Viburnum. Snow Ball

[An ancient Latin name.]

Viburnum Lentago. Sweet Viburnum

A native species of great beauty. Mr. Emerson describes it as a "beautiful small tree, rising to the height of fifteen to twenty feet, with rich foliage, and clothed, in June, with a profusion of delicate, showy flowers." The flowers are produced in terminal cymes, and from them a very agree, able fragrance is diffused. "There is a softness and richness about the flowers and foliage of the Sweet Viburnum which distinguish it above all others of the same genus. It is hardly less beautiful in fruit, from the profusion of the rich blue berries hanging down among the curled leaves, which are beginning to assume the beautiful hues of autumn. A tree of this kind makes a fine appearance at the angle of a walk, or in the corner of a garden, as its delicacy invites a near approach, and rewards examination. With this delicacy of appearance, it is a hardy plant, and may sometimes be seen on the bleak hillside, where it has encountered the north-west stormy winds for a score of years."

We think this Viburnum much more desirable than the common Snowball. As it is found growing in uplands, no doubt it will, flourish in any garden loam, and is propagated the same as the Snowball.

We have a number of other species, which would well repay cultivation. Most of them would require the same treatment as the Azalea, and that class of plants, as they are found in swamps and woods. Some of them are very beautiful, viz.: V. dentatum, nudhum, acerifolium, etc.

V. Lantanoides. Wayfaring Tree, Hobble Bush

This fine native plant "received its specific name, lantanoides, from its resemblance to the English Wayfaring Tree, V. lantana, the tree which William addresses, when he says:-

'Wayfaring Tree ! what ancient claim Hast thou to that right pleasant name?

*****

Whate'er it be, I love it well, - A name, methinks, that surely fell From poet, in some evening dell, Wandering with fancies sweet.'

"That tree rises to the height of eighteen or twenty feet, and has an ample head of white flowers. Ours, less fortunate in its name, is a stout, low bush, found in dark, rocky woods, and making a show, in such solitary places, of a broad head of flowers, the marginal ones often an inch across." * * * "The leaves are from four to six inches in length and breadth, roundish, heart-shaped at base, ending in a short, abrupt point, and unequally serrate on the margin. They are smooth above, but beneath downy on the veins, which are thereby rendered strikingly distinct. * * * The fruit is ovate, large, of bright crimson color, turning afterwards almost black." - (Emer-son.) The first time we beheld this crooked, straggling shrub, in flower, in its native haunts, a dark swamp, we thought it one of the most ornamental shrubs of the country. It is certainly worthy of a place in every collection of shrubs. It will no doubt succeed with the same treatment as the Rhododendron or Azalea, and may be propagated by seeds, layers, or cuttings.

V. Opulus. Cranberry Tree, High Cranberry

"A handsome low tree, five to ten feet in height, ornamented throughout the year with flowers or fruit. In May, or early in June, it spreads open at the end of every branch, a broad cyme of soft, delicate flowers, surrounded by an irregular circle of snow-white stars, scattered, apparently, for show. The fruit, which is red when ripe, is of a pleasant acid taste, resembling cranberries, for which it is sometimes substituted." This is the parent of

V. Opulus, Var Sterilis, The Guelder Rose Or Snowball

A common ornament of the garden, producing large bunches of white flowers, shaped like those of the Hydrangea. When grouped with the Laburnum, Lilacs, - the deuble-flowering Thorns, etc., it has a fine effect. In flower the last of May, and early in June; eight or ten feet high; readily propagated from suckers, layers and cuttings.

V. Niacrocephalum. Great-Clustered Snowball

"This is a new and splendid species, that has not been much, if any, cultivated in this country. M. Van Houtte describes it as found growing in the gardens about Chusan, China, where it forms a shrub, or tree, twenty feet high. It flowers every year, in May, producing its enormous clusters, which equal those of the old garden Snowball, or ' Guelder Rose,' in purity of color, and far eclipses them in size and beauty. Each blossom is more than an inch across, and the clusters measure eight or ten inches in diameter. The leaves are regularly oval, with short petioles and about three inches long. It flourishes in the open border, in the same soil as the common Snowball; and M. Van Houtte considers it one of the most beautiful additions to the shrubbery." - [Downing.]

Wistaria

[Naraed by Nattall, in honor of Dr. Caspar Wistar.]

W. Sinensis. The Chinese Wistaria

This, which is sometimes called Glycine, is one of the most magnificent climbing shrubby plants in cultivation. It was formerly-treated, at the North, as a tender plant, and might be seen trained to the rafters of the green house, in full flower, in March, with its thousands of rich clusters, or pendulous racemes of delicate pale-purple blossoms, so numerous that the whole space it occupied seemed to be covered with them. Each raceme is from ten to twelve inches long, and densely filled with its delicate and richly perfumed flowers. It is easily raised from cuttings or layers. In the open ground, we have known it to make a growth of thirty feet in one season; and, with us, has not failed, excepting one year in the last twelve, to produce an abundant bloom, and that without the least protection. The December previous to the year in which it did not bloom, was a very warm one. The buds prematurely started, and were winter killed; it however, flowered in August, but not so perfectly as it would have done in the spring. In another locality, in low ground, which is not well drained, the flower buds are frequently killed. The foliage is abundant, and its color a lively, pleasant hue of green. The flowers make their appearance before the foliage starts, the last of May, in the open ground. The plants for the first few years are somewhat tender, at the North, and should be laid down before the winter sets in, and covered with earth, or coarse manure. It grows freely in almost any soil; but to have strong plants, it is important to have a rich, deep loam. It will not flower till the plant gets strong.

A new variety with white flowers, has been introduced from China into England, by Mr. Fortune, and can, at the present time, be obtained at many of our nurseries.

Plants generally produce a few scattering racemes of flowers, in the last summer months, but are not to be compared with the clusters produced in the spring. In planting out young vines, they should be cut down to a single bud. Long shoots should be shortened in February or March.