[In memory of A. Lippi, a French botanist, who was killed in Abyssinia.]
Lippia citriodora. - Sweet Verbena, Lemon-scented Verbena. Aloysia citriodora and Verbena triphylla, of the older botanical authors. - A desirable green-house shrub, which also succeeds well when planted in the border in the summer, and, if in rich soil, will form a neat little bush before hard frosts set in in autumn. Before freezing weather, the plants should be taken up, and housed, either in the green-house or sitting-room. This delightful little shrub is a native of South America; it is indispensable in the flower-garden, on account of its exquisite fragrance, which partakes of the scent of the lemon and almond. The leaves are elegant, linear-lanceolate, rough, arranged in threes upon the stem. Flowers minute, pale-purple, almost white; numerous, in dense upright regular panicles. It may be increased by cuttings, and also from seeds, when they mature, which is not often the case in common cultivation.
[Named after Adam Lonicer, a German botanist of the 16th century.]
This genus now includes both the erect and climbing ones, the latter were formerly called Caprifolium.
This species grows to the height of eight or ten feet, and in June is covered by a profusion of pink flowers, which are succeeded by red berries. It is a desirable shrub, whether for its foliage, flower, or fruit, and will thrive in almost any soil and situation. A native of Russia and Siberia. There are several varieties with white and red-striped flowers, and yellow and white berries. Easily propagated by cuttings, layers, and seed.
Native, from New York southward; perfectly hardy, and in general cultivation. The foliage is evergreen at the South, but deciduous at the North; flowers trumpet-shaped, of a rich scarlet without, tinged with orange within, without fragrance. The plant grows rapidly, throws out a multitude of fine branches, and has a singularly rich appearance, from the deep green of its leaves and the splendor of its scarlet flowers. In bloom from June to October.
A native species, found in the mountains at the South and West. It has very pale, glaucous, thick leaves, and slender, light yellow flowers. In bloom all the season.
This is a native of the Northern States, found on damp, rocky banks, often growing to the height of fifteen to thirty feet; the flowers are of a pale-yellow without, hairy, and of a rich orange within; flowers in June and July.
This is a vigorous-growing English species; flowers pale-yellow, in June; highly fragrant.
The variety Belgicum, or Dutch Sweet-scented Honeysuckle, is a well-known fragrant climber, giving a profusion of bloom in June, which emits a delightful odor; flowers yellow, variegated with red or purple.
The Dutch Monthly Sweet-scented Honeysuckle is another variety, with flowers somewhat like the last, but produced in succession through the summer and autumn, until hard frosts. The buds, before they expand, are of a dark-red or purple. "When the flower opens, the interior is pure white, which changes to a cream color, and from that to an orange, giving the cluster a variegated and rich appearance. A variety has oak-shaped leaves.
Botanists seem to be in much confusion about this species and its allies, and one botanist has called it L. confusa. We give the name adopted by the best authorities. It is a very desirable species, with evergreen leaves, and delicate flowers through the season; stem flexuous and twining. It readily supports the rigor of our winters, and, blooming with an exhaustless profusion, presents, from May till late in autumn, rich wreaths of flowers, various in tint, and of an exquisite orange-flower perfume.
The buds are purple; as they expand, the spotless white of the gaping corolla is exhibited, with its protruding stamens tipped with yellow anthers. On exposure to the air, the flowers gradually assume a cream-like tint, and, finally, a perfect orange color; and, as they mature in succession from the base to the extremity of the branch, the colors are all present on the same shoot. The stems and nerves of the leaves are purple; it is nearly evergreen. In rich loam, the growth is luxuriant.
The White Italian Honeysuckle has pale-yellow, almost white flowers. There are many other fine varieties and species of this beautiful genus, but not much known.
In raising the Honeysuckle from seeds, they should be sown in the autumn after they are ripe; otherwise they will not come up the first year. Cuttings are sometimes apt to rot, owing to water lodging in their tubular stems, above the last joint. To obviate this inconvenience, some make the cuttings of double the usual size, and insert both ends into the ground, leaving the part above ground in the form of a semi-circle. Commonly, however, such cuttings root only at one end.