The scientific name is derived from a town on the Black Sea, from whence this tree was supposed to be introduced. A few species, with numerous varieties, produce valuable fruits, while nearly all are remarkable for the abundance of their early flowers.
The Double-flowering Cherry, Cerasus communis plena, is a very desirable addition to the shrubbery, on account of its immense number of large, double, pure white flowers, which cover the tree in the early part of May. The flowers are like small white roses, very full and beautiful. By proper training, it can be kept in a low, shrubby state, if desirable. It will grow in any garden soil, and is propagated by budding or grafting.
The Weeping Cherry is formed by budding a delicate drooping species of Bird Cherry upon the Mazard stock, at any height that may suit the fancy. By inserting a number of buds, at the desired height, a large drooping head may be formed, which continues to increase in diameter, but not much in height. Its pendent branches, covered with delicate foliage, are at all limes a pleasant sight, but more particularly when covered with its profusion of bloom.
A number of indigenous species might be introduced into the shrubbery, or pleasure-ground, with good effect.
Cerasus Virginiana. - Choke Cherry. - This is an ornamental shrub, interesting, whether in flower or fruit. It grows from two to fifteen feet high. In May it is covered with a profusion of white flowers, in dense racemes, and in July and August the branches are bent down with a profusion of fruit.
C. Pennsylvanica. - The Northern Red Cherry. - This is a small, slender tree, with delicate foliage, and handsome white flowers. The fruit is deep-red, and not very abundant.
C. scrotina. - The Black Cherry. - This is a well-known tree, handsome in flower and fruit. In the shrubbery, it should be planted in the background. The only drawback to the beauty of this tree, is, that it is peculiarly subject to the ravages of the caterpillar. They are sure to make this tree their favorite home; and, unless special pains is taken to dislodge them early in the season, the tree, for ornamental purposes, is utterly spoiled.