This section is from the book "Sub-Alpine Plants Or Flowers Of The Swiss Woods And Meadows", by H. Stuart Thompson. Also available from Amazon: Sub-Alpine Plants: Or, Flowers of the Swiss Woods and Meadows.
A smaller plant than the last. Leaves deeply cut into linear segments, and the whole plant very hairy. Flowers large, solitary, erect or finally drooping, purple. Carpels with a long plumose beard. A very acrid plant with medicinal properties.
Dry, stony, sunny places, especially on chalk and limestone. It frequents the lower hills rather than the mountains. March to May.
Almost all Europe; Siberia. In Britain confined to a few chalk hills in the south and east of England. Local in Switzerland.
Plant 6-12 inches high, covered at first with silky hairs, later almost glabrous. Leaves with linear segments. Petiole broadened into a sheath at the base. Flowers solitary, dark violet, drooping, very silky outside; bell-shaped at first, star-shaped later, darker in colour and smaller than those of A. Pulsatilla. Rarely the flowers are blue, rose or whitish.
Sunny, stony places on the hills and lower Alps up to about 6500 feet - local. March and April. Autumn flowering specimens were found by the author near Sierre in the Rhone valley in 1911.
Switzerland, Dauphiny, Auvergne, S. Tyrol and Transylvania.
Characters those of Ranunculus, except that the petals have no nectary, though often deeply coloured at the base, and the seed is suspended and not erect, in the carpel. Leaves with very narrow" segments.
A small genus, chiefly confined to Southern Europe and Western Asia.
Stem about a foot high, almost glabrous; lower leaves reduced to scales, the others herbaceous, multifid, with linear segments. Flowers pale yellow, large, petals 10-15, lanceolate or oblong. Carpels oval, rounded, pubescent, with short recurved beak. Sepals pubescent.
Dry pastures, stony or wooded. April, May.
In several places in the Valais; Cevennes, Alsace, Spain, Central and South-Eastern Europe.
Both the late A. W. Bennett, in his Flora of the Alps, and F. E. Hulme, in Familiar Swiss Flowers, were in error in stating that this is a weed in cultivated ground in Switzerland. If on cultivated land it has been planted for sale in the market.
Stem about a foot high, slightly hairy; leaves all herbaceous, the lower ones large and longly petioled, 3-4 pinnate with linear segments. Flowers bright yellow; petals 10-15 oboval. Carpels angular, pubescent, with long, tapering, recurved beak.
Rock and cliffs; rare, 5000 to 6500 feet in the Eastern Pyrenees. June, July.
French and Spanish Pyrenees; and in one or two places in the Maritime Alps.
Adonis autumnalis L., with deep red petals, often with a black spot, and A. aestivalis L., with red and sometimes yellow flowers and glabrous sepals are annuals sometimes found among crops and in waste places in the mountains; but they cannot be considered sub-alpine. We have specimens of A. aestivalis from Mont Cenis, at about 6300 feet above the sea.