Leaves: oblong, obtuse at the apex, narrowed at the base, tapering into petioles, the margins crenulate. Flowers: umbellate; bracts of the involucre acute; calyx-lobes acute, often mealy; corolla salver-form, five-cleft; stamens five included filaments; anthers very short, oblong, obtuse.
A tall species of Primrose, with pink, lilac, or very occasionally white flowers, which grow in a cluster at the top of the long stalks and are salver-shaped; that is to say, the divisions of the corolla spread out flat at the top of the tube and disclose a yellow eye with five stamens forming a dark "pupil" in the centre of it. Hence the name of Bird's Eye. The leaves are long-shaped, being usually mealy white beneath, as denoted in the term farinosa, and all grow in a tuft at the base of the plant, surrounding the long bare flower-stalk, on the top of which a few small bracts will be found just below the blossoms.
Primula Maccalliana, or Dwarf Canada Primrose, is similar to the preceding species, but much smaller, growing only to an average height of four inches, whereas P. farinosa is usually about ten inches tall. The tiny leaves are all set in a tuft close to the ground, and are rarely mealy underneath; while the flowers are pale mauvish-pink in colour. Both these Primroses grow in very wet places. The generic name, Primula, refers to their early season of blossoming, for, as the poet says: "Primroses, the spring may love them, Summer knows but little of them."