This is a beautiful species, with scarlet reflexed petals, flowering in June and July. It is rather a shy flowerer, and has not flourished so well with us as some other sorts.
This is another fine Scarlet Lily, with reflexed petals, growing three or four feet high, and flowering in July. L. pyrenaicum, with reflexed yellow flowers, with scarlet anthers, we have in our collection; very pretty, but producing only from one to three flowers in each stem. Among other beautiful species, are L. Catesbaei, a native of the South, with orange-colored flowers, and dwarf in its habit. L. monadelphurn, a species from Caucasus; and many others which may be obtained from the Dutch florists. Lily bulbs, when transported from Holland, are so much weakened, from being kept so long out of ground, that more than one-half of them perish; and the few that vegetate frequently stand a number of years before they get Strength to bloom.
This magnificent species of Lily, and its varieties, have been introduced but a few years, and, until lately, treated as green-house plants. They are found to be as hardy as our common Lilies, and do prove a great acquisition to the garden. The species, L. speciomm, has a pink and white frosted ground, finely spotted with deep crimson; L. lancifolium album is pure white; each variety with re-flexed petals. These Lilies emit an exquisite odor. I have seen plants five and six feet high; they were, however, grown in pots in the green-house. These bulbs have formerly commanded extravagant prices; but as the price is now greatly reduced, we hope soon to see them more common. The following account is from an English paper; and, as the directions for their culture will be applicable to us, we insert it, with some omissions:-
"Few plants of recent introduction are more handsome or attractive than the Japan Lilies. They produce a gorgeous display, either in-doors or out; and, as they are quite hardy, they may be liberally planted in the open border, and thus constitute one of our best autumnal flower-garden plants.
"Their propagation is simple and certain. The bulbs may be separated, and each scale will eventually form a new bulb. This separation should be effected when the flower-stems are withered. The scales should be stuck into pans of "silver sand, and placed in a cold frame or pit. After remaining one season in this position, they should be planted in a separate bed of peat soil, and a little silver sand intermixed with it; thus treated, the bulbs will soon grow large enough to flower.
"The cultivation of them in pots is by no means difficult. I shall detail the practice I have pursued with success for some years. Immediately when the bulbs go to rest, in the autumn, is the proper time to repot them.
By no means destroy the old roots, but carefully place them amongst the fresh soil. If large examples, for particular display, are required, large pots may be employed, and half a dozen flowering bulbs placed in each pot. The soil I use is rough peat. The pots should be well drained, and the crown of the bulb just covered with the soil; when potted, they should be placed in a cold pit or frame, in order to prevent the soil from freezing, although frost will not injure the bulb. Where room under glass is an object in winter, they may be plunged in the open air in coal ashes, in a manner similar to potted Hyacinths. I have at this time a large number coming into flower, which have never been under glass until within these few days; they have sustained no injury from exposure, and they present every appearance of making a grand display. There is scarcely any plant which is so much benefited by liquid manure as the Lily If used in a clear state, and considerably diluted, this water alone may be applied for at least a month before it comes into flower.
"If the object should be out-door cultivation entirely, I should recommend them to be planted in beds; their effect is exceedingly grand. Excavate the soil eighteen inches deep, and fill in the bottom, a foot deep, with very coarse peat, intermixed with one-fifth of decayed manure or leaf mould. The remaining six inches may be entirely peat. If the bulbs are large enough to bloom, plant them twelve inches apart every way; and if beds of each kind are brought into contact with one another, the effect will be magnificent."
Among the varieties sold by the florists are rubrum, white with crimson spots; album, pure white; roseum, white with rose-colored spots. Melpomene, with very dark spots. Monstrosum, a curious variety in which several stems seem to be soldered together and produce a magnificent head, of from thirty to fifty flowers.
All our native Lilies are beautiful, and very much improved by cultivation. While we are bringing together, from the ends of the earth, the treasures of Mora, let not our own be neglected. These may be taken from our fields and meadows, when in bloom, by carefully taking them up with a ball of earth, and in a few years will richly repay the trouble.
One of the most magnificent of our native plants; not common in the vicinity of Boston, but in many parts of the State, and in New York, is abundant. Stem erect, straight, from three to six feet high, bearing a large pyramid of orange-colored flowers, not unfrequently numbering, when cultivated, thirty or forty. The flowers are much reflexed. They are found in many varieties, with flowers from a yellow to an orange scarlet; in bloom in July.