Stems: branching. Leaves: stem-leaves oblong or lanceolate, partly clasping, the lower spatulate. Flowers: sessile, axillary or terminal. Fruit: achenes striate, pappus of numerous small chaffy scales, forming a short crown. Not indigenous.
The Chicory, or Succory, is a common flower, whose long, deep tap-root is dried, roasted, ground and used so much as an adulterant of coffee. The name Chicory is of Arabian origin, the French call a salad made of its blanched leaves "Barbe de Capucin," and children look for the "Blue Sailors " by the roadside, while Emerson has written of "Succory to match the sky."
The grey-blue, and sometimes pinkish or white flowers, grow close against the tall branching stalks, sometimes singly and sometimes in clusters, and are composed only of ray flowers, five-toothed at the edge and set in a flat green receptacle. The base leaves are spatulate and usually strongly incised, the upper ones being reduced to oblong bracts. This is an introduced plant.