Verbena chamcedrifolia, Germander-leaved. - Synonym. V. Melindres, Scarlet-flowered Vervain. - This plant is a native of Buenos Ayres, growing through a very extensive tract of country. The dazzling, brilliant, scarlet flowers cannot be exceeded by any other plant yet introduced into this country; and blooming from May to November, in the open air, with us, makes it one of the most desirable plants in cultivation.
From the above species have been raised innumerable splendid varieties, of every color and tint, excepting yellow and blue. Some varieties are of a bluish-purple, ruby-purple, lilac and dark-purple, rose, scarlet, crimson, white, white with red eye, scarlet with purple eye, rosy with red eye, shaded, striped, etc.; in fact, every shade of the colors named. The habits of all are similar, naturally prostrate creeping plants, taking root freely wherever the stems come in contact with the ground, and sending forth innumerable clusters of their many-hued, brilliant flowers from May to November.
It is kept with difficulty through the winter, except in rooms or in the green-house. In the cellar the roots soon perish; nor are any of them quite hardy enough to stand the winter.
They are all so easily raised from cuttings that they can be obtained at any green-house, for about two dollars a dozen for small plants, which, when turned into the ground in June, soon make large plants, and by October will be three feet across. They continue to flower after severe frosts, and are among the last lingering flowers of autumn.
They flower from seed sown in the open ground, in May, the same season, commencing their bloom in August. Seedling plants produce seed in abundance, but those that have been a long time propagated from cuttings lose that power in a great measure. There is no end to the variety from seedling plants. To have them come early in flower, the seed may be brought forward in the frame. No plant equals the Verbena for masses, particularly when grown in beds cut out on lawns, as the brilliancy of the flowers contrasts finely with the green grass.