From Ptolemy Philadelphus, King of Egypt. It is also called Mock Orange. 22
The Syringa is a most delicious shrub: the foliage is luxuriant, the blossom beautiful and abundant, white as the purest Lily, and of the most fragrant scent. In a room, indeed, this perfume is too powerful, but in the air it is remarkably agreeable. There is a variety which has no scent, and also a dwarf variety, which does not usually exceed three feet in height. The flowers sweet, and some double.
"The sweet Syringa, yielding but in scent To the rich Orange, or the Woodbine wild, That loves to hang on barren boughs, remote. Her wreaths of flowery perfume."
All the species are propagated by suckers, layers, or cuttings, and thrive in any good garden soil.
P. grandiflorus. - Large-flowering Syringa. - This is the handsomest of the genus. It is perfectly hardy, growing in any soil or situation, forming a spreading shrub about six feet or more high; flowering in June and July.
P. hirsutus. - This shrub grows from four to five feet high. Like the last, it is a native of North America, where it was discovered by Mr. Nuttall. It thrives in the shrubbery in any common garden soil, and is propagated like the others.
P. coronarius, - or Common Syringa, - greatly resembles the other; grows about five feet high, and is delightfully fragrant when in bloom. Flowers in June and July.