What has been said in relation to the tenderness of the China Roses, will apply to the Tea and Noisette Roses. "The Tea and Noisette Roses have been generally classed distinct from the China." "They are, however, but varieties of the latter; and there is so much confusion in the old classification, that the amateur is frequently misled. Many of the Roses now classed among the China, have a strong tea scent, and many of the present Tea Roses have very little fragrance. The characteristic of the Noisette Rose is understood to be its cluster-blooming habit." The Southern States must be the congenial climate for the whole class of China and Tea Roses. The author of the work already alluded to, however, says, "They will endure our winters, with the ther-meter at zero, but it is better to protect them by means of straw and hay, or by boards upon low stakes. Perhaps the least troublesome way of protecting them, is to have one or more hot-bed frames, six feet by twelve, and about a foot and a half or two feet deep. This can be set several inches in the ground, and litter of any kind placed around the sides. The Roses can be carefully taken up and planted in this frame as thick as they will stand. The top can then be covered with boards, a little slanting, to carry off the rain, and the plants will be sufficiently protected. If the weather is severe, some litter can also be placed on the top." This class of Roses is so desirable, that if, by any means, they can be protected without the expense of a green-house, it will be a great desideratum.
The Musk Rose stands pretty well here, in a warm, dry situation, but, in wet ground, rather tender. In the latitude of Long Island, Mr. Parsons says it is quite hardy, having a plant of the old White Musk, that has braved the severity of more than twenty winters, in his grounds. "It has already, this season, made shoots of more than six feet; and in our Southern States more than double the growth would probably be attained." It produces its flowers in large clusters. We are familiar with the old white cluster, which commences flowering late, and continues till cold weather. Other fine varieties are, Eponine, and Princess of Nassau.
"This Rose was brought from China to England, by Lord Macartney, in 1793. Its habit is luxuriant, and its foliage is more beautiful than of any other Rose, its leaves being thick, and of a rich glossy-green." As to hardiness, it is about the same as the China Rose. "It is one of the most desirable Roses for beds or borders. When covering the whole ground, and kept well pegged down, its rich, glossy foliage, gemmed with fragrant flowers, produces a fine effect."
"This Rose came originally from the Himalayan Mountains, and was brought to Europe in 1823."
The time of flowering of this class of Roses is in June, and they are therefore frequently called June Roses. The class includes many varieties, most of them hybrids, raised by cross impregnation between the various species, and are arranged under the heads of French, Provence, Damask, Hybrid Damask, White, Hybrid Bourbon, Hybrid China, etc. etc. All of this class are hardy, or nearly so. Some of the Hybrid China and Bourbon are a little tender, and will sometimes suffer in the young wood, but not much more of the wood will be injured, than would have been necessary to prune off in the spring. For selections from these sections of the Rose family, I must refer the reader to the catalogues of the nurserymen, as it is next to impossible to point out from the innumerable varieties in cultivation, such as would suit all tastes. There is a greater diversity and more brilliancy of color among the June Roses, than in any other class. Every shade of color may be found in flowers, from a pure white, blush, rose, red, crimson, to dark-purple, some shades approach to a scarlet; also shaded, mottled, and striped, with various shades and colors. All are more or less fragrant, and some of them pre-eminently so.
This is a well-known and elegant class of Roses, of which the common Moss is about the only one that is very familiar. The Luxembourg Moss has dark crimson-cupped flowers, and is a vigorous grower. Perpetual White Moss is handsome only in bud. It produces a large cluster of beautiful mossy buds, but the flowers are inferior. It is not properly a perpetual, but produces a long succession of buds. The White Bath Moss has fine white flowers, which are sometimes lightly striped with pink.
Princess Adelaide is one of the most vigorous-growing Moss Roses, and one of the varieties we recommend.
Cristata, or crested, is a singular and beautiful variety. Excepting when in bud, it does not have the appearance of a Moss Rose. The calyx has a beautiful crested appearance. "In a rich soil, this fringe-like crest most beautifully clasps and surmounts the bud, and gives the rich clusters a truly elegant appearance. Its form is globular, and its color rose."
This class of Roses are distinguished by their small leaves, prickly stems, abundant bloom, delicate habits, early bloom. They flower about two weeks before the summer Roses. They are suitable for growing in masses, or borders, and the shrubbery. The original, from which all the varieties sprang, was found growing wild in Scotland and the north of England. In some of the catalogues two or three hundred varieties are described, but many of them are so near alike, it would be difficult to see the difference.