sisyrinchium Angustifolium) Iris Family
Flowers - From blue to purple, with a yellow centre; a Western variety, white; usually several buds at the end of stem, between 2 erect unequal bracts; about 1/2 in. across; perianth of 6 spreading di...
-Large, Or Early, Purple-Fringed Orchis (Habenaria Grandiflora) Orchid Family (H. Fimbriata Of Gray)
Flowers - Pink-purple and pale lilac, sometimes nearly white; fragrant, alternate, clustered in thick, dense spikes from 3 to 15 in. long. Upper sepal and toothed petals erect; the lip of deepest shad...
-Water-Shield, Or Water Target (Brasenia Purpurea) Water-Lily Family (B. Peltata Of Gray)
Flowers - Small, dull purplish, about 1/2, in. across, on stout footstalks from axils of upper leaves; 3 narrow sepals and petals; stamens 12 to 18; pistils 4 to 18, forming 1 to 3-seeded pods. Stem: ...
-European, Or Common Garden, Columbine (Aquilegia Vulgaris) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - Showy, blue, purple, or white, 1 1/2 to 2 in. broad, or about as broad as long; spurs stout and strongly incurved. General characteristics of plant resembling wild columbine. Preferred Habi...
-Field, Or Branched, Larkspur; Knigfht's-Spur; Lark-Heei (Delphinium Consolida) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - Blue to pinkish and whitish, 1 to 1 1/2 in. long, hung on slender stems, and scattered along spreading branches; 5 petal-like sepals, the rear one prolonged into long, slender, curving spur;...
-Liver-Leaf; Hepatica; Liverwort; Round-Lobed, Or Kidney Liver-Leaf; Noble Liverwort; Squirrel Cup (Hepatica Hepatica) Crowfoot Family (H. Triloba Of Gray)
Floiuers - Blue, lavender, purple, pinkish, or white; occasionally, not always, fragrant; 6 to 12 petal-like, colored sepals (not petals, as they appear to be), oval or oblong; numerous stamens, all b...
-Purple Virgin's Bower (Atragene Americana) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - Showy, purplish blue, about3 in. across; 4 sepals, broadly expanded, thin, translucent, strongly veined, very large, simulating petals; petals small, spoon-shaped; stamens very numerous; sty...
-Orpine; Live-Forever; Midsummer-Men; Livelong; Pudding-Bag Plant; Garden Stone-Crop; Witches' Money (Sednm Telephium) Orpine Family
Flowers - Dull purplish, very pale or bright reddish purple in close, round, terminal clusters, each flower 1/3 in. or less across, 5-parted, the petals twice as long as the sepals; 10 stamens, altern...
-Purple Or Water Avens (Geum Rivale) Rose Family
Flowers - Purple, with some orange chrome, I in. broad or less, terminal, solitary, nodding; calyx 5-lobed, purplish, spreading; 5 petals, abruptly narrowed into claws, forming a cup-shaped corolla; s...
-Wild Lupine; Old Maid's Bonnets; Wild Pea; Sun Dial (Lupinus Perennis) Pea Family
Flowers - Vivid blue, very rarely pink or white, butterfly-shaped; corolla consisting of standard, wings, and keel; about 1/2 in long, borne in a long raceme at end of stem; calyx 2-lipped, deeply too...
-Canadian Or Showy Tick-Trefoil (Meibomia Canadensis) Pea Family (Desmodium Canadense Of Gray)
Flowers - Pinkish or bluish purple, butterfly-shaped, about 1/2-in. long, borne in dense, terminal, elongated racemes. Stem; Erect, hairy, leafy, 2 to 8 ft. high. Leaves: Compounded of 3 oblong leafle...
-Blue, Tufted, Or Cow Vetch Or Tare; Cat Peas; Tinegrass (Vicia Graced) Pea Family
Flowers - Blue, later purple; 1/2 in. long, growing downward in i-sided spike, 15 to 40 flowered; calyx oblique, small, with unequal teeth; corolla butterfly-shaped, consisting of standard, wings, and...
-Beach, Sea, Seaside, Or Everlasting Pea (Lathyrus Maritimus) Pea Family
Flowers - Purple, butterfly-shaped, consisting of standard petal, wings, and keel; 1 in. long or less, clustered in short raceme at end of slender footstalk from leaf axils; calyx 5-toothed; stamens 1...
-Butterfly Or Blue Pea (Clitoria Mariana) Pea Family
Flowers - Bright lavender blue, showy, about 2 in. long; from 1 to 3 borne on a short peduncle. Calyx tubular, 5-toothed; corolla butterfly-shaped, consisting of very large, erect standard petal, notc...
-Wild Or Hog Peanut (Falcata Comosa) Pea Family (Amphicarpcea Monoica Of Gray)
Flowers - Numerous small, showy ones, borne in drooping clusters from axils of upper leaves; lilac, pale purplish, or rarely white, butterfly-shaped, consisting of standard petal partly enfolding wing...
-Violets (Viola) Violet Family
Lacking perfume only to be a perfectly satisfying flower, the Common, Purple, Meadow, or Hooded Blue Violet (V. obli-qua) - the V. cucullata of Gray - has nevertheless established itself in the hearts...
-Sea Lavender; Marsh Rosemary; Canker-Root; Ink-Root (Limontum Carolinianum) Plumbago Family (Statue Limontum Of Gray)
Flowers - Very tiny, pale, dull lavender, erect, set along upper side of branches. Calyx 5-toothed, tubular, plaited; corolla of 5 petals opposite as many stamens; 1 pistil with 5 thread-like styles. ...
-Fringed Gentian (Gentiana Crinita) Gentian Family
Flowers - Deep, bright blue, rarely white, several or many, about 2 in. high, stiffly erect, and solitary at ends of very long footstalk. Calyx of 4 unequal, acutely pointed lobes. Corolla funnel form...
-Wild Blue Phlox (Phlox Divaricata) Phlox Family
Flowers - Pale lilac blue, slightly fragrant, borne on sticky pedicels, in loose, spreading clusters. Calyx with 5 long, sharp teeth. Corolla of 5 flat lobes, indented like the top of a heart, and uni...
-Virginia Cowslip; Tree Or Smooth Lungwort; Blue-Bells (Mertensia Virginica) Borage Family
Flowers - Pinkish in bud, afterward purplish blue, fading to light blue; about 1 in. long, tubular, funnel form, the tube of corolla not crested; spreading or hanging on slender pedicels in showy, loo...
-Forget-Me-Not; Mouse-Ear; Scorpion Grass; Snake Grass; Love Me (Myosotis Palustris) Borage Family
Flowers - Pure blue, pinkish, or white, with yellow eye; flat, 5-lobed, borne in many-flowered, long, often 1 -sided racemes. Calyx 5-cleft; the lobes narrow, spreading, erect, and open in fruit; 5 st...
-Viper's Bugloss; Blue-Weed; Viper's Herb Or Grass; Snake-Flower; Blue-Thistle (Echium Vulgare) Borage Family
Flowers - Bright blue, afterward reddish purple, pink in the bud, numerous, clustered on short, 1-sided, curved spikes rolled up at first, and straightening out as flowers expand. Calyx deeply 5-cleft...
-Blue Vervain; Wild Hyssop; Simpler's Joy (Verbena Hastata) Vervain Family
Flowers - Very small, purplish blue, in numerous slender, erect, compact spikes. Calyx 5-toothed; corolla tubular, unequally 5-lobed; 2 pairs of stamens; 1 pistil. Stem: 3 to 7 ft. high, rough, branch...
-Mad-Dog Skullcap Or Helmet-Flower; Mad-Weed; Hoodwort (Scutellaria Lateriflora) Mint Family
Flowers - Blue, varying to whitish; several or many, 1/4 in. long, growing in axils of upper leaves or in 1-sided spike-like racemes. Calyx 2-lipped, the upper lip with a helmet-like protuberance; cor...
-Ground Ivy Or Joy; Gill-Over-The-Ground; Field Balm; Creeping Charlie (Glecoma Hederacea) Mint Family (Nepeta Glechoma Of Gray)
Flowers - Light bluish purple, dotted with small specks of reddish violet; growing singly or in clusters along stem, seated in leaf axils; calyx hairy, with 5 sharp teeth; corolla tubular, over 1/2 in...
-Self-Heal; Heal-All; Blue Curls; Heart-Of-The-Earth; Brunella (Prunella Vulgaris) Mint Family
Flowers - Purple and violet, in dense spikes, somewhat resembling a clover head; from 1/2 to 1 in. long in flower, becoming4 times the length in fruit. Corolla tubular, irregularly 2-lipped, the upper...
-American Or Mock Pennyroyal; Tickweed; Squaw Mint (Hedeoma Pulegioides) Mint Family
Flowers - Very small, bluish purple, clustered in axils of upper leaves. Calyx tubular, unequally 5-cleft; teeth of upper lip triangular, hairy in throat. Corolla 2-lipped, upper lip erect, notched; l...
-Wild Or Creeping Thyme (Thymus Serpyllum) Mint Family
Flowers - Very small purple or pink purple, fragrant, clustered at ends of branches or in leaf axils. Hairy calyx and corolla 2-lipped, the latter with lower lip 3-cleft; stamens 4; style 2-cleft. Lea...
-Garden, Spear, Or Mackerel Mint (Mentha Spicata) Mint Family (M. Viridis Of Gray)
Flowers - Small, pale bluish, or pinkish purple, in whorls, forming terminal, interrupted, narrow spikes, 2 to 4 in. long in fruit, the central one surpassing lateral ones. Calyx bell-shaped, toothed;...
-Nightshade; Blue Bindweed; Felonwort; Bittersweet; Scarlet Or Snake Berry; Poison-Flower; Woody Nightshade (Solatium Dulcamara) Potato Family
Flowers - Blue, purple, or, rarely, white with greenish spots on each lobe; about 1/2 in. broad, clustered in slender, drooping cymes. Calyx 5-lobed, oblong, persistent on the berry; corolla deeply, s...
-Blue Or Wild Toadflax; Blue Linaria (Linaria Canadensis) Figwort Family
Flo?vers - Pale blue to purple, small, irregular, in slender spikes. Calyx 5-pointed; corolla 2-lipped, with curved spur longer than its tube, which is nearly closed by a white, 2-ridged projection or...
-Maryland Figwort; Bee Plant; Knotted Fig-Wort; Heal-All; Pilewort (Scrophularia Marylandica) Figwort Family (5. Nodosa Of Gray.)
Flowers - Very small, dull green on outside; vivid, shining brownish purple within; borne in almost leafless terminal clusters on slender stems. Calyx 5-parted; corolla of 5 rounded lobes, the 2 upper...
-Hairy Beard-Tongue (Pentstemon Hirsutus) Figwort Family (P. Pubescens Of Gray)
Flowers - Dull violet or lilac and white, about i in. long, borne in a loose spike. Calyx 5-parted, the sharply pointed sepals overlapping; corolla, a gradually inflated tube widening where the mouth ...
-Blue-Eyed Mary; Innocence; Broad-Leaved Collinsia (Collinsia Verna) Figwort Family
Flowers - On slender, weak stalks; whorled in axils of upper leaves. Blue on lower lip of corolla, its middle lobe folded lengthwise to enclose 4 adhering stamens and 1 pistil; upper lip white, with s...
-Monkey-Flower (Minulus Ringens) Figwort Family
Flowers - Purple, violet, or lilac, rarely whitish; about 1 in. long, solitary, borne on slender footstems from axils of upper leaves. Calyx prismatic, 5-angled, 5-toothed; corolla irregular, tubular,...
-American Brooklime (Veronica Americana) Figwort Family
Flowers - Light blue to white, usually striped with deep blue or purple; structure of flower similar to that of V. officinalis, but borne in long, loose racemes branching outward on stems that spring ...
-Common Speedwell; Fluellin; Paul's Betony; Ground-Hele (Veronica Officinalis) Figwort Family
Flowers - Pale blue, very small, crowded on spike-like racemes from axils of leaves, often from alternate axils. Calyx 4-parted; corolla of 4 lobes, lower lobe commonly narrowest; 2 divergent stamens ...
-Pale, Or Naked, Or One-Flowered Broom-Rape (Thalesia Uniflora) Broom-Rape Family (Aphyllon Uniflorum Of Gray)
Flowers - Violet, rarely white, delicately fragrant, solitary at end of erect, glandular peduncles. Calyx hairy, bell-shaped, 5-toothed, not half the length of corolla, which is 1 in. or less long, wi...
-Hairy Ruellia (Ruellia Ciliosa) Acanthus Family
Flowers - Pale violet blue, showy, about 2 in. long, solitary or clustered in the axils or at the end of stem. Calyx of 5 bristle-shaped hairy segments; corolla with very slender tube expanding above ...
-Bluets; Innocence; Houstonia; Quaker Ladies; Quaker Bonnets; Venus' Pride (Houstonia Ccerulea) Madder Family
Flowers - Very small, light to purplish blue or white, with yellow centre, and borne at end of each erect slender stem that rises from 3 to 7 in. high. Corolla funnel-shaped, with 4 oval, pointed, spr...
-Wild, Common, Or Card Teazel; Gypsy Combs (Dipsacus Sylvestris) Teazel Family
Flowers - Purple or lilac, small, packed in dense, cylindric heads, 3 to 4 in. long; growing singly on ends of footstalks, the flowers set among stiffly pointed, slender scales. Calyx cup-shaped, 4-to...
-Harebell Or Hairbell; Blue Bells Of Scotland; Lady's Thimble (Campanula Rotundifolia) Bellflower Family
Flowers - Bright blue or violet blue, bell-shaped, 1/2 in. long or over, drooping from hair-like stalks. Calyx of 5-pointed, narrow, spreading lobes; 5 slender stamens alternate with lobes of corolla,...
-Venus' Looking-Glass; Clasping Bellflower (Legouzia Perfoliata) Bellflower Family (Specularia Perfoliata Of Gray)
Flowers - Violet blue, from 1/2 to 3/4 in. across; solitary or 2 or 3 together, seated, in axils of upper leaves. Calyx lobes varying from 3 to 5 in earlier and later flowers, acute, rigid; corolla a ...
-Great Lobelia; Blue Cardinal-Flower (Lobelia Syphilitica) Bellflower Family
Flowers - Bright blue, touched with white, fading to pale blue, about 1 in. long, borne on tall, erect, leafy spike. Calyx 5-parted, the lobes sharply cut, hairy. Corolla tubular, open to base on one ...
-Indian Or Wild Tobacco; Gag-Root; Asthma-Weed; Bladder-Pod Lobelia (Lobelia Inflata) Bellflower Family
Flowers - Pale blue or violet, small, borne at short intervals in spike-like leafy racemes. Calyx 5-parted, its awl-shaped lobes 1/4 in. long, or as long as the tubular, 2-lipped, 5-cleft, corolla tha...
-Chicory; Succory; Blue Sailors; Bunk (Cichorium Intybus) Chicory Family
Flower-head - Bright, deep azure to gray blue, rarely pinkish or white, 1 to 1 1/2 in. broad, set close to stem, often in small clusters for nearly the entire length; each head a composite of ray flow...
-Iron-Weed; Flat Top (Vernonia Noveboracensis) Thistle Family
Flower-head - Composite of tubular florets only, intense reddish-purple thistle-like heads, borne on short, branched peduncles and forming broad, flat clusters; bracts of involucre, brownish purple, t...
-Common Or Scaly Blazing Star; Colic-Root; Rattlesnake Master; Button Snakeroot (Lacinaria Squarrosa) Thistle Family (Liatris Squarrosa Of Gray)
Flower-heads - Composite, about 1 in. long, bright purple or rose purple, of tubular florets only, from an involucre of overlapping, rigid, pointed bracts; each of the few flower-heads from the leaf a...
-Blue And Purple Asters Or Starworts - Thistle Family
Evolution teaches us that thistles, daisies, sunflowers, asters, and all the triumphant horde of composites were once very different flowers from what we see to-day. Through ages of natural selection ...
-Robin's, Or Poor Robin's, Or Robert's Plantain; Blue Spring Daisy; Daisy-Leaved Fleabane (Erigeron Pulchelius) Thistle Family (E. Bellifolium Of Gray)
Flower-heads - Composite, daisy-like, 1 to 1 1/2 in. across; the outer circle of about 50 pale bluish-violet ray florets; the disk florets greenish yellow. Stem: Simple, erect, hairy, juicy, flexible,...
-Thistles (Carduus) Thistle Family
Is land fulfilling the primal curse because it brings forth thistles? So thinks the farmer, no doubt, but not the goldfinches which daintily feed among the fluffy seeds, nor the bees, nor the painted...
-Magenta To Pink Flowers
Botany is a sequel of murder and a chronicle of the dead. - Julian Hawthorne. A plant is not to be studied as an absolutely dead thing, but rather as a sentient being. . . . To measure petals, t...
-Sessile-Leaved Twisted-Stalk (Streptopus Roseus) Lily-Of-The-Valley Family
Flowers - Dull, purplish pink, 1/2 in. long or less, solitary, on threadlike, curved footstalks longer than the small flower itself, nodding from leaf-axils. Perianth bill-shaped, of 6 spreading segme...
-Moccasin Flower; Pink, Venus', or Stemless Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium Acaule) Orchid Family
Flowers - Fragrant, solitary, large, showy, drooping from end of scape, 6 to 12 in. high. Sepals lance-shaped, spreading, greenish purple, 2 in. long or less; petals narrower and longer than sepals. L...
-Showy, Gay, Or Spring Orchis (Orchis Spectabilis) Orchid Family
Flowers - Purplish pink, of deeper and lighter shade, the lower lip white, and thick of texture; from 3 to 6 on a spike; fragrant. Sepals pointed, united, arching above the converging petals, and rese...
-Rose Or Sweet Pogonia; Snake-Mouth (Pogonia Ophioglossoides) Orchid Family
Flowers - Pale rose pink, fragrant, about 1 in. long, usually solitary at end of stem 8 to 15 in. high, and subtended by a leaflike bract. Sepals and petals equal, oval, about 1/2 in. long, the lip sp...
-Arethusa; Indian Pink (Arethusa Bulbosa) Orchid Family
Flowers - i to 2 in. long, bright purple pink, solitary, violet scented, rising from between a pair of small scales at end of smooth scape from 5 to 10 in. high. Lip dropping beneath sepals and petals...
-Calopogon; Grass Pink (Limodorum Tuberosum) Orchid Family (Calopogon Pulchellus Of Gray)
Flowers - Purplish pink, I in. long, 3 to 15 around a long, loose spike. Sepals and petals similar, oval, acute; the lip on upper side of flower is broad at the summit, tapering into a claw, flexible ...
-Common Persicaria, Pink Knotweed, Or Joint-Weed; Smartweed (Polygonum Pennsylvanicum) Buckwheat Family
Flowers - Very small, pink, collected in terminal, dense, narrow, obtuse spikes, 1 to 2 in. long. Calyx pink or greenish, 5-parted, like petals; no corolla; stamens 8 or less; style 2-parted. Stem: 1 ...
-Corn Cockle; Corn Rose; Corn Or Red Campion; Crown-Of-The-Field (Agrostemma Githago) Pink Family (Lychnis Githago Of Gray)
Flowers - Magenta or bright purplish crimson, 1 to 3 in. broad, solitary at end of long, stout footstem; 5 lobes of calyx leaf-like, very long and narrow, exceeding petals. Corolla of 5 broad, rounded...
-Wild Pink Or Catchfly (Silene Caroliniana) Pink Family (S. Pennsylvanica Of Gray)
Flowers - Rose pink, deep or very pale; about 1 inch broad, on slender footstalks, in terminal clusters. Calyx tubular, 5-toothed, much enlarged in fruit, sticky; 5 petals with claws enclosed in calyx...
-Soapwort; Bouncing Bet; Hedge Pink; Bruise-Wort; Old Maid's Pink; Fuller's Herb (Saponaria Officinalis) Pink Family
Flowers - Pink or whitish, fragrant, about 1 inch broad, loosely clustered at end of stem, also sparingly from axils of upper leaves. Calyx tubular, 5-toothed, about 3/4 in. long; 5 petals, the claws ...
-Deptford Pink (Dianthus Armeria) Pink Family
Flowers - Pink, with whitish dots, small, borne in small clusters at end of stem. Calyx tubular, 5-toothed, with several bract-like leaves at base; 5 petals with toothed edges, clawed at base within d...
-Pink Or Pale Corydalis (Capnoides Sempervirens) Poppy Family (Corydalis Glaiica Of Gray)
Flowers - Pink, with yellow tip, about 1/2 in. long, a few borne in a loose, terminal raceme. Calyx of 2 small sepals; corolla irregular, of 4 erect, closed, and flattened petals joined, 1 of outer pa...
-Hardhack; Steeple Bush (Spiraea Tomentosa) Rose Family
Flowers - Pink or magenta, rarely white, very small, in dense, pyramidal clusters. Calyx of 5 sepals; corolla of 5 rounded petals; stamens, 20 to 60; usually 5 pistils, downy. Stem: 2 to 3 ft. high, e...
-Purple-Flowering Or Virginia Raspberry (Rubus Odoratus) Rose Family
Flowers - Royal purple or bluish pink, showy, fragrant, 1 to 2 in. broad, loosely clustered at top of stem. Calyx sticky-hairy, deeply 5-parted, with long pointed tips; corolla of 5 rounded petals; st...
-Queen-Of-The-Prairie (Ulmaria Rubra) Rose Family (Spirea Lobaia Of Gray)
Flowers - Deep pink, like the peach blossom, fragrant, about 1/3 in. across, clustered in large cymose panicles on a long footstalk. Calyx 5-lobed; 5-clawed, rose-like petals; stamens numerous; pistil...
-Wild Roses (Rosa) Rose Family
Just as many members of the lily tribe show a preference for the rule of three in the arrangements of their floral parts, so the wild roses cling to the quinary method of some primitive ancestor, a fa...
-Common Red, Purple, Meadow, Or Honeysuckle Clover (Trifolium Pratense) Pea Family
Flowers - Magenta, pink, or rarely whitish, sweet-scented, the tubular corollas set in dense round, oval, or egg-shaped heads about 1 in. long, and seated in a sparingly hairy calyx. Stem: 6 in. to 2 ...
-Goat's Rue; Cat-Gut; Hoary Pea Or Wild Sweet Pea (Cracca Virginiana) Pea Family (Tephrosia Virginiana Of Gray)
Flowers - In terminal cluster, each 1/2 in. long or over, butterfly-shaped, consisting of greenish, cream-yellow standard, purplish-rose wings, and curved keel of greenish yellow tinged with rose; pet...
-Trailing Bush Clover (Lespedeza Procumbens) Pea Family
Flowers - Purplish pink or violet, veined, the butterfly-shaped ones having standard petal, wings, and keel, clustered at end of peduncles; the minute flowers lacking a corolla, nearly sessile. Calyx ...
-Wild Or Spotted Geranium Or Crane's-Bill; Alum-Root (Geranium Maculatum) Geranium Family
Flowers - Pale magenta, purplish pink, or lavender, regular, 1 to 1 1/2 in. broad, solitary or a pair, borne on elongated peduncles, generally with pair of leaves at their base. Calyx of 5 lapping, po...
-Herb Robert; Red Robin; Red Shanks; Dragon's Blood (Geranium Robertianum) Geranium Family
Flowers - Purplish rose, about 1/2 in. across, borne chiefly in pairs on slender peduncles. Five sepals and petals; stamens 10; pistil with 5 styles. Stem: Weak, slender, much branched, forked, and sp...
-White Or True Wood-Sorrel; Alleluia (Oxalis Acetosella) Wood-Sorrel Family
Flowers - White or delicate pink, veined with deep pink, about 1/2 in. long. Five sepals; 5 spreading petals rounded at tips; 10 stamens, 5 longer, 5 shorter, all anther-bearing; 1 pistil with 5 stigm...
-Violet Wood-Sorrel (Oxalis Violaced) Wood-Sorrel Family
Flowers - Pinkish purple, lavender, or pale magenta; less than 1 in. long; borne on slender stems in umbels or forking clusters, each containing from 3 to 12 flowers. Calyx of 5 obtuse sepals; 5 petal...
-Common, Field, Or Purple Milkwort; Purple Polygala (Polygala Viridescens) Milkwort Family (P. Sanguinea Of Gray)
Flowers - Numerous, very small, variable; bright magenta, pink, or almost red, or pale to whiteness, or greenish, clustered in a globular clover-like head, gradually lengthening to a cylindric spike. ...
-Fringed Milkwort Or Polygala; Flowering Win-Tergreen; Gay Wings (Polygala Paucifolia) Milkwort Family
Flowers - Purplish rose, rarely white, showy, over 1/2 in. long, from 1 to 4 on short, slender peduncles from among upper leaves. Calyx of 5 unequal sepals, of which 2 are wing-like and highly colored...
-Swamp Rose-Mallow; Mallow Rose (Hibiscus Moscheutos) Mallow Family
Flowers - Very large, clear rose pink, sometimes white, often with crimson centre, 4 to 7 in. across, solitary, or clustered on peduncles at summit of stems. Calyx 5-cleft, subtended by numerous narro...
-Marsh St.-John's-Wort (Triadenum Virginiciim) St.-John's-Wort Family (E/odea Virginica Of Gray)
Flowers - Pale magenta, pink, or flesh color, about 1/2 in. across, in terminal clusters, or from leaf axils. Calyx of 5 equal sepals, persistent on fruit; 5 petals; 9 or more stamens united in 3 sets...
-Spiked Willow-Herb; Long Purples; Spiked Or Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum Salicaria) Loosestrife Family
Flowers - Bright magenta (royal purple) or pinkish purple, about 1/2 in. broad, crowded in whorls around long bracted spikes. Calyx tubular, ribbed, 5 to 7 toothed, with small projections between. Cor...
-Blue Wax-Weed; Clammy Cuphea; Tar-Weed (Parsonia Petiolata) Loosestrife Family (Cuphea Viscosissima Of Gray)
Flowers - Purplish pink, about 1/4. in. across, on short peduncles from leaf axils, solitary or clustered. Calyx sticky, tubular, 12-ribbed, with 6 primary teeth, oblique at mouth, extending into a ro...
-Meadow-Beauty; Deer Grass (Rhexia Virginica) Meadow-Beauty Family
Flowers - Purplish pink, I to 1 1/2 in. across, pedicelled, clustered at top of stem. Calyx 4-lobed, tubular or urn-shaped, narrowest at neck; 4 rounded, spreading petals, joined for half their length...
-Great Or Spiked Willow-Herb; Fire-Weed (Chamaenerion Angustifolium) Evening Primrose Family (Epilobium Angustifolium Of Gray)
Flowers - Magenta or pink, sometimes pale, or rarely white, more or less than 1 in. across, in an elongated, terminal, spike-like raceme. Calyx tubular, narrow, in 4 segments; 4 rounded, spreading pet...
-Bog Wintergreen (Pyrola Uliginosa) Wintergreen Family (P. Rotundifolia, Var. Uliginosa Of Gray)
Flowers - Magenta pink, fragrant, about 1/2 in. across, 7 to 15 on a leafless scape 6 to 15 in. high. Calyx 5-parted; 5 concave petals; 10 stamens; style curved upward, exserted. Leaves: From the root...
-Pipsissewa; Prince's Pine (Chimaphila Umbellata) Wintergreen Family
Flowers - Flesh-colored, or pinkish, fragrant, waxy, usually with deep pink ring around centre, and the anthers colored; about 1/2 in. across; several flowers in loose, terminal cluster. Prince's ...
-Wild Honeysuckle; Pink, Purple, Or Wild Azalea; Pinxter-Flower (Azalea Nudiflora) Heath Family
Flowers - Crimson pink, purplish or rose pink, to nearly white, 1 1/2 to 2 in. across, faintly fragrant, clustered, opening before or with the leaves, and developed from cone-like, scaly brown buds. C...
-Rhodora (Rhodora Canadensis) Heath Family (Rhododendron Rhodora Of Gray)
Flowers - Purplish pink, rose, or nearly white, 1 1/2 in. broad or less, in clusters on short, stiff, hairy pedicels, and usually appearing before the leaves, from scaly, terminal buds. Calyx minute; ...
-American Or Great Rhododendron; Great Laurel; Rose Tree, Or Bay (Rhododendron Maximum) Heath Family
Flowers - Rose pink, varying to white, greenish in the throat, spotted with yellow or orange, in broad clusters set like a bouquet among leaves, and developed from scaly, cone-like buds; pedicels stic...
-Mountain Or American Laurel; Calico Bush; Spoonwood; Calmoun; Broad-Leaved Kalmia (Kalmia Latifolia) Heath Family
Flowers - Buds and new flowers bright rose pink, afterward fading white, and only lined with pink, i in. across, or less, numerous, in terminal clusters. Calyx small, 5-parted, sticky; corolla like a ...
-Trailing Arbutus; Mayflower; Ground Laurel (Epigaea Repens) Heath Family
Flowers - Pink, fading to nearly white, very fragrant, about 1/2 in. across when expanded, few or many in clusters at ends of branches. Calyx of 5 dry overlapping sepals; corolla salver-shaped, the sl...
-Large Or American Cranberry (Oxycoccus Macrocarpus) Huckleberry Family (Vactinium Macrocarpon Of Gray)
Flowers - Light pink, about 1/2 in. across, nodding on slender pedicels from sides and tips of erect branches. Calyx round, 4-or 5-parted; corolla a long cone in bud, its four or five nearly separate,...
-Shooting Star; American Cowslip; Pride Of Ohio (Dodecalhcon Meadia) Primrose Family
Flowers - Purplish pink or yellowish white, the cone tipped with yellow; few or numerous, hanging on slender, recurved pedi-els in an umbel at top of a simple scape 6 in. to 2 ft. high, Calyx deeply ...
-Bitter-Bloom; Rose-Pink; Square-Stemmed Sabbatia; Rosy Centaury (Sabbatia Angularis) Gentian Family
Flowers - Clear rose pink, with greenish star in centre, rarely white, fragrant, 1 1/2 in. broad or less, usually solitary on long peduncles at ends of branches. Calyx lobes very narrow; corolla of 5 ...
-Spreading Dogbane; Fly-Trap Dogbane; Honey-Bloom; Bitter-Root (Apocynum Androsaemifolium) Dogbane Family
Flowers - Delicate pink, veined with a deeper shade, fragrant, bell-shaped, about 1/3 in. across, borne in loose terminal cymes. Calyx 5-parted; corolla of 5 spreading, recurved lobes united into a tu...
-Common Milkweed Or Silkweed (Asclepias Syriaca) Milkweed Family (A. Cornuii Of Gray)
Flowers - Dull, pale greenish purple pink, or brownish pink, borne on pedicels, in many flowered, broad umbels. Calyx inferior, 5-parted; corolla deeply 5-cleft, the segments turned backward. Above th...
-Hedge Or Great Bindweed; Wild Morning-Glory; Rutland Beauty; Bell-Bind; Lady's Nightcap (Convolvulus Sep/um) Morning-Glory Family (Calystegia Septum Of Gray)
Flowers - Light pink, with white stripes or all white, bell-shaped, about 2 in. long, twisted in the bud, solitary, on long peduncles from leaf axils. Calyx of 5 sepals, concealed by 2 large bracts at...
-Ground Or Moss Pink (Phlox Sulmlata) Phlox Family
Flowers - Very numerous, small, deep purplish pink, lavender or rose, varying to white, with a darker eye, growing in simple cymes, or solitary in a Western variety. Calyx with 5 slender teeth; coroll...
-Obedient Plant; False Dragonhead; Lion's Heart (Physostegia Virginiana) Mint Family
Flowers - Pale magenta, purplish rose, or flesh-colored, often variegated with white, 1 in. long or over, in dense spikes from 4 to 8 in. long. Calyx a 5-toothed oblong bell, swollen and remaining ope...
-Motherwort (Leonurus Cardiacd) Mint Family
Flowers - Dull purple pink, pale purple, or white, small, clustered in axils of upper leaves. Calyx tubular, bell-shaped, with 5 rigid awl-like teeth; corolla 2-lipped, upper lip arched, woolly withou...
-Wild Bergamot (Monarda Fistulosa) Mint Family
Flowers - Extremely variable, purplish, lavender, magenta, rose, pink, yellowish pink, or whitish, dotted; clustered in a solitary, nearly flat terminal head. Calyx tubular, narrow, 5-toothed, very ha...
-Snake-Head; Turtle-Head; Balmony; Shell-Flower; Cod-Head (Chelone Glabra) Figwort Family
Flowers - White tinged with pink, or all white, about I in. long, growing in a dense terminal cluster. Calyx 5-parted, bracted at base; corolla irregular, broadly tubular, 2-lipped; upper lip arched, ...
-Large Purple Gerardia (Gerardia Purpurea) Figwort Family
Flowers - Bright purplish pink, deep magenta, or pale to whitish, about 1 in. long and broad, growing along the rigid, spreading branches. Calyx 5-toothed; corolla funnel-form, the tube much inflated ...
-Twin-Flower; Ground Vine (Linna'A Borealis) Honeysuckle Family
Flowers - Delicate pink or white tinged with rose, bell-shaped, about 1/2 in. long, fragrant, nodding in pairs on slender, curved pedicels from an erect peduncle, 2-bracted where they join. Calyx 5-to...
-Joe-Pye Weed; Trumpet Weed; Purple Thor-Oughwort; Gravel Or Kidney-Root; Tall Or Purple Boneset (Eiipatorinm Purpureum) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Pale or dull magenta or lavender pink, slightly fragrant, of tubular florets only, very numerous, in large, terminal, loose, compound clusters, generally elongated. Several series of pi...
-Common Burdock; Cockle-Bur; Beggar's Buttons; Clot-Bur; Cuckoo Button (Arctium Minus) Thistle Family (Lappa Officinalis: Var. Minor Of Gray)
Flower-heads - Composite of tubular florets only, about 1/2 in. broad; magenta varying to purplish or white; the prominent round involucre of many overlapping leathery bracts, tipped with hooked brist...
-White And Greenish Flowers
The transition from wind-fertilization to insect-fertilization and the first traces of adaptation to insects, could only be due to the influence of quite short-lipped insects with feebly developed co...
-Water-Plantain (Alisma Piantago-Aquatica) Water-Plantain Family
Flowers - Very small and numerous, white, or pale pink, whorled in bracted clusters forming a large, loose panicle 6 to 15 in. long on a usually solitary scape 1/2 to 3 ft. high. Calyx of 3 sepals; co...
-Broad-Leaved Arrow-Head (Sagittaria Latifolia) Water-Plantain Family (S. Variabilis Of Gray)
Flowers - White, 1 to 1 1/2 in. wide, in 3-bracted whorls of 3, borne near the summit of a leafless scape 4 in. to 4 ft. tall. Calyx of 3 sepals; corolla of 3 rounded, spreading petals. Stamens and pi...
-Water Arum; Marsh Calla (Calla Pahistris) Arum Family
Flowers - Minute, greenish yellow, clustered on a cylinder-like, fleshy spadix about 1 in. long, partly enfolded by a large, white, oval, pointed, erect spathe, the whole resembling a small calla lily...
-American White Hellebore; Indian Poke; Itch-Weed (Veratrum Viride) Bunch-Flower Family
Flowers - Dingy, pale yellowish or whitish green, growing greener with age, 1 in. or less across, very numerous, in stiff-branching, spike-like, dense-flowered panicles. Perianth of 6 oblong segments;...
-Star Of Bethlehem; Ten O'Clock (Ornithogalum Umbellatum) Lily Family
Flowers - Opening in the sunshine, white within, greenish on the outside, veined, borne on slender pedicels in an erect, loose cluster. Perianth of 6 narrowly oblong divisions, 1/2 in. long or over, o...
-Star-Grass; Colic-Root (Aletris Farinosa) Lily Family
Flowers - Small, oblong-tubular, pure white or yellowish, about 1/4 in. long, set obliquely in along, wand-like, spiked raceme, at the end of a slender scape 2 to 3 ft. tall. Perianth somewhat bell-sh...
-Wild Spikenard; False Solomon's Seal; Solomon's Zig-Zag (Vaguera Racemosa) Lily-Of-The-Valley Family (Smilacina Racemosa Of Gray)
Fhnvers - White or greenish, small, slightly fragrant, in a densely flowered terminal raceme. Perianth of 6 separate, spreading segments; 6 stamens; 1 pistil. Stem: Simple, somewhat angled, 1 to 3 ft....
-Hairy, Or True, Or Twin-Flowered Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum Biflorum) Lily-Of-The-Valley Family
Flowers - Whitish or yellowish green, tubular, bell-shaped, I to 4, but usually 2, drooping on slender peduncles from leaf axils. Perianth 6-lobed at entrance, but not spreading; 6 stamens, the filame...
-Early Or Dwarf Wake-Robin (Trillium Nivale) Lily-Of-The-Valley Family
Flowers - Solitary, pure white, about i in. long, on an erect or curved peduncle, from a whorl of 3 leaves at summit of stem. Three spreading, green, narrowly oblong sepals; 3 oval or oblong petals; 6...
-Showy Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium Reginae) Orchid Family (C Spectabile Of Gray)
Flowers - Usually solitary, at summit of stem, white, the much inflated lip painted with purplish pink and white stripes; sepals rounded oval, spreading, white, not longer than the lip; petals narrowe...
-Chiefly North
Quite different from the showy orchis, with its several-flowered spike of violet and pink blossoms, is this far more chaste and usually solitary showy lady's slipper which Dr. Gray has called the mos...
-Large Round-Leaved Or Greater Green Orchis (Habenaria Orbiculata) Orchid Family
Flowers - Greenish white, in a loosely set spike; the upper sepal short, rounded; side ones spreading; petals smaller, arching; the lip long, narrow, drooping, white, prolonged into a spur often 1 1/2...
-White-Fringed Orchis (Habenaria Blephariglottis) Orchid Family
Flowers - Pure white, fragrant, borne on a spike from 3 to 6 in. long. Spur long, slender; oval sepals; smaller petals toothed; the oblong lip deeply fringed. Stem: Slender, 1 to 2 ft. high. Leaves: L...
-Nodding- Ladies' Tresses Or Traces (Gyrostachys Cernua) Orchid Family (Spiranthes Cernua Of Gray)
Flowers - Small, white or yellowish, without a spur, fragrant, nodding or spreading in 3 rows on a cylindrical, slightly twisted spike 4 or 5 in. long. Side sepals free, the upper ones arching, and un...
-Lesser Rattlesnake Plantain (Peramium Repens) Orchid Family (Goodyera Repens Of Gray)
Flowers - Small, greenish white, the lip pocket-shaped, borne on one side of a bracted spike 5 to 10 in. high, from a fleshy, thick, fibrous root. Leaves: From the base, tufted, or ascending the stem ...
-Lizard's Tail (Sannirus Cernuus) Lizard's-Tail Family
Fhnvers - Fragrant, very small, white, lacking a perianth, bracted, densely crowded on peduncled, slender spikes 4 to 6 in. long and nodding at the tip. Stamens 6 to 8, the filaments white; carpels 3 ...
-Spring- Beauty; Claytonia (Claytonia Virginica) Purslane Family
Flowers - White veined with pink, or all pink, the veinings of deeper shade, on curving, slender pedicels, several borne in a terminal loose raceme, the flowers mostly turned one way (secund). Calyx o...
-Starry Campion (Silene Stellata) Pink Family
Flowers - White, about 1/4 in. broad or over, loosely clustered in a showy, pyramidal panicle. Calyx bell-shaped, swollen, 5-toothed, sticky; 5 fringed and clawed petals; 10 long, exserted stamens; 3 ...
-Common Chickweed (Alsine Media) Pink Family (Stellaria Media Of Gray)
Flowers - Small, white, on slender pedicels from leaf axils, also in terminal clusters. Calyx (usually) of 5 sepals, much longer than the 5 (usually) 2-parted petals; 2-10 stamens; 3 or 4 styles. Stem...
-Sweet-Scented White Water Lily; Pond Lily; Water Nymph; Water Cabbage (Castalia Odorata) Water-Lily Family (Nympjicea Odorata Of Gray)
Flowers - Pure white or pink tinged, rarely deep pink, solitary, 3 to 8 in. across, deliciously fragrant, floating. Calyx of 4 sepals, green outside; petals of indefinite number, overlapping in many r...
-Laurel Or Small Magnolia; Sweet Or White Bay; Swamp Laurel Or Sassafras; Beaver-Tree (Magnolia Virginiana) Magnolia Family (M. Glauca Of Gray)
Flowers - White, 2 to 3 in. across, globular, depressed, deliciously fragrant, solitary at ends of branches. Calyx of 3 petal-like, spreading sepals. Corolla of 6 to 12 concave rounded petals in rows;...
-Gold-Thread; Canker-Root (Coptis Trifolia) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - Small, white, solitary, on a slender scape 3 to 6 in. high. Sepals 5 to 7, petal-like, falling early; petals 5 or 6, inconspicuous, like club-shaped columns; stamens numerous; carpels few, t...
-White Baneberry (Actaea Alba) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - Small, white, in a terminal oblong raceme. Calyx of 3 to 5 petal-like, early-falling sepals; petals very small, 4 to 10, spatulate, clawed; stamens white, numerous, longer than petals; 1 pis...
-Black Cohosh; Black Snakeroot; Tall Bug-Bane (Cimicifuga Racemosa) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - Fetid, feathery, white, in an elongated wand-like raceme, 6 in. to 2 ft. long, at the end of a stem 3 to 8 ft. high. Sepals petal-like, falling early; 4 to 8 small stamen-like petals 2-cleft...
-Wood Anemone; Wind Flower (Anemone Quinquefolia) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - Solitary, about 1 in. broad, white or delicately tinted with blue or pink outside. Calyx of 4 to 9 oval, petal-like sepals; no petals; stamens and carpels numerous, of indefinite number. Ste...
-Virgin's Bower; Virginia Clematis; Traveller's Joy; Old Man's Beard (Clematis Virginiana) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - White and greenish, about 1 in. across or less, in loose clusters from the axils. Calyx of 4 or 5 petal-like sepals; no petals; stamens and pistils numerous, of indefinite number; the stamin...
-Tall Meadow-Rue (Thalictrum Polvgamim) Crowfoot Family (T. Cornuti Of Gray)
Flowers - Greenish white, the calyx of 4 or 5 sepals, falling early; no petals; numerous white, thread-like, green-tipped stamens, spreading in feathery tufts, borne in large, loose, compound terminal...
-Twin-Leaf; Rheumatism Root (Jeffersonia Diphylla) Barberry Family
Flowers - White, I in. broad, solitary, on a naked scape about 7 in. high in flower, more than twice as tall in fruit. Calyx of 4 petal-like sepals falling early; 8 longer, flat, oblong petals; 8 stam...
-May Apple; Hog Apple; Mandrake; Wild Lemon (Podophyllum Peltatum) Barberry Family
Flowers - White, solitary, large, unpleasantly scented, nodding from the fork between a pair of terminal leaves. Calyx of 6 short-lived sepals; 6 to 9 rounded, flat petals; stamens as many as petals o...
-Bloodroot; Indian Paint; Red Puccoon (Sanguinaria Canadensis) Poppy Family
Flowers - Pure white, rarely pinkish, golden centred, 1 to 1 1/2 in. across, solitary, at end of a smooth naked scape 6 to 14 in. tall. Calyx of 2 short-lived sepals; corolla of 8 to 12 oblong petals,...
-Dutchman's Breeches; White Hearts; Soldier's Cap; Ear-Drops (Bicuculla Cacullaria) Poppy Family (Dicentra Cucullaria Of Gray)
Flowers - White, tipped with yellow, nodding in a 1-sided raceme. Two scale-like sepals; corolla of 4 petals, in 2 pairs, somewhat cohering into a heart-shaped, flattened, irregular flower, the outer ...
-Squirrel Corn (Bicuculla Canadensis) Poppy Family
Flowers - Irregular, greenish white tinged with rose, slightly fragrant, heart-shaped, with 2 short rounded spurs, over 1/2 in. long, nodding on a slender scape. Calyx of 2 scale-like sepals; corolla ...
-Bulbous Or Spring Cress (Cardamine Bulbosa) Mustard Family (C. Rhomboidea Of Gray)
Flowers - White, about 1/2. in. across, clustered in a simple terminal raceme. Calyx of four sepals; corolla of 4 petals in form of a cross; 6 stamens; 1 compound pistil with a 2-lobed style. Stem: 6 ...
-Two-Leaved Toothwort; Crinkle-Root (Dentaria Diphylla) Mustard Family
Flowers - White, about 1/2 in. across, in a terminal loose cluster, the formation of each similar to that of bulbous cress. Stem: 8 to 15 in. high. Rootstock: Long, crinkled, toothed, fleshy, crisp, e...
-Shepherd's Purse; Mother's Heart (Bursa Brtrsa-Pastoris) Mustard Family (Capsella Bursa-Pastoris Of Gray)
Flotvers - Small, white, in a long loose raceme, followed by triangular and notched (somewhat heart-shaped) pods, the valves boat-shaped and keeled. Sepals and petals 4; stamens 6; 1 pistil. Stem: 6 t...
-Vernal Whitlow-Grass (Draba Verna) Mustard Family
Flowers - Very small, white, distant, growing on numerous scapes 1 to 5 in high; in formation each flower is similar to all the mustards, except that the 4 petals are 2-cleft, destroying the cross-lik...
-Round-Leaved Sundew; Dew-Plant (Drosera Rotundifolia) Sundew Family
Flowers - Small, white, growing in a 1-sided, curved raceme of buds chiefly. Calyx usually 5-parted; usually 5 petals, and as many stamens as petals; usually 3 styles, but 2-cleft, thus appearing to b...
-Early Saxifrage (Saxijraga Virginiensis) Saxifrage Family
Flowers - White, small, numerous, perfect, spreading into a loose panicle. Calyx 5-lobed; 5 petals; 10 stamens; 1 pistil with 2 styles. Scape: 4 to 12 in. high, naked, sticky-hairy. Leaves: Clustered ...
-False Mitrewort; Coolwort; Foam-Flower; Nancy-Over-The-Ground (Tiarella Cordifolia) Saxifrage Family
Flowers - White, small, feathery, borne in a close raceme at the top of a scape 6 to 12 in. high. Calyx white, 5-lobed; 5 clawed petals; 10 stamens, long-exserted; 1 pistil with 2 styles. Leaves: Long...
-Carolina Grass Of Parnassus (Parnassia Caroliniana) Saxifrage Family
Flowers - Creamy white, delicately veined with greenish, solitary, 1 in. broad or over, at the end of a scape 8 in. to 2 ft. high, 1 ovate leaf clasping it. Calyx deeply 5-lobed; corolla of 5 spreadin...
-Ninebark (Opiilaster Opulifolius) Rose Family (Spiraea Opulifolia Of Gray)
Flowers - White or pink, small, in numerous rounded terminal clusters 1 to 2 in. broad. Calyx 5-lobed; 5 rounded petals inserted in its throat; 20 to 40 stamens; several pistils. Stem: Shrubby, 3 to 1...
-Meadow-Sweet; Quaker Lady; Queen-Of-The-Meadow (Spiraea Salicifolia) Rose Family
Flo7vers - Small, white or flesh pink, clustered in dense pyramidal terminal panicles. Calyx 5 cleft; corolla of 5 rounded petals; stamens numerous; pistils 5 to 8. Stem: 2 to 4 ft. high, simple or bu...
-Wild Red Raspberry (Rubus Strigosus) Rose Family
Flowers - White, about 1/2 in. across, on slender, bristly pedicels, in a loose cluster. Calyx deeply 5-parted, persistent in fruit; 5 erect, short-lived petals, about the length of the sepals; stame...
-High Bush Blackberry; Bramble (Rubus Villosus) Rose Family
Flowers - White, 1 in. or less across, in terminal raceme-like clusters. Calyx deeply 5-parted, persistent; 5 large petals; stamens and carpels numerous, the latter inserted on a pulpy receptacle. Ste...
-Creeping- Dalibarda (Daiibarda Repens) Rose Family
Flowers - White, solitary, or 2 at end of a scape 2 to 5 in. high. Calyx deeply, unevenly 5 or 6 parted, the larger divisions toothed; 5 petals falling early; numerous stamens; 5 to 10 carpels forming...
-Virginia Strawberry (Fragaria Virginiana) Rose Family
Flowers - White, loosely clustered at summit of an erect hairy scape usually shorter than the leaves. Calyx persistent in fruit, deeply 5-cleft, with 5 bracts between the divisions; 5 petals; stamens ...
-White Avens (Geum Canadense) Rose Family (G. Album Of Gray)
Flowers - White or pale greenish yellow, about 1/2 in. across, loosely scattered in small clusters on slender peduncles. Calyx persistent, 5-cleft, with little bracts between the re-flexed divisions; ...
-Red Choke-Berry; Dogberry Tree (Aroma Arbutifolia) Apple Family (Pyrus Arbutifolia Of Gray)
Flowers - White or magenta tinged, 1/2 in. across or less, in terminal, compound cymes, finally overtopped by young sterile shoots. Calyx 5-lobed, hairy; 5 concave, spreading petals; stamens numerous;...
-June-Berry; Service-Berry; May-Cherry (Amelanchier Canadensis) Apple Family
Flowers - Pure white, over 1 in. across, on long, slender pedicels, in spreading or dropping racemes, with silky, reddish bracts, early falling, among them. Calyx persistent, 5-parted; 5 long, narrow,...
-Common Hawthorn; White Thorn; Scarlet-Fruited Thorn; Red Haw; Mayflowers (Crataegus Coccinea) Apple Family
Flowers - White, rarely pinkish, usually less than 1 in. across, numerous, in terminal corymbs. Calyx 5-lobed; 5 spreading petals inserted in its throat; numerous stamens; styles 3 to 5. Stem: A shrub...
-White Sweet Clover; Bokhara Or Tree Clover; White Melilot; Honey Lotus (Melilolns Alba) Pea Family
Flowers - Small, white, fragrant, papilionaceous, the standard petal a trifle longer than the wings; borne in slender racemes. Stem: 3 to 10 ft. tall, branching. Leaves: Rather distant, petioled, comp...
-Flowering Spurge (Euphorbia Corollata) Spurge Family
Flowers - (Apparently) white, small, borne in forked, long-stalked umbels, subtended by green bracts; but the true flowers are minute, and situated within the white cup-shaped involucre, usually mista...
-Staghorn Sumac; Vinegar Tree (Rhus Hirta) Sumac Family (R. Typhina Of Gray)
Flowers - Greenish or yellowish white, very small, usually 5-parted, and borne in dense upright, terminal, pyramidal clusters. Stem: A shrub or small tree, 6 to 40 ft. high, the ends of branches forke...
-American Holly (Ilex Opaca) Holly Family
Flowers - Very small, greenish or yellowish white, from 3 to 10 staminate ones in a short cyme; fertile flowers usually solitary, scattered. Stem: A small tree of very slow growth, rarely attaining an...
-Black Alder; Winterberry; Fever-Bush (Ilex Verticillata) Holly Family
Flowers - Small, greenish white, the staminate clusters 2 to 10 flowered; the fertile ones 1 to 3 flowered. Stem: A shrub 6 to 2s ft. high. Leaves: Oval, tapering to a point, about 1 in. wide, saw-edg...
-Bittersweet; Wax-Work; Staff-Tree (Ceiastrus Scandens) Staff-Tree Family
Flowers - Small, greenish-white, 5-parted, some staminate, some pistillate only; in terminal compound racemes 4 in. long or less. Stem: Woody, twining. Leaves: Alternate, oval, tapering, finely toothe...
-New Jersey Tea; Wild Snowball; Red-Root (Ceanothus Americanus) Buckthorn Family
Flowers - Small, white, on white pedicels, crowded in dense, oblong, terminal clusters. Calyx white, hemispheric, 5-lobed; 5 petals, hooded and long-clawed; 5 stamens with long filaments; style short...
-Northern, Wild, Fox, Or Plum Grape (Vitis Labrusca) Grape Family
Flowers - Greenish, small, deliciously fragrant, some staminate, some pistillate, rarely perfect; the fertile flowers in more compact panicles than the sterile ones. Stem: Climbing with the help of te...
-White Violets (Viola) Violet Family
Three small-flowered, white, purple-veined, and almost beardless species which prefer to dwell in moist meadows, damp, mossy places, and along the borders of streams, are the Lance-leaved Violet (V. l...
-Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea Lutetiana) Evening-Primrose Family
Flowers - Very small, white, slender pedicelled, in terminal and lateral racemes. Calyx 2-parted, hairy; 2 petals, 2 alternate stamens. Stem: 1 to 2 ft. high, slender, branching, swollen at nodes. Lea...
-American Spikenard; Indian Root; Spignet (Aralia Racemosa) Ginseng Family
Flowers - Greenish white, small, 5-parted, mostly imperfect, in a drooping compound raceme of rounded clusters. Stem: 3 to 6 ft. high, branches spreading. Roots: Large, thick, fragrant. Leaves: Compou...
-Wild Carrot; Queen Anne's Lace; Bird's-Nest (Daucus Carota) Carrot Family
Flowers - Small, of unequal sizes (polygamous), white, rarely pinkish gray, 5-parted, in a compound, flat, circular umbel, the central floret often dark crimson; the umbels very concave in fruit. An i...
-Smoother Sweet-Cicely (Washingtonia Longistylis) Carrot Family (Osmorrhiza Longistylis Of Gray)
Flowers - Small, white, s-parted; in few rayed, long-peduncled umbels, with small bracts below them. Stem: 1 1/2 to 3 ft. high, branching, from thick, fleshy, fragrant, edible roots. Leaves: Lower one...
-Flowering Dogwood (Cornus Florida) Dogwood Family
Flowers - (Apparently) large, white or pinkish, the four conspicuous parts simulating petals, notched at the top, being really bracts of an involucre below the true flowers, clustered in the centre, w...
-Pokeweed; Scoke; Pigeon-Berry; Ink-Berry; Garget (Phytolacca Decandra) Pokeweed Family
Flowers - White, with a green centre, pink-tinted outside, about 1/4 in. across, in bracted racemes 2 to 8 in. long. Calyx of 4 or 5 rounded persistent sepals, simulating petals; no corolla; 10 short ...
-White Alder; Sweet Pepperbush; Alder-Leaved Clethra (Clethra Alnifolia) White Alder Family
Flowers - Very fragrant, white, about 1/3 in. across, borne in long, narrow, upright, clustered spikes, with awl-shaped bracts. Calyx of 5 sepals; 5 longer petals; 10 protruding stamens, the 1 style l...
-Round-Leaved Pyrola; Pear-Leaved, Or False Wintergreen; Indian Or Canker Lettuce (Pyrola Rotundifolia) Wintergreen Family
Flowers - Very fragrant, white, in a spike; 6 to 20, nodding from an erect, bracted scape 6 to 20 in. high. Calyx 5-parted; corolla, over 1/2 in. across, of 5 concave, obtuse petals; 10 stamens, 1 pro...
-Indian Pipe; Ice-Plant; Ghost-Flower; Corpse-Plant (Monotropa Uniflora) Indian-Pipe Family
Flowers - Solitary, smooth, waxy, white (rarely pink), oblong-bell shaped, nodding from the tip of a fleshy, white, scaly scape 4 to 10 in. tall. Calyx of 2 to 4 early-falling white sepals; 4 or 5 obl...
-Labrador Tea (Ledum Groenlandicum) Heath Family (L. Latifolium Of Gray)
Flowers - White, 5-parted, 1/2, in. across or less, numerous, borne in terminal, umbellate clusters rising from scaly, sticky bud-bracts. Stem: A compact shrub 1 to 4 ft. high, resinous, the twigs woo...
-Wild Rosemary; March Holy Rose; Water Andromeda; Moorwort (Andromeda Polifolia) Heath Family
Flowers - White or pink-tinted, small, round, tubular, 5-toothed at the tip; drooping from curved footstalks in few-flowered terminal umbels. Calyx deeply 5-parted; 10 bearded stamens; style like a co...
-Creeping Wintergreen; Checkerberry; Partridge-Berry; Mountain Tea; Ground Tea, Deer, Box, Or Spice Berry (Gaultheria Procumbens) Heath Family
Flowers - White, small, usually solitary, nodding from a leaf axil. Corolla rounded bell-shape, 5-toothed; calyx 5-parted, persistent; 10 included stamens, their anther-sacs opening by a pore at the t...
-Black Or High-Bush Huckleberry; Whortleberry (Gavlussacia Resinosa) Huckleberry Family
Flowers - White and pink, pale or deep, small, cylindric, bell-shaped, 5-parted, borne in i-sided racemes from the sides of the stiff, grayish branches. Stem: A shrub 1 to 3 ft. high. Leaves: Alternat...
-Creeping Snowberry (Chiogenes Hispidula) Huckleberry Family
Flowers - Very small, white, few, solitary, noddingon short, curved peduncles from the leaf axils. Calyx 2-bracted, 4-cleft; corolla a short 4-cleft bell; 8 short stamens, each anther sac opening by a...
-Pyxie; Flowering Moss; Pine-Barren Beauty (Pyxianthera Barbulata) Diapensia Family
Flowers - Abundant, white, or sometimes pink, about 1/4 in. across, 5-parted, solitary, seated at tips of branches. Stem: Prostrate, creeping, much branched, the main branches often 1 ft. long, very l...
-Star-Flower; Chickweed-Wintergreen; Star Anemone (Trientalis Americana) Primrose Family
Flowers - White, solitary, or a few rising on slender, wiry footstalks above a whorl of leaves. Calyx of 5 to 9 (usually 7) narrow sepals. Corolla wheel-shaped, 1/2. in. across or less, deeply cut int...
-Indian Hemp; Amy-Root (Apocynum Cannabium) Dogbane Family
Flowers - Greenish white, about 1/4 in. across, on short pedicels, in dense clusters at ends of branches and from the axils. Calyx of 5 segments; corolla nearly erect, bell-shaped, 5-lobed, with 5 sma...
-Whorled Or Green-Flowered Milkweed (Asclepias Verticillata) Milkweed Family
Flowers - White or greenish, on short pedicels, in several small terminal clusters. Calyx inferior; corolla deeply 5-parted, the oblong segments turned back; a 5-parted, erect crown of hooded nectarie...
-Wild Potato Vine; Man-Of-The-Earth; Mecha-Meck (Ipomoea Pandurata) Morning-Glory Family
Flowers - Funnel form, wide-spread, 2 to 3 in. long, pure svhite or pinkish purple inside the throat; the peduncles 1 to 5 flowered. Stem: Trailing over the ground or weakly twining, 2 to 12 ft. long....
-Gronovius' Or Common Dodder; Strangle-Weed; Love Vine; Angel's Hair (Cuscuta Gronovii) Dodder Family
Flowers - Dull white, minute, numerous, in dense clusters. Calyx inferior, greenish white, 5-parted; corolla bell-shaped, the 5 lobes spreading, 5 fringed scales within; 5 stamens, each inserted on co...
-Virginia Water-Leaf (Hydrophyllum Virginicum) Water-Leaf Family
Flowers - White or purplish tinged, in a single or forking cluster on a long peduncle. Calyx deeply 5-parted, the spreading segments very narrow, bristly hairy. Corolla erect, bell-shaped, deeply 5-lo...
-Jamestown Weed; Thorn Apple; Stramonium; Jimson Weed; Devil's Trumpet (Datura Stramonium) Potato Family
Flowers - Showy, large, about 4 in. high, solitary, erect, growing from the forks of branches. Calyx tubular, nearly half as long as the corolla, 5-toothed, prismatic; corolla funnel-form, deep-throat...
-Culver's-Root; Culver's Physic (Leptandra Virginica) Figwort Family (Veronica Virginica Of Gray)
Flowers - Small, white or rarely bluish, crowded in dense spikelike racemes 3 to 9 in. long, usually several spikes at top of stem or from upper axils. Calyx 4-parted, very small; corolla tubular,4-lo...
-Button-Bush; Honey-Balls; Globe-Flower; Button-Ball Shrub; River-Bush (Cepbalanlhus Occidentalis) Madder Family
Flowers - Fragrant, white, small, tubular, hairy within, 4-parted, the long, yellow-tipped style far protruding; the florets clustered on a fleshy receptacle, in round heads (about 1 in. across), elev...
-Partridge Vine; Twin-Berry; Mitchella-Vine; Squaw-Berry (Mitchella Repens) Madder Family
Flowers - Waxy, white (pink in bud), fragrant, growing in pairs at ends of the branches. Calyx usually 4-lobed; corolla funnel-form, about 1/2 in. long, the 4 spreading lobes bearded within; 4 stamens...
-Cleavers; Goose-Grass; Bedstraw (Galium Aparine) Madder Family
Flowers - Small, white, 4-parted, inconspicuous, in clusters of 1 to 3 on peduncles from the axils of upper leaves. Stem: 2 to 5 ft. long, scrambling, weak, square; bristly on the angles. Leaves: In w...
-Common Elder; Black-Berried, American, Or Sweet Elder; Elderberry (Sambucus Canadensis) Honeysuckle Family
Flowers - Small, creamy, white, numerous, odorous, in large, flat-topped, or convex cymes at ends of branches. Calyx tubular, minute; corolla of 5 spreading lobes; 5 stamens; style short, 3-parted. S...
-Hobble-Bush; American Wayfaring Tree (Viburnum Alnifolium) Honeysuckle Family (V. Lantanoides Of Gray)
Flowers - In loose, compound, flat, terminal clusters, 3 to 5 in. across; the outer, showy, white flowers each about 1 in. across, neutral; inner ones very much smaller, perfect. Calyx 5-parted; corol...
-One-Seeded, Bur- Or Star Cucumber; Nimble Kate (Sicyos Angulatus) Gourd Family
Flowers - Small, greenish-white, 5-parted, of 2 kinds: staminate ones in a loose raceme on a very long peduncle; fertile ones clustered in a little head on a short peduncle. Stem: A climbing vine with...
-Rattlesnake-Root; White Lettuce, Or Canker-Weed; Lion's-Foot (Nabalus Albus) Chickory Family
Flower-heads - Composite, numerous, greenish or cream white, or tinged with lilac, fragrant, nodding; borne in loose, open, narrow terminal, and axillary clusters. Each bell-like flowerhead only about...
-Boneset; Common Thoroughwort; Ague-Weed; Indian Sage (Eupatorium Perfoliatum) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Composite, the numerous, small, dull, white heads of tubular florets only, crowded in a scaly involucre and borne in spreading, flat-topped terminal cymes. Stem: Stout, tall, branching ...
-White Asters Or Starworts (Aster = A Star) Thistle Family
In dry, open woodlands, thickets, and roadsides, from August to October, we find the dainty White Wood Aster (A. divaricatus) - A. corymbosus of Gray - its brittle zig-zag stem two feet high or less, ...
-Daisy Fleabane; Sweet Scabious (Er/geron Annus) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Numerous, daisy-like, about 1/2 in. across; from 40 to 70 long, fine, white rays (or purple- or pink-tinged), arranged around yellow disk florets in a rough, hemispheric cup whose bract...
-Groundsel-Bush Or-Tree; Pencil-Tree (Baccharis Halimifolia) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - White or yellowish tubular florets, 1 to 5 in pedun-cled clusters. Staminate and pistillate clusters on different shrubs; the former almost round at first, the latter conspicuous only w...
-Pearly, Or Large-Flowered, Everlasting; Immortelle; Silver Leaf; Moonshine; Cotton-Weed; None-So-Pretty (Anaphalis Margaritacea) Thistle Family (Antennaria Margaritacea Of Gray)
Flower-heads - Numerous pearly-white scales of the involucre holding tubular florets only; borne in broad, rather flat, compound corymbs at the summit. Stem: Cottony, 1 to 3 ft. high, leafy to the top...
-Yarrow; Milfoil; Old Man's Pepper; Nosebleed (Achillea Millefolium) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Grayish-white, rarely pinkish, in a hard, close, flat-topped, compound cluster. Ray florets 4 to 6, pistillate, fertile; disk florets yellow, afterward brown, perfect, fertile. Stem: Er...
-Dog's Or Fetid Camomile; Mayweed; Pig-Sty Daisy; Dillweed; Dog-Fennel (Anthemis Cotula) Thistle Family (Maruta Cotula Of Gray)
Flower-heads - Like smaller daisies, about 1 in. broad; 10 to 18 white, notched, neutral ray florets around a convex or conical yellow disk, whose florets are fertile, containing both stamens and pist...
-Common Daisy; White-Weed; White Or Ox-Eye Daisy; Love-Me, Love-Me-Not (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Disk florets yellow, tubular, 4 or 5 toothed, containing stamens and pistil; surrounded by white ray florets, which are pistillate, fertile. Stem: Smooth, rarely branched, 1 to 3 ft. hi...
-Yellow And Orange Flowers
All variations which render the blossoms more attractive, either by scent, colour, size of corolla, or quantity of nectar, make the insect visit more sure, and therefore the production of seed more l...
-Golden Club (Orontium Aquaticum) Arum Family
Flowers - Bright yellow, minute, perfect, crowded on a spadix (club) i to 2 in. long; the scape, 6 in. to 2 ft. tall, flattened just below it; the club much thickened in fruit. Leaves: All from root, ...
-Perfoliate Bellwort; Straw Bell (Uvularia Perfoliata) Bunch-Flower Family
Flowers - Fragrant, pale yellow, about 1 in. long, drooping singly (rarely 2) from tips of branches; perianth narrow, bellshaped, of 6 petal-like segments, rough within, spreading at the tip; 6 stamen...
-Wild Yellow, Meadow Or Field Lily; Canada Lily (Lilium Canadense) Lily Family
Flowers - Yellow to orange-red, of a deeper shade within, and speckled with dark reddish-brown dots. One or several (rarely many) nodding on long peduncles from the summit. Perianth bell-shaped, of 6 ...
-Yellow Adder's Tongue; Trout Lily; Dog-Tooth "Violet" (Erythronium Americanum) Lily Family
Flower - Solitary, pale russet yellow, rarely tinged with purple, slightly fragrant, I to 2 in. long, nodding from the summit of a footstalk 6 to 12 in. high, or about as tall as the leaves. Perianth ...
-Yellow Clintonia (Clintonia Borealis) Lily-Of-The-Valley Family
Flowers - Straw color or greenish yellow, less than 1 in. long, 3 to 6 nodding on slender pedicels from the summit of a leafless scape 6 to 15 in. tall. Perianth of 6 spreading divisions, the 6 stamen...
-Indian Cucumber-Root (Medeola Virginiand) Lily-Of-The-Valley Family
Flowers - Greenish yellow, on fine, curving footstalks, in a loose cluster above a circle of leaves. Perianth of 6 wide-spread divisions about % in. long; 6 reddish-brown stamens; 3 long reddish-brown...
-Carrion-Flower (Smilax Herbacea) Smilax Family
Flowers - Carrion-scented,yellowish-green, 15 to 80 small, 6-parted ones clustered in an umbel on a long peduncle. Stem: Smooth, unarmed, climbing with the help of tendril-like appendages from the bas...
-Yellow Star-Grass (Hvpoxis Hirsuta) Amaryllis Family (H. Erect A Of Gray)
Flowers - Bright yellow within, greenish and hairy outside, about 1/2 in. across, 6-parted; the perianth divisions spreading, narrowly oblong; a few flowers at the summit of a rough, hairy scape 2 to ...
-Blackberry Lily (Gemmingia Chinensis) Iris Family (Pardanthus Chinensis Of Gray)
Flowers - Deep orange color, speckled irregularly with crimson and purple within (Pardos = leopard; anthos = flower); borne in terminal, forked clusters. Perianth of 6 oblong, petal-like, spreading di...
-Large Yellow Lady's Slipper; Whippoorwill's Shoe; Yellow Moccasin Flower (Cypripedium Hirsutum) Orchid Family (C. Pubescens Of Gray)
Flower - Solitary, large, showy, borne at the top of a leafy stem 1 to 2 ft. high. Sepals 3, 2 of them united, greenish or yellowish, striped with purple or dull red, very long, narrow; 2 petals, brow...
-Yellow Fringed Orchis (Habenaria Ciliaris) Orchid Family
Flowers - Bright yellow or orange, borne in a showy, closely set, oblong spike, 3 to 6 in. long. The lip of each flower copiously fringed; the slender spur 1 to 1 1/2 in. long; similar to white fringe...
-Large Yellow Pond, Or Water, Lily; Cow Lily; Spatter-Dock (Nymphaea Advena) Water-Lily Family (Nuphar Advena Of Gray)
Flowers - Yellow or greenish outside, rarely purple tinged, round, depressed, 1 1/2 to 3 1/2 in. across. Sepals 6, unequal, concave, thick, fleshy; petals stamen-like, oblong, fleshy, short; stamens v...
-Marsh Marigold; Meadow-Gowan; American Cowslip (Caltha Palustris) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - Bright, shining yellow, 1 to 1 1/2 in. across, a few in terminal and axillary groups. No petals; usually 5 (often more) oval, petal-like sepals; stamens numerous; many pistils (carpels) with...
-Common Meadow Buttercup; Tall Crowfoot; Kingcups; Cuckoo Flower; Goldcups; Butter-Flowers; Blister-Flowers (Ranunculus Acris) Crowfoot Family
Flowers - Bright, shining yellow, about 1 in. across, numerous, terminating long slender footstalks. Calyx of 5 spreading sepals; corolla of 5 petals; yellow stamens and carpels. Stem: Erect, branched...
-Barberry; Pepperidge-Bush (Berberis Vulgaris) Barberry Family
Flowers - Yellow, small, odor disagreeable, 6-parted, borne in drooping, many-flowered racemes from the leaf axils along arching twigs. Stem: A much branched, smooth, gray shrub, 5 to 8 ft. tall, arm...
-Spice-Bush; Benjamin-Bush; Wild Allspice; Fever-Bush (Benzoin Benzoin) Laurel Family (Undera Benzoin Of Gray)
Flowers - Before the leaves, lemon yellow, fragrant, small, in clusters close to the slender, brittle twigs. Six petal-like sepals; sterile flowers with 9 stamens in 3 series; fertile flowers with a r...
-Greater Celandine; Swallow-Wort (Chelidonium Majus) Poppy Family
Flowers - Lustreless yellow, about 1/2 in. across, on slender pedicels, in a small umbel-like cluster. Sepals 2, soon falling; 4 petals, many yellow stamens, pistil prominent. Stem: Weak, 1 to 2 ft. h...
-Golden Corydalis (Capnoides Aureum) Poppy Family (Corydalis Aurea Of Gray)
Flowers - Bright yellow, about 1/2 in. long, with a spur half the length of the tubular corolla; irregular, lipped; each upheld by a little bract, mostly at a horizontal; borne in a terminal, short ra...
-Black Mustard (Brassica Nigra) Mustard Family
Flowers - Bright yellow, fading pale, 1/4 to 1/2 in. across, 4-parted, in elongated racemes; quickly followed by narrow upright 4-sided pods about 1/2. in. long appressed against the stem. Stem: Erect...
-Witch-Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana) Witch-Hazel Family
Flowers - Yellow, fringy, clustered in the axils of branches. Calyx 4-parted; 4 very narrow curving petals about 3/4 in. long; 4 short stamens, also 4 that are scale-like; 2 styles. Stem: A tall, croo...
-Five-Finger; Common Cinquefoil (Potentilla Canadensis) Rose Family
Flowers - Yellow, 1/4. to 1/2 in. across, growing singly on long peduncles from the leaf axils. Five petals longer than the 5 acute calyx lobes with 5 linear bracts between them; about 20 stamens; pis...
-Yellow Avens; Field Avens (Geum Strictum) Rose Family
Flowers - Golden yellow, otherwise much resembling the lower growing white avens (page 204). Preferred Habitat - Low ground, moist meadows, swamps. Flowering Season - June - August. Distribution - Pen...
-Tall Or Hairy Agrimony (Agrimonia Hirsuta) Rose Family (A. Eupatoria Of Gray)
Flowers - Yellow, small, 5-parted, in narrow, spike-like racemes. Stem: Usually 3 to 4 ft. tall, sometimes less or more clothed, with long, soft hairs. Leaves: Large, thin, bright green, compounded of...
-Sensitive Pea; Wild Or Small-Flowered Sensitive Plant (Cassia Nictitans) Senna Family
Flowers - Yellow, regular, 5-parted, about 1/4 in. across; 2 or 3 together in the axils. Stem: Weak, 6 to 15 in. tall, branching, leafy. Leaves: Alternate, sensitive, compounded of 12 to 44 small, nar...
-Wild Or American Senna (Cassia Marylandica) Senna Family
Flowers - Yellow, about 3/4 in. broad, numerous, in short axillary clusters on the upper part of plant. Calyx of 5 oblong lobes; 5 petals, 3 forming an upper lip, 2 a lower one; 10 stamens of 3 diffe...
-Wild Indigo; Yellow Or Indigo Broom; Horsefly-Weed (Baptisi A Tinetoria) Pea Family
Flowers - Bright yellow, papilionaceous, about 1/2 in. long, on short pedicels, in numerous- but few flowered terminal racemes. Calyx light green, 4 or 5-toothed; corolla of 5 oblong petals, the stand...
-Rattle-Box (Crotalaria Sagittalis) Pea Family
Flowers - Yellow, 1/2 in. long or less, usually only 2 or 3 on a long peduncle. Calyx 5-toothed, slightly 2-lipped; corolla papilionaceous. Stem: 3 to 10 in. high, weak, hairy. Leaves: Alternate, simp...
-Yellow Sweet Clover; Yellow Melilot (Melilotus Officinalis) Pea Family
Resembling the white sweet clover, except in color. (See p. 208.) Yellow Or Hop Clover (Trifolium Agrarium) Pea Family Flowers - Yellow, scale-like, overlapping in a densely many-flowered oblong hea...
-Yellow Wood-Sorrel; Lady's Sorrel (Oxalis Strictd) Wood-Sorrel Family
Flowers - Golden, fragrant, in long peduncled, small, terminal groups. Calyx of 5 sepals; corolla of 5 petals, usually reddish at base; stamens, 10; 1 pistil with 5 styles; followed by slender pods. S...
-Wild Or Slender Yellow Flax (Linum Virginianum) Flax Family
Flowers - Yellow, about 1/3 in. across, each from a leaf axil, scattered along the slender branches. Sepals, 5; 5 petals, 5 stamens. Stem: 1 to 2 ft. high, branching, leafy. Leaves: Alternate, seated ...
-Jewel-Weed; Spotted Touch-Me-Not; Silver Cap; Wild Balsam; Lady's Eardrops; Snap Weed; Wild Lady's Slipper (Impatiens Biflora) Jewel-Weed Family (/. Fulva Of Gray)
Flowers - Orange yellow, spotted with reddish-brown, irregular, 1 in. long or less, horizontal, 2 to 4 pendent by slender footstalks on a long peduncle from leaf axils. Sepals, 3, colored; 1 large, sa...
-Velvet Leaf; Indian Mallow; American Jute (Abutilon Abuiilon) Mallow Family (A. Avicennae Of Gray)
Flowers - Deep yellow, 1/2 to 3/4 in. broad, s-parted, regular, solitary on stout peduncles from the leaf axils. Stem: 3 to 6 ft. high, velvety, branched. Leaves: Soft velvety, heart-shaped, the lobes...
-St. Andrew's Cross (Ascyrum Hypericoides) St. John's-Wort Family (A. Crux-Andreae Of Gray)
Flowers - Yellow, 1/2 to 3/4 in. across, terminal and from the leaf axils. Calyx of 4 sepals in 2 pairs; 4 narrow, oblong petals; stamens numerous; 2 styles. Stem: Much branched and spreading from bas...
-Common St. John's-Wort (Hypericum Perforatum) St. John's-Wort Family
Flowers - Bright yellow, 1 in. across or less, several or many in terminal clusters. Calyx of 5 lance-shaped sepals; 5 petals dotted with black; numerous stamens in 3 sets; 3 styles. Stem: 1 to 2 ft....
-Long-Branched Frost-Weed; Frost-Flower; Frost-Wort; Canadian Rock-Rose (Helianthemum Canadense) Rock-Rose Family
Flowers - Solitary, or rarely 2; about 1 in. across, 5-parted, with showy yellow petals; the 5 unequal sepals hairy. Also abundant small flowers lacking petals, produced from the axils later. Stem: Er...
-Beach Or False Heather; Poverty Grass (Hudsonia Tomentosa) Rock-Rose Family
Flowers - Bright yellow, small, about 1/4 in. across, numerous, closely ascending the upper part of the heath-like branches. Sepals 5, unequal; 5 petals; stamens, 9 to 18. Stem: 4 to 8 in. tall, tufte...
-Yellow Violets (Viola) Violet Family
Fine hairs on the erect, leafy, usually single stem of the Downy Yellow Violet (V. pubescens), whose dark veined, bright yellow petals gleam in dry woods in April and May, easily distinguish it from t...
-Eastern Cactus; Prickly Pear; Indian Fig (Opuniia Opuntia) Cactus Family (O. Vulgaris Of Gray)
Flowers - Yellow, sometimes reddish at centre, 2 to 3 in. across, solitary, mostly seated at the side of joints. Calyx tube not prolonged beyond ovary, its numerous lobes spreading. Petals numerous; s...
-Evening-Primrose; Night Willow-Herb (Onagra Biennis) Evening-Primrose Family (Oenothera Biennis Of Gray)
Flowers - Yellow, fragrant, opening at evening, I to 2 in. across, borne in terminal leafy-bracted spikes. Calyx tube slender, elongated, gradually enlarged at throat, the 4-pointed lobes bent backwar...
-Wild Or Field Parsnip; Madnep; Tank (Pasiinaca Sativa) Carrot Family
Flowers - Dull or greenish yellow, small, without involucre or in-volucels; borne in 7 to 15 rayed umbels, 2 to 6 in. across. Stem: 2 to 5 ft. tall, stout, smooth, branching, grooved, from a long, con...
-Four-Leaved Or Whorled Loosestrife; Crosswort (Lysimachia Quadrifolia) Primrose Family
Flowers - Yellow, streaked with dark red, 1/2 in. across or less; each on a thread-like, spreading footstem from a leaf axil. Calyx, 5 to 7 parted; corolla of 5 to 7 spreading lobes, and as many stame...
-Butterfly-Weed; Pleurisy-Root; Orange-Root; Orange Milkweed (Asclepias Luberosa) Milkweed Family
Flowers - Bright reddish orange, in many-flowered, terminal clusters, each flower similar in structure to the common milkweed (see p. 135). Stem: Erect, 1 to 2 ft. tall, hairy, leafy, milky juice scan...
-Horse-Balm; Citronella; Rich-Weed; Stone-Root; Horse-Weed (Collinsonia Canadensis) Mint Family
Flowers - Light yellowish, lemon-scented, about 1/2 in. long, mostly opposite, in numerous spreading racemes, forming long, loose, terminal clusters. Calyx bell-shaped, 2-lipped, upper lip 3toothed, l...
-Virginia Ground Cherry (Physalis Virginiana) Potato Family (P. Pennsylvania Of Gray)
Flowers - Sulphur or greenish yellow, with 5 dark purplish dots, 1 in. across or less, solitary from the leaf axils. Calyx 5-toothed, much inflated in fruit; corolla open bell-shaped, the edge 5-cleft...
-Great Mullein; Velvet Or Flannel Plant; Mullein Dock; Aaron's Rod (Verbascum Thapsus) Figwort Family
Flowers - Yellow, 1 in. across or less, seated around a thick, dense, elongated spike. Calyx 5-parted; corolla of 5 rounded lobes; 5 anther-bearing stamens, the 3 upper ones short, woolly; 1 pistil. S...
-Moth Mullein (Verbascum Blattaria) Figwort Family
Flowers - Yellow, or frequently white, 5-parted, about 1 in. broad, marked with brown; borne on spreading pedicles in a long, loose raceme; all the filaments with violet hairs; 1 protruding pistil. St...
-Butter-And-Eggs; Yellow Toad-Flax; Eggs-And-Bacon; Flaxweed; Brideweed (Linaria Linaria) Figwort Family (L. Vulgaris Of Gray)
Flowers - Light canary yellow and orange, 1 in. long or over, irregular, borne in terminal, leafy-bracted spikes. Corolla spurred at the base, 2-lipped, the upper lip erect, 2-lobed; the lower lip spr...
-Downy False Foxglove (Dasystoma Flava) Figwort Family (Gerardia Flava Of Gray)
Flowers - Pale yellow, 1 1/2 to 2 in. long; in showy, terminal, leafy-bracted racemes. Calyx bell-shaped, 5-toothed; corolla funnel form, the 5 lobes spreading, smooth outside, woolly within; 4 stamen...
-Greater Bladderwort; Hooded Water-Milfoil; Pop-Weed (Utricularia Vulgaris) Bladderwort Family
Flowers - Yellow, about 1/2 in. across, 3 to 20 on short pedicels in a raceme at the top of a stout, naked scape 3 to 14 in. high. Calyx deeply 2-lobed; corolla 2-lipped, the upper lip erect, the lowe...
-Sweet Wild Honeysuckle, Or Woodbine; Italian Or Perfoliate Honeysuckle (Lonicera Caprifolium) Honeysuckle Family (L. Grata Of Gray)
Flowers - White within, the tube pinkish, soon fading yellow, 1 to 1 1/2 in. long, very fragrant; borne in terminal whorls seated in the united pair of upper leaves. Calyx small, 5-toothed; corolla sl...
-Bush Honeysuckle; Gravel-Weed (Diervilla Diervilla) Honeysuckle Family (D. Trifida Of Gray)
Flowers - Yellow, small, fragrant, 1 to 5 (usually 3) together on a peduncle from upper leaf-axils. Calyx tube slender, elongated; corolla narrowly funnel-form, about 3/4 in. long, its 5 lobes spreadi...
-Common Dandelion; Blowball; Lion's-Tooth; Peasant's Clock (Taraxacum Taraxacum) Chicory Family (T. Dens-Leonis Of Gray)
Flower-head - Solitary, golden yellow, 1 to 2 in. across, containing 150 to 200 perfect ray florets on a flat receptacle at the top of a hollow, milky scape 2 to 18 in. tall. Leaves: From a very deep,...
-Field Sow-Thistle; Milk Thistle (Sonchus Arvensis) Chicory Family
Flower-heads - Bright yellow, very showy, 1 to 2 in. across, several or numerous, on rough peduncles in a spreading cluster. Involucre nearly 1 in. high; the scales narrow, rough. Stem: 2 to 4 ft. hig...
-Tall Or Wild Lettuce; Wild Opium (Lactuca Canadensis) Chicory Family
Flower-heads - Numerous, small, about 1/4 in. across, involucre cyl-indric, rays pale yellow; followed by abundant, soft, bright white pappus; the heads growing in loose, branching, terminal clusters....
-Orange Or Tawny Hawkweed; Golden Mouse-Ear Hawkweed; Devil's Paint-Brush (Hieracium Aurantiacum) Chicory Family
Flower-heads - Reddish orange; 1 in. across or less, the 5-toothed rays overlapping in several series; several heads on short peduncles in a terminal cluster. Stem: Usually leafless, or with 1 to 2 sm...
-Golden Aster (Chrysopsis Mariana) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Composite, yellow, 1 in. wide or less, a few cor-ymbed flowers on glandular stalks; each composed of perfect tubular disk florets surrounded by pistillate ray florets; the involucre cam...
-Golden-Rods (Solidago) Thistle Family
When these flowers transform whole acres into fields of the cloth-of-gold, the slender wands swaying by every roadside, and purple asters add the final touch of imperial splendor to the autumn lands...
-Elecampane; Horseheal; Yellow Starwort (Inula Helenium) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Large, yellow, solitary or a few, 2 to 4 in. across, on long, stout peduncles; the scaly green involucre nearly 1 in. high, holding disk florets surrounded by a fringe of long, very nar...
-Cup-Plant; Indian-Cup; Ragged Cup; Rosin-Plant (Silphium Perfoliatum) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Yellow, nearly flat, 2 to 3 in. across; 20 to 30 narrow, pistillate ray florets, about 1 in. long, overlapping in 2 or 3 series around the perfect but sterile disk florets. Stem: 4 to 8...
-False Sunflower; Ox-Eye (Heliopsis Helianthoides) Thistle Family (H. Laevis Of Gray)
Flower-heads - Entirely golden yellow, daisy-like, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 in. across, the perfect disk florets inserted on a convex, chaffy receptacle, and surrounded by pistillate, fertile, 3-toothed ray flo...
-Black-Eyed Susan; Yellow Or Ox-Eye Daisy; Nigger-Head; Golden Jerusalem; Purple Cone-Flower (Rudbeckia Hirta) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - From 10 to 20 orange-yellow neutral rays around a conical, dark purplish-brown disk of florets containing both stamens and pistil. Stem: 1 to 3 ft. tall, hairy, rough, usually unbranche...
-Tall Or Giant Sunflower (Helianthus Giganteus) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Several, on long, rough-hairy peduncles; 1 1/2 to 2 1/4 in. broad; 10 to 20 pale yellow neutral rays around a yellowish disk whose florets are perfect, fertile. Stem: 3 to 12 ft. tall, ...
-Lance-Leaved Tickseed; Golden Coreopsis (Coreopsis Lanceolata) Thistle Family
Flowers-heads - Showy, bright golden yellow, the 6 to 10 wedge-shaped, coarsely toothed ray florets around yellowish disk florets soon turning brown; each head on a very long, smooth, slender footstal...
-Larger Or Smooth Bur-Marigold; Brook Sunflower (Bidens Laevis) Thistle Family (B. Chrysanthemoides Of Gray)
Flower-heads - Showy golden yellow, 1 to 2 1/2 in. across, numerous, on short peduncles; 8 to 10 neutral rays around a dingy yellowish or brown disk of tubular, perfect, fertile florets. Stem.: 1 to 2...
-Sneezeweed; Swamp Sunflower (Helenium Autumnale) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Bright yellow, 1 to 2 in. across, numerous, borne on long peduncles in corymb-like clusters; the rays 3 to 5 cleft, and drooping around the yellow or yellowish-brown disk. Stem: 2 to 6 ...
-Tansy; Bitter-Buttons (Tanacetum Vulgare) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Small, round, of tubular florets only, packed within a depressed involucre, and borne in flat-topped corymbs. Stem: 1 1/2 to 3 ft. tall, leafy. Leaves: Deeply and pinnately cleft into n...
-Golden Ragwort; Groundsel; Squaw-Weed (Senecio Aureus) Thistle Family
Flower-heads - Golden yellow, about 3/4 in. across, borne on slender peduncles in a loose, leafless cluster; rays 8 to 12 around minute disk florets. Stem: Slender, 1 to 2 1/2 ft. high, solitary or tu...
-Red And Indefinites
I want the inner meaning and the understanding of the wild flowers in the meadow. Why are they? What end? What purpose? The plant knows, and sees, and feels; where is its mind when the petal falls? A...
-Jack-In-The-Pulpit; Indian Turnip (Arisaema Triphyllum) Arum Family
Flowers - Minute, greenish yellow, clustered on the lower part of a smooth, club-shaped, slender spadix within a green and maroon or whitish-striped spathe that curves in a broad-pointed flap above it...
-Skunk Or Swamp Cabbage (Spathyema Foetida) Arum Family (Symplocarpus Foetidus Of Gray)
Flowers - Minute, perfect, foetid; many scattered over a thick, rounded, fleshy spadix, and hidden within a swollen, shell-shaped, purplish-brown to greenish-yellow, usually mottled, spathe, close to ...
-Red, Wood, Flame, Or Philadelphia Lily (Liliiim Philadelphicum) Lily Family
Flowers - Erect, tawny or red-tinted outside; vermilion, or sometimes reddish orange, and spotted with madder brown within; 1 to 5, on separate peduncles, borne at the summit. Perianth of 6 distinct, ...
-Large Coral-Root (Corallorhiza Multiflora) Orchid Family
Flowers - Dull brownish purple, about 1/2 in. high; 10 to 30 borne in a raceme 2 to 8 in. long. Petals about the length of sepals, and somewhat united at the base; spur yellowish, the oval lip white, ...
-Adam And Eve; Putty-Root (Aplectrum Spicatum) Orchid Family (A. Hyemale Of Gray)
Flowers - Dingy yellowish brown and purplish, about 1 in. long, each on a short pedicel, in a few-flowered, loose, bracted raceme 2 to 4 in. long. No spur; sepals and petals similar, small and narrow,...
-Wild Ginger; Canada Snakeroot; Asarabacca (Asarum Canadense) Birthwort Family
Flower - Solitary, dull purplish brown, creamy white within, about 1 in. broad when expanded, borne on a short peduncle close to or upon the ground. Calyx cup-shaped, deeply cleft, its 3 acutely point...
-Dutchman's Pipe; Pipe-Vine (Aristolochia Macrophylla) (A. Sipho Of Gray)
Flower - An inflated, curved, yellowish-green, veiny tube (calyx), pipe-shaped, except that it abruptly broadens beyond the contracted throat into 3 flat, spreading, dark purplish or reddish-brown lob...
-Fire Pink; Virginia Catchfly (Silene Virginica) Pink Family
Flowers - Scarlet or crimson, 1 1/2 in. broad or less, a few on slender pedicels from the upper leaf-axils. Calyx sticky, tubular, bell-shaped, 5-cleft, enlarged in fruit; corolla of 5 wide-spread, na...
-Wild Columbine (Aquilegia Canadensis) Crowfoot Family
Flower - Red outside, yellow within, irregular, 1 to 2 in. long, solitary, nodding from a curved footstalk from the upper leaf-axils. Petals 5, funnel-shaped, but quickly narrowing into long, erect, v...
-Pitcher-Plant; Side-Saddle Flower; Huntsman's Cup; Indian Dipper (Sarracenea Purpurea) Pitcher-Plant Family
Flower - Deep reddish purple, sometimes partly greenish, pink, or red, 2 in. or more across, globose; solitary, nodding from scape 1 to 2 ft. tall. Calyx of 5 sepals, with 3 or 4 bracts at base; 5 ove...
-Ground-Nut (Apios Apios) Pea Family (A. Tuberosa Of Gray)
Flowers - Fragrant, chocolate brown and reddish purple, numerous, about 1/2 in. long, clustered in racemes from the leaf-axils. Calyx 2-lipped, corolla papilionaceous, the broad standard petal turned ...
-Pine Sap; False Beech-Drops; Yellow Bird's Nest (Hypopitis Hypopitis) Indian-Pipe Family (Monotropa Hypopitis Of Gray)
Flowers - Tawny, yellow, ecru, brownish pink, reddish, or bright crimson, fragrant, about 1/2 in. long; oblong bell-shaped; borne in a one-sided, terminal, slightly drooping raceme, becoming erect aft...
-Scarlet Pimpernel; Poor Man's Or Shepherd's Weather-Glass; Red Chickweed; Burnet Rose; Shepherd's Clock (Anagallis Arvensis) Primrose Family
Flower - Variable, scarlet, deep salmon, copper red, flesh colored, or rarely white; usually darker in the centre; about 1/4 in. across; wheel-shaped; 5-parted; solitary, on thread-like peduncles from...
-Hound's Tongue; Gipsy Flower (Cynoglossum Officinale) Borage Family
Flowers - Dull purplish red, about 1/3 in. across, borne in a curved raceme or panicle that straightens as the bloom advances upward. Calyx 5-parted; corolla salverform, its 5 lobes spreading; 5 stame...
-Oswego Tea; Bee Balm; Indian's Plume; Fragrant Balm; Mountain Mint (Monarda Didyma) Mint Family
Flowers - Scarlet, clustered in a solitary, terminal, rounded head of dark-red calices, with leafy bracts below it. Calyx narrow, tubular, sharply 5-toothed; corolla tubular, widest at the mouth, 2-li...
-Scarlet Painted Cup; Indian Paint-Brush (Castilleja Coccined) Figwort Family
Flowers - Greenish yellow, enclosed by broad, vermilions-cleft floral bracts; borne in a terminal spike. Calyx flattened, tubular, cleft above and below into 2 lobes; usually green, sometimes scarlet;...
-Wood Betony; Lousewort; Beefsteak Plant; High Heal-All (Pedicularis Canadensis) Figwort Family
Flowers - Greenish yellow and purplish red, in a short dense spike. Calyx oblique, tubular, cleft on lower side, and with 2 or 3 scallops on upper; corolla about 3/4 in. long, 2-lipped, the upper lip ...
-Beech-Drops (Septamnium Virginiamim) Broom-Rape Family (Epifegus Virginiana Of Gray)
Flotvers - Small, dull purple and white, tawny, or brownish striped; scattered along loose, tiny bracted, ascending branches. Stem: Brownish or reddish tinged, slender, tough, branching above, 6 in. t...
-Trumpet-Flower; Trumpet-Creeper (Tecoma Radicans) Trumpet-Creeper Family
Flowers - Red and veined within, paler and inclined toward tawny without, trumpet-shaped, about 2 1/2 in. long, the limb with 5 rounded lobes; 2 to 9 flowers in the terminal clusters; anther-bearing s...
-Coral Or Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera Sempervirens) Honeysuckle Family
Flowers - Red outside, orange yellow within; whorled round terminal spikes. Calyx insignificant; corolla tubular, slender, 1 1/2 in. long or less, slightly spread below the 5-lobed limb; 5 stamens; 1 ...
-Cardinal Flower; Red Lobelia (Lobelia Cardinalis)
Flowers - Rich vermilion, very rarely rose or white, I to 1 1/2 in. long, numerous, growing in terminal, erect, green-bracted, more or less 1-sided racemes. Calyx 5-cleft; corolla tubular, split down ...
-Fragrant Flowers Or Leaves
Baby's Breath, 7. Large Purple-fringed Orchis, 12. Smaller Purple-fringed Orchis, 13. Hepatica (occasionally), 17. Purple Marsh Clematis, 19. English Violet, 30. Wild Phlox, 35. Catnip, 45. Pe...
-Plants And Shrubs Conspicuous In Fruit
Red and Reddish Nightshade, 50. Twisted-stalk, 81. American Cranberry, 129. Marsh Calla, 155. Wild Spikenard (pale red speckled berries), 159. Two-leaved Solomon's Seal (pale red speckled), 160....
-Flower Families
Water-plantain Family (Alismaceae) Water-plantain. Arrow-head. Arum Family (Araceae) Jack-in-the-pulpit. Green dragon. Arrow-arum. Water-arum. Skunk cabbage. Golden-club. Calamus-root. Spiderwort...









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