[Name from the Greek, signifying delicate.]
The seeds are enclosed in a husky covering, and look very unpromising, but they vegetate freely. They may be sown as early in the spring as the ground is ready to receive seed of any kind. It appears to be quite hardy, and easily cultivated, and has the advantage of sowing itself, as there will be found in the spring an abundance of young plants on the ground where the plants of the last year were grown. The leaves are light green, of a long oval shape; the stem rather succulent or fleshy, two or three feet in length, lying prostrate on the ground. It is very pretty when trained to neat sticks, or when left to its natural mode of growth. Being ever in bloom, enduring light frosts, beautiful and sweet, it will, we think, become a great, favorite.
[Named after A chilles, a disciple of Chiron, and the first physician who used -it for healing wounds.]
A native, and like the other species a hardy perennial, common along road sides; I have found a quite pretty rose-colored variety of this. A handsome variety with red flowers, sometimes called A. rubra; is in bloom all the season and worthy of a place in the garden.
Sneeze-wort, a name given it because the dried powder of the leaves, snuffed up the nostrils, provokes sneezing. This is a desirable border-flower, particularly in its double variety, as it continues in bloom most of the season, throwing up a succession of its double white flowers in corymbs, on stems about one foot high. The foliage is dark, shining green. It is very hardy, and easy to cultivate in almost any common soil.
A. aurea, has rich golden-yellow flowers, but not so hardy as the others named. AU the species produce their flowers in corymbs.
[So called from growing about Aconi, a town of Bithynia.]
The species are robust, free-flowering plants, of some beauty and consequence. The stems rise from 2 to 6 feet in height, upright, strong, furnished with many digitate or palmate leaves, and terminated by panicles or loose spikes of blue, purple-blue, and white or yellow flowers. There are many species, all handsome perennials.
All of them are violent poisons when taken into the system, but harmless to handle. The root is more active than the other parts of the plant, and has sometimes been eaten by mistake, with fatal effects, and death has occurred from eating the young shoots in salad. The plants are used in medicine.
Is a well-known inhabitant of the garden, flowering in July and August. It is increased by parting the roots, which are of a tuberous character, every piece of which will grow. This should be done soon after they have finished flowering; the stalks should be cut down at the same time. They like shade and moisture.
Is a beautiful species, throwing up spikes with branches, continuing in bloom a long time. Flowers, light-blue, edged with white; 3 feet high.
A. Japouicum, from Japan, has dark-blue flowers, in spikes 3 or 4 feet high; a handsome plant.
A. Siebdldi, has large blue flowers, which are produced on spikes two feet high, and one of the latest flowering.
At rostratum, is a very tall growing species, 4 or 5 feet high, with dark-purple flowers on lax panicles.
Acroclinium roseum, and its varieties atro-roseum and album, are very pretty half-hardy annuals; with light rose, dark rose, or pure white flowers. These are "immortelles," which flower in August and September, and quite an acquisition in the composition of winter wreaths or bouquets.
[A name given by Rafinesque in honor of Major Adlum.]
Adlumia Cirrhosa. - Climbing Fumitory, Wood Fringe, Alleghany Vine. - In the older books this plant is called Corydalis fungosa; it is an elegant, indigenous, biennial, climbing vine, growing frequently, in rich ground, from fifteen to thirty feet, in one season; with pink and white flowers, which are produced in abundance during the three summer months; handsome foliage. Propagated from seed, which should be sown in April. The first year, the plant makes but little progress; but the second year, it is of more vigorous growth. The young plants will do best to be transplanted where they are to remain in July and August, but will bear moving in the spring, if done with much care.
Adlumia Cirrhosa. - Climbing Fumitory.