Rootstock short, thick, erect. Leaves: spreading, ovate, entire; spike dense, obtuse at apex. Flowers: perfect, proterogynous; sepals broadly ovate, scarious on the margins. Fruit: pyxis seeded, circumsessile near the middle.

Plate XLII

Contorted Lousewort (Pedicularis contorta)

Contorted Lousewort (Pedicularis contorta)

The Common Plantain is so familiar to travellers that it calls for no special description. It has greenish flower-spikes and reddish seeds.

Plantago major var. asiatica, or Asiatic Plantain, has oval several-ribbed leaves, the base abruptly contracted into a petiole, and longer less dense spikes of greenish flowers than the preceding species. Kalm says that in the United States Plantains were formerly called "Englishman's Foot," because it was believed that wherever a Britisher went these plants always followed in his steps. This is an introduced plant.