Bulb composed of narrow, jointed, fleshy scales. Stems: tall, leafy. Leaves: lanceolate, acute at both ends, all verticillate, the margins finely roughened. Flowers: erect, perianth reddish-orange, of six spreading segments, each one gradually narrowed into a claw, purple-spotted below.

Lilies grow in many climes and are of divers hues. White and yellow, orange and red, tall and stately, they flourish conspicuously in the valleys and on the mountain tops, beneath blazing tropical suns and close beside the eternal snows.

The Mountain Lily is one of the handsomest of the alpine flowers, and early in July its red-tinted tawny bells render the woods attractively gay. As if conscious of their glory, the large bright blossoms grow erect on tall stems, round which circling clusters of dark green narrow-pointed leaves are set at intervals; the outer surface of the segments is pale orange, while the open bells are of a vivid reddish hue within, and spotted with purplish-brown. Large anthers crown the six long stamens, and the stigma is three-lobed.

Plate LIX

Mountain Lily (Lilium montanum)

Mountain Lily (Lilium montanum)

This Lily does not fear the drought of long summer days, but grows in stately splendour in the driest thickets. It has assumed a gorgeous garb of flaming orange in order to attract those insects that pollenize its flowers; for while the brilliant colour quickly attracts the bees, the purplish spots and lines unerringly point out to them the most direct route to their desired goal, namely, those nectar grooves which lie at the base of each segment.

Truly was it said that "even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these"; for the wild orange-red

Mountain Lilies shine with a beauty unequalled in the alpine forests.