[A name by which one of the species is known in Savoy.}
A shrub so variable that in its different states it has received at least a dozen different names. It is found as a low shrub and as a tree twenty feet high. Its leaves differ much in shape and smoothness, and the flowers are in some forms much larger and produced in greater abundance than they are in others. It is found along streams and in woods, and is conspicuous about the first of May for its white flowers in pendulous racemes. The crimson or purple bracts at the base of the flower-stalks, contrasted with the pure white flowers, and the glossy, silken, scattering pairs of the opening leaves, give a delicate beauty to this shrub. The fruit is berry-like and eatable. Easily transferred from the woods to the shrubbery.
[Named from the Greek, meaning wanting form, from the absence of parts of the corolla.]
A native shrub, found on the banks of streams from Pennsylvania, westward. It is very variable, and its different forms have received several distinct names. It grows about six feet high, has foliage somewhat like that of the Locust, and long spikes of dark-violet purple flowers which appear in July. Of easy propagation by seeds or by cuttings.
[From Greek words signifying a vine and resemblance.]
Ampelopsis quinquefolia. - Virginian Creeper, American Woodbine. - "This is the most ornamental plant of its genus. It recommends itself fay its hardiness, the rapidity of its growth, and the luxuriance and beauty of its foliage. It is a native of our woods, and climbs rocks and trees to a great height. In cultivation it is often made to cover walls of houses, forty or fifty feet high, clinging by suckers which proceed from its tendrils. The flower is of a reddish-green, and not showy, and is succeeded by clusters of dark-blue, nearly black, berries when mature. At the same period the fruit-stalks and tendrils assume a rich crimson or red color.
"The great variety of rich colors, shades of scarlet, crimson, and purple, which the leaves and stems of this plant assume, and the situations in which we see it, climbing up the trunks and spreading along the branches of trees, covering walls and heaps of stones, forming natural festoons from tree to tree, or trained on the sides and along the piazzas of dwelling-houses, make it one of the conspicuous ornaments of the autumnal months. Often, in October, it may be seen mingling its scarlet and orange leaves, thirty or forty feet from the ground, with the green leaves of the still unchanged tree on which it climbed." - (Emerson.)
[The Greek name for the Almond.]
The double variety of this, usually called Flowering Almond, when in blossom, is not inferior to any other shrub. It is loaded in the spring with elegant flowers resembling small roses. Easily propagated by suckers. When budded upon the plum stock it is much more hardy than when grown on its own roots, and in this way a magnificent head may be formed at any desired height from the ground.
Double-flowering Peach, - is very beautiful in the shrubbery. The flowers are very large and full, and there is a purple and a white variety. The trees should be kept well headed in, or they will become straggling and unsightly. This may also be budded upon plum stocks, and if properly pruned will make a great show when in flower.
[Named in allusion the virgin Andromeda, who, like this plant, was confined in a marsh, and surrounded by the monsters of the water.]
This beautiful little shrub is from twelve to eighteen inches high, found in wet, mossy bogs, from Pennsylvania to the extreme north of the continent. The flowers are red before they open, but, when fully expanded, of a rosy hue. It flowers in June. It is difficult to manage in cultivation, •unless it has a moist situation and a soil composed mainly of peat.
There are a number of North American species, which might be introduced into the shrubbery with good effect. Most of them are dwarfs, and succeed well with the same treatment that is given to the Azalea.
A. speciosa and all its varieties are very beautiful, and flower in great profusion, and continue in leaf nearly the whole year, although they are not, strictly, evergreen shrubs. They grow about three feet high.
They are all propagated by seed, layers, or cuttings.
Aristolochia Sipho. - Pipe Vine. - Dutchman's Pipe. - A singular climbing plant, with handsome, broad foliage, with brownish-purple, and very curious, somewhat pipe-shaped flowers. It grows fifteen or twenty feet high; blooms in June and July; propagated from layers and cuttings. It flourishes in any good, strong soil.