Senecio Alpinus Scop. (5. Cordifolius Clairv.). S. Cordatus Koch

Stems 1-2 feet high. Leaves undivided, cordate-ovate, serrate, longer than broad, unequally dentate, lowermost webbed; leafstalk auricled at the base, often with triangular appendages. Several medium-sized capitula. Flowers yellow.

Alpine and sub-alpine pastures, especially near chalets and borders of woods; 4300-6500 feet. July, August. Very local.

Distribution

Alps of Central Europe, Haute Savoie, Switzerland, Italy; Vosges.

Senecio Fuchsii Gmelin. (Plate XIX)

A tall plant, 3-4 feet high, with oblong-lanceolate, toothed leaves, attenuated and sometimes sub-petioled at the base, but never amplexicaul. Stem-leaves lanceolate-acuminate. Numerous capitula in a large, loose corymb. Ligules 3-5 in number, yellow, one being longer than the rest.

1. CREPIS AUREA. 2. HIERACIUM AURANTIACUM. 3. PRENANTHES PURPUREA. 4. HIERACIUM INTVBACEUM. 5. SENECIO FUCHSII.

Plate XIX.

1. CREPIS AUREA.

2. HIERACIUM AURANTIACUM.

3. PRENANTHES PURPUREA.

4. HIERACIUM INTVBACEUM.

5. SENECIO FUCHSII.

4/7 NATURAL SIZE.

Mountain gorges and woods, especially in the sub-alpine regions. July to September.

Distribution

Central and Western Alps, Switzerland, Jura, and many districts in Central Europe.

We have seen this plant at elevations of from 6000 to 7000 feet above La Grave in Dauphiny, and on the Joch and Surenen Passes in Switzerland, and it is very abundant in the picturesque Gorge of Trient which skirts the Tete Noir.

Senecio Nemorensis L. (S. Jacquinianus Reichb)

Very similar to the last, but the leaves are rather broader and it flowers earlier. Leaves with short hairs on the under side, semi-amplexicaul; upper and middle stem-leaves suddenly narrowed into a broadly-winged leaf-stalk. Involucre campanulate-cylindrical. Pappus as long as the fruit.

Bushy places among boulders and damp gorges, especially in Alpine valleys and in the Jura. June to September.

Distribution

Eastern, Central, and Western Alps, Jura, Vosges, Germany, Central Europe.

S. Aurantiacus Dc. (Cineraria Aurantiaca Hoppe)

Stem 6-18 inches high. Lower leaves ovate or lanceolate, nearly glabrous, grass-green or greyish, flocculent, most of them narrowed into a short, broad leaf-stalk. Capitulum about an inch in diameter. Flowers orange-red or rarely yellow. Involucral bracts tinged with purple entirely or only at the tip, woolly at the base.

Alpine and sub-alpine meadows and pastures; local. June, July.

Distribution

Carpathians; Eastern, Central, and Western Alps. In Switzerland on some of the southern calcareous Alps.

S. Alpestris Dc. (Cineraria Alpestris Hoppe)

Stem erect, 10-18 inches high, umbellate at the summit, with 3 or more capitula, covered like the leaves with long wool and short, thickish hairs. Leaves entire, wavy or toothed, ovate, running into the leaf-stalk, obtuse; upper leaves linear-lanceolate, sessile, acute. Peduncles of the capitula naked. Outer ligulate flowers radiate, yellow, but often wanting. Ovary and achenes glabrous.

Alpine and sub-alpine pastures and meadows; frequent. June, July.

Distribution

Carpathians, Eastern Alps.