[So named In honor of Leonard Fuchs, a noted German botanist.]
Fuchsia coccinea is one of the most elegant of deciduous green-house shrubs; the young wood and nerves of the leaves are tinged with purplish-red; the pendant blossoms produced from the axils of the leaves, as the shoots grow, continue the greater part of the growing season, and are succeeded as they fade by a purple berry. It is a native of Chili. This species, with F. fulgens, F. microphylla, and others, have been crossed to produce the numerous varieties in cultivation.
"Fuchsias are readily propagated by cuttings, in sand, with a mixture of peat; to grow the plants for a bloom all summer, they should be started in February, in the green-house, first in small pots, and shifted, when the roots completely fill it, into a mixture of fresh loam, peat-leaf mould from the woods, well rotted manure, and a little sand; mix thoroughly, and break finely (not sifted), with the spade or trowel; give the roots good drainage, place them in the warmest part of the green-house, and water frequently; as the warmth of summer approaches, and the green-house, or conservatory, becomes empty of plants, place your Fuchsias in the most favored position, shading them, with a mat or cotton awning, from the sun, after ten o'clock in the morning, which remove at five P. M., unless the sun is off sooner. This treatment, with a gentle syringing of the foliage twice a day, - which, if carefully done, does not materially injure the flowers, - will produce an abundant bloom all summer and autumn, and will well reward your care. No class of plants is more graceful and elegant. The striking contrast of white, carmine, rose, and purple, renders the tout ensemble perfectly charming. Gradually lessen watering after the 1st of October, and by November merely keep in moisture enough to preserve vitality; place them in the out-of-the-way part of the green-house, on a dry shelf, and attend to merely keeping in life till February, and then commence to sart them,"
For a summer conservatory they are unequalled, occupying an otherwise nearly empty house, and delighting you with their graceful flowers all the season.
Young plants turned out into the flower-garden in June, will continue to blossom until October; but they must be placed in the coolest spot in the garden, where they will receive the benefit of the shade during the middle of the day or the hot sun will injure the bloom. Some of the new varieties are splendid.
[A genus dedicated to a German botanist, named Funk.]
Is a plant with broad ovate leaves; flowers blue, in June and July; two feet high.
White Day Lily, - has large, pure white, fragrant flowers, which open daily in the month of August, on stems one and a half to two feet high; leaves broad ovate, nerved.
These and other Day Lilies are hardy, easily propagated by division of the roots, and require little or no protection.
A variety of Funkia has elegant variegated leaves, highly ornamental, and well worthy of a place in the garden. The flowers are in one-sided racemes, about one and one-half foot high; a bluish pearl color, not remarkable for their beauty; July and August; a hardy perennial.
[Dedicated to M. Gaillard, an amateur French botanist.]
A very handsome plant, naturally perennial, but produces its flowers the first year from seed, if started early. It has large, beautiful crimson flowers, two inches across; each petal being tipped with yellow. The disk is dark-colored, something like Coreopsis tinctoria; one to two feet high.
This variety appears identical with Gaillardia picta, excepting that the leaves are entire. The fine large blossoms, more than two inches across, the large crimson disk, surrounded by a ray of fine yellow, produce a very showy appearance, and render the plant well deserving a place in the flower-garden. They are natives of Mexico, and too tender to endure our winter, consequently must be protected by frames. They are readily propagated by cuttings in the green-house or hot-bed; but more easily raised from seeds, which, if started in heat, will flower profusely in the garden through the season.
[From Greek words, signifying milk and a flower, on account of the milky whiteness of the blossoms.]
It is rather singular, and also to be regretted, that no variation, except a double variety, and no hybrids have been produced from this easily raised and pretty little flower.
"Already now the Snow-drop dares appear, The first pale blossom of the unripened year; And Flora's breath, by some transforming power, Had changed an icicle into a flower. - Mrs. Barbauld.
The Snow-drop is a native of Austria, Switzerland, Silesia, and England; in meadows and orchards. It is the earliest flower of all the garden tribe, and will even show her head above the snow, as if to prove her rivalry with whiteness.
"Lone flower, hemmed in with snows, and white as they." - Wordsworth.
Every third year the roots should be taken up, in June or July, when the leaves are decayed, and kept in a dry place until August, when they should be replanted. The bulbs are very small; to make them look well, and to produce a pretty effect when in bloom, about twenty should be planted together in a clump, one and one-half or two inches deep. There is a variety with double flowers, both sorts are desirable; about six inches high, in March and April.
"The Snow-drop, who, in habit white and plain, ' Comes on, the herald of fair Flora's train; The Cox-comb crocus, flower of simple note Who by her side struts in a herald's coat." - Churchill.
There is a flower called the Leucojum, or Great Snowdrop, very similar to this, but much larger in the bulb, foliage, and flower. Of this there are three kinds, the spring, summer, and autumnal. These should be planted four or five inches deep.
"We look upon the Snow-drop as a friend in adversity, Sure to appear when most needed."