A tall tree. Leaves: incurved, acute, terminating in rigid callous tips. Flowers: staminate pale red, soon appearing yellow from the thick covering of pollen. Fruit: cones nearly sessile, pendulous, oblong-cylindrical, obtuse at the apex.
The White Spruce has unpleasant-smelling foliage. The branches sweep out in graceful curves, and the tree is pyramidal in outline. The sharp pointed needles, which are inserted singly, are crowded on the upper side of the branches by the twisting of those on the under side, and are light blue-green or bluish in colour. The pendulous cones are oblong and green tinged with red, becoming pale brown and lustrous at maturity.