Papaver orientalis. - Oriental Poppy. - This is a most magnificent perennial, worth all the rest of the Poppy tribe. Its large, gorgeous, orange scarlet flowers, display themselves in the month of June. The bottoms of the petals are black; the stigma is surrounded by a multitude of rich purple stamens, the anthers of which shed a profusion of pollen, which powders over the stigma and the internal part of the flower, giving it a very rich appearance.
The flower-stems are rough, three feet high, each one bearing a single solitary flower, five or six inches in diameter. A clump, with twenty or thirty of these flowers, makes one of the most conspicuous and showy ornaments of the garden. Leaves are scabrous, (rough,) pinnate, serrate. Propagated by dividing the roots, which should be done as soon as the foliage has died down in August, as it commences growing again in September, and throws up leaves which remain during winter, it being one of the most hardy plants. If deferred until spring, if it flowers at all, it will be weak. It may also be propagated from seed, but does not commonly flower until the third vear. A native of Levant.
Papaver bracteatum, - Bracted Poppy, - is another superb perennial, very much like the last, a native of Siberia. The flowers are a deeper red, and the only essential difference is in the leafy bractes by which the flowers are subtended. Propagated in the same way; with us, it has not flowered so freely.
"Papaver camlricum is admired for its yellow petals." It is now called Meconopsis cambrica; not common with us. There are also a number of other species and varieties of perennial poppy, as P. nudicaule, with two or three varieties with yellow, and one with scarlet flowers, from Siberia, one foot to one and a half high. P. pyranaicum, from the Pyrenees, with yellow flowers, and a variety with red, one foot high. P. alpinum., from Austria, has white flowers three quarters of a foot high.