The Elm. - The American Elm will always be a great favorite with all lovers of shade trees, for ornamenting streets and parks. There is no other tree that will compare with it in point of graceful magnificence, exuberance of foliage, and variety of forms exhibited in different trees in the same locality. This tree will grow in almost any soil, but the noblest specimens are to be seen in the rich, moist soils, such as is found in intervales and on river banks. It is a tree easy to transplant, even with but few roots, as they are frequently taken from the pastures; but, when taken from nurseries, the growth is hardly checked by the change.
The English Elm - Ulmus campestris - has smaller foliage, and, instead of the graceful, curving outlines of the American species, grows more erect and rigid. In point of grace and beauty it is far inferior. In large plantations, and in streets, a few for variety's sake may be desirable, as it is a noble tree.
The Scotch Elm, or ulmus montana, is a smaller species of Elm, much cultivated in Scotland, but inferior to the English and American.
The Purple-leaved Elm is an ornamental variety but little known, but promises to make an important addition to our stock of shade trees, on account of its unique foliage. There are, also, many other curious and interesting varieties of ornamental Elms.