[So Named From Greek Words, Signifying A Mouse's Ear.]
Myosotis arvensis, is a well-known plant, bearing delicate blue flowers, with white and yellow eyes, in little spikes or clusters. There is also a variety with white flowers. In bloom most of the season; six inches high. It flourishes best in a moist shady place. Propagated freely from seeds. Autumn sown plants succeed best.
[Named from the youth Narcissus, who, as the poets tell us, was changed in. to this flower.]
"No gradual bloom is wanting; from the bud, First born of the spring, to summer's murky tribes: Nor Hyacinths of purest virgin white, Low bent, and blushing inward; nor Jonquilles Of potent fragrance; nor Narcissus fair, As o'er the fabled fountain hanging still."
Mostly hardy, 'bulbous-rooted plants, many of them too well known for description; all suitable to ornament the garden. They may he planted in October or November, in any good garden soil, about three inches deep, and need not be taken up oftener than is necessary to separate the roots when they become matted together, as they will in three or four years.
The Two-flowered Narcissus, Pale Daffodil, or Primrose-peerless, is of a pale-cream color, with a yellow cup in the center; a very pretty species.
N. Pseudo-Narcissus, is the Common Daffodil; there are many varieties; with a white flower and yellow cup; a yellow flower and deep-golden cup, a double flower, with several cups, one within another; the Great Yellow Incomparable, double and single. The double variety is called Butter and Eggs Narcissus, by the English, and by the Dutch, Orange Phoenix, and is considered the handsomest of all the varieties. It has large and small petals; the large, lemon color, filled in with small orange-colored ones. All these varieties flower the last of April
N. odorus - The Great Jonquille, is yellow; the scent of it so powerful as hardly to be endured.
The Common Jonquille, is yellow, and has a cup deeper colored than the petals. There is a variety with double flowers.
Called in France Medusa's Trumpet, has the cup two inches long, very broad at the brim. Of this, there are a number of varieties; one, pale citron color; another darker and larger; both curious and pretty; flowers early in May.
N. poeticus has a snow-white flower, with a pale-yellow cup in the center, fringed on the border with a circle of reddish-purple. It is sweet-scented; in flower last of May. There is a variety with double flowers; these are the most desirable.
The Polyanthus Narcissus is the most desirable of all; but, alas! it is not so hardy. It requires to be planted five inches deep, and to be protected, to do well. The bulbs are quite large. The blossoms are produced the last of May, in trusses of from six to twenty flowers. There are many varieties of this flower. Some have entirely white flowers; others, white, with yellow, citron, or orange cups; and entirely yellow or orange-colored flowers. There is a variety with double flowers. This species of Narcissus succeeds well when grown in pots; or it is fine for flowering in glasses.
[From the Greek words for a grove and to love.]
This, as well as the other species, is an annual, from California. It grows with a very spreading habit, its numerous weak branches resting on the soil and throwing up its bright blue flowers on stems about six inches long. The whole plant is of a pale-green, and is clothed with somewhat bristly hairs. All the species are disposed to sport, and this one has given varieties in which the flowers are white with blue stripes, and blue marked with white. All are suited for the front of the border, and are beautiful annuals for pots.
The growth is the same as the preceeding, with flowers which are white, dotted with dark-purple. It is the original of several of the garden varieties, among which are: N. discoidalis elegans, in which the flowers are of a light chocolate, or reddish-maroon color, conspicuously and distinctly bordered with white, and N. discoidalis vittata with nearly black flowers, broadly margined with white.
Similar in habit and size of flowers to N. insignis, but the white flower has a dark-violet blotch on each one of the petals. N. aurita, with purplish-blue flowers, is sometimes cultivated.
[Named for Jean Nicot, who first introduced the plant into France.]
This is cultivated in fields for its narcotic leaves. The flower is somewhat showy, and it may be grown in the garden as a curiosity, as well as for its leaves, which are useful to destroy insects. Its decoction, the powder of the leaves, and the smoke produced when they are burned, are all used by the gardener in freeing his plants from insects. It would be well if the plant were raised only for the destruction of insects, rather than, as I fear is the cause, for the destruction of human beings.
An annual species, with much the habit of a Petunia, with pure white flowers, having a long tube and a starlike limb to the corolla.