Sambucus canadensis. - Common Elder. - This very common shrub grows about eight or ten feet high in low ground, and conspicuous in June and July for its broad cymes of white flowers, succeeded by clusters of small, dark-purple, or nearly black, berries. An infusion of the bruised leaves is used by gardeners to expel insects from vines. The flowers are highly esteemed, as having important medicinal qualities. The plant, on account of its ornamental flowers and berries, may be introduced into extensive shrubberies.

Sambucus pubens. - Panicled Elder. - This species is not so common as the last. It is found in mountainous places, and is conspicuous on account of its bright-red berries, - otherwise destitute of beauty.