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New Book Of Flowers | by Joseph Breck



Fifteen years have passed since the author published his "Book of Flowers." In 1856 a new edition was issued, to which 60 pages were added in an appendix. Time makes great changes in all the pursuits of life, and in none more than it has in Floriculture during the last 15 years; consequently, the book in question had become antiquated like the author, and needed revision. And now, after a year's writing, revising and correcting, "Breck's New Book of Flowers" is presented to the flower-loving public, who, if they love flowers as well as the author, will, no doubt, appreciate his labors. He hopes the innocent, improving, and healthy pleasures to be derived from the art and practice of Floriculture, may be greatly increased by the instruction and encouragement he has endeavored to give.

TitleNew Book Of Flowers
AuthorJoseph Breck
PublisherLovejoy & Son
Year1866
Copyright1866, Joseph Breck
AmazonNew Book Of Flowers
-Introduction
Fifteen years have passed since the author published his Book of Flowers. In 1856 a new edition was issued, to which 60 pages were added in an appendix. The work had a large and generous patronage,...
-The Happy Influence Of The Pursuit Of Horticulture On The Mind Of Man
Not useless are ye flowers; though made for pleasure, Blooming o'er fields, and wave by day and night From every source your sanction bids me treasure Harmless delight. - Horace Smith. Flowers are ...
-The Happy Influence Of The Pursuit Of Horticulture On The Mind Of Man. Part 2
The Hon. Daniel Webster made the following remarks: I congratulate you, Mr. President, that our flowers are not. ' Born to blush unseen And waste their sweetness on the desert air. The botany we ...
-The Happy Influence Of The Pursuit Of Horticulture On The Mind Of Man. Part 3
Who, that was blessed with parents that indulged themselves, and children with a flower garden, can forget the happy, innocent hours spent in its cultivation! O! who can forget those days, when to ann...
-The Lily Of The Field, Or The Wonderful Beauty Of Flowers
The contemplation of the beauty of flowers, with their varied tints of exquisite colors, beautiful forms and delightful odors, is a source of never ending pleasure to all who have any taste for the be...
-On The Vitality Of Seeds. Remarks On Planting, Etc
And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed is in itself, after his kind; and God saw that it was good. A seed, when duly consi...
-On The Vitality Of Seeds. Remarks On Planting, Etc. Continued
But with all this care, complaints are often made that the seed was not good, - seed that I knew was good, because it had been proved' so, under my own inspection, by an infallible test. There are va...
-Selection Of Flowering Plants. For The Flower Garden, And The Arrangement Of The Various Sorts On The Lawn Or Borders
How exquisitely sweet This rich display of flowers, This airy wild of fragrance, So lovely to the eye, And to the sense so sweet. - Andreini's Adam. And round about he taught sweet flowers to grow...
-Plants For Bedding
There is no more pleasing or tasteful arrangement of certain flowers than disposing of them in masses upon the margin of a lawn, or in a grass plot in figures cut out in the grass. These figures shoul...
-Double Flowers
Many botanists do not approve of double flowers or hybrids: they see no beauty in them, it brings into confusion the regularity of their classification, and therefore regard them as monsters, as indee...
-On The Color Of Plants And Flowers
We are often asked why there should be such a diversity of color in plants of the same species, produced from seed of one flower when grown in the same soil, or what is the process by which it is prod...
-On The Color Of Plants And Flowers. Continued
From what has now been stated, it appears to result that modifications of chromule are the cause of the diversity of colors; and that these modifications depend principally upon the degree of oxygena...
-The Art Of Constructing Bouquets; Arranging Flowers In Vases, Etc. Foreign Flower Fashions
I have been requested by a number of the readers of my first Book of Flowers, should I publish another work or a new edition of the old one, to give some directions in constructing bouquets, showing...
-Protection Of Plants
In our variable climate it is necessary to protect many of the herbaceous plants before winter sets in, especially in the vicinity of Boston and other places upon the sea coast. Farther back in the co...
-Supports For Plants, Training, Etc
That the plants in a garden may at all times present a neat and orderly appearance, it is important to give them proper support and training as the season advances, otherwise heavy winds and severe st...
-Laying Out The Flower-Garden
And the sinuous paths of lawn and moss, Which led through the garden along and across; Some opened at once to the sun and the breeze, - Some lost among bowers of blossoming trees, - Were all paved wi...
-Garden Walks
Width Of Walks The main walk, or walks, of a garden, should be laid out on a liberal scale. Nothing detracts so much from the pleasures of the flower-garden as contracted walks. When we wish to enjoy...
-Planting Box And Other Edging
The surface of the garden having been levelled, and the walks dug out, according to the plan, and partially filled with stones and coarse gravel, the operator may now proceed to plant the box edgings,...
-Remarks On Artificial Rock Work
There are many plants that succeed best when planted among rocks, and for their accommodation and to show off their beauties to the greatest advantage, it is common in large gardens to have an appenda...
-Remarks On Artificial Rock Work. Continued
I have already made the remark in a former communication that the clear and bright atmosphere of this section of the United States seems particularly adapted for collections of this nature; for many d...
-Plants Suitable For The Aquarium Or Ornamental Pond
When a garden is so situated that it can be supplied with living or running water, a collection of aquatic plants in an aquarium, in connection with a fish pond, will be an object of additional intere...
-On The Cultivation Of Plants In The Parlor
Descending snow, the golden leaf and sear, Are indications of old Time's career; The careful florist tends his sheltered plants, Studies their natures, and supplies their wants. A few plants in the...
-Compost For Plants
The most important requisite, for the successful cultivation of plants, is to have a stock of suitable compost for the various kinds. A plant in unsuitable mould cannot be healthy. The following mater...
-Plants Suitable For Parlor Culture
The parlor can be made very gay, during the month of November and part of December, by a choice collection of Chrysanthemums. If they are kept out of the midday sun, their beauty will be greatly prolo...
-Replanting Or Potting Plants
By the middle of August, or the first of September, the plants will require to be re-potted; this must be done with care and judgment. The following directions are minute and to the point: To ascerta...
-A Description Of Some Of The Insects That Are Injurious To Plants In The Flower-Garden
To give a description of all the insects that infest the plants of the flower-garden, it would he necessary to write a volume, so numerous are the voracious tribe that prey upon the roots, stems, foli...
-Rose Slug
The Rose Slug has, within a few years, proved very destructive to the Rose, in the vicinity of Boston, and probably in other parts of the country; so much so, that many persons have almost abandoned t...
-Rose Slug. Continued
During several years past, these pernicious vermin have infested the rose-bushes in the vicinity of Boston, and have proved so injurious to them as to have excited the attention of the Massachusetts ...
-The Rose Bug
The Rose-chafer, or Rose-bug, as it is more commonly and incorrectly called, is also a diurnal insect. It is the Melolontha subspinosa of Fabricius, by whom it was first described, and belongs to the...
-Directions For Flowering Dutch Bulbous Roots In Pots And Glasses
Hyacinths may be planted in pots from the first of October to the first of November. The soil used, should consist of one-third each, of white or river sand, vegetable mould, and rich loam. The pots s...
-The Cultivation Of Perennials, Biennials, And Annuals
A flowery crown will I compose - I'll weave the Crocus, weave the Rose; I'll weave Narcissus, newly wet, The Hyacinth and Violet; The Myrtle shall supply me green, And Lilies laugh in light between ,...
-Annuals
The plants generally known as annuals, are raised from the seed, perfect their flowers, mature their seed the same season, and then perish. There are some flowers, however, cultivated as annuals, that...
-On The Culture Of Hardy Deciduous And Evergreen Shrubs
I like a shrubbery too, it looks so fresh; And then there is some variety about it. In spring, the Lilac and the Snowball flower, And the Laburnum with its golden strings Waving in the wind; and when...
-Descriptive List Of Perennial, Biennial, And Annual Flowers, With Directions For Their Cultivation
Not a tree, A plant, a leaf, a blossom, but contains A folio volume. We may read, and read, And rend again, and still find something new, Something to please, and something to instruct. To cultivat...
-Abronia, Achillea. Yarrow, Aconitum. Monkshood, Acroclinium, Adlumia. Climbing Fumitory
Abronia [Name from the Greek, signifying delicate.] Abronia Umbellata A beautiful annual, with long trailing stems, bearing clusters of elegant flowers in dense umbels; color, delicate lilac, with ...
-Adonis, Ageratum, Alonsoa, Althaea
Adonis [This owes its classical name to Adonis, the favorite of Venus; some say its existence also, maintaining that it sprung from his blood when dying. Others again, trace its pedigree to the tears...
-Alyssum, Amarantus. Amaranth, Amaryllis
Alyssum [From Greek, words signifying to prevent rage. The Alyssum passed among the ancients as a plant which possessed the properties of allaying thirst.] Alyssum saxatile. - Rock or Golden Alyssum...
-Amethystea. Amethystea Coerulea, Ammobium, Amsonia, Anagallis. Pimpernel, Anchusa. Bugloss
Amethystea. Amethystea Coerulea A tender annual with pretty blue flowers, and a variety with white; grows about 1 1/2 foot high; not very common in gardens; in flower from July to October. Ammobium ...
-Anemone. Wind-Flower
[From the Greek, anemos, wind; some say because the flower opens only when the wind blows; others, because it grows in situations much exposed to wind.] Youth, like a thin Anemone displays His silke...
-Anthems. Chamomile, Antirrhinum. Snap-Dragon, Apios. Ground-Nut, Aquilegia. Columbine
Anthems. Chamomile [From a Greek word, signifying a flower, on account of the multitude of flowers-with which the plants are covered.] Anthe'mis nobilis. - Garden Chamomile. - Is in considerable rep...
-Arctotis, Argemone. Prickly Poppy, Armeria. Thrift, Asclepias. Milkweed, Aster
Arctotis [Named from Greek words, signifying bear, and capsule, because Its fruit is shaggy, like a bear.] Arctotis breviscapa, a new annual. I do not know the origin of this plant, but received it,...
-Astrantia, Avena. Oat, Baptisia. False Indigo, Bellis. Daisy, Bouvardia, Brachycome. Swan Daisy, Briza. Quaking Grass, Browallia. Blue Amethyst
Astrantia [From Greek words, signifying similar to a star; so called in reference to the beautiful star-like dispositions of the involurum of all the species.] Astrantia major and A. minor. - Hardy ...
-Calandrinia, Calceolaria. Lady's Slipper, Calendula, Callirrhoe, Callistephus. China Aster
Calandrinia [Named after Calandrinr, a German botanist.] Calandrinia grandiflora. - Great-flowering. - This is a half-hardy annual; grows two feet high; blooms from June to October. It is a fine pla...
-Caltha. Marsh Marigold, Calystegia. Bracted Bindweed
Caltha. Marsh Marigold [Caltha signifies in Greek a goblet, and refers to the appearance of the flower when not fully expanded.] Caltha palustris. - Marsh Marigold. - This is a handsome indigenous p...
-Campanula. Bell-Flower
[A diminutive of campana, a bell; on account of the form of the corolla, which resembles a little bell.] This is a large genus of plants, mostly handsome, hardy perennials, with a few annuals; some o...
-Canna. Shot Plant, Cardamine. Cuckoo Flower, Cardiospermum - Balloon Vine, Cassia. Cassia Marilandica. Maryland Cassia, Wild Senna, Catananche. Catananche Coerulea. Blue Catananche
Canna. Shot Plant [From a Celtic word, signifying a cane or reed.} The Cannas are mostly tropical plants, from four to eight feet high, with elegant foliage. Canaa patens, Indica, and coccinnea, ar...
-Celosia. Cocks-Comb, Centaurea. Star Thistle, Centranthus, Cheiranthus. Wall Flower
Celosia. Cocks-Comb [From a Greek word, signifying burnt, because the flowers of some of. the species appear as if they were singed.] Celosia cristata. - Cocks-comb. - Is a well-known tender annua],...
-Chelone. Turtle-Head, Chrysanthemum. Chinese Chrysanthemum
Chelone. Turtle-Head [A Greek word, signifying a tortoise, to the back of which the helmet of the present genus has been fancifully compared.] Chelone glabra, also called C. obliqua, is a North Amer...
-Cimicefuga. Bugbane, Clarkia, Clematis. Virgin's Bower
Cimicefuga. Bugbane [From the Greek, signifying to drive away bugs. - A Siberian species being used as a bugbane.]' Cimicifuga racemosa. - Black Snake-root. - Black Cohosh. - A native plant, not oft...
-Cleome, Cobaea. Mexican Cobaea, Coleus, Collinsia, Collomia. Collomia Coccinea, Commelyna
Cleome This is an elegant genus of plants, and very curious in their structure. The petals range themselves on the upper side, and the stamens and pistil are protruded a considerable length, on slend...
-Conoclinum. Mist-Flower, Convallaria. Solomon's Seal, Convolvulus. Bind-Weed, Coreopsis
Conoclinum. Mist-Flower [Name derived from the conical shape of the disk, on which the florets are placed.] Conoclinum coelestinum. - Sky-blue Conoclinum, Mist-flower. - A perennial; two feet high. ...
-Corydalis, Crepis, Crocus, Cuphea, Cypripedium. Lady's Slipper
Corydalis [The ancient Greek name for Fumitory, to which this genus is closely related.] CorydaliS glauca. - Pale Corydalis. - An indigenous biennial, growing in rocky places, from one to three feet...
-Dahlia
Dahlia [Named after Andrew Dahl, a Swedish botanist and pupil of Linnaeus.] There is fashion among amateurs of the floral kingdom, as well as in matters of dress, and style of living among those who...
-Dahlia. Part 2
Propagation It is propagated by seeds, division of the roots, and by cuttings. By Seed If the seed is soon in a hot-bed in April or March, and the plants set out in the open ground in June, most of...
-Dahlia. Part 3
Liliputian Or Bouquet Dahlias This novel variety of the Dahlia has been introduced within a few years, and, in my opinion, is a great improvement upon the over-grown coarse flowers of the old varieti...
-Datura. Thorn Apple
[Name said to be from the Arabic] Datura Stramonium Thorn apple, so called in allusion to the capsule, which is as large as a small hen's egg; ovate, and thickly covered with thorns. The poisonous q...
-Delphinium. Larkspur
[From a Greek word signifying a dolphin, on account of the resemblance be tween the shape of the flower and the imaginary figures of the dolphin.] The French call it Pied d' alouette,-which is the sa...
-Dianthtus. Pink
Dianthtus. Pink [The name of Dianthus is of Greek origin, and signifies the Flower of Jove; which name is, according to some, bestowed upon the flower for its beauty; others say from its fragrance. T...
-Dianthtus. Pink. Continued
D. Hortensis. Garden Pink This species is in perfection about the last of June. The foliage is more grasslike, and the plant much hardier, than the Carnation. The double varieties are very desirable,...
-Dicentra, Dictamnus. Fraxinella, Didiscus. Didiscus Coerulea. Sky-Blue Didiscus
Dicentra [From the Greek, meaning twice and spurt on account of the two spurs or sacs at the base of the flowers.] This genus has had a hard time with regard to its name. When first published, it wa...
-Digitalis. Foxglove
[So named by Fuchst from digitalis, a finger of a glove, in allusion to the form of the flowers.] Digitalis purpurea, with purple flowers; also a variety D, alba, with white flowers. Ornamental plant...
-Dolichos. Hyacinth Bean, Downingia, Dracocephalum. Dragon's Head, Eccremocarpus, Echinacea. Cone-Flower, Epilobium. Willow-Herb, Erysimum. Treacle-Mustard, Erythronium. Dog's-Tooth Violet
Dolichos. Hyacinth Bean [A name under which Dioscorides describes a plant supposed to have been the kidney bean of the moderns.] Dolichos Lablab. - Purple Hyacinth Bean. - A fine tender annual climb...
-Eschscholtzia. California. Poppy, Eupatorium, Euphorbia. Spurge, Fritillary. Fritillary
Eschscholtzia. California. Poppy [Named after Doct. Eschscholtz, a botanist of the last century.] Eschscholtzia Californica. California Poppy A native of the State, the name of which it bears, wher...
-Fuchsia. Lady's Ear Drop, Funkia. Day Lily, Gaillardia, Galanthus. Snow Drop
Fuchsia. Lady's Ear Drop [So named In honor of Leonard Fuchs, a noted German botanist.] Fuchsia coccinea is one of the most elegant of deciduous green-house shrubs; the young wood and nerves of the ...
-Galium. Bed Straw, Gaura, Gazania, Gentiana. Gentian
Galium. Bed Straw [Name from a Greek word, signifying milk, because one sort is used for the purpose of curdling milk.] The stems of all the species are four-cornered, and the leaves in whorls; the ...
-Geranium. Cranes-Bill, Gilia
Geranium. Cranes-Bill [The name from the Greek word for crane, as the lung beaked fruit has some resemblance to the bill of that bird,] Most of the plants, popularly called Geraniums, belong to the ...
-Gladiolus. Corn Flag
Gladiolus. Corn Flag [From the Latin gladius, a sword, in allusion to the shape of the leaves.] This is called Sword-Lily, Corn-Flag, Corn-Sedge, etc., etc.; in French, le Glaieul. The genus embrace...
-Gladiolus. Corn Flag. Continued
G. Floribundus G. floribundus, is a beautiful variety or species; color shaded-rose, pink, or white. The flowers are very delicate, and produced in long crowded spikes. The growth is strong, and the ...
-Glaucium. Horned Poppy, Godetia, Gomphrena. Globe Amaranth, Helianthus. Sunflower
Glaucium. Horned Poppy [The name derived from its glaucous foliage.] Glaucium luteum. - Sea Celandine, or Yellow Horned Poppy. - This is a flower common to every part of Europe, growing on sandy soi...
-Helichrysum. Everlasting Or Immortal Flower, Heliotropium. Heliotrope, Helipterum, Helleborus. Hellebore, Hemerocallis. Day Lily
Helichrysum. Everlasting Or Immortal Flower [From Greek words, signifying the sun and gold, in allusion to the brilliant yellow color of the flowers.] The species are much admired for the brilliancy...
-Hepatica. Liver-Wort, Hesperis. Garden Rocket, Hibiscus. Rose-Mallow. Hibiscus Militaris. Halbert-Leaved Rose-Mallow
Hepatica. Liver-Wort [Hepatica - from Greek words, signifying belonging to the liver, the three lobes of the leaves having been compared to the lobes of the liver.] Hepatica triloba. - This is a gre...
-Hyacinthus. Hyacinth
[A name from ancient Mythology.] Hyacinth,' with sapphire bell Curling backwards. The youths whose locks divinely spreading, Like vernal Hyacinths in sullen hue. Hyaciuthus Orientalis. The Gar...
-Hypericum. St. John's Wort, Iberis. Candy-Tuft, Impatiens. Balsam
Hypericum. St. John's Wort [A name of unknown meaning-] Hypericum Calycinum. Large-Calyxed St. John's Wort Bears a very large yellow flower, and its numerous stamens form a beautiful appearance; it...
-Ipomaea. Morning-Glory
Ipomaea. Morning-Glory [The name said to indicate its resemblance to Bindweed.] Ipomaea Purpurea. Morning-Glory This popular flower is too well known to need any description, it being, found in alm...
-Iris. Flower-De-Luce
[The Greek name for the rainbow, applied to this genus on account of its varied colors.] The Flowers-de-Luce, and the round sparks of dew That hung upon their azure leaves did show Like twinkling st...
-Lamium, Lantana, Lasthenia. Lasthenia Glabrata, Lathyrtts. Sweet Pea
Lamium [Lamium was a celebrated sea-monster. The flowers of this genus are supposed to resemble the grotesque figure of some beast.] Lamium rugosum, or Rough-leaved Lamium, produces clusters of its ...
-Lavatera, Lilium. The Lily
Lavatera [In memory of the two Lavaters, physicians of Zurich.!] Lavatera Trimestris. Common Lavatera A popular hardy annual, of easy culture and handsome appearance, with large, Hollyhock-shaped, ...
-Lavatera, Lilium. The Lily. Part 2
L. Pomponinm. Scarlet Pompone Lily This is a beautiful species, with scarlet reflexed petals, flowering in June and July. It is rather a shy flowerer, and has not flourished so well with us as some o...
-Lavatera, Lilium. The Lily. Part 3
L. Canadense. Nodding Meadow Lily This fine Lily may be found embellishing our meadows in June, when it rarely produces more than from one to five modest, nodding, but showy flowers, on stems one to ...
-Limnanthes, Linaria. Toad Flax, Linum. Flax, Loasa
Limnanthes [Name from the Greek, meaning marsk-flower.} Limnanthes Douglasii. - Mr. Douglas' Limnanthes. - A native of California, from whence it was sent by Mr. Douglas. The plant is aunual, quite ...
-Lobelia
[Name in honor of M. Label, physician and botanist to James I.] The genus is very large, containing more than eighty species. The predominant color in the species is blue, and many are highly ornamen...
-Lunaria. Honesty, Lupinus. Lupin, Lychnis
Lunaria. Honesty [From luna, the moon, in allusion to the broad, round, silvery pods or silicles.] Limaria biennis. - Honesty. - Is an old-fashioned plant, flowering the second year from seed, and t...
-Lysimachia. Loose-Strife, Lythrum. Willow-Herb, Madia. Madia Elegans. Elegant Madia, Malope, Malva. Mallows, Martynia. Unicorn-Plant
Lysimachia. Loose-Strife [Name said to be in honor of King Lysimachus,] Lysimachia nummularia. - Moneywort. - Is an ornamental creeping perennial, with yellow flowers all the season, suitable for lo...
-Mathiola. Stock. Gilliflower
Mathiola. Stock. Gilliflower [Named after Mathioli, an Italian physiciam.] Mathiola Incana. Common Stock. Brompton Stock A perennial or biennial. The stem becoming woody at the base, and branching ...
-Maurandia, Medicago. Medick, Mentzelia, Mertensia. Smooth Lungwort, Mesembryanthemum. Ice-Plant
Maurandia (Named in honor of Dr. Maurandy, the botanical professor at Carthagena.] Maurandia Barclayana, is an elegant green-house, climbing perennial, but may be raised from seed, and brought forwa...
-Mimosa. Sensitive Plant, Mimulus. Monkey-Flower
Mimosa. Sensitive Plant [From the Greek, for mimic, as the irritable leaves imitate the sensibility of animals.] Mimosa pudica, - Sensitive Plant. - A native of Brazil, and well-known for the extrem...
-Mirabilis. Marvbl Of Peru, Momordica, Monarda. House Mint, Muscari - Grape Hyacinth
Mirabilis. Marvbl Of Peru [Latin word, signifying wonderful.] Mirabilis Jalapa, or common Four-o'clock of the gardens, is a very ornamental plant for borders. When cultivated it sports into many agr...
-Myosotis. Fokget-Me-Not, Narcissus. Daffodil, Jonquil, Nemophila. Love-Grove, Nicotiana. Tobacco
Myosotis. Fokget-Me-Not [So Named From Greek Words, Signifying A Mouse's Ear.] Myosotis arvensis, is a well-known plant, bearing delicate blue flowers, with white and yellow eyes, in little spikes o...
-Nierembergia, Nigella. Fennel-Flower, Nolana, Ocymum. Basil, Oenothera. Evening Primrose
Nierembergia [Dedicated to Nieremberg, a Spanish Jesuit.] Nierembergia Gracilis. Slender Nierembergia A charming, half-hardy perennial, from South America. The stems are exceedingly slender and muc...
-Orchis, Orobus. Bitter Vetch
Orchis [The ancient Greek name.] We have only one species of Orchis proper in the United States, those which are popularly so called belong to the genus Platanthera. Orchis spectabilis. - Showy Orc...
-Paeonia. Peony
[From Paeon, an eminent physician of antiquity ] This interesting genus contains many magnificent flowering plants, embracing more than one hundred varieties and species, all of which are desirable f...
-Papaver. Poppy
Papaver. Poppy [Name of obscure derivation, by some said to be derived from the Celtic papa, thickened milk, in allusion to the milky juice of the plants,] And thou, by pain and sorrow blest Papave...
-Pelargonium. Geranium
[From the Greek for Stork, in reference to the beak-like seed-pod.] Under the article Geranium, the principal distinctions between Geranium proper and Pelargonium are given. The plants of both genera...
-Pentstemon, Perilla. Perilla Nankinensis. Purple-Leaved Perilla
Pentstemon [From Greek words, signifying five and a stamen., because of the conspicuous imperfect' fifth stamen.] Beautiful, herbaceous plants, peculiarly American, abounding in the West and South-...
-Petunia, Phacelia. Phaseolus. Kidney Bean
Petunia [Said to be from petun, the Brazilian name for Tobacco, a plant to which the Petunia is closely related.] Petunia Violacea. Purple Petunia Introduced into England from South America in 1831...
-Phlox
[From a Greek word signifying flame. The plant so named by the ancients is supposed to have been a Lychnis.] Your voiceless lips, O flowers, are living preachers, - Each cup a pulpit, and each leaf ...
-Physostegia. False Dragon-Head, Platanthera. False Orchis, Platyc0don. Large Bell-Flower, Polemonium. Greek Valerian, Polianthes. Tuberose
Physostegia. False Dragon-Head [From the Greek for bladder and to cover, as the calyx becomes bladder-like when in fruit.] Physostegia Virginiana. Virginian Dragon-Head A perennial with stems three...
-Polygonatum. Solomon's Seal, Portulaca. Purslane
Polygonatum. Solomon's Seal [From Greek words signifying many and knee, in reference to the numerous joints upon the stems.] Polygonatum multiflorum. or Giant Solomon's Seal, is a perennial, two or ...
-Potentilla. Cinquefoil, Primula. Primrose
Potentilla. Cinquefoil [Named from potens, powerful, in allusion to the supposed virtue of some species in medicine.] A large genus, some of the species being weedy, and others are worthy of cultiva...
-Quamoclit. Cypress-Vine
[Name supposed to be of Mexican origin.] Quamoclit Vulgaris. Cypress-Vine Ipomaea Quamo-clit of some authors. There is no annual climbing plant that exceeds the Cypress-Vine, in elegance of foliage ...
-Ranunculus. Crow-Foot. Butter-Cup
[The name is the diminutive of rana, a frog, as some of the species grow in damp places.] Some of the species are weeds, a few are border-flowers, and R. Asiaticus is one of the most esteemed florist...
-Reseda. Mignonette, Rhodanthe
Reseda. Mignonette [From resedo, to calm, to appease. The Latins thought it useful as a topical application in external bruises.] No gorgeous flowers the meek Reseda grace, Yet sip with eager trunk...
-Ricinus. Palma Christi, Rudbeckia, Sabbatia. American Centaury, Salpiglossis, Salvia-Sage
Ricinus. Palma Christi Castor-oil Plant. [From the Latin name for the tick, an insect which the seeds resemble.] Ricinus Communis This is the common Castor-oil Plant. A very luxuriant, strong-growi...
-Sanguinaria. Blood-Root, Sarracenia. Side-Saddle-Flower, Saxifraga. Saxifrage, Scabiosa. Mourning Bride
Sanguinaria. Blood-Root [From sanguis, blood, as all the parts of the plant, on being wounded, discharge a blood-colored fluid.] Sangninaria Canadensis. - This is a singular and very delicate-lookin...
-Schizanthus, Schizopetalon, Scilla. Squill, Sedum. Stone .Crop, Senecio. Groundsel, Silene. Catch-Fly
Schizanthus [From Greek words to cut, and a flower, in allusion to the numerous divisions of the petals.] Tender annual plants, with finely cut pale-green leaves and terminal panicles of elegant flo...
-Solidago. Golden Rod, Specularia. Venus' Looking-Glass, Sphoenogyne. Sphaenogne Speciosa, Spiraea. Meadow Sweet
Solidago. Golden Rod [From solido, to unite, on account of the alleged vulnerary qualities of the plants.] The species are all autumnal coarse-looking herbaceous plants with yellow flowers; in the s...
-Symphytum - Comfrey, Tagetes. Marigold, Thalictrum. Meadow-Rue. Thalictrum Anemonoides. Rue-Anemone, Thunbergia
Symphytum - Comfrey [Named from the Greek, signifying to grow together, the plant having formerly been used as a vulnerary.] Symphytum Officinale. Common Comfrey A rather coarse, rough, hairy plant...
-Tiarella, Tigridia. Tiger-Flower, Tradescantia. Spider-Wort, Trillium, Tritoma
Tiarella [Named from tiara, a particular kind of head-dress, a mitre, in allusion to the form of its capsule.] Tiarella cordifolia. - Heart-leaved Tiarella. - This fine dwarf plant is found in the w...
-Tropaeolum. Indian Chess. Trollius. Globe-Flower
Tropaeolum. Indian Chess [Named from the Greek word for a trophy. The leaf resembles a buckler, and the flower an empty helmet.] Tropoeolum Peregrinum. Canary Bird Flower This is a beautiful climbe...
-Tulipa. Garden Tulip
Tulipa. Garden Tulip [Linnaeus classed this among barbarous names. In Persian it is called thouly-ban, whence undoubtedly its origin. In old French it is called tulipan. Tulipa Gesneriana The Garde...
-A Description Of The Properties Of A Fine Late Tulip
The stem should be strong, elastic, and erect, and about thirty inches above the surface of the bed. The flower should be large, and composed of six petals. These should form almost a perfect cup, wi...
-Uvularia. Bell-Wort, Valeriana - Valerian, Verbascum. Mullein
Uvularia. Bell-Wort Bell-wort. A genus of little beauty and easy culture. We have a number of indigenous species found growing in the margin of woods and thickets. Uvularia Perfoliata. Perfoliate Be...
-Verbena. Vervain
[An ancient name for some sacred herb.] Vervain was held sacred among the ancient, and was employed in sacrifices, incantations, etc.; it was one of the plants termed by the Greeks, Sacred Herb. It ...
-Veronica. Speedwell, Vinca. Periwinkle
Veronica. Speedwell An extensive genus, most of the species being ornamental plants, the taller growing sorts suitable for the borders, and those of a more dwarfish habit for the rockery. The flowers...
-Viola. Violet
[The ancient Latin name.] Violets, sweet tenants of the shade, In purple's richest pride arrayed, Your errand here fulfil; Go bid the artist's simple stain Your lustre imitate in vain, And match y...
-Whitlavia, Xeranthemum, Yucca. Adam's Needle, Zauschneria, Zinnia
Whitlavia [Named in honor of F. Whitlow, an Irish botanist.] Whitlavia grandiflora. - An elegant annual from California, with blue, bell-shaped flowers. It produces its flowers in continued successi...
-Descriptive List Of Hardy Flowering Shrubs, Suitable For The Shrubbery, Lawns, Etc. Amelanchier. Amorpha. False Indigo, Ampelopsis. Virginian Creeper, Amygdalus. Almond. Peach, Andromeda, Aristolochia. Birth-Wort
Amelanchier. June-Berry. Shad-Bush [A name by which one of the species is known in Savoy.} Amelanchicr Canadensis. June-Berry, Shad-Bush, Sugar Pear A shrub so variable that in its different states...
-Azalea. Swamp Honeysuckle
[From Greek signifying arid, a name quite inappropriate to our species, which grow mostly in moist places.] Azalea Indica This is not hardy enough to endure our winters, but is one of the most beaut...
-Benzoin. Fever Bush, Berberis. Barberry Or Berberry, Buxus. Box
Benzoin. Fever Bush [So named from the resemblance of its odor to that of the drug Benzoin] Benzoin odoriferum. - This was formerly called'Laurus Benzoin, by botanists, and is popularly known as Fev...
-Calycanthus. Carolina Allspice, Ceanothus. New Jersey Tea, Celastrus. Staff-Tree, Cercis. Judas Tree, Chionanthus. Fringe Tree, Clethra, Colutea. Bladder Senna, Coronilla. Scorpion-Senna, Cornus. Cornel - Dogwood
Calycanthus. Carolina Allspice [Name from the Greek words for cup and flower, from the colored cup which contains the stamens and pistils.] Calycanthus floridus. - Carolina Allspice, Sweet-scented S...
-Crataegus. The Thorn, Cydonia. Japan Quince, Cytisus. Laburnum, Daphne. Mezereum, Deutzia
Crataegus. The Thorn [Name from the Greek, signifying strength, from the hardness of the wood.] In relation to this genus Mr. Emerson remarks:- It is found that a greater variety of beautiful small...
-Diervilla. Wiegela. Bush-Honeysuckle, Dirca. Leather-Wood, Euonymus. Spindle Tree. Strawberry Tree, Halesia. Snowdrop. Silver-Bell Tree
Diervilla. Wiegela. Bush-Honeysuckle [Named in honor of Dierville, a French surgeon.] Diervilla Trifida. Three-Flowered Bush-Honeysuckle A neat little native shrub, from two to three feet high, wit...
-Hedera. English Ivy, Hypericum. St. John's-Wort. Hypericum prolificum, Hibiscus. Rose Of Sharon, Ilex. Holly, Indigofera. Indigo Shrub, Jasminum. Jasmine
Hedera. English Ivy [From hedra, the Celtic name for cord.] Hedera helix. - Common Ivy. - The ancients held Ivy in great esteem, and Bacchus is represented as crowned with it to prevent intoxication...
-Kalmia. American Laurel, Kerria. Japan Globe-Flower, Lavandula. Lavender, Ligustrum. Privet
Kalmia. American Laurel [A small genus of handsome evergreen indigenous shrubs. Named in honor of Peter Kalm, a pupil of Linnaeus.] Kalmia Latifolia. Mountain Laurel, Spoon Wood, Etc Its. general h...
-Lippia. Sweet Verbena, Lonicera. Honeysuckle. Woodbine
Lippia. Sweet Verbena [In memory of A. Lippi, a French botanist, who was killed in Abyssinia.] Lippia citriodora. - Sweet Verbena, Lemon-scented Verbena. Aloysia citriodora and Verbena triphylla, of...
-Lycium. Matrimony Vine, Magnolia
Lycium. Matrimony Vine [Name said to be named from Lycia, its native country.] Lycium Barbarum. - Barbary Box-Thorn, Matrimony Vine, Willow-leaved Lycium. - A climbing shrub, which grows from four t...
-Philadelphus. Syringa, Mock Orange, Prunus. Plum And Cherry, Rhamnus. Buckthorn
Philadelphus. Syringa, Mock Orange The Syringa is a most delicious shrub; the foliage is luxuriant, the blossom beautiful and abundant, white as the purest Lily, and of the most fragrant scent. In a ...
-Rhododendron. Rose-Bat
Rhododendron. Rose-Bat [The ancient Greek name, meaning rose-tree.] Rhododendron Maximum. Great Laurel In the Northern States this is a straggling shrub of very irregular growth, but one of the mo...
-Rhodora, Rhus. Sumach, Ribes. Currant. Gooseberry. Robina. Locust-Tree
Rhodora [From the Greek word for rose, from the color of the flowers.] Rhodora Canadensis. False Honeysuckle This beautiful shrub is found on the margins of swamps, and in wet meadows, frequently i...
-Rosa - Rose
Rosa - Rose [The ancient Latin name.] And first of all the rose; because its breath Is rich beyond the rest; and when it dies, It doth bequeath a charm to sweeten death. The Rose has been a favor...
-Rosa - Rose. Part 2
* Rosed all in lovely crimson are thy cheeks, Where beauties ever flourishing abide, And as to pass his fellow either seeks, Seem both to blush at one another's pride' The Red Rose is said to be ind...
-Rosa - Rose. Part 3
To crown the bowl,' says Mr. Davidson, 'sometimes signifies no more than to fill the cup to the brim; but here it is tobe taken literally for adorning the bowl with flowers, according to the a...
-Rosa - Rose. Part 4
Situation The Rose will flourish in any situation where the soil is well prepared; but it is best to plant the Rose where it can be shaded from the intensity of the mid-day sun. If it can be so locat...
-Rosa - Rose. Part 5
Propagation The Rose is propagated in various ways. Some varieties succeed well by cuttings, as the China and many of the tender Roses; but, with most of the hardy kinds, this is only resorted to by...
-Rosa - Rose. Part 6
Garden Classification Of Roses On the subject of Classification of Roses, there has been much difficulty and confusion among amateurs; and even Rivers himself, one of the most correct of Rose amateur...
-Rosa - Rose. Part 7
Tea And Noisette Hoses What has been said in relation to the tenderness of the China Roses, will apply to the Tea and Noisette Roses. The Tea and Noisette Roses have been generally classed distinct ...
-Rosa - Rose. Part 8
Brier Roses, - These Roses are distinguished by their small, rough foliage, and brier-like habit. They include the Sweet Brier, the Hybrid Sweet Brier, and the Austrian Brier.The Sweet Brier or Egla...
-Rosa - Rose. Part 9
Baltimore Belle The flowers are a pale, waxy blush, almost white, very double, in large clusters; like the other perfectly hardy. Rosa superba, has pale, delicate blush blooms, in large clusters, th...
-On The Odors Of Roses And The Modes Of Obtaining Them
Crop the gay Rose's vermeil bloom, And waft its spoils, a sweet perfume, In incense to the skies. - Ogilvie, Of their sweats there are sweetest odors made. - Shakespeare* This Queen of the gard...
-Rubus. Bramble, Sambucus. Elder. Sheperdia, Spartium. Broom
On The Odors Of Roses And The Modes Op Obtatning Them Rubus. Bramble [Name from the Celtic word rub, which signifies red.] This genus embraces rambling rough plants, well-known and highly prized fo...
-Spiraea
Spiraea hypericifolia. - Hypericum-leaved Spiraea, or, St. Peter's Wreath. - This is a very elegant shrub, producing its numerous small white flowers in long garlands, upon the delicate curving branch...
-Symphoricarpus. Snowberbry, Syringa-Lilac, Tamarix. Tamarisk, Tecoma. Trumpet-Flower
Symphoricarpus. Snowberbry [The name is from a combination of Greek words, signifying a plant which bears its fruit together in clusters.] Symphoricarpus Racemosus. Common Snowberry This is a del...
-Viburnum. Snow Ball, Wistaria
Viburnum. Snow Ball [An ancient Latin name.] Viburnum Lentago. Sweet Viburnum A native species of great beauty. Mr. Emerson describes it as a beautiful small tree, rising to the height of fifteen ...







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