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Field Book Of Western Wild Flowers | by Margaret Armstrong



In this little book a very large number of the commoner wild flowers growing in the United States, west of the Rocky Mountains, are pictured and described. It is the first attempt to supply a popular field book for the whole West. This is the only fully illustrated book of western flowers, except Miss Parsons's charming book, which is for California only. The drawings have all been made from life. Almost all technical botanical terms have been translated into ordinary English, as this book is intended primarily for the general public, but as a large number of the plants given have never before been illustrated, or even described, except in somewhat inaccessible or technical publications, it is hoped that the scientist also may find the contents both interesting and useful.

TitleField Book Of Western Wild Flowers
AuthorMargaret Armstrong
PublisherC. P. Putnam's Sons
Year1915
Copyright1915, Margaret Armstrong
AmazonField Book Of Western Wild Flowers
Field Book Of Western Wild Flowers

By Margaret Armstrong, In Collaboration With J. J. Thornber, A.M., Professor Of Botany In The University Of Arizona, And Botanist Of The Arizona, Agricultural Experiment Station At Tucson,

With Five Hundred Illustrations In Black And White, And Forty-Eight Plates In Color Drawn From Nature By The Author

C. P. Putnam's Sons
-Preface
In this little book a very large number of the commoner wild flowers growing in the United States, west of the Rocky Mountains, are pictured and described. It is the first attempt to supply a popular ...
-Technical Terms
Corolla. The flower-cup composed of one or more divisions called petals. Petal. One of the divisions of the corolla. Calyx. A flower-envelope, usually green, formed of several divisions called s...
-Field Book Of Western Wild Flowers. Water-Plantain Family. Alismaceae
A rather small family, widely distributed, growing in fresh-water swamps and streams. The leaves are all from the root, with long sheathing leaf-stalks, and the flowers are regular and perfect, or wit...
-Arrowhead. Sagittaria Latifolia. White. Summer. North America
An attractive and very decorative plant, with stout, smooth, hollow flower-stems, from eight inches to four feet tall, with very handsome, smooth, olive-green leaves and papery bracts. The flowers are...
-Lily Family. Liliaceae
A wonderfully beautiful family, large and widely distributed, mostly perennial herbs, growing from bulbs or root-stocks, with perfect, regular, symmetrical flowers and toothless leaves. The flower-cup...
-Amber Lily. Anthericum Torreyi. Yellow. Summer. Arizona
A beautiful little plant, with delicate flowers, unusual and pretty in coloring. It grows from eight to fifteen inches tall and has a slender, pale-green stem, springing from a clump of graceful, pale...
-Poison Sego. Zygadenus Paniculd-Tus. Cream-White. Spring. Summer Utah, Nev., Idaho
A handsome, rather stout plant, about a foot tall, with bright light-green, smooth, graceful leaves sheathing the stem, which has a papery bract around its base. The flowers are in clusters varying in...
-Zygadene. Zygadenus Elegans. White. Summer. U. S
A handsome graceful plant, with one or more stiff stems, from six inches to three feet tall, springing from a large clump of rather stiff, bluish-green leaves, covered with a pale bloom, and bearing...
-Star Zygadene. Zygadenus Frementii. White. Spring, Summer. California
Much like the last, but the foliage with less bloom and the flowers handsomer and rather larger. Their divisions are free from the ovary, only the inner divisions have claws, and the glands are gree...
-Death Camass. Zygadenus Venenosus. White. Spring. Wash., Oreg.,Cal
Not nearly so handsome as the two last, but a pretty plant, from one to two feet tall, with dull-green leaves, folded lengthwise, with rough edges. The cream-colored flowers are less than half an inch...
-False Hellebore. Veratrum Calijornicum. Greenish-White. Spring. West
The leaves of this plant are its conspicuous feature. A few near the top are long and narrow, but most of them are boat-shaped, with heavy ribs, and from six to twelve inches long. They are bright yel...
-Reed-Lily. Hastingsia Alba (Schoenolirion). White. Summer. Oreg., Cal., Nev
An attractive marsh plant, with a smooth, stiff, bluish stem, over three feet tall, springing from a cluster of long, narrow, sword-like leaves. The slightly sweet-scented flowers are white, about hal...
-Amole. Soap Plant. Chlorogalum Pomerididnum. Silvery-White. Summer. California
There are several kinds of Chlorogalum. This odd plant springs from a big bulb, which is covered with coarse brown fiber and often shows above the ground. The leaves are sometimes over two feet long, ...
-Pink Wild Onion. Allium Acuminatum. Pink. Spring, Summer. Northwest
From four to ten inches high, with a few leaves. Before blooming, the flower cluster is enveloped in two papery bracts, forming a beautiful pink and white, iridescent case, the shape of a turnip, at t...
-Wild Onion. Allium Bisceptrum. Pink, White. Spring. Utah, Nev., Cal
Six to ten inches tall, with two slightly thickish leaves, and usually two slender flower stalks, each bearing a graceful cluster of starry, white, pink or pinkish-purple flowers, each petal delicatel...
-Grass Nuts. Blue Dicks. Covena Brodiaea Capitala. Blue, Violet. Spring. California
All through the spring these lovely flowers grow abundantly all over the hills and fields of California. The slender stalks vary from a few inches to two feet tall. The flowers are usually purplish-bl...
-Ookow. Brodiaea Congesta Blue, Violet Spring, Summer Wash., Oreg., Cal
Much like the last, except that only three of the stamens have anthers and the stem is sometimes as much as five feet tall. This grows on open hills in the Coast Ranges. Ookow. Brodiaea, cong...
-Harvest Brodiaea. Brodiaea Grandiflora (Hookera Coronaria). Blue. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash
In early June, at the time of the hay-harvest, these handsome flowers, which look like clusters of little blue lilies, begin to appear among the dried grass of the hillsides and in open places in the ...
-Twining Brodiae A Brodiaea Volubilis. (Stropholirion Californicum). Pink. Summer. California
This is a strange, rather grotesque-looking plant, with its slightly roughish, leafless, reddish stem contorted into curious curves, occasionally quite short but usually enormously long, sometimes as ...
-Golden Stars. Bloomeria Aurea. Yellow. Spring, Summer. California
Triteleias resemble Brodiaeas, but they have six, swinging anthers and the ovary has a stalk. Golden Starrs. Bloomeria aurea. LILY FAMILY. Liliaceae. ...
-Indian Hyacinth. Tritelela Grandiflora (Brodiaea Douglasii). Blue. Spring, Summer. Northwest And Utah
Though the general appearance of the plant is very different, the individual flowers of this beautiful plant very much resemble the bells of a Hyacinth, for they have the same waxy, semi-translucent t...
-White Brodiaea. Tritelela Hyacinthina (Brodiaea Lactea). White. Spring. Cal., Oreg., Wash
From one to two feet high, with very pretty flowers, about half an inch long, delicately striped with green on the outside, with six equal stamens, their filaments broad, triangular and slightly unite...
-Ithuriel's Spear. Tritelela Laxa (Brodiaea). Blue, Purple. Spring. Cal., Oreg
Very much like Harvest Brodiaea but rather taller, with more flowers in the cluster, and less waxy in texture, varying in color from blue to violet and occasionally white. This is common on hillsides ...
-Fire-Cracker Flower. Brevoortia Ida-Maia (Brodiaea Coccinea). Red And Green. Spring. Cal., Oreg
There are one or two kinds of Brevoortia. A handsome plant, most extraordinary both in form and color. The stem is from one to three feet tall, with a few grasslike leaves, and bears a large cluste...
-Muilla. Muilla Maritima. White. Spring. Cal., Nev
There are several kinds of Muilla, much like Brodiaea and very much like Allium, but with no onion taste or smell. A slender little plant, sometimes rather pretty, from three to nine inches tall, w...
-Avalanche Lily. Dog-Tooth Violet. Erythrdnium Montanum. White. Summer. Northwest
An exquisite kind, peculiarly graceful in form, with from one to nine, pure-white flowers, nearly three inches across, each petal prettily ornamented at the base with some orange-colored markings, arr...
-Glacier Lily. Dog-Tooth Violet. Erythronium Parviflorum. Yellow. Summer. Northwest
A lovely flower, much like E. grandi-florum, but the anthers are white or pale yellow. Around Mt. Rainier these beautiful plants often grow in large patches at the edge of the snow, alongside of the A...
-Easter Bells. Dog-Tooth Violet. Erythronium Grandiflorum. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Northwest And Utah
One of the loveliest of a charming group, growing in rich northern woods. The delicately-scented flowers, from one to six on a stalk, are about two inches across, clear yellow shading to white at the ...
-Desert Lily. Hesperocdllis Unduldta. White Spring Cal., Ariz
This is the only one of its kind, a wonderfully beautiful desert plant, much like an Easter Lily. The stout, pale, bluish stem, from six inches to two feet tall, has a delicate bloom and springs fro...
-Small Tiger Lily. Lilium Parvum. Orange-Red. Summer. Cal., Oreg
These tall plants carry a brilliant crown of small lilies, glowing like jewels in the dark moist woods they love. The stem is from one and a half to six feet high, covered with a slight down that rubs...
-Washington Lily. Shasta Lily. Lilium Washingtonihnum. White. Summer. Cal., Oreg
In the Sierras, at an altitude of from three to over seven thousand feet, and as far north as the Columbia River, we may be fortunate enough to find this glorious Lily, growing in the forest in modera...
-Leopard Lily. H'Xlium Pardalinum. Orange. Summer. Wash., Oreg., Cal
A magnificent plant, from three to six feet tall, with bright-green leaves, thin in texture, smooth but not shiny, and mostly in whorls. The stem is crowned by a splendid cluster of flowers, usually a...
-Tiger Lily. Lilium Columbianum. Orange Summer Wash., Oreg
A good deal like the last, but not so large. The petals are more turned back and they are orange-color all over, dotted with dark-red, and the anthers are pale orange-color, ripening to golden-brown. ...
-Ruby Lily. Chaparral Lily. Lilium Rubescens. White, Pink. Summer. Cal., Oreg
A glorious plant, from two to five feet tall, with leaves mostly in whorls, with rippled edges. The stem bears a magnificent cluster of blossoms, most wonderful in coloring, for the buds and young flo...
-Bronze Bells. Brown Fritillary. Fritillaria Atropurpurea. Brown. Spring, Summer. West
This plant is beautiful and decorative, and yet there is something weird about it. The flowers, an inch or more across, grow four or five in a cluster, on a smooth stalk about a foot tall, the long, n...
-Yellow Fritillary. Fritillaria Pudica. Yellow. Spring. West, Except Ariz
A pretty little flower, a favorite with children, growing on grassy plains, with a smooth stem about six inches tall, and smooth, somewhat thickish, alternate or whorled leaves. The nodding flowers, a...
-Our Lord's Candle. Spanish Bayonet. Yucca Whipplei. White. Spring, Summer. Cal., Ariz
A noble plant, with no trunk, but sending up a magnificent shaft of flowers, from five to fifteen feet tall, springing from a huge, symmetrical bunch of daggerlike, bluish-green leaves. The cluster is...
-Joshua Tree Tree Yucca. Cleisloyucca Arborescens (Yucca). Greenish-White. Spring, Summer. Cal., Ariz., Utah
A tree, grotesque and forbidding in aspect, but with a weird sort of beauty, looming black against the pale desert landscape, with a great, thick, rough trunk, fifteen to thirty feet high, and a few t...
-Wake-Robin. Birthroot. Trillium Ovdlum. White. Spring, Summer. Northwest
A charming plant, about a foot tall, with a single beautiful blossom, set off to perfection by its large, rich green leaves. The flower is two or three inches across, with lovely white petals, which g...
-Squaw-Grass. Bear Grass. Xerophyllum Tenax. White. Summer. Northwest
This is a magnificent plant, from two to six feet high, with a very stout, leafy stem, springing from a very large tuft of wiry, grass-like leaves, which spread out gracefully like a fountain. They ar...
-Wild Lily-Of-The-Valley. Maianthemum Bifolium. White. Spring, Summer. Wash., Oreg., Cal
This is a very attractive, woodland plant, from four to fourteen inches tall, with handsome, glossy, rich green leaves, and a rather stout stem, bearing a pretty cluster, two or three inches long, of ...
-White Twisted Stalk. Streptopus Amplexifolius. Whitish. Spring, Summer U. S. Except Southwest
There are several kinds of Streptopus, much like Dis-porum, but the pedicels of the flowers are twisted or bent. This is a fine plant, two or three feet tall, with a smooth, branching, bending stem an...
-Pink Twisted Stalk. Streptopus Roseus. Pink. Spring, Summer. U. S. Except Southwest
A smaller plant, from one to two and a half feet tall, with a slightly hairy stem, ornamented with pretty leaves, green on both sides and hairy along the edges, and hung with pretty, little, dull purp...
-Stenanthella. Stenanthella Occidentalis. Brownish. Spring, Summer. Northwest
This is a graceful plant, from ten to twenty inches tall, with long, rather narrow leaves and a slender stem, terminating in a long spray of about ten, rather pretty, little brownish-green or purplish...
-Camass, Quamash. Camassia Quamash. Blue. Summer. Northwest And Utah
Looking across the vivid green of wet meadows and marshes, the deep blue patches of this flower are often conspicuous and beautiful. They grow from one to over two feet high, taller than the grasslike...
-Red Clintonia Clintonia A Ndre-:Siana Red, Pink Spring, Summer Oreg., Cal
A magnificent plant, one or two feet high, with five or six, exceedingly handsome, glossy, rich green leaves, very-conspicuous and sometimes a foot long, and a tall, slightly downy flower-stalk, usual...
-Queen-Cup. White Clintonia. Clintonia Uniflora. White. Spring. Northwest
In rich moist soil, in shady woods, we find this lovely flower, with a white chalice and heart of pale gold, surrounded by two or three, beautiful, large, glossy leaves, resembling those of Lily-of-th...
-False Solomon's Seal. Wild Spikenard. Vagnera Amplexicaulis (Smilacina) White. Spring. West
It is a pity that all flowers cannot have really individual names. False is especially unattractive and Solomon's Seal is confusing, as the flowers are not alike, but this is the old name used all...
-Star-Flowered Solomon's Seal. Vagnera Sessilifolia (Smilacina). White. Spring. West
A gracefully bending plant, from one to two feet high, springing from a slender root-stock. The bright light-green leaves, without leaf-stalks and clasping at base, have a slight bloom like some lil...
-Fairy Bells. Drops Of Gold. Disporum Trachycarpum (Prosartes) Yellowish-White. Spring, Summer. West
A very attractive mountain plant, growing near streams. It is from nine to twenty-four inches tall, with an angled stem, pale green above and reddish below. The delicate flowers, about half an inch lo...
-Golden Lily Bell. Yellow Globe. Tulip. Calochortus Amabilis. Yellow. Spring. California
A charming plant, with pale bluish-green foliage, with a beautiful bloom, which sets off the clear-yellow blossoms to perfection. There are from two to twenty flowers on each stem and the petals are...
-Satin-Bell. White Globe Tulip. Calochdrtus Albus White. Spring. California
Beautiful and popular flowers, with a great deal of individuality and quite Japanese in the decorative arrangement of the graceful stems and glossy, rich green foliage. The narrow root-leaf is over a ...
-White Star Tulip. Calochortus Nudus. White. Summer. California
This is a delicate and charming little flower, growing best in meadowy places in the woods of the Sierra Nevada Mountains at moderate altitudes, sometimes to a height of over seven thousand feet. The ...
-White Pussy's Ears. Calochortus Maweanus. White, Gray. Spring. Cal., Oreg
A charming little plant, with lovely little flowers, about an inch across, with white or pale-lilac sepals and white petals, hairy all over inside, often lilac at the base the crescent-shaped gland co...
-Yellow Pussy's Ears. Yellow Star Tulip. Calochdrtus Benthami. Yellow Spring California
Much like the last in character, from three to seven inches tall, with bluish-green, stiffish leaves and a few quaintly pretty flowers. They are about an inch across, clear light-yellow, with smooth s...
-Butterfly Tulip. Mariposa Tulip. Calochdrtus Lilteus Var. Oculatus. Many Colors. Spring, Summer. California
Ihe commonest kind in northern California, found in both the Sierra Nevada and Coast Mountains, and one of the most beautiful of all the Mariposas. The broad petals, each about an inch and a half long...
-Yellow Mariposa Tulip. Calochdrtus Lulteus Var. Cilrinus Yellow. Spring. California
A fine robust plant, about a foot tall, with a stout stem, light, bright green leaves, and exceedingly handsome flowers, over two inches across. The sepals are yellowish, with a black spot and streaks...
-Orange Mariposa. Tulip. Calochortus Kennedyi. Orange-Red. Spring. Cal., Ariz
A wonderful flower, exceedingly brilliant and unusual in color, not quite like anything else in nature. The stout, firm stem is from two inches to over a foot tall and the leaves are dark-green, with ...
-Sego Lily. Mariposa Tulip. Calochortus Nuttallii. White, Pale Lilac. Early Summer. Ariz., Cal., Utah
These pretty flowers are about two inches across, their white petals tinged with yellowish-green or lilac, and often delicately fluted at the edges, often with hairy spots inside the petals at their b...
-Iris Family. Iridaceae
A large family, widely distributed and found throughout our continent. Perennial herbs, with bracts; the leaves long, narrow, toothless, and sheathing; the flowers showy, perfect and regular, twisted ...
-Western Blue. Flag. Iris Missouriensis. Violet, Blue. Spring, Summer. West, Except Wash, And Oreg
A very handsome and decorative plant, growing in large clumps, in damp situations, from stout, creeping rootstocks. The stiff, sword-shaped leaves, mostly shorter than the stems, are smooth and light ...
-Douglas Iris. Iris Douglasiana. Purple, Lilac, Cream. Spring, Summer Cal., Oreg
A beautiful kind, very common in the Coast Ranges. It grows in patches, or singly, and has rather dark green leaves, longer than the flower-stalks, and lovely flowers, which vary exceedingly in color....
-Hartweg's Iris Iris Hartwegi Yellow And Violet Summer California
This odd and pretty little Iris grows in half-dry, open forests, in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The many flower-stems, from six to twelve inches tall, are overtopped by some of the long, narrow leave...
-Ground Iris. Iris Macrosiphon Blue, Purple Spring, Winter California
A beautiful kind, forming low clumps of many, very narrow leaves, from five to twenty inches long and much taller than the flower-stalks. The handsome flowers are over three inches across, bright purp...
-Blue-Eyed Grass. Sisyrinchium Helium. Blue. Summer. Cal., Oreg
The deep blue stars of this pretty plant are a beautiful feature of the fields near Santa Barbara, and in other parts of California, in summer; in fact they are so plentiful in some places that they a...
-Golden-Eyed. Grass. Sisyrinchium Calijornicum. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg
This is very much like Blue-eyed Grass, but the flowers are bright yellow, the stems are about a foot tall, broadly winged and not branching, and the leaves are somewhat broader. The pretty flowers ar...
-Orchid Family. Orchidaceae
A very large family, most abundant in the tropics; curious plants, with oddly beautiful flowers. Perhaps because they are also rather rare they seem to have a peculiar fascination for the public; in f...
-Phantom Orchis. Cephalanthera Austinae. White. Summer. Northwest
In dense mountain forests these strange plants shimmer like pallid ghosts among the dark trees. They are pure translucent white throughout, stem and all, and the leaves have shrunk to white sheaths, a...
-Stream Orchis Chatter-Box. Serapias Gigardea (Epipactis). Reddish And Greenish-Yellow. Summer. West, Etc
A handsome plant, decorative and curious in form and unusual in coloring. It is from one to four feet tall, with a stout, leafy stem bearing three to ten flowers and smoothish leaves, with prominent v...
-Coral-Root. Corallorrhiza Mulliflora. Reddish-Yellow. Summer. Wash., Oreg., Cal., Utah
The curious knobby rootstock, shaped like a bit of coral, gives the name to this strange and rather unwholesome looking plant. From living on decayed vegetation it has lost its green leaves, and has o...
-Coral-Root. Corallorrhiza Bigelowii. Reddish-Yellow. Summer. Wash., Oreg. Cal. Utah
This is a similar plant, but handsomer, with much larger flowers, duller in coloring and striped not spotted. Instead of a spur the base of the sepals is swollen over the ovary, which develops gradual...
-Sierra Rein Orchis. Limnorchis Leucoslachys (Habenaria). White. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash
Often in some favorable corner of a marsh, near the woods, we may see a dozen of these lovely plants, their robust leafy stalks sometimes as much as four feet tall, rearing their delicate spires of bl...
-Mountain Lady's. Slipper. Cypripedium Monlanum. Brown And White. Summer. Northwest
Beautiful and decorative, with a stout, hairy stem, one to two feet tall and a few handsome flowers, rich and harmonious though not brilliant in coloring, with a lip about an inch long, dull-white, ve...
-Lizard-Tail. Saururaceae
A small family; ours are perennial astringent herbs, with alternate, toothless leaves, with leaf-stalks; flowers perfect, with bracts, in a dense, terminal spike, without calyx or corolla; stamens gen...
-Yerba Mansa. Anemopsis Californica. White. Spring. Cal., Ariz
This plant bears several, large, cream-white flowers, which at the first glance appear to have from five to eight petals and a long, projecting knob in the center, but what appears to be a corolla is ...
-Sandalwood Family. Santalaceae
This is a very small family in this country, for they prefer the tropics, and in those regions some are trees. Ours are usually parasitic on the roots of their neighbors. They have toothless, mostly a...
-Pale Comandra. Comandra Pallida. Flesh-Color, Greenish, Purplish. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Nev., Utah, Ariz
This is a rather pretty plant, growing from a few inches to about a foot tall, branching and rather woody below, with pale-green, smooth, slightly thickish, rather stiff leaves, which are reduced to p...
-Birthwort Family. Aristolochiaceae
A rather small family, chiefly of warm countries, but widely distributed; herbs or shrubs; the leaves alternate or from the root, with leaf-stalks, more or less heart-shaped, without stipules; the flo...
-Wild Ginger. Asarum Hartwegi. Brown. Spring. Cal., Oreg
The handsome leaves of this perennial are its conspicuous feature. They have long, hairy leaf-stalks and are heart-shaped and toothless, from three to five inches broad, dark rich green, prettily vein...
-Buckwheat Family. Polygonaceae
A large family, widely distributed, mostly herbs or low shrubs, with toothless leaves, often with stipules sheathing the swollen joints of the stem. The small flowers have no petals, the calyx usually...
-Turkish Rugging. Chorizanthe Fimbriata. Pink. Spring. California
An odd, dry-looking plant, making pretty patches of purplish color on dry mesas. The stiff, roughish, purplish stem is a few inches tall, springing from a few dull-green or reddish root-leaves, branch...
-Sand Dock. Rumex Venosus. Greenish. Spring, Summer. West
In favorable situations this is a very handsome member of a rather plain genus, about a foot tall, with a smooth, stout reddish stem and smooth, pale, blue-green leaves, that feel like thin rubber, wi...
-Bottle-Plant. Eriogonum Inflatum. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
This is a most extraordinary looking plant, with queer inflated, hollow stalks, about two feet high, swelling larger towards the top, and the branches, which are also swollen, sticking out awkwardly i...
-Swollen-Stalk. Eriogonum Eldtum. White, Pink. Summer. Northwest
This is about a foot and a half tall and the stem is swollen, but not so much so as the last, and the flowers are more conspicuous, forming rather flat-topped clusters, about three-quarters of an inch...
-Butter Balls, Snow Balls. Eriogonum Orlhocaulon. Yellow, White. Spring, Summer. Northwest
These are attractive plants, with pretty odd little balls of flowers, and are very conspicuous on dry, rocky mesas. They have a number of slender, pale, downy stems, about ten inches tall, springing f...
-Eriogonum Composition. White, Yellow. Summer. Northwest
This is a big handsome plant, with a thick, smooth stem, one or two feet tall and woody at base, and with thickish leaves, slightly downy, dark green in color on the upper side and white with close do...
-Buckwheat Bush, Flat-Top. Eriogonum Fasciculatum. White. Spring, Summer. Southwest
In favorable situations this is an attractive shrub, from two to four feet high, with shreddy, reddish bark and long, straight branches, standing stiffly up and crowded with small, thickish, stifflsh ...
-Sulphur Flower. Eriogonum Bakeri. Yellow, Summer. Ariz., Utah, New Mex., Col., Wyo
This plant is quite pretty and conspicuous, as the flowers are bright in color and a peculiar shade of sulphur yellow. The stem is downy and often reddish, about a foot tall, with two or three branche...
-Wild Buckwheat. Eriogonum Racemosum Pink, White Summer Ariz., Utah
A pretty desert variety of Wild Buckwheat. The pale downy stem is from one to two feet tall, rather stout, with two or three erect branches at the top, and the leaves are all from the base, gray-green...
-Knot-Weed. Alpine Smartweed. Polygonum Bistortoides. White. Summer. West
This is about two feet tall, very pretty and rather conspicuous, and the general effect of the smooth stem and sheathing, green leaves is somewhat grasslike. The flowers, which are small and cream-whi...
-Pigweed Family. Chenopodiaceae
A large family, widely distributed, growing usually in salty or alkaline soil; herbs or shrubs, generally succulent and salty or bitter, often covered with white scurf or meal, without stipules; leave...
-Hop Sage. Grayia Spinbsa (G. Polygaloides) Greenish, With Red Bracts Spring Calif., Nev. Utah, Ariz
An odd and beautiful desert shrub, about three feet high, very dense in form, with interlacing, angular, gray branches, spiny and crowded with small, alternate, toothless leaves, pale-green and thicki...
-Tumbleweed. Cycloloma Alriplicifolium. Purple Or Green. Summer. West Of Mississippi River
Very curious round plants, six to twenty inches high, usually purple all over, sometimes green and rarely white, giving a brilliant effect in the fall to the sandy wastes they inhabit. They are a mass...
-Four-O'Clock Family. Nyctaginaceae
A rather large family, widely distributed, most abundant in America. Ours are herbs, often succulent, with no stipules; stems often fragile, swollen at the joints; leaves opposite, usually toothless, ...
-Four-O'Clock. Quamoclidion Multiflorum. (Mirabilis) Pink, Purple Spring. Southwest And Col
The leaves of this low, stout, and spreading perennial are an inch or two long, light bluish-green, somewhat heart-shaped, rather rough and coarse, and the stems are often hairy and sticky. The foliag...
-California Four-O'Clock. Hesperonia Californica. (Mirabilis) Magenta, Pink Spring, Summer California
This is very common in southern California and forms quite large, low clumps cf rather yellowish green, sticky and hairy foliage, sprinkled with numbers of bright little flowers, opening in the aftern...
-Hesperonia Glutinosa Var. Gracilis. White, Pinkish Spring Arizona
This has a straggling, hairy, sticky stem, over a foot long, and thickish, dull-green leaves, hairy and sticky. The flowers are about half an inch long, white or tinged with pink, and are rather delic...
-Sand Puffs. Abronia Salsa. White. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Utah
This plant is, as a whole, so delicately tinted and so decorative in form, that it is most attractive, particularly against the sandy soil where it grows, deserving the Greek name more than some of it...
-Pink Sand-Verbena. Abronia Villosa. Pinkish-Lilac. Summer. Ariz., Cal., Utah
The coloring of this plant, one of the prettiest of its kind, is striking and unusual, and makes it very conspicuous, growing in the sand near the sea or in the desert. The thickish leaves are light b...
-Yellow Sand-Verbena. Abronia Latifolia. Yellow. Spring, Summer, Autumn Wash., Oreg., Cal
Pretty at a distance, but rather coarse close by, a straggling plant, with long, thick, rubbery stems, lying on the ground, thickish leaves, and small yellow flowers, slightly fragrant and forming pre...
-Narrow-Leaved. Umbrella-Wort. Allionia Linearis. Purple, Pink, White. Summer. Utah, Ariz., Etc
A pretty plant, one to four feet tall, with a slender stem and long, narrow, bluish-green leaves, with somewhat wavy margins, and almost no leaf-stalks. The flowers are fragile and pretty, of various ...
-Carpet-Weed Family. Aizoaceae
Not a very large family, mostly natives of warm regions. Ours are branching herbs, lying mostly on the ground; leaves mostly opposite or in whorls; flowers perfect; sepals four or five; petals numerou...
-Ice-Plant. Mesembryanthetnum Crystallinum. White, Pinkish. Spring. California
One of the queerest looking plants that it is possible to imagine, the stout stems and large flat leaves thickly encrusted with millions of small translucent beads, resembling glass or ice and giving ...
-Sea Fig, Fig-Marigold. Mesembrydnthe-Tnum Aequilaterale. Pink. Spring. California
A very strange and conspicuous plant, often clothing sandy slopes with a curious mantel of trailing, fleshy stems and foliage thickly sprinkled with thousands of gaudy flowers. The stems are stout and...
-Pink Family. Caryophyllaceae
A large family, widely distributed, most abundant in the northern hemisphere, including both the handsome Pinks and the insignificant Chickweeds. They are herbs, with regular, mostly perfect flowers, ...
-Fendler's Sandwort. Arenhria Fendleri White Summer Utah, Ariz., Etc
This has pretty little white flowers, about half an inch across, and is variable. Sometimes the stem is roughish, only three or four inches tall, springing from a tuft of small leaves, stiff and almos...
-Moss Campion. Cushion Pink. Silene Acaulis. Purple. Summer. Alpine Regions
An attractive little dwarf, living only in the high mountains. It has a long taproot and many spreading stems, crowded with tiny, stiff, pointed, dark-green leaves, forming close tufts, from six to tw...
-Windmill Pink. Silene Anglica (S. Gallica). White. Spring. Northwest, Etc
A rather inconspicuous weed from Europe, common in fields and along roadsides, with a slender, hairy stem, about a foot tall, and hairy leaves. The small flowers grow in a one-sided cluster and have...
-Indian Pink. Silene Californica. Red. Summer. Northwest
From six inches to over a foot tall, with a thick, perennial tap-root, one to two feet long, and branching, half-erect stems, both leaves and stems covered with fine down, the dull-green foliage contr...
-Indian Pink. Silene Lacinihta. Red. Summer. California
This has handsome conspicuous flowers, clear vermilion or pinkish-scarlet in color, about an inch and a half across, with the five petals prettily slashed at the ends into four long divisions. Each pe...
-Silene Lyalli White Summer Northwest
Rather pretty, with a slender stem about a foot tall, smooth, bluish-green leaves, and flowers about three-quarters of an inch across; the calyx much inflated, yellowish-white and papery, with brownis...
-Cow-Herb. Vaccaria Vaccaria (Saponaria). Pink Summer. Across The Continent
Quite pretty, with a leafy, branching stem, from one to three feet tall, bluish-green leaves, and flowers less than an inch long, with a ribbed, yellowish-green calyx, with reddish teeth, and the peta...
-Tall Chickweed. Alsine Longipes (Slellaria). White Summer. Northwest, Nev., Utah, Etc
An attractive little plant, with smooth stems, from six to fifteen inches tall, and pretty little flowers, less than half an inch across, growing singly, or in loose clusters, with white petals which ...
-Field Chickweed. Cerastium Arvense. White. Spring, Summer. U. S
On the ledges moistened by the mist and spray that blow from the Yosemite waterfalls, among the glistening, wet grasses, these pretty little white flowers are quite conspicuous. They smell pleasantly ...
-Purslane Family. Portulacaceae
A rather small family, mostly American; herbs, usually with thick, succulent leaves and stems, with flowers opening only in sunlight. They usually have only two sepals, but the petals number from two ...
-Miner's Lettuce. Montia Parviflora. White. Spring, Summer. West, Except Ariz
The Indians gather these pretty succulent little plants for salad and indeed the tender, bright-green leaves look as if they would taste very nice. They grow in a loose bunch, with several stems, a fe...
-Spring Beauty. Montia Parvifolia. White And Pink. Spring. Northwest
This charming little flower resembles the Spring Beauty of the East, Claytonia Virginica, and blooms in late spring, among the ferns and wet grasses near the Yosemite waterfalls and in similar places....
-Spring Beauty. Claytonia Lanceolata. Pink And White. Spring. Northwest, Cal., Nev., And Utah
A pretty little plant, three or four inches high, with a juicy, reddish stem and thickish, bluish-green, juicy leaves, the root-leaf narrow, the two stem-leaves broader. The flowers, over half an inch...
-Pussy-Paws. Spraguea Umbellata (Calyplridium). Pink. Summer, Autumn. Northwest
Sandy spots in the mountains are often brightened by lovely patches of the soft pink blooms of this attractive and odd-looking little plant. Near Wawona, on the Glacier Point trail, I saw at least hal...
-Buttercup Family. Ranunculaceae
The members of this large and handsome family vary so much in appearance that it is difficult for the amateur to realize that they are nearly, related. In fact they have no very distinctive characteri...
-Common Western Buttercup. Ranunculus Californicus. Yellow. Winter, Spring Wash., Oreg., Cal
The commonest kind and attractive, often coloring the fields for miles with bright gold, but the flowers are not so pretty as some common eastern kinds. The stems are branching and more or less hairy,...
-Blue Larkspur. Delphinium Scaposum. Blue. Summer. Ariz., New Mex
Though sometimes rather small, this is extremely pretty. In the Grand Canyon, on the plateau, it is about a foot tall, with rather leathery, brownish-green leaves, mostly from the root, and from five ...
-Larkspur. Delphinium Hanseni. White, Pinkish. Summer. California
If the flowers were a little less pale in color this would be a gorgeous plant, for it sometimes grows nearly four feet high. The branching stem springs from a cluster of thick, tapering roots, each b...
-Blue Larkspur. Delphinium Bicolor. Blue. Spring, Summer. Northwest And. Utah
A splendid flower when at its best, from six inches to a foot and a half tall, with a smooth stem, reddish below, and smooth, bright-green leaves, pale on the under side, round in general outline, the...
-Sacramento Larkspur. Delphinium Varieghtum. Purple. Spring, Summer. California
Very handsome, over a foot tall, the upper stem downy, the lower more or less hairy and the leaves more or less velvety. The flowers are an inch or more long and rather few, with long pedicels, formin...
-Scarlet Larkspur, Christmas-Horns. Delphinium Nudicaule. Red. Spring. Wash., Oreg., Cal
Scarlet seems an odd color for a Larkspur, but there are two red ones in the West. This is an exceedingly airy, graceful plant and suggests a Columbine more than a Larkspur. The stem is slender and br...
-Scarlet Columbine. Aquilegia Truncata. Red And Yellow. Spring. Wash., Oreg., Cal
This charming plant grows from one to over three feet high, is branching and smooth, and has pretty light-green leaves and nodding flowers, which are over an inch and a half across. The outside of the...
-White Columbine. Aquilegia Leptocera. White. Summer. Northwest And. Utah
An exceedingly beautiful flower, a white sister of the large Blue Columbine, which is the State flower of Colorado, and sometimes sufficiently tinged with blue to show the relationship. It is a rath...
-Monkshood. Aconltum Columbianum. Blue And White. Summer. West
This handsome perennial, from two to six feet tall, grows near streams, in mountain meadows or open woods. The flowers measure from half an inch to over an inch long and are mostly bright-blue and whi...
-Wild Peony. Paeonia Brownii. Dark-Red. Winter. Spring Wash., Oreg., Cal
There are two kinds of Peony. This is a robust and very decorative perennial, rich and unusual in coloring, the fine foliage setting off the dark flowers to perfection. The roots are woody, the stems ...
-Baneberry. Actaea Argula. White. Spring, Summer. West, Except Ariz
This is a fine plant, from one to two feet tall, with a stoutish, smooth, branching stem and handsome leaves, prettily cut, with pointed teeth, thin and soft in texture, with conspicuous veins. The se...
-Globe-Flower Trollius Laxus White Spring U. S
This is our only kind of Trollius. It is an exceedingly beautiful flower, particularly when found growing in the snow, or near the edge of a field of melting ice, in high mountains and along the margi...
-False Bugbane. Trautvetteria Grdndis. White. Summer. West
A handsome plant, with a smooth, pale-green stem, from two to three feet tall, and fine large leaves, prettily cut, smooth and rather bright green, the lower ones sometimes eight inches across. The wh...
-Canyon Anemone. Anemone Sphenophylla. White. Spring. Arizona
An attractive plant, eight inches to a foot tall, with pretty flowers and foliage. The flowers are white, tinged with pink, less than an inch across, often downy out-side, and the head of fruit is obl...
-Three-Leaved Anemone. Anemone Deltoidea. White. Summer. Wash., Oreg., Col
Delicate, pale flowers, conspicuous in dark mountain woods, with slightly downy, purplish stems, from eight to ten inches tall, and pretty leaves, thin in texture, the involucre-leaves without leaf-st...
-Northern Anemone. A Nembne Parviflora. White. Summer. Northwest
A pretty little plant, with a rather hairy, reddish stem, from four to twelve inches tall, glossy, dark-grccn leaves, paler and downy on the under side, and flowers abcut half an inch across, cream-wh...
-Western Anemone. Anemone Occidentalis. White. Spring. Northwest
These beautiful mountain flowers bloom in early spring, sometimes poking their pretty faces right through a hole melted in a snow-bank, and the brave little things are quite thickly covered with silky...
-White Marsh Marigold. Caltha Leptosepala. White. Summer. Northwest
A pretty little mountain, marsh plant with a smooth, stout, purplish stem from four to eight inches tall, and smooth, light-green leaves, often veined with purple on the under side. The flowers are an...
-Virgin's Bower, Pipe-Stem. Clematis Lasiantha. White, Pale-Yellow. Spring. California
Near the summit of Mt. Lowe, and in similar places, we find this beautiful vine clambering over the rocks. The flowers measure an inch and a quarter to over two inches across and they vary in tint fro...
-Purple Clematis. Atragene Occi-Denlalis (Clematis) Violet, Blue Summer West
There are a few kinds of Atragene, resembling Clematis. This is peculiarly attractive, as the flowers are large and beautiful and the foliage very pretty. The leaves are divided into three, pointed le...
-Meadow Rue. Thalictrum Fendleri. Greenish-White. Summer. West
Though its flowers are small and colorless, this plant is conspicuous for delicacy and grace. The leaves of tender green suggest the fronds of Maidenhair Fern and are almost as beautiful, while the fl...
-Barberry Family. Berberidaceae
Not a large family, widely distributed; shrubs or herbs; leaves alternate or from the root; flowers perfect; sepals and petals few, many, or none, generally in several overlapping rows; stamens on the...
-Inside-Out Flower, Barrenwort. Vancouveria Parviflora. White, Lilac. Spring. Wash., Oreg.,Cai
A charming woodland plant, its airy flower cluster, which has much the effect of an Alum-root, in beautiful contrast to the crisp, evergreen foliage. The large leaves are all from the root, with wiry,...
-Oregon Grape, Trailing Barberry. Berber Is Re Pens. Yellow. Spring. Cal., Ariz., Utah, Nev
This does not look much like the common cultivated kinds of Barberry, for it grows close to the ground in a straggling bunch. In favorable situations it is a handsome and conspicuous plant. The leaves...
-Sweet-After-Death. Achlys Triphylla. White. Summer. Wash., Oreg., Cal
The only kind, an attractive perennial, popular on account of its sweet-smelling foliage, which, however, is not fragrant until the leaves are dried. It has a very-slender rootstock and only one large...
-Water Lily Family. Nymphaeaceae
A small family, widely distributed in fresh-water lakes and streams; aquatic, perennial herbs, with thick, horizontal rootstocks, or with tubers, large, floating, or erect leaves, and large, solitary ...
-Indian Pond Lily, Spatter-Dock. Nymphaea Polysepala (Nuphar). Yellow. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash.,Col., Wyo
Like the eastern Spatter-dock, this is a coarse, but rather handsome and decorative plant. The leathery leaves are shaped like a rounded heart and sometimes a. foot long. The cup-shaped calyx, two to ...
-Strawberry Shrub Family. Calycanthaceae
A very small family, of only two genera, one North American, one Japanese; aromatic shrubs, with opposite, toothless leaves, with short leaf-stalks, without stipules; flowers large, solitary, at the e...
-Strawberry Shrub. Calycanthus Occidentdlis. Red. Summer. California
This resembles the familiar shrub of old-fashioned gardens and the flowers have the same pleasant and elusive aroma, something like strawberries, much more spicy when crushed. The shrub is four to ten...
-Poppy Family. Papaveraceae
A rather large family, widely distributed, most abundant in the north temperate zone; herbs, rarely shrubs, with milky, mostly yellow juice and narcotic or acrid properties; the leaves mostly alternat...
-Matilija Poppy. Giant Poppy. Romniya Trichocalyx. White. Summer. California
This is often considered the handsomest flower in the West and it would be hard to find anything more beautiful and striking than its magnificent blossoms. The plant has somewhat the effect cf a Peony...
-Thistle Poppy, Milk Thistle. Argemone Hispida. White. Summer. Southwest
The prickly, bluish-green foliage of this decorative and handsome plant is thistlelike both in form and color. The leafy, branching stems, two or three feet high, are covered with dense, white or yell...
-Wind Poppy. Papdver Heterophyllum. Red. Spring. California
A slender, graceful plant, one or two feet tall, with smooth, branching, purplish stems, smooth leaves, variously cut and lobed, and charming flowers, gay yet delicate. They are about an inch and a ha...
-California Poppy. Eschscholtzia Californica. Yellow. Spring. Cal., Oreg
Probably the most celebrated western flower and deservedly popular. It varies a great deal in general form and coloring, but is usually a fine plant, over a foot tall, with stems and leaves a beautifu...
-Tree Poppy. Dendromecon Rigida. Yellow. All Seasons. California
This is not a true Poppy, but the flowers are sufficiently like to be quite surprising when we find them growing on what appears to be a small willow tree! It is a handsome and decorative shrub, both ...
-Cream-Cups. Platystemon Califdrnicus. Cream-Color. Spring. Cal., Or Eg., Ariz
Pretty graceful plants, their creamy blossoms often whitening the spring meadows. The slender hairy stems are about a foot tall, the leaves and the nodding buds light-green and hairy, and the pretty f...
-Bleeding Heart Family. Fumariaceae
A small family, widely distributed; very smooth, tender, perennial herbs, with watery juice; alternate, compound leaves, finely cut, lobed and fringed into many divisions, and irregular, perfect flowe...
-Bleeding Heart. Bicuculla Formosa (Dicentra). Pink. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash
This is a very beautiful and interesting plant, about two feet tall, with delicate pale-green leaves, beautifully cut and lobed, all from the root, with very long leaf-stalks, and a few, graceful spra...
-Golden Eardrops. Bicuculla Chrysanlha (Dicentra). Yellow. Summer. California
The general appearance of this handsome plant is striking and Japanese in effect, and the coloring of the feathery, pale-green foliage and the golden-yellow flowers is exceedingly odd and beautiful. T...
-Golden Corydal. Caprciides Aureum (Corydalis). Yellow. Spring. West
This has hollow, branching and spreading stems, from six to fourteen inches tall, with very pretty, delicate, pale-green foliage and bright-yellow flowers, each about half an inch long, on slender ped...
-Pink Corydalis. Capndides Scouleri (Corydalis). Pink. Summer. Wash., Oref
A very beautiful and decorative plant, two or three feet tall, with large, exceedingly graceful leaves, vivid yet delicate in color and thin in texture, beautifully cut and lobed. The flowers are abou...
-Mustard Family. Cruciferae
A large family, widely distributed. Both the English and Latin names are appropriate, for the watery juice of these plants is pungent, like mustard, and the flowers spread out their four petals in the...
-Milk Maids, Pepper-Root. Dentftria Calijornica. White, Pink. Spring. Cal., Oreg
A charming plant, with a purplish stem, from six inches to two feet tall, and pretty leaves, varying in shape, those from the root being roundish in outline, or with three leaflets, but the stem-leave...
-Thelypodium Torulosum. Lilac. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
This has small flowers, but often grows in such quantities on the flats near Salt Lake that it tints the fields with purple. The purplish stem is from twelve to fifteen inches tall and the leaves are ...
-Fendler's Arabis. Arabis Fendleri. Magenta. Spring. Arizona
This is a rather pretty plant, a foot or more tall, with more or less hairy stems and leaves and pretty clusters of magenta flowers, each about a quarter of an inch across. It grows on the rim of the ...
-Western Wallflower. Erysimum Asperum. Orange, Lemon-Yellow. Spring, Summer West, Etc
The vivid glowing orange of these handsome flowers is exceedingly effective among the dark tree-trunks of the mountain forests where they often grow. They are widely distributed as far east as Ohio. T...
-Wild Candytuft,Pennycress. Thlaspi Glaucum. White. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Northwest And. Utah
A rather pretty little plant, with several flower-stalks, springing from rosettes of leaves, dull-green, somewhat purplish and thickish, smooth and obscurely toothed, all more or less covered with a ...
-Dithyrea Wislizeni. White. Summer. Ariz., New Mex., Tex., Okla., Ark
A little desert plant, from six to twelve inches tall, with branching stems; pale, yellowish-green, downy leaves, about an inch long, with wavy or toothed margins; small white flowers and funny little...
-Shield-Leaf. Streptanthus Tortuosus. Yellowish, Purplish. Summer. California
Nothing about this odd-looking plant is pretty and it almost seems as if it were trying to make up by eccentricity for its lack of beauty. It is common in dry, sandy places in the mountains and our at...
-Arizona Streptanthus. Streptdnthus Arizonicus. White. Spring. Arizona
Prettier and not so queer-looking as the last. The leaves are arrow-shaped, clasping at base, rather leathery, bluish-green, with a bloom and tinged with purple on the backs, the lower ones toothed,...
-Golden Prince's Plume. Stanleya Pinnatifida. Yellow. Spring. Southwest And New Mex
The pretty common name of this tall, handsome plant was given by Helen Hunt Jackson and the long, feathery wand of numerous blossoms is beautiful and suggests a plume. On the other hand, the stragglin...
-Dryopelalon Runcinalum. White. Spring. Arizona
The only kind, a fine plant, well worth cultivation; smooth and branching, about two feet tall, with handsome, bluish-green leaves, with a bloom, the root-leaves with long, purplish leaf-stalks and ...
-White Bladder-Pod. Lesquerella Purpurea. White, Pink. Spring. Arizona
Pretty little plants, often growing in quantities among rocks in mountain canyons. The slender stems are from a few inches to over a foot tall, springing from a cluster of root-leaves, varying a good ...
-Yellow Bladder-Pod. Lesquerella Arizbnica. Yellow. Summer. Arizona
In desert places, such as the terrible sandy wastes of the Petrified Forest, where it seems a miracle that anything should grow, we find the close, pale, gray-green tufts of this little plant, crowned...
-Black Mustard. Brassica Nigra. Yellow. Summer. U.S
A European weed, common everywhere. In California it grows to an enormous height, sometimes twelve feet, and when in bloom is a beautiful feature of the landscape, covering the fields with a shimmer...
-Caper Family. Capparidaceae
The flowers of this family are much like the Mustards, but the stamens are all of equal length and are often more than six; the leaves are alternate and consist of three or several leaflets, with stal...
-Cleomella. Cleomella Longipes. Yellow. Spring. Nev., Cal., Oreg
This is a handsome, rather odd-looking plant, with a stout, smooth, yellowish or purplish stem, sometimes branching and over a foot tall. The leaves are bright light-green, smooth, toothless and sligh...
-Bee-Plant. Cledme Serrulata. Pinkish-Lilac, White. Summer. Southwest, Etc
In Arizona this exceedingly handsome plant often covers the dry beds of rivers with acres of beautiful color. The smooth, branching stem is sometimes as much as eight feet high. The upper leaves are l...
-Yellow Cleome. Clcome Platycarpa. Yellow. Spring. Nevada
An odd-looking plant, with very pretty, feathery flower-clusters. The hairy stem is over a foot tall and the leaves are bright yellowish-green and mostly smooth on the upper side, with hairy margins a...
-Bladderpod. Isomeris Arborea. Yellow. Spring. California
This is a shrub about three feet high, which is attractive except for its unpleasant smell. The leaves are smooth, toothless, stiffish and thickish, and bluish-green, with a small bristle at the tip, ...
-Orpine Family. Crassuloceae
A rather large family, widely distributed; odd-looking, mostly very succulent herbs, with smooth, fleshy leaves and stems, without stipules; flowers in clusters; sepals, petals, pistils, and stamens, ...
-Douglas Stone-Crop. Sedum Douglasii. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Northwest
This makes beautiful golden patches, on dry slopes or more or less open hilltops, usually among limestone rocks. The reddish stems are from six to ten inches tall, the leaves are rather long and narro...
-Yosemite Stone-Crop. Sedum Yosemitense. Yellow. Summer. California
On moss-covered rocks, moistened by the glistening spray blowing from the Yosemite waterfalls, we find these beautiful plants, covering the stones with a brilliant, many-colored carpet. The flowers ar...
-Hen-And-Chickens. Duidleya Neva-Densis (Cotyledon). Orange-Red. Summer. California
The succulent, reddish flower-stalks of this handsome plant bear large, loose, rather flat-topped clusters of orange-red flowers, on coiling branches, and are about a foot tall, with scaly bracts, spr...
-Saxifrage Family. Saxifragaceoe
A large family, almost all herbs, living usually in temperate regions. They have no very peculiar characteristics and resemble the Rose Family, but sometimes their leaves are opposite, usually they ha...
-Grass Of Parnassus. Parnassia Fimbriata. White. Summer. Northwest
A charming plant, with several slender stems, about a foot tall, springing from a large cluster of handsome, very smooth, glossy leaves. The flowers are about an inch across and have cream-white petal...
-Dotted Saxifrage. Leptasea Austromontana. (Saxifraga Bronchialis). White. Summer. Northwest
Pretty little plants, about six inches tall, forming matted clumps of stiff, rather dark green foliage, the twigs crowded with leathery, toothless leaves, bristly along the edges and tipped with a lit...
-Tufted Saxifrage. Muscaria Caespitosa (Saxifraga). White. Summer. Northwest, Etc
Pretty little plants, from two to six inches tall, with small leaves, with from three to five lobes or teeth, forming matted patches of pretty foliage, from which spring many slender, slightly hairy f...
-Woodland Star. Lithophragma Heterophylla. White. Spring, Summer. California
A little woodland plant, delicate and pretty, with a slender, hairy stem, from nine inches to two feet tall, springing from a pretty cluster of hairy leaves, variable in shape, but usually with three ...
-Youth-On-Age. Leptdxis Menzilsii (Tolmiea). Purplish. Summer. Wash., Oreg., Cal
The only kind, a perennial, over a foot tall, with a hairy stem bearing a graceful wand of small flowers, springing from a cluster of root-leaves, bright green and thin in texture, but roughish and sp...
-Alumroot. Heuchera Micrantha. Pink And White. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash
These feathery sprays are so airy and delicate that they might almost be made of mingled mist and moonshine, blown from the waterfalls they love to haunt, but are not so fragile as they look, for the ...
-Alumroot. Heuchera Rubescens. Pink And White. Summer. Southwest, Utah, Nev
This is not so tall and the leaves, with blunt teeth and sometimes slightly lobed, are smaller. In Utah they are dark green and shining on the upper side, smooth or slightly downy, with a bristle at t...
-Tall Swamp Saxifrage. Micranthes Oregana (Saxifraga). White. Summer. Northwest
This is conspicuous on account of its height, with a stout, stiff, leafless, hairy flower-stalk, three feet or more tall, springing from a loose rosette of smooth, thickish, bright-green leaves, not s...
-Saxifrage. Micranthes Rhomboidea (Saxifraga). White. Spring, Summer. Southwest, Idaho, Utah, Col
A little alpine plant, growing in moist soil, or on mossy rocks. The sticky-hairy flower-stem is from two to twelve inches tall, springing from a cluster of dull-green root-leaves, toothless, or tooth...
-Modesty. Whipplea Modesta. White. Spring. Wash., Oreg., Cal
The only kind, a pretty little under-shrub, with many woody stems, spreading and trailing on the ground, the branches clothed with more or less hairy leaves, with three veins, and bearing clusters of ...
-Bishop's Cap, Mitrewort. Mitella Ovdhs. White. Summer. Northwest And. Utah
An inconspicuous little plant, of mountain woods, with pretty leaves and tiny flowers. The slender, hairy, leafless stem, about ten inches tall, springs from a cluster of root-leaves, smooth on the up...
-Spatularia Brunoniana (Saxijraga Nulkana) (Saxifraga Bongardi). White. Summer. Northwest
A beautiful plant, with such slender stems and branches that, at a distance, the little white flowers look like specks of foam. The hairy, reddish stems, from a few inches to over a foot tall and very...
-Hydrangea Family. Hydrangeaceae
Shrubs or trees, with opposite leaves and no stipules. The flowers are in clusters and usually perfect, but sometimes those at the margins of the clusters are without pistils or stamens and larger tha...
-Fendlera Rupicola. White, Pink. Spring. Ariz., Utah, Nev
Among the many beautiful plants to be found in the Grand Canyon one of the most conspicuous is the Fendlera. It is a tall, handsome shrub, growing along the upper part of Bright Angel trail, and in Ma...
-Syringa. Philadelphus Californicus. White. Summer.CaL.Oreg., Wash
In June and July, in the high Sierras, up to an altitude of four thousand feet, this lovely shrub forms fragrant thickets of bloom. It looks very much like the familiar garden Syringa and the smell is...
-Small Syringa. Philadelphus Microphallus. White. Summer. Ariz., Cal., New Mex
A small shrub, not nearly so handsome as the last, from two to three feet high, with slender, pale-gray, woody stems, branching very abruptly. The small leaves are smooth and very bright green on the ...
-Gooseberry Family. Grossulariaceae
A small family, shrubs, with alternate, palmately-lobed leaves, often sticky or resinous; the flowers almost always in clusters; the pedicels with a bract at the base and usually with two bractlets ha...
-Wild Gooseberry. Grossularia Rotzli (Ribes). Maroon And White. Spring. California
This is a stout shrub, one to four feet high, with thick, short, rigid little branches, the knobby joints more or less spiny. The roundish leaves, less than an inch across, are lobed and scalloped, ra...
-Fuchsia-Flowered Gooseberry. Grossularia Speciosa. Red. Spring. California
In spite of its name, the flowers of this handsome shrub do not look as much like Fuchsias as the two last. The stems are armed with long thorns and the leaves are thick, dark green, and glossy. The f...
-Black Currant. Ribes Hudsonidnum. White. Spring, Summer. Utah, Wash., Idaho, Etc
Except that its foliage has a strong disagreeable smell, this is an attractive shrub, three to six feet high, with pale gray, woody stems, without thorns, and smooth, bright green leaves, five-lobed a...
-Sierra Currant. Ribes Nevadense. Pink. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash., Nev
A thrifty, mountain bush, from three to six feet high, the upper stems pale gray and the lower ones reddish; the leaves thin and smooth, prettily scalloped and lobed, often with a few white hairs at t...
-Golden, Missouri Or Buffalo Currant. Ribes Aureum. Yellow. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
A very handsome bush, from five to twelve feet high, with pretty foliage and smooth, pinkish-gray, woody stems. The bright green leaves, with three or five lobes, are thin in texture, with a few hairs...
-Apple Family. Pomaceae
A rather large family, widely distributed, including many attractive trees and shrubs, such as Mountain Ash and Hawthorn, as well as Pears and Apples, with pretty blossoms and conspicuous, often edibl...
-Service-Berry, June-Berry. Ameldnchier Aimfolia White. Spring, Summer West, Etc
A pretty shrub with woody, branching stems, reddish twigs and smooth, bright green leaves, sometimes downy on the under side, toothed only at the ends. The flowers, less than an inch across, have long...
-Plum Family. Drupaceae
A rather small family, widely distributed, trees or shrubs, the bark exuding gum, the foliage, bark, and seeds bitter, containing prussic acid; leaves alternate, toothed, with leaf-stalks; stipules sm...
-Holly-Leaved Cherry, Islay Prunusilicifolia. White. Summer. California
Mountain slopes near Santa Barbara are beautiful in June with the creamy flowers of this very ornamental evergreen shrub, from five to twenty-five feet high, with shiny, leathery, dark green leaves, w...
-Rose Family. Rosaceae
A large and important family, widely distributed and including some of our loveliest flowers and most delicious fruits; herbs, shrubs, or trees; generally with stipules and usually with alternate leav...
-Ninebark. Opulaster Malvaceus (Physocarpus). White. Summer. Northwest, Utah, Ariz
This is a handsome bush, from three to six feet high, with pretty, almost smooth, bright green leaves, with large stipules. The flowers are sweet-smelling, about half an inch across, with cream-white ...
-Apache Plume. Fallilgia Paradoxa. White. Spring. Ariz., New Mex
There are two kinds of Fallugia. This is usually a low undershrub, but in the Grand Canyon, on the plateau, it is a fine bush, four or five feet high, with pale woody, branching stems; the small, some...
-Fendler's Rose. Rosa Fendleri. Pink. Spring, Summer. Idaho, Utah, Ariz
This is a very handsome thrifty bush, about four feet high, with smooth, or slightly downy, bright green leaves, and thorny stems, with slightly curved thorns. The flowers are more or less fragrant an...
-California Wild Rose. Rosa Calif Ornica. Pink. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Cal., Oreg
A large bush, three to six feet high, with erect, branching stems, armed with a few, stout thorns, which turn back. The leaves are more or less downy, especially on the under side, with from three to ...
-Redwood Rose. Rosa Gymnochrpa. Pink. Spring, Summer. Northwest
A charming kind, delicate both in foliage and flower, usually growing in shady, mountain woods. The slender bush is from one to three feet high, with dark brown stems, armed with some straight, slende...
-Mountain Misery. Chamaebatia Foliolosa. White. Summer. California
This is the only kind. In open places, in the Sierra forests, the ground is often carpeted for acres with the feathery foliage of this charming shrub, sprinkled all over with pretty white flowers. Mou...
-Pussy-Tails. Stellariopsis Santolinoides (Ivesia). White. Summer. California
The leaves of this odd little plant look like catkins, or the sleek, gray tails of some little animal. They are cylindrical in form, three or four inches long, composed of many minute leaflets, crowde...
-Horkelia Fusca. White. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Nev
A rather attractive plant, for the foliage is pretty, though the flowers are not very conspicuous. The rather stout, roughish stem, often purplish, is from one to two feet tall and the leaves are rath...
-Cliff Rose. Cowdnia Slansburidna. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Southwest
There are several kinds of Cowania. Altitude and soil make a great difference in the beauty of this shrub. On the rocky rim of the Grand Canyon it is from four to eight feet high, picturesquely gna...
-Goat's Beard. Aruncus Sylvester (Spiraea Aruncus). White Summer Northwest, Etc
A pretty plant, from three to seven feet high, with somewhat branching stems and smooth leaves, thin in texture. The minute, cream-white flowers are crowded closely along the many sprays which make up...
-Chamise Greasewood. Adenostoma Fasciculatum. White. Spring. California
This is a very attractive shrub, from two to ten feet high, with long, slender branches, clothed with close bunches of leaves and bearing large clusters of tiny flowers, something like Spiraea. They h...
-Flat-Top Meadowsweet. Spiraea Corymbosa. White. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Etc
This is an attractive plant, from one to three feet tall, with slender, reddish-brown stems, with but few branches, and smooth, bright green leaves, paler on the under side. The small flowers are crea...
-Pyramid Bush. Spiraea Pyramidata (S. Betulaejolia In Part). Pink, White. Spring, Summer. Northwest
An attractive plant, but not so pretty as the last. It is about the same height, but more branching, with dark bluish-green leaves, somewhat pale on the under side. The flowers are white or pale pink,...
-Hardhack, Steeple-Bush. Spiraea Douglasii. Pink. Spring, Summer. Wash., Oreg., Cal
A handsome shrub, from three to five feet high, with rather coarse leaves, smooth, but with a dull surface, and pale with close down on the under side, and bearing many beautiful, compact spires of sm...
-Pern-Bush. Chamaebatiaria Millefolium (Spiraea). White. Summer. Arizona
A pretty and unusual-looking shrub, about three feet high, with reddish stems and shreddy bark, the downy leaves, pale yellowish-green in color, arranged at intervals along the branches in soft feathe...
-Coledgyne Ramosissima. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
The plateau in the Grand Canyon is covered for miles with this low shrub, which gives the landscape its characteristic pale desert coloring. The flowers, over half an inch across, with one or two pair...
-Silver-Weed. Argentina Ansertna (Potentilla). Yellow. Spring, Summer, Autumn. North America, Etc
This forms large straggling clumps of many, pale, downy stems, lying on the ground and rooting at the joints, like strawberry runners, with handsome foliage and pretty flowers. The leaves are rich gre...
-Alpine Avens. Dryas Octopetala. White. Summer. Northwest, Etc
This is a charming little plant, from two to five inches tall, forming low, matted clumps of many branching stems, lying on the ground and woody at the base, and many stiffish leaves, with prominent v...
-Arctic Cinquefoil. Potentilla Emarginata. Yellow. Summer. Northwest
A dear little plant, forming low tufts, two or three inches high, with thin, brownish stipules, bright green leaves, more or less hairy, and bright yellow flowers, deeper in color towards the center a...
-Silky Cinquefoil. Potentilla Pectinisecta. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Utah, Ariz., Wyo
The foliage of this plant is a lovely shade of silvery gray, which suits the yellow flowers. It has several stoutish, reddish, stems, a foot to a foot and a half tall, springing from clumps of leaves,...
-Shrubby Cinquefoil. Dasiphora Fruticosa (Potentilla). Yellow. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
This is the only kind of Dasiphora, a pretty shrub, very branching and leafy, one to four feet high, dotted all over with charming flowers. The bark is shreddy and the gray-green leaves are covered wi...
-Ocean Spray. Sericotheca Discolor (Spiraea) (Hnlodiscus). White. Summer. Northwest And Southwest
A handsome conspicuous shrub, from three to eight feet high, without stipules, with roughish, dull-green leaves, toothed or lobed, but not with leaflets, and pale and woolly on the under side. The tin...
-Salmon-Berry. Rilbus Spectabilis. Red. Summer. Northwest
A handsome bush, not at all trailing, from three to nine feet high, with dark-brown, prickly stems, fine foliage and flowers, and conspicuously beautiful fruit. The leaves are nearly smooth, with thre...
-Common Blackberry. Rubus Vitifolius White. Spring, Summer California, Etc
An evergreen bush, a few feet high and more or less erect; or the prickly stems trailing on the ground, or climbing over other shrubs, and sometimes eighteen feet long. The leaves are downy, or almost...
-Thimme-Berry. Riibus Parviflorus. White. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
In shady mountain woods we find this attractive plant, which is called Salmon-berry farther east. It also resembles the eastern Thimble-berry, but its flowers are prettier, for they are white instead ...
-Creeping. Raspberry. Rubus Pedatus. White. Summer. Northwest
A charming little vine, without prickles, the stems from one to three feet long and rooting at the joints, trailing over rocks and moss and creeping along the ground, ornamented with pretty leaves, wi...
-Wood Strawberry. Fragaria Bracteaia. White. Spring, Summer. West
A slender little plant, growing in light shade, in rich soil, along streams, in rocky woods and producing runners very freely. The stipules are papery and reddish, the thin, dull-green leaves are slig...
-Sand Strawberry. Fragaria Chiloensis. White. Spring, Summer. Wash., Oreg., Cal
A charming plant, a few inches tall, with thick, glossy, dark green leaves, paler and hairy on the under side, and pure-white flowers, with bright yellow centers. They are about an inch across and are...
-Pea Family. Fabaceae
A very large family, including many important plants, such as Clover, Alfalfa, Peas, and Beans; herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, distinguished principally by the flower and fruit, resembling the butte...
-Pretty Bird-Foot. Anisolotus Formosissimus (Lotus) (Hosackia). Pink And Yellow-Spring Wash., Oreg., Cal
A gay and charming kind, with smooth stems, spreading on the ground, light green leaves, with five or more leaflets, and flowers about half an inch long, with a golden-yellow standard, pink or magenta...
-Bird-Foot. Anisolotus Argyraeus (Lotus) (Hosackia). Yellow. Spring. California
A shrubby, branching plant, a foot and a half high, forming a pretty clump, two or three feet across, with downy, gray-green stems and foliage, sprinkled with clover-like heads of yellow flowers. The ...
-Anisolotus Strigosus (Lotus) (Hosackia). Yellow. Spring, Summer, Autumn. California
This is only a few inches high, with slender, slightly downy stems, branching and spreading, and bright green leaves, with seven or more, small, narrow leaflets, slightly thickish, with some minute, b...
-Bird-Foot. Anisoldtus Decumbent (Lotus) (Hosackia) Yellow Summer Northwest
An attractive little perennial, forming low clumps, harmonious in coloring, of pale gray-green, downy foliage, sprinkled with small clusters of charming little flowers, each less than half an inch lon...
-Deer-Weed Anisolbtus Glaber (Lotus) (Hosackia) Yellow And Orange All Seasons California
Though the flowers are small and the foliage scanty, the shaded effect of mingled yellow and orange of these plants is rather pretty, as we see them by the wayside, The many, long, smooth, reed-like s...
-Golden Pea. Buck-Bean. Thermopsis Montana. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Utah, Ariz
A very handsome, thrifty-looking plant, about two feet high, the smooth, bright green foliage contrasting finely with the clusters of clear yellow flowers, each about three-quarters of an inch long. T...
-Parosela Cali-fornica (Dalea). Blue. Spring. California
This little spiny desert shrub grows two or three feet high and is conspicuous on account of the odd contrast in color between its foliage and flowers. The woody stems and branches are very pale in co...
-Parosmia Emoryi (Dalea) Magenta Spring, Summer Southwest
A low, desert shrub, with slender, abruptly branching stems and small, soft, thickish leaves, usually with three leaflets, obscurely toothed, the stems and leaves all thickly covered with white down. ...
-Chaparral Pea. Xylothermia Montana (Pickeringia). Crimson. Spring, Summer. California
This is the only kind, an evergreen shrub, flourishing on dry hills in the Coast Ranges, with tough, crooked branches and stout spines, forming chaparral so dense that it is impossible to penetrate. I...
-River Lupine. Lupinus Rivularis. Blue And White And Purple. Summer. Northwest
A stately perennial, about three feet high, with stout, branching reddish, slightly downy stems, bearing several tall spires of flowers. The handsome leaves are bright green, smooth on the upper side,...
-Tree Lupine. Lupinus Arbdreus. Yellow. Spring. California
A conspicuous shrub, tour to eight feet high, with a thick trunk, gnarled and twisted below, with purplish, downy branches, silvery twigs and dull bluish-green leaves, downy on the under side, with ab...
-Parti-Colored Lupine. Lupinus Stiversii. Pink And Yellow. Summer. California
One of the prettiest and most conspicuous kinds, for its coloring is unusual, with branching, downy, leafy stems, about a foot high, thickish leaflets, pale bluish-green in color and rather hairy, and...
-Quaker Bonnets. Lupinus Laxiflorus. Blue. Spring, Summer. West
A handsome perennial, forming fine clumps on dry, gravelly hillsides, with several, slender, rather downy stems, from one to two feet tall, the leaflets six to nine in number, rather bluish-green, dow...
-Milk-White Lupine. Lupinus Lacteus. White. Spring. California
A handsome plant, with a very stout, branching stem and soft, bluish-green leaves, with silky hairs on the edges and under sides, forming a fine clump of foliage, from which the flower-stalks stand up...
-Narrow-Leaved Sweet Pea. Lathyrus Graminifdlius. Pink And Violet. Spring. Arizona
This has flowers resembling the cultivated Sweet Pea, but the whole effect is more airy and graceful. It is a loosely-trailing vine, with slender, angled stems, long, narrow leaflets, eight in number,...
-Utah Sweet Pea. Lathyrus Utahensis. Lilac. Spring, Summer. Utah, Col
A smooth, trailing perennial, very graceful, with beautifully tinted flowers and bright green foliage. The stipules are large, broad and leafy, and the leaflets are usually ten in number, veined and t...
-Pride Of California. Lathyrus Splendens. Crimson. Spring. California
This has such glorious flowers, so superb in color and form, that it is by far the handsomest of its kind and not to be mistaken for any other. The stout, smooth, stems are dark green, the stipules sm...
-Astragalus. Menziesii. White. Spring, Summer. California
A decorative plant, its pale flowers contrasting well with the dark foliage, with stout, branching stems, from two to three feet tall, hairy above, and many leaflets, dark-green on the upper side, hai...
-Pink Lady-Fingers, Sheep-Pod. Astragalus Utahensis. Pink. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Utah, Nev
A pretty plant, unusual in coloring, the short stems spreading on the ground and springing from a short, perennial root; the foliage all very pale bluish-gray, covered with silvery down, the thickish ...
-A Strdgalus Nothoxys. Purple. Spring. Arizona
A very slender plant, with trailing stems, one or two feet long, the leaflets odd in number and downy on the under side. The flowers are about half an inch long, with a whitish, downy calyx and a brig...
-Rattle-Weed, Loco-Weed. Astragalus Pomonensis. White. Spring. California
This is a straggling plant, a foot and a half tall, smooth all over, with stout stems and many bluish-green leaflets. The flowers are over half an inch long, with a very pale calyx and yellowish-white...
-Loco-Weed. Astragalus Macdougali. White, Lilac Spring Arizona
An attractive plant, about a foot high, with straggling, reddish stems and delicate foliage. The flowers are over half an inch long, with a hairy calyx and pale lilac and white corolla, and form prett...
-Hedysarum Pab'Dare. Pink. Spring, Summer. Utah
A very handsome and decorative plant, with large brilliant flower-clusters, contrasting well with the foliage and making spots of vivid color on dry plains and hillsides. It has many stems, springing ...
-Clover. Trifolium Tridentatum. Purple. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash
This is very common from the coast to the Sierra foothills, but there are many named varieties. It is smooth all over md grows from eight inches to two feet high, with spreading stems and narrow leafl...
-Sour Clover. Trifolium Fucalum. Cream-Color. Spring, Summer. Wash., Oreg., Cal
This has queer-looking flowers and is conspicuous on that account. The branching stems are a foot or more tall, the stipules are large, with papery margins, and the leaves are bright green, with a pal...
-Native California Tea. Psoralea Physodes. White. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash
This is a rather pleasing plant, for the foliage is pretty, though the flowers are too dull in color to be effective. It is almost smooth all over, a foot or more tall, with several spreading stems an...
-Scotch Broom. Cytisus Scopdrius. Yellow. Spring, Summer. West, Etc., Except Ariz
A handsome branching shrub, about five feet high, with almost smooth or quite hairy leaves, with three, toothless leaflets, and fine clusters of flowers, each an inch or more long, with a yellow two-l...
-Senna Family. Cassiaceae
A large family, most of them tropical; trees, shrubs, and herbs, with flowers more or less irregular in form, but not like the flowers of the true Pea, though sometimes resembling them; calyx usually ...
-Desert Senna, Golden Cassia. Cassia Armata Yellow Spring Southwest
The peculiar orange-yellow of these handsome flowers at once attracts our attention, for their tint is quite different from the greenish-yellow, which is so much more common. They grow in the desert, ...
-Mimosa Family. Mimosaceae
A large family, most of them tropical; herbs, shrubs, or trees; leaves alternate, generally compound, usually with two or three leaflets; flowers small, regular and perfect, in clusters; calyx with th...
-Fairy Dusters. Callidndra Eriophylla. Pink. Spring. Arizona
There are several kinds of Calliandra, low shrubs or herbs. An odd little shrub, pretty and very Japanese in character, about a foot tall, with a few, pale-gray, spreading branches and very scanty fol...
-Krameria Family. Krameriaceae
A small family, distributed from the southern United States to Chili; hairy herbs or low shrubs, without stipules; leaves alternate; two bracts on the flower-stalk; flowers purplish, irregular, perfec...
-Crimson-Beak. Krameria Grayi. Purplish-Pink. Spring. Arizona
A desert shrub, with a pleasant smell like balsam, two to four feet high, with gray, woody stems, abruptly branching, armed with long, brown and gray thorns, and clothed with very small, silvery-gray ...
-Caltrop Family. Zygophyllaceae
Not a large family, widely distributed in warm and tropical regions; ours are herbs or shrubs, with opposite or alternate, compound leaves, with stipules and toothless leaflets; flowers complete, usua...
-Creosote-Bush. Hediondilla. Covillea Glutinosa. (Larrea Mexicana). Yellow. All Seasons. Southwest
A graceful, evergreen shrub, common in arid regions and a characteristic feature of the desert landscape, filling the air with its very strong, peculiar odor. It is from three to ten feet high, with m...
-Flax Family. Linaceae
A small family, widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions. Ours are smooth herbs, with loosely clustered, complete flowers, having five sepals; five petals, alternating with the sepals; fiv...
-Blue Flax. Linum Lewisii. Blue. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
An attractive plant, from one to two feet tall, with several, erect stems, springing from a woody, perennial root, with numerous, small, narrow, bluish-green leaves and loose clusters of pretty flower...
-Wood-Sorrel Family. Oxalidaceae
Not a large family, mostly tropical. Ours are low herbs, with sour juice, often with rootstocks or scaly bulbs; leaves with three or several leaflets; flowers perfect; sepals five, often unequal; peta...
-Yellow Wood-Sorrel. Oxalis Corniculata. Yellow. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Southwest
A pretty little plant, a few inches tall, more or less downy all over, with very slender, reddish, branching stems and light green leaves, about an inch across and thin in texture. The flowers are ove...
-Redwood Sorrel. Oxalis Oregana. White, Pink. Spring. Cal., Oreg., Wash
One of the most attractive of our woodland plants. The succulent, hairy, reddish flower-stalks, about six inches tall, with two small bracts near the top, spring from a clump of root-leaves. The large...
-Geranium Family. Geraniaceae
Not a large family, herbs, of temperate regions; leaves lobed or compound, usually with stipules; flowers perfect; sepals and petals usually five and stamens five or ten; ovary superior; fruit a capsu...
-Wild Geranium. Geranium Incisum. Pink. Spring, Summer. West
In the Sierra woods, and along Yosemite roadsides, in summer we see the purplish-pink blossoms and nodding buds of this attractive plant, resembling the Wild Geranium of the East, growing from thick, ...
-Wild Geranium. Geranium Fremontii. Pink. Spring, Summer. Southwest, And Utah, Ida., Col., New Mex
This has similar flowers, but is a finer plant, forming large, thrifty-looking clumps, one or two feet across, of slightly thickish leaves, dark green on the upper side and paler, with prominent veins...
-Long-Stalked Crane's-Bill. Geranium Columblnum. Purple. Spring, Summer. California, Etc
A slender plant, about a foot tall, with pinkish, hairy stems and pretty leaves, thin in texture, with a dull surface; the seed-vessels erect, with bristly beaks. The flowers grow in pairs and are les...
-Red-Stem Filaree. Erodium Cicutarium. Pink. All Seasons. West, Etc
Though not native, this is the commonest kind, in the interior and semi-arid regions, and most valued for forage. When young it forms rosettes close to the ground, but grows taller and more straggling...
-Milkwort Family. Polygalaceae
Not a very large family, widely distributed; ours are herbs, sometimes shrubby, with no stipules; flowers perfect, irregular, resembling those of the Pea Family, but not like them in structure; sepals...
-California. Milkwort. Polygala Californica. Pink. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg
A rather attractive little plant, three to eight inches tall, with smooth leaves and many slender, smooth, woody, stems, springing from slender rootstocks. The purplish-pink flowers become deeper in c...
-Meadow Foam Family. Limnanthaceae
A very small family, all North American, included in the Geranium Family by some botanists; smooth herbs, of wet places, with bitter juice; leaves alternate, lobed and cut, without stipules; flowers p...
-Meadow Foam. Floerkea Douglasii (Limnanthes). White, Yellow. Spring. Cal., Oreg
A charming plant, often covering the meadows with drifts of creamy bloom. The stems are smooth, succulent, brittle and branching, from six to twelve inches tall; the delicate flowers over an inch acro...
-Buckeye Family. Hippocastanaceae
A small family, widely distributed; trees or shrubs, with opposite, compound leaves, no stipules and terminal clusters of irregular flowers, some perfect and some with only pistils or only stamens; th...
-California. Buckeye. Aesculus Californica. White. Spring, Summer. California
One of our handsomest western shrubs, usually from ten to fifteen feet tall, with gray bark, and dark bluish-green foliage, the leaflets from five to seven in number, glossy on the upper side, pale an...
-Buckthorn Family. Rhamnoceoe
A large family; shrubs, or small trees, of temperate and warm regions, some with bitter, astringent properties, often thorny; leaves mostly alternate; stipules minute; flowers often in showy clusters,...
-Squaw Carpets, Mahala Mats. Ceanothus Prostratus. Blue. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg
This decorative shrub is common in the Sierras and carpets the forest floor with a rich green, leafy mat, sprinkled with small, feathery clusters of blue flowers. The trailing stems are clothed with l...
-Snow Brush, Mountain Lilac. Ceanothus Velutinus White. West, Except Ariz
A fine shrub, two to twelve feet high, with stout trunk and branches, easily recognized by its leaves, which are rich green, thick and resinous, shiny as if varnished on the upper side and sometimes r...
-Deer-Brush, Mountain Lilac. Ceandlhus Integerrimus. White, Blue. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash., Ariz
A graceful shrub, or small tree, six to fifteen feet tall, the slender trunk and branches covered with dull yellowish-green bark and the bright green foliage setting off the feathery flower clusters, ...
-Blue Mountain Lilac. Ceanothus Parvifolius. Blue. Summer. California
An attractive mountain shrub, growing in Ycsemite, and elsewhere in the Sierra Nevada Mountains at similar altitudes, low and spreading, about three feet high, with smooth, pale green branches and sma...
-Mallow Family. Malvaceae
A large family, widely distributed; mostly herbs, with mucilaginous juice and tough, fibrous bark; leaves alternate, mostly palmately-veined and lobed, with stipules; flowers regular, perfect, or the ...
-Arizona Wild Cotton. Thurberia Thespesioides (Ingenhouzia Tr.loba). White. Summer. Arizona
The only kind, a fine shrub, from four to eight feet high, with smooth leaves, most of them with three lobes, and handsome cream-white flowers, tinged with pink on the outside and measuring two inches...
-Rose Mallow. Sidalcea Californica. Pink. Spring. California
This has velvety leaves, those from the root much less deeply lobed than the others, and a slender, slightly hairy stalk, one to two feet tall, leaning to one side and bearing a loose raceme of rose-p...
-Oregon Mallow. Sidalcea Oregana. Pink. Summer, Autumn. Northwest
A pretty plant, with one or more smooth, pale, branching stems, about two feet tall, and dark green leaves, with conspicuous veins. The buds are downy and the flowers are about three-quarters of an in...
-Checker-Bloom. Siddlcea Malvaefldra. Pink. Spring. California
A pretty perennial, with several leaning, hairy stems, one or two feet tall, and dark green leaves. Some plants have perfect flowers, an inch or more across, often very pale pink, and others have only...
-Mallow Sidalcea Neo-Mexicana Pink Summer Ariz., Utah, New Mex., Col., Wyo
This is from one to three feet tall, with smooth, rather dark green leaves and very pretty, pale purplish-pink flowers with pale-yellow anthers and pinkish pistil. This grows in the mountains. Ther...
-Spotted Mallow. Malvastrum Rotundifolium. Pink. Spring. Southwest
A very pretty desert plant, from six to eight inches tall, the coloring of the flowers, stems, and leaves vivid and oddly contrasting, for the stems are bright red and hairy, and the leaves stiff, hai...
-False Mallow. Malvastrum Thurberi. Pink. Spring, Summer. California
A handsome shrub, from five to ten feet high, woody below, with long, slender, wandlike branches and thick, very downy, light bluish-green leaves. The pretty lilac-pink flowers are from one to nearly ...
-Tree Mallow. Lavaiera Assurgentiflora. Pink. Spring. California
This was planted in the mission gardens by the Fathers and is now common around San Francisco. It is a branching shrub, from six to fifteen feet high, with a twisted, gray trunk and large handsome lea...
-Scarlet Mallow. Sphaeralcea Pedata. Red. Spring. Southwest
These graceful wands of brilliant bloom are very common in spring in Arizona. The flowers are over an inch across, vivid yet delicate in color, shading from luminous scarlet to clear pale-orange. The ...
-St. John's-Wort Family. Hypericaceae
Not a large family, mostly natives of temperate and warm regions. Ours are herbs, sometimes shrubby, without stipules, with opposite, toothless leaves, with clear or black dots; the flowers regular an...
-St. John's-Wort. Hypericum Concinnum. Yellow. Summer. California
This has very pretty flowers and grows from three to eighteen inches tall, with smooth stems, branching and woody at base, and smooth, rather bluish-green leaves, usually folded, not clasping at base,...
-St. John's-Wort. Hypericum Formosum Var. Scouleri. Yellow. Summer. West
A pretty plant, from six inches to three feet tall, with a stiff stem, often branching towards the top, and rather dull green leaves, blunt, oblong and clasping at base, about an inch long, thin in te...
-Creeping St. John's-Wort. Hypericum Anagalloides. Orange. Summer. Northwest
An attractive little plant, only a few inches tall, with many weak, slender, branching stems, spreading on the ground and rooting at the joints, and small, smooth, light yellowish-green leaves, often ...
-Fouquiera Family. Fouguieriaceoe
A very small family, with one genus and only a few species; natives of the Southwest and Mexico; the flowers are brilliant red, in terminal clusters; the sepals five, not united; the petals five, unit...
-Flaming Sword, Ocotillo, Candle Flower. Fouquiera Splendens. Red. Spring. Ariz., Cal., New Mex
A magnificent desert shrub, when in full bloom, but strangely forbidding in aspect in spite of its beauty. Its many stiff stems, from six to twenty feet tall, entirely without branches, stand up stiff...
-Violet Family. Violaceae
A rather large family, widely distributed, but we have only three genera, the principal one being Viola, which is the ancient Latin name, used by Virgil. There are many kinds of Viola, widely distr...
-Pine Violet. Viola Lobata. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg
A pretty plant, growing in the woods with leafy stems, from four to fourteer inches high, with leafy stipules and smooth, rather light green leaves, deeply lobed, so that they look unlike most Violel ...
-Western Heartsease. Viola Ocellata. White And Yellow. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg
A shy little woodland plant, from five to twelve inches tall, with creeping root-stocks and small, dry stipules. The flowers are an inch or less across, the two upper petals white, tinged with reddish...
-Yellow Mountain Violet. Viola Venbsa. Yellow. Spring. Northwest And Utah
An attractive kind, usually about three inches tall, with almost smooth leaves, often with purplish veins, with blunt tips and margins obscurely or coarsely toothed, or almost toothless, and with long...
-Canada Violet. Viola Canadensis. Pale-Violet, White. Spring, Summer. West, Etc., Except Cal
This is quite tall, the slender, rather weak stems being sometimes over a foot high, with smooth leaves, often with some hairs on the veins of the under side. The flowers, over half an inch across, wi...
-Pale Mountain Violet. Viola Adiinca Var. Glabra. Pale-Blue. Spring, Summer. Utah
This is small and low, about three inches high, with leafy stems, forming a clump of small, smooth, more or less toothed leaves, with blunt tips, dark green on the upper side and paler on the under, w...
-Blue Violet. Viola Adunca Var. Longipes. Blue, Purple. Spring. Cal., Oreg
A pretty plant, two to four inches high, with slightly hairy leaves and flowers nearly an inch long, with bright purplish-blue or violet petals, more or less veined with purple, the side petals hairy ...
-Johnny Jump-Up, Yellow Pansy. Viola Pedunculata. Yellow. Spring. California
Charming flowers, often growing in quantities on open hillsides. The leafy stems are from two to six inches high, the leaves rather dark green and the scentless flowers, about an inch across, have bri...
-Loasa Family. Loasaceae
Not a very large family, all but one natives of America; herbs, armed with hooked, stinging or sticky hairs; without stipules; the flowers perfect, with five sepals and five to ten petals; the stamens...
-Blazing Star. Mentzelia Laevicaulis. Yellow. Summer, Autumn. West, Except Wash, And Ariz
A stout, branching biennial, two to over three feet tall, with shining white stems, almost smooth, long, rather narrow, wavy-toothed leaves and enormous flowers, in clusters of two or three at the end...
-Evening Star. Mentzelia Lindleyi. Yellow. Summer. California
A more slender plant than the last, with magnificent flowers, two and a half inches across, which open in the evening and remain open during the following morning. They have five, broad petals, with p...
-Mentzelia Multiflora. Yellow. Spring. Southwest, Utah, Etc
An odd-looking plant, with very pale, straggling stems and thickish leaves, a pretty shade of pale green, all exceedingly disagreeable to touch. The buds are tipped with salmon-color and the flowers a...
-Mentzelia Gracilenla. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
This has several pale greenish or pinkish stems, from a few inches to a foot and a half tall, which look smooth but are very harsh to the touch, springing from a cluster of stiff, harsh, dull-green le...
-Rock-Rose Family. Cistaceae
A rather large family, mostly of the Mediterranean region; herbs or low shrubs; flowers regular, perfect, all the parts borne on the receptacle; sepals five, the two outer ones smaller and bract-like,...
-Rock-Rose. Helianthemum Scophrium. Yellow. Spring. California
A pretty plant, with many, slender stems and narrow, yellowish-green leaves, forming clumps from one to two feet high. The flowers are half an inch to three-quarters of an inch across, the buds and ca...
-Cactus Family. Cacta-Eac
A large family, nearly all natives of America and of dry or desert places, with strange characteristics, which make them easily recognized as a whole, but many of the individuals have not yet been stu...
-Barrel Cactus, Bisnaga. Echinocdctus Wislizeni. Yellow, Reddish. Summer. Southwest
A common and useful kind, the shape and often the size of a barrel, covered with spines. The Indians cut off the top of the plant and pound the pulp with a stick into a soft mass, which they squeeze w...
-Hedgehog Cactus. Echinocereus Poly Acanthus. Red. Spring. Ariz., New Mex. Tex
This forms a clump of several stems, each about the shape and size of a cucumber, and armed with bunches of long, stiff spines. The flowers are two or three inches long, with deep red petals, dull pin...
-Opuntia Acanthochrpa. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
From three to six feet tall, resembling Cholla, with long, cylindrical joints and whitish spines. The pretty flowers are about two inches long, with orange-yellow petals and an ivory-white pistil. The...
-Cholla. Opuntia Fulgida. Red. Spring, Summer. Arizona
A horrible shrub, or dwarf tree, four to six feet high, with a thick trunk and several, spreading, contorted branches, with cylindrical joints, twisting in awkward ways. The trunk and larger limbs are...
-Prickly Pear. Opuntia Basilaris. Pink. Spring. Arizona
Low plants, with no main stem, with spreading, flattened branches, the joints of which are flat disks, resembling fleshy, bluish-green leaves. These disks are half an inch to an inch thick and six inc...
-Common Prickly. Pear. Opuntia. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Southwest
There are fifty or more common kinds of Prickly Pear, many of them as yet un-described and little known. They have flattened joints and yellow flowers, like the one illustrated, which is typical, ofte...
-Pincushion Cactus. Cactus Grahami (Mamillaria). Pink. Spring. Arizona
A quaint little plant, often no bigger than a billiard ball, with long, blackish, hooklike spines, projecting from stars of smaller spines. The flowers are pink and the berries are smooth, fleshy fing...
-Column Cactus, Sahuaro. Cereus Gigantius. White. Spri.ig, Summer. Arizona
These tree-like plants are wonderfully dignified and solemn in aspect, with none of the grotesque or ferocious effect so common among their relations. They grow in numbers on the mountain slopes aroun...
-Evening Primrose Family. Onagraceae
A large family, widely distributed, most abundant in America; herbs, with no stipules; flowers usually perfect, their parts usually in fours; calyx-tube attached to the usually four-celled, inferior o...
-Eulobus Californicus. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
This is the only kind of Eulobus. It would be a pretty plant, if more flowers were out at one time and if they did not close so soon. The smooth, hollow, loosely-branching stem is from one to three fe...
-Fire-Weed, Great Willow-Herb. Chamaenerion Angustifolium (Epilobium). Purple, Pink. Summer. Across The Continent
A striking and decorative perennial, from two to six feet tall, with alternate leaves, pale on the under side, the veins making a scalloped border near the margin, the upper leaves and stems sometimes...
-Water Willow-Herb. Chamaenerion Latifolium (Epilobium). Magenta. Summer. Northwest
This grows in wet places; the flowers are larger and handsomer than the last, but it is not so tall. The stems are stout, reddish, and branching, from six to eighteen inches high, both stem and leaves...
-Willow Herb. Epilobium. Francischnum. Pink. Spring. Northwest
A perennial, not especially pretty, with a stout, reddish stem, from one to three feet tall, slightly downy above, and dull green leaves, mostly smooth and the lower ones opposite. The flowers are les...
-Gayophytum Eriospermum. White Summer Cal., Oreg
A delicate little plant, with smooth, purplish stems, exceedingly slender branches, dull green leaves, and pretty little flowers, an eighth of an inch to half an inch across, white, with a little yell...
-Farewell-To-Spring. Godetia Deflexa. Pink. Summer. California
A branching plant, woody at base, two feet high, with smooth stems; smooth, toothed leaves; nodding buds and large handsome flowers. The petals are pale-pink, about an inch long, the pistil pink, and ...
-Farewell-To-Spring. Godetia Quadrivulnera. Pink, Lilac. Spring, Summer. Northwest
This is common in the foothills of the Sierras and Coast Ranges and has a slender stem, about a foot tall, with more or less downy leaves, sometimes slightly toothed, and a few very pretty flowers abo...
-Godetia Goddardii Var. Capitata. Pink. Spring, Summer. California
From one to two feet tall, with a rather stout, more or less branching stem and soft, rather downy, dull green leaves. The flowers are about an inch across, with purplish-pink petals, often stained wi...
-Godetia Viminea. Purplish-Pink. Summer. Northwest
A handsome plant, with nearly smooth, slender, reddish stems, a few inches to two feet tall, and smooth, pale-green, toothless, narrow leaves, mostly without leaf-stalks. The buds are erect and the fl...
-Clarkia. Clarkia Elegans. Pink. Spring, Summer. California
A conspicuous plant, on account of the oddly contrasting colors of the flowers, and very variable both in size and smoothness. It grows from six inches to six feet high; the stems more or less branchi...
-Clarkia. Clarkia Rhomboidea. Purple. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Nev., Utah
Pretty and delicate and not nearly so conspicuous as the last, with a slender, smooth, branching stem, one to three feet tall, with smooth leaves, mostly alternate, nodding buds, and a few pretty flow...
-Pink Fairies. Clarkia Pulchtlla. Pink. Summer. Northwest
Odd and exceedingly charming flowers, with very slender, very slightly downy, purplish, branching stems, from six inches to a foot tall, and smooth leaves. The flowers are fantastic in form, the airie...
-Evening Primrose. Sphaerostigma Bistorta (Oenothera). Yellow. Spring. California
A common kind, very variable in its manner of growth, being tall and erect in moist, shady places and spreading flat on the ground in dry, sunny spots. The leaves are dull green, more or less downy an...
-Sphaerostigma Veitchifrnum. (Oenothera). Yellow. Spring. California
Much like the last, but the flowers are only a little over a quarter of an inch across. The pods are dark red and shiny, with a few hairs. S. Veitchianum. ...
-Beach Primrose. Sphaerostigma Viridescens (Oenothera Cheiranthifolia Var. Suffriticosa). Yellow. All Seasons. California
A beautiful seashore plant, forming large, low clumps of reclining stems and pale gray, downy foliage, the twigs and younger leaves silvery-white. The flowers are about an inch and a quarter across, c...
-Sphaerostigma Torluosa. (Oenothera) White. Spring. Nevada
A queer little, stunted-looking, desert plant, with almost no stem, but with several branches, spreading flat on the ground, stiff, smooth and purplish, with crowded clusters of flowers, leaves, and p...
-Chylisma Chylisma Scapoidea Var. Clavaejormis Oenothera). White. Spring. Ariz., Utah
A charming desert plant, from a few inches to a foot tall, with one or more, pinkish, smooth, rather leafy stems, springing from a pretty clump of smooth, bluish-green leaves. The delicate flowers are...
-White Evening Primrose. Pachylophus Marginatus (Oenothera). White. Summer. Ariz., Utah, Nev., Col
This has a few large flowers, three inches or more across, with pure-white diaphanous petals, fading to pink, and pink calyx-lobes. The buds are erect, hairy and pink, and the flowers spring from a cl...
-Prairie Evening Primrose. Anogra Albicaulis. (Oenothera). White. Spring, Summer. Southwest, Etc
A conspicuous kind, often growing in large patches, with whitish, downy, branching stems, from a few inches to a foot tall, often with shreddy bark, and downy, pale bluish-green leaves, more or less t...
-Cut-Leaved Evening Primrose. Anogra Coronopifolia (Oenothera). White. Summer, Autumn Ariz., Utah, Etc
A pretty plant, with an erect, leafy stem, six inches to two feet tall, springing from running rootstocks, and pale green, more or less downy, leaves, finely cut into numerous, small, narrow lobes, so...
-Evening Primrose. Onagra Hookeri (Oenothera). Yellow. Summer. West
A fine biennial, with stout, leafy stems, from three to six feet high, bearing splendid flowers, over three inches across, with clear yellow petals, fading to pink, and reddish calyx-lobes. The leaves...
-Sun-Cups. Lavauxia Pritni-Veris (Oenothera). Yellow. Spring. Arizona
An attractive little plant, in the desert, with no stem, the flowers with long, slender calyx-tubes, resembling stems, springing from a clump of rather downy root-leaves. The buds are hairy and the fl...
-Parsley Family. Umbelliferae
A large family, widely distributed, not abundant in the tropics; usually strong-smelling herbs, remarkable for their aromatic oil, mostly with hollow, grooved stems; leaves alternate, compound, genera...
-Peucedanum. Euryplera. Yellow. Spring. California
A fine robust plant, a foot or more tall, with stout, purplish stems and smooth, crisp leaves, the lower ones with three leaflets, the upper with five, and the teeth tipped with bristles. The flowers ...
-Turkey Peas. Orogenia Linearifolia. White. Spring. Northwest And Utah
A quaint little plant, only about three inches high, with a tuberous root, spreading, slanting stems, and smooth leaves, all from the root, with three, long, narrow leaflets; a reddish, stiff, papery ...
-Pteyrxia Californica. (Cymopterus) Yellow. Summer. Cal., Oreg
Over a foot tall, with very pretty, dark green foliage and rather ugly, dull yellow flowers, in flat-topped clusters, three inches across. The leaves are in a cluster at the root, with long leaf-stalk...
-Whisk-Broom Parsley. Cogswellia Platy-Carpa (Peuce-Danum Simplex). Yellow. Spring. Northwest And Utah
An odd-looking plant, for the foliage looks like pieces of a whisk-broom stuck in the ground. It is six to fourteen inches tall, with a thickish root and minute, sulphur-yellow flowers, forming a flat...
-Leptotaenia Multifida (Ferula). Yellowish-Green Spring, Summer Northwest, Nev., Utah, New Mex
A fine, stout plant, about two feet tall, with a thick, spindle-shaped root and dark, rich-green, feathery foliage; the large leaves, over a foot long, appearing smooth but really imperceptibly downy,...
-Velaea Argiita Yellow Spring California
This has a stout, brownish stem, about eight inches tall, and fine, conspicuous foliage, mostly in a clump at the base, the leaves rich-green and very glossy, stiff and crisp in texture, though not th...
-Purple Sanicle, Nigger-Babies. Sanicula Bipinnatifida. Purplish. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg
This has branching, purplish stems, from six inches to three feet tall, and handsome foliage. The flowers are maroon-color and are crowded into balls, less than half an inch across, forming a loose, i...
-Eulopkus Bolanderi White Summer Northwest
This has a smooth, stiff stem, one to two feet tall, the leaves cut into long, narrow divisions, and the flowers very small, cream-white or pinkish, forming a flat-topped cluster, about two inches acr...
-Indian Parsnip. Aulospermum Longipes (Cymoplerus). Yellow. Spring. Utah, Col., Wyo
Decorative in form and color and unusual looking, with smooth, pale bluish-green foliage, with a bloom, the leaves prettily cut and lobed, with pinkish leafstalks, forming, when young, a large roset...
-Dogwood Family. Cornaceae
Not a very large family, most abundant in the northern hemisphere, mostly trees or shrubs. They have simple, mostly toothless leaves, without stipules, usually opposite or in whorls. The flowers are i...
-Pacific Dogwood. Cornus Nuttallii. White. Spring, Summer. Oreg., Wash., Cal
A handsome shrub or small tree, from ten to thirty feet high and growing in rich woods, often near streams. The flower clusters are composed of numerous, small, greenish flowers, forming a large, prot...
-Red-Osier Dogwood. Cornus Stolonifera Var. Riparia. White. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Utah, Ariz., New Mex., Col
A handsome shrub, five to eight feet high, with smooth, dark red branches and bright red twigs. The leaves- are thin in texture, smooth and rich-green on the upper side, paler on the under, and the sm...
-Bunchberry. Cornus Canadensis. White. Summer. West, Except Ariz
A charming little plant, about six inches high, growing in moist, cool woods and common in the East. The slender stem, with one or two pairs of small leaves, springs from creeping, woody shoots and is...
-Heath Family. Ericaceae
A large and interesting family, of very wide geographic distribution, in temperate and cold regions; herbs, shrubs, or trees; the leaves undivided, without stipules; the flowers mostly perfect; the ca...
-Western Winter-Green. Gaultheria Ovatifolia. White. Summer. Northwest
A pretty little shrub, growing in mountain woods, a few inches high, with woody stems, spreading on the ground, and glossy foliage, almost hiding the flowers. The twigs are fuzzy and the leaves are da...
-Salal, Shallon. Gaultheria Shallon White, Pink Spring, Summer Northwest
An attractive little shrub, usually from one to three feet high, with handsome foliage. The leaves are finely toothed, dark olive-green, leathery and rather glossy, pale on the tinder side, and the wa...
-Western Azalea. Azalea Occiden-Lalis (Rhododendron) White Summer Cal., Or Eg
One of the most beautiful western shrubs, from two to ten feet high, loosely branching, with splendid clusters of flowers and rich-green leaves, almost smooth, from one to four inches long, with a sma...
-California Rose Bay. Rhododendron Californicum. Pink. Spring, Summer. Northwest
A magnificent shrub, the handsomest in the West, from three to fifteen feet high, with a grayish trunk and fine, evergreen foliage. The leaves are from three to ten inches long, rich-green and leather...
-Green Manzanita. Arclostdphylos Patula. Pink. Winter, Spring. California
A decorative shrub, from four to six feet high, with spreading branches. The leaves are from one to two inches long, smooth, pale green, and leathery and the flowers are waxy, a quarter of an inch or ...
-Manzanita. Arclostdphylos Bicolor. Pink. Spring. California
A handsome shrub, three or four feet high, with rich-green leaves, very glossy on the upper side and covered with close white down on the under. The waxy flowers are a lovely shade of pink and the pre...
-Kinnikinic. Red Bearberry. Arclostdphylos Uva-Ursi. White. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
An attractive little shrub, with many trailing branches, creeping over the ground and often covering the rocks with a beautiful mat of evergreen foliage. The leaves are small, toothless, shining and l...
-California Huckleberry. Vaccinium Ovatum. White, Pink Spring, Summer Cal., Oreg
An attractive shrub, from four to eight feet high, with beautiful, glossy, evergreen foliage, which is very ornamental and much used in household decoration. The older leaves are rich dark green, cont...
-Small Azalea. Azaleastrum Albiflorum (Rhododendron). White. Summer. Northwest
An attractive shrub, from two to six feet high and loosely branching, with grayish-brown bark and rich-green leaves, glossy, but not stiff or leathery. The flowers are about an inch across, with a sti...
-Swamp Laurel. Kalmia Micro-Pkylla(K. Glauca Var. Microphylla). Pink. Summer. Northwest, Etc
A very pretty little evergreen shrub, from a few inches to over a foot high, with glossy, leathery, rich-green leaves, whitish on the under side, with the margins rolled back. The flowers are single o...
-Fool's Huckleberry. Menziesia Urcelolaria (M. Ferruginea). Yellowish, Reddish. Summer. Northwest
A rather attractive little bush, from two to six feet high, with light brown bark, hairy twigs and slightly hairy leaves, with hairy margins. The flowers are less than half an inch long, with a hairy ...
-Woolly Labrador Tea. Ledum Groenlandicum. White. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Etc
A loosely-branching, evergreen shrub, from one to four feet high. The bark is reddish and the twigs are covered with reddish wool, the color of iron rust, and the leathery, dark green leaves, which ar...
-Red Heather. Phyllodoce Breweri (Bryanthus). Pink. Summer. Northwest
A charming little shrub, from six to ten inches tall, with gay flowers and dark yellowish-green leaves, standing out stiffly from the stem, like the bristles of a bottle-brush. The flowers are sweet-s...
-Red Heather. Phyllodoce Empelriformis (Bryanthus). Pink. Summer. Northwest
Much like the last, but the nodding flowers are smaller and not quite so pretty, with bell-shaped corollas and the stamens not protruding. It forms beautiful patches of bright purplish-pink color on m...
-Yellow Heather. Phyllodoce Glanduliflora (Bryanthus). Yellowish. Summer. Northwest
This makes heather-like patches on rocks and has many rough, woody stems, crowded with yellowish-green leaves, shorter and broader than those of Red Heather. The drooping flowers are about three-eight...
-White Heather. Cassiope Mertensiana. White. Summer. Northwest
This makes thick patches of many woody stems, a few inches high, the twigs thickly clothed with odd-looking, small, dark green leaves, overlapping like scales and ridged on the back. The single flower...
-Wintergreen Family. Pyrolaceae
A small family, natives of the northern hemisphere; low, generally evergreen, perennials, with branched rootstocks; leaves with leaf-stalks; flowers perfect, nearly regular, white or pink; calyx with ...
-Single Beauty. Moneses Uniflora. White Summer Northwest, Etc
The only kind, much like Chimaphila, a charming little perennial, with a single flower-stalk, from two to six inches tall, springing from a cluster of glossy, bright green leaves, with toothed edges, ...
-Pyrola. Pyrola Bracteata. Pink. Summer. California
One of our most attractive woodland plants, from six to twenty inches tall, with handsome, glossy, rather leathery, slightly scalloped leaves. The buds are deep reddish-pink and the flowers are half a...
-Pipsissewa. Chimaphila Menziesii. White. Summer. Northwest And California
A very attractive little evergreen plant, three to six inches high, with dark green, glossy, leathery, toothed, leaves, sometimes mottled with white, and one to three, pretty flowers, about three-quar...
-Indian Pipe Family. Monotropaceae
A small family, mostly North American; saprophytes, (plants growing on decaying vegetable matter,) without leaves; flowers perfect; calyx two- to six-parted; corolla united or not, with three to six ...
-Snow-Plant. Sarcodes Sanguinea. Red. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg., Nev
The only kind, a strange plant, widely celebrated for its peculiar beauty. The name is misleading, for the splendid creatures push their way, not through the snow, but through the dark forest carpet o...
-Indian Pipe. Monotropa Uniflora White Summer West, Etc
The only American kind, an odd plant, all translucent white, beautiful but unnatural, glimmering in the dark heart of the forest like a pallid ghost, mournfully changing to gray and black as it fades....
-Pine-Sap. Hypopitys Hypopitys (Monotropa). Flesh-Color. Summer. West, Etc
There are two kinds of Hypopitys. This is much like the last, but not so pallid, with several stout stems, about eight inches tall, bearing a long one-sided cluster of flowers, sometimes slightly frag...
-Pine-Drops. Plerospora Andromedea. White. Summer. Across The Continent
The only kind, found only in North America, a strange plant, harmonious in color, with a fleshy, brownish or reddish stem, from one to four feet tall, with yellowish bracts and covered with sticky hai...
-Flowering-Fungus. Pleuricospora Fimbriolata. Flesh-Color. Summer. California
There are two kinds of Pleuricospora; this is from three to eight inches tall, with flowers half an inch long, deliciously fragrant, with four or five, scale-like, fringed sepals, four or five, separa...
-Primrose Family. Primulaceae
A rather large family, widely distributed; herbs; leaves undivided; flowers perfect, regular, parts usually in fives, corolla mostly with united petals, stamens on the base or tube of the corolla, opp...
-Scarlet Pimpernel. Poor-Man's Weather-Glass. Anagallis Arvensis. Red. Summer. West, Etc
A little weed, common in gardens and waste places, with smooth, four-sided, stems, branching and half trailing on the ground, smooth, toothless, bright green leaves and charming little flowers, a quar...
-Star-Flower. Trientalis Latifolia. White, Pink. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Cal., Nev
A little woodland plant, with a slender stem, from three to six inches tall, bearing at the top a circle of from four to six, smooth, bright green leaves and one or two, threadlike flower-stalks, each...
-Large Shooting-Star. Dodecatheon Jeffreyi. Pink. Summer. Cal., Oreg
A very decorative plant, with a smooth, stout, reddish stem, five to eighteen inches tall, very slightly hairy towards the top, springing from a cluster of root-leaves, five to eighteen inches long, s...
-Shooting-Star. Dodecdlheon Clevelandi. White. Spring. California
Not so handsome as the last, but very attractive, with a slightly roughish stem, twelve to sixteen inches tall, bearing a fine crown of flowers and springing from a cluster of smooth, slightly thickis...
-Small Shooting-Star. Dodecdlheon Pauciflbrum Pink. Spring, Summer West
A charming little plant, growing in wet, rich mountain meadows, with a smooth reddish stem, about eight inches tall, bearing a bracted cluster of several delicate flowers, and springing from a loose c...
-Olive Family. Oleaceae
A rather large family, widely distributed, including Olive, Lilac, and Privet; trees and shrubs; leaves mostly opposite; without stipules; flowers perfect or imperfect, with two to four divisions, cal...
-Flowering Ash, Fringe-Bush. Fraxinus Macropetala. White. Spring. Arizona
An odd and beautiful shrub, growing on Bright Angel trail, in the Grand Canyon, about as large as a lilac bush, with smooth, bright-green leaves, some of the leaflets obscurely toothed, and drooping p...
-Gentian Family. Gentianaceae
A large family, widely distributed, most abundant in temperate regions; smooth herbs, with colorless, bitter juice; leaves toothless, usually opposite, without leafstalks or stipules; flowers regular;...
-Columbo, Deer's Tongue. Frasera Speciosa. Greenish-White Spring, Summer, Autumn West, Etc
A handsome plant, though rather coarse, from two to six feet tall, with a pale glossy stem, very stout, sometimes over two inches across at the base, and very smooth, pale green leaves, in whorls of f...
-Small Columbo. Frasera Nitida. Bluish-White. Summer. Cal., Oreg
Quite a pretty plant, too colorless to be effective at a distance, but not coarse, with a smooth, pale stem, over a foot tall, and smooth, dull, bluish-green leaves, slightly stiffish, prettily border...
-Canchalagua, California Centaury. Erythraea Venusta (Centaurium). Pink. Spring, Summer. California
From three to twelve inches tall, with apple-green leaves, mostly on the stems, smooth and thin in texture, and flowers an inch or more across, a very vivid shade of purplish-pink, with a yellow or wh...
-Tall Centaury.Erythraea Exaltata (E.Douglasii) (Centaurium).Pink.Spring, Summer, Autumn.West, Etc
This has a slender, leafy stem, from a few inches to over a foot tall, and flowers not so large as the last, but pretty and gay, about half an inch across, bright pink with a distinct white eye. Thi...
-Northern Gentian. Gentiana Acuta. Purple. Summer. West, Etc
A pretty plant, with leafy, often branching stems, from six to twenty inches tall, and numerous flowers, with stiff pedicels and leafy bracts, forming several small clusters along the upper part of th...
-Gentian. Gentiana Propinqua. Purple. Summer. Northwest
This has smooth, thin leaves and pretty flowers, three-quarters of an inch long, with lilac or purple corollas, satiny in texture, with four lobes, pointed at the tips and more or less fringed. This g...
-Blue Gentian. Gentiana Calycosa. Blue. Autumn. Northwest
A handsome perennial, with leafy stems, from five to fifteen inches tall, bearing one or several, fine flowers at the top. They are an inch and a half long, with a bright blue corolla, dotted with gre...
-Milkweed Family. Asclepiadaceae
A large family, widely distributed, most abundant in warm regions; ours are perennial herbs, usually with milky juice and tough fibrous inner bark; leaves generally large, toothless, without stipules;...
-Showy Milkweed. Asclepias Speciosa. Pink. Spring, Summer. West
A handsome plant, decorative in form and harmonious in coloring, with a stout stem, from one to four feet tall, and light bluish-green leaves, usually covered with white down. The flowers are sweet-sc...
-Pale Milkweed. Asclepias Erosa Greenish-White Spring California
This is three feet or more tall, fine-looking, though too pale, with a stout, smooth, gray-green stem and gray-green leaves, mottled with white and very stiff, the under side white-woolly, and flower-...
-Desert Milkweed. Asclepias Veslita Var. Mohavensis Yellow And Pink Spring California
A foot and a half tall, with very fragrant flowers, and very woolly all over, especially the upper leaves, stems and buds, which are thick with long white wool. The buds are pinkish-purple and the flo...
-Purple Milkweed. Gomphocarpus Cordifolius (Asclepias). Purple And Yellow. Summer. Oreg., Cal
A handsome plant, smooth all over and more or less tinged with purple, with a stout, purple stem, from one and a half to three feet tall, with rubbery, dull, light bluish-green leaves. The flowers are...
-Spider Milkweed. Asclepiodora Decumbens. Green And Maroon. Spring, Summer Southwest
A striking plant, though dull in color, from one to one and a half feet tall, with a rough, rather slanting stem, dull green, roughish, rather leathery leaves, and clusters of slightly sweet-scented, ...
-Dogbane Family. Apocynaceae
A large family, widely distributed, chiefly tropical; ours are perennial herbs, with milky, bitter juice; leaves toothless, usually opposite, without stipules; flowers perfect, parts in fives; corolla...
-Spreading Dogbane, Honey-Bloom. Apocynum Androsaemifolium. White, Pink. Summer. West, Etc
An attractive plant, from one to four feet high, with many, smooth, widely spreading branches, purplish on one side, and smooth leaves, rather dark green above, pale underneath, with yellowish veins. ...
-Buck-Bean Family. Menyanthaceae
A small family, widely distributed; perennial herbs, with creeping rootstocks, growing in water or marshes; the leaves smooth, alternate, or from the root; the flowers perfect, regular, in clusters; t...
-Buck-Bean. M Enydnthes Trifoliata. White. Spring, Summer. Northwest
This is the only kind, a handsome plant, eight or ten inches tall, with a stout, yellowish-green stem and rich green leaves, with long, sheathing leaf-stalks and three leaflets, with toothless or some...
-Morning-Glory Family. Convolvulaceae
A large family, most abundant in the tropics; ours are herbs, usually with twining or trailing stems; the leaves alternate, or mere scales, without stipules; the flowers perfect, with five sepals; the...
-Field Morning-Glory. Convolvulus Arvensis. White, Pinkish. Spring, Summer, Autumn. West, Etc
This is a troublesome weed, introduced from Europe, with very deep roots and pretty flowers. The leaves are dull green and look roughish, though they are smooth or nearly so, and the flowers are about...
-Yellow Morning-Glory. Convolvulus Occidentalis. Cream-Color. Summer. Northwest
An attractive plant, with pretty foliage and large, pale flowers, the stems trailing on the ground and climbing over low bushes. The leaves are smooth and dark bluish-green and the flowers are about t...
-Phlox Family. Polemoniaceae
Not a large family, most abundant in western North America, a few in Europe and Asia; sometimes slightly woody; the leaves without stipules; the flowers generally regular; the calyx with five united s...
-Jacob's Ladder. Polemonium Occidentale (P. Coeruleum). Blue. Summer. Northwest
A graceful plant, with attractive and unusual-looking foliage. The juicy stem and tender, bright green leaves are smooth or hairy and the pretty flowers are nearly three-quarters of an inch across, br...
-Linanthus Parryae (Gilia). White. Spring. California
A queer little plant, only about two inches high, with almost no stem, very small, stiff leaves, and several large, pretty flowers, with cream-white corollas, about an inch across, with five crests in...
-Linanthus Brevi-Ciilus (Gilia) Pink, Violet Spring California
This has slender, purplish, rather hairy stems, from six to eight inches tall, stiff, dull green, hairy leaves, tipped with bristles, and flowers over half an inch across, with sticky, hairy calyxes. ...
-Linanthus Androsaceus (Gilia). Lilac, Pink, Or White. Spring, Summer. California
This is very pretty, with a stiff, slender, hairy, branching stem, from three inches to a foot tall, with stiffish, dull green leaves, apparently in whorls and cut into very narrow divisions, with bri...
-Evening Snow. Linanthus Dichotomus (Gilia) White. Spring. California
Exceedingly pretty flowers, with very slender, brown stems, often branching, from two to twelve inches tall, and a few, rather inconspicuous, dull green leaves. The flowers are an inch or more across,...
-Yellow Gilia. Lindnlhus Aureus (Cilia). Yellow. Spring. Arizona
A charming little desert plant, about three inches tall, with a very slender, usually smooth, widely branching stem and small, pale green leaves, apparently in whorls and cut into very narrow division...
-Linanthus Parvi-Florus (Gilia). White, Pink, Lilac. Spring. California
A very pretty little plant, slight^ hairy, with a slender stem, from three to ten inches tall, and clusters of small, stiff, dark green leaves. The flowers are about three-quarters of an inch across, ...
-Ground Pink, Fringed Gilia. Linanthus Dianthiflorus (Gilia) Pink. Spring. California
Charming little flowers, exceedingly delicate and gay. The stem is usually only a few inches tall, the leaves are very narrow, and the flowers are three-quarters of an inch across, with bright pink pe...
-Lindnthus Liniflorus (Gilia). White. Spring, Summer. California
This is a few inches tall, with purplish stems, which are so very slender and wiry that they look hardly thicker than hairs and the flowers seem to be hovering in the air, giving an exceedingly pretty...
-Alpine Phlox. Phlox Dougldsii. White, Lilac. Summer. Northwest, Etc
A charming little plant, with woody stems a few inches tall and partly creeping along the ground, densely crowded with numerous needle-like leaves, forming dull green, cushion-like mats, sometimes ove...
-Wild Sweet William. Phlox Longifolia. Pink. Spring, Summer, Autumn. West, Etc
Very attractive common flowers, with many stems, three to eight inches high, from a woody base. The leaves are smooth or somewhat downy, stiffish, pale gray-green and rather harsh, and the flowers are...
-Scarlet Gilia, Skyrocket. Gilia Aggregata. Red. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Southwest, Utah, Etc
A brilliant biennial or perennial plant, varying in general form and color. In Utah it is somewhat coarse and usually has a single, leafy, roughish, rather sticky stem, from one to two feet tall, purp...
-Bird's Eyes. Gilia Tricolor. White And Purple And Yellow. Spring. Southwest
A beautiful kind, with rather hairy, branching stems, from six inches to over a foot tall, and dull green, rather hairy leaves, prettily cut into long narrow lobes. The flowers are in clusters, sweet-...
-Blue Desert Gilia. Gilia Rigidula. Blue. Summer. Arizona
A strange little desert plant, stunted-looking but with brilliant flowers, forming low, prickly clumps of stiff, dry, dull green, needle-like foliage, suggesting cushions of harsh moss, with numerous ...
-Downy Gilia. Gllia Floccosa. Blue. Spring. Southwest
A little desert plant, about three inches tall, more or less downy all over, the upper leaves and buds covered with soft white down and the lower leaves dark green and stiff, tipped with a bristle. Th...
-Small Prickly. Gilia. Gilia Pungens. White. Summer. California
This resembles Alpine Phlox in general effect, but the corolla is funnel-form instead of salver-form, for the lobes do not spread so abruptly. The many stems are woody below, a few inches high, and cr...
-Gilia Multicaulis. Lilac. Spring. California
A rather pretty little plant, about eight inches tall, with several slender, slightly hairy stems and leaves cut into very narrow divisions. The little flowers are pale lilac, quite delicate and prett...
-Large Prickly Gilia. Gilia Californica. Pink. Summer. California
An unusual-looking, conspicuous, shrubby plant, suggesting some kind of small prickly pine or cedar, with lovely flowers. It forms large straggling clumps, about two feet high, with many woody stems a...
-Gilia Achillaefolia Blue, White Spring, Summer California
This varies a good deal in color and beauty. The stems are smooth and slender, from one to two feet tall, and the leaves are alternate, smooth or downy, delicately cut into many fine divisions. The nu...
-Gilia Capitala. Blue. Spring, Summer. Northwest And. California
Very much like the last, but the flowers are smaller and form a smaller, more compact head. The corollas are blue, with narrow petals, varying m tint from purplish-blue to pale lilac, the calyx not wo...
-Gilia Multiflora. Blue. Summer. Ariz., New Mex
The general effect of this plant is inconspicuous, though the flowers are quite pretty close by. The roughish woody stem is only a few inches tall and then branches abruptly into several long sprays, ...
-Collomia. Grandiflora (Gilia) Buff. Summer. Cal., Utah, Wash
Very pretty flowers, which attract attention because of their unusual coloring. The leafy stem is from one to two feet tall and slightly downy and the leaves are generally toothless, smooth, and rathe...
-Collomia Linearis. (Gilia) Pink. Summer. West
From six inches to over a foot tall, with a rather stout, very leafy stem, more or less branching, and alternate leaves, smooth, toothless, and rather dark green, the upper stems and buds hairy and st...
-Waterleaf Family. Hydrophyllaceae
Herbs or shrubs, mostly natives of western North America; often hairy; with no stipules; the leaves mainly alternate or from the root; the flowers chiefly blue or white, often in coiled clusters; the ...
-Phacelia. Phacelia Longipes. Purple. Spring. California
This has pretty and rather unusual looking foliage, for the leaves are a peculiar shade of bluish-green, with purplish margins. They are somewhat sticky, soft and velvety, and although hairy are not d...
-Phacelia. Phacelia Glechomaefolia. Lilac, White. Summer. Ariz., Utah, Cal
A low plant, partly creeping, with weak, brittle, sticky stems and soft, slightly thickish, very dull yellowish-green leaves, sticky and often dingy with dust. The flowers are usually violet, but some...
-Phacelia. Phacelia Sericea. Purple. Summer. Northwest, Nev., Utah
A mountain plant, which in favorable situations is exceedingly handsome and conspicuous, about a foot tall, but sometimes more, with downy, leafy stems, and handsome, silky-downy foliage, cut into man...
-Phacelia. Phacelia Parryi. Purple. Spring. California
This has very handsome flowers, but the plant is too straggling. The branching, reddish stems are very hairy and rather sticky, from one to nearly two feet tall, with dull green, hairy leaves, which a...
-Vervenia. Phacelia Distans. Violet. Spring. Southwest
This is from eight inches to two feet high, with hairy, soft, dull green leaves and hairy stems, which are usually branching and spreading. The flowers are less than half an inch across, with a very h...
-Phacelia. Phacelia Fremontii. Purple. Spring. Southwest And Utah
A charming little desert plant, four or five inches high, with one or more, purplish, branching stems, springing from a pretty cluster of thickish, dull green root-leaves. The flowers are half an inch...
-Phacelia. Phacelia Linearis. Purple. Spring, Summer. Northwest And Utah
This is a delicate and pretty plant, in spite of its hairy foliage, from six inches to a foot high, with a hairy stem, purplish and somewhat branching, and alternate leaves, which are sometimes deeply...
-Phacelia. Phacelia Grandiflora. Lilac. Summer. California
A very handsome kind, though rather coarse, and hairy and sticky all over, but with lovely, delicate flowers. The stems are from one to three feet tall and the dark green leaves are velvety on the upp...
-Phacelia Viscida Var. Albiflora. White. Spring. California
This is a white variety, with pretty, delicate white flowers.Phacelia viscida is very much like P. grandiflora, and has about the same range, but is not so large a plant, usually about a foot tall, wi...
-Wild Canterbury-Bell. Phacelia Whitlavia. Purple. Summer. California
Charming flowers, though the foliage is rather too hairy. The stout, reddish stems are hairy, brittle, and loosely branching, about a foot tall, and the leaves dull green and hairy. The handsome flowe...
-Alpine Phacelia. Phacelia Alpina. Lilac. Summer. Utah, Nev., Etc
This just misses being a very pretty plant, for the leaves are attractive, but the flowers are too small and too dull in color for the general effect to be good. The stems are about ten inches tall, p...
-Wild Heliotrope. Phacelia Crenulata. Lilac. Spring. Arizona
This is a fine plant, from six to eighteen inches tall, with purplish stems and handsome coarse foliage, all rough, hairy, and very sticky. The flowers are lilac, with purple stamens and pistil, and t...
-Arizona Phacelia. Phacelia Arizdnica. White, Mauve. Spring. Arizona
A little desert plant, not very pretty, with several hairy flower-stalks, from three to six inches tall, springing from a rosette of soft thickish leaves, slightly hairy, dull green in color, and some...
-Baby Blue-Eyes, Mariana. Nemophila Insignis. Blue And White. Spring. California
These are exceedingly charming little plants, with slender, weak, hairy stems, varying a good deal in height, but usually low and spreading, and pretty, light green, soft, hairy foliage, sprinkled wit...
-Baby Blue-Eyes. Nemophila Intermedia. Blue And White. Summer. California
This is much like the last, but it is a taller and more slender plant, usually about ten inches high. The lovely delicate flowers are less than an inch across, with light blue corollas, usually shadin...
-Spotted Nemophila. Nemophila Macnlata. White And Purple. Summer. California
These are charming flowers, their corollas oddly and prettily marked. The weak, hairy stems, from three to twelve inches long, are usually spreading and the leaves are opposite, hairy, and light green...
-Climbing Nemopbila. Nemophila Aurita. Purple. Summer. California
This is a straggling plant, with pretty delicate flowers, which suggest some sort of Nightshade. The stems are pale, square, juicy and very brittle, from one to three feet long, and the leaves are bri...
-Conanthus. Conanthus Aretioides. Pink. Spring. Idaho, Nev., Ariz
This is a pretty little desert plant, spreading its branches flat on the ground and bearing tufts of grayish-green, very hairy foliage and a number of charming little flowers, which are three-eighths ...
-Romanzoffia. Romanzoffia Sitchensis. White Summer Northwest, Etc. And Emmenanthe. Emmenanthe Lutea. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Idaho, Nev., Etc
A low plant, with many, downy branches, spreading almost flat on the ground, and small, thickish leaves, light dull green, and slightly downy. The flowers are rather more than a quarter of an inch acr...
-Whispering Bells. Emmendnlhe Penduliflora. Yellowish. Spring, Summer. Southwest
Pretty plants, from eight to fourteen inches tall, with branching, hairy stems and light green, soft, downy leaves. The flowers are less than half an inch long, with pale yellow corollas, and are at f...
-Cat's Breeches, Waterleaf. Hydrophyllum Capitdlum. Lilac. Spring. Northwest, Utah
This is a pretty plant, from six to twelve inches high, with a rather weak stem and conspicuous leaves, which are alternate, pale green, soft and downy, or hairy, with five or seven divisions, prettil...
-Yerba Santa, Mountain Balm. Eriodictyon Californicum. White, Lilac. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash
A branching shrub, from two to six feet high, with thickish leaves, with toothed or wavy margins, from two to six inches long, dark and shiny on the upper side, pale with close down and netted-veined ...
-Woolly Yerba Santa. Eriodictyon Tomentosum. Lilac. Spring. California
A large leafy shrub, about five feet high and much handsomer than the last, with velvety, light green branches and very velvety, purplish twigs. The beautiful leaves are veined like chestnut leaves an...
-Borage Family. Boraginaceae
A large family, widely distributed, chiefly rough-hairy herbs, without stipules; usually with alternate, toothless leaves; flowers usually in coiled, one-sided clusters; calyx usually with five sepals...
-White Forget-Me-Not. Lappula Subdecumbens. White. Spring, Summer. Northwest
Though the foliage is harsh, this plant is so graceful and has such pretty flowers that it is most attractive. It is from ten to eighteen inches tall, with several yellowish, hairy stems, springing fr...
-Wild Forget-Me-Not. Ldppula Velulina. Blue. Summer. California
Beautiful flowers, resembling true Forget-me-nots, but larger, with velvety, often reddish stems, from one to two feet tall, velvety leaves, and flowers in handsome, loose, somewhat coiling clusters. ...
-Hairy Puccoon. Lithospermum Pilbsum. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Utah, Etc
A rather pretty plant, about a foot tall, with several, stout, yellowish-green stems, covered with white hairs and very leafy, springing from a thick perennial root. The leaves are bluish-gray green a...
-Pretty Puccoon. Lithos Permumangustifolium. Yellow. Spring. West, Etc
These are pretty flowers, but have a disagreeable smell. They are perennials, with a deep root and hairy or downy, branching stems, from six inches to two feet high, and hairy or downy leaves, which a...
-Gromwell. Lilhospermum Multijlbrum. Yellow. Summer. Ariz., Utah, Etc
This has a rough, hairy stem, about a foot tall, and dull green, rough, hairy leaves, with bristles along the edges. The yellow flowers are half an inch long and form rather pretty coiled clusters. Th...
-Saccato Gordo, Fiddle-Neck, Buckthorn Weed. Amsinckia Intermedia. Yellow. Spring, Summer. West
This has bright flowers, but the foliage is dreadfully harsh. The stem is from one to three feet tall, often widely branching, with white bristles scattered over it, and the leaves are dull green and ...
-Nievitas. Cryptanthe Intermedia. White. Spring. Cal., Ariz
A rather attractive little plant, but inconspicuous except when it grows in patches, when it powders the fields with white, like a light fall of snow, and suggests the pretty Spanish name, which is a ...
-Languid Lady. Lungwort. Mertensia Sibirica. Blue. Summer. Northwest
A very attractive and graceful mountain plant, with pretty flowers and fine foliage. The stems are hollow and usually smooth, from one to five feet tall, and the leaves are rather thin and soft in tex...
-Lungwort. Mertensia Brevistyla. Blue. Spring, Summer. Utah, Col., Wyo
This is an attractive plant and looks a gcod deal like a Forget-me-not. It grows from four to ten inches tall and has dull bluish-green leaves, which are downy on the upper side and smooth on the unde...
-Sea-Side Heliotrope, Chinese Pusley Heliolr. Opium Curassdvicum. White. Summer, Autumn Cal., Oreg., Etc
This is not a pretty plant and is rather insignificant because of its dull coloring. It forms low, branching, straggling clumps, with thickish stems and leaves, which are succulent and perfectly smoot...
-Oreocarya. Oreochrya Multichulis. White. Spring. Ariz., Utah, Etc
A rather pretty plant, about six inches tall, not rough and harsh like most kinds of Oreocarya, for the pale grayish-green stem and leaves are covered with white down. The flowers are quite pretty, ab...
-Verbena Family. Verbenaceae
A large family, widely distributed; herbs and shrubs; leaves opposite, or in whorls; flowers perfect, in clusters; calyx with four or five lobes or teeth; corolla with four or five united lobes, almos...
-Wild Verbena. Verbena Arizonica. Lilac. Spring. Arizona
This is very much like a garden Verbena, an attractive little plant, from four to six inches tall, with hairy stems and prettily shaped leaves, dull green, soft and hairy. The gay little flowers are a...
-Common Vervain. Verbena Prostrata. Lilac. Spring, Summer, Autumn. California
A loosely-branching plant, from one to two feet tall, with dull green, hairy stems, dull green, soft, hairy leaves, and very small flowers in a long spike, too few open at one time to be effective. Th...
-Mint Family. Labiatae
A very large family, with distinctive characteristics; widely distributed. Ours are herbs or low shrubs, generally aromatic, with usually square and hollow stems; leaves opposite, with no stipules; fl...
-Yerba Buena, Tea-Vine. Micromeria Chamissonis (M. Douglasii). Lilac, White. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash
An attractive little plant, resembling the little eastern Gill-over-the-ground, with slender trailing stems, slightly downy foliage, and lilac or whitish flowers, about a quarter of an inch long. The ...
-Western Pennyroyal, Mustang Mint. Monardella Lanceolata. Lilac. Summer. California
An attractive plant, pretty in color and form, with purplish, often branching stems, from six inches to over two feet high, smooth leaves, and small bright pinkish-lilac flowers, crowded in terminal h...
-Desert Ramona. Ramona Incana (Audibertia). Blue. Spring. Southwest
A low desert shrub, from two to three feet high, varying very much in color. On the plateau in the Grand Canyon it is delicate and unusual in coloring, with pale gray, woody stems and branches and sma...
-Humming-Bird. Sage Ramona Grandiflora (Audibertia). Red. Spring. California
This is a handsome and very decorative plant, though rather coarse and sticky, with a stout, bronze-colored stem, which is woody at base, from two to three feet tall, and velvety, wrinkled leaves, fro...
-White Ball Sage. Ramona Nivea (Audibertia). Lilac. Spring. California
A very conspicuous, shrubby plant, much handsomer than Black Sage, from three to six feet high, with many, downy, stout, leafy stems, woody below, forming enormous clumps of pale foliage. The leaves a...
-White Sage. Ramona Poly-Slachya (Audi-Bertia), (Salvia Apiana) White, Lilac Spring California
Not so handsome as the last, but a very conspicuous plant, on account of its size and the pale tint of its foliage, though the flowers are too dull in color to be striking. It is shrubby and has a num...
-Black Sage, Ball Sage. Ramona Stachy-Oides (Audibertia) Lilac, White Spring California
A conspicuous shrubby plant, from three to six feet high, with stiffish leaves, which are downy on the under side, wrinkled on the upper, and grayish-green and downy when young, but become smoother an...
-Hyptis. Hyptis Emoryi. Purple. Spring. Arizona
A shrub, from three to five feet high, with very pale, roundish, woody stems and branches and small, very pale gray leaves, thickish and soft, covered with white woolly down. The little fragrant, blui...
-Self-Heal. Prunella Vulgaris. Purple. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Across The Continent
There are several kinds of Prunella, widely distributed, but this is the only one common in this country and is probably not native. It is abundant in dampish places, in the far West often staying gre...
-Hedge Nettle Stachys Ciliata Magenta Spring, Summer Northwest
This is a handsome plant, with a stout, rough, hairy stem, over two feet tall, and very bright green leaves, which are thin in texture but velvety. The flowers are in whorls, making a large cluster, a...
-Common Hedge Nettle. Stachys Bullata Pink, Purple Spring, Summer Wash., Oreg., Cal
This is common and varies in appearance, being often a coarse-looking weed, but sometimes the flowers are pretty. The rough, hairy stem is about a foot tall, the wrinkled leaves are soft and more or l...
-Skullcap. Scutellaria Angustifolia. Blue. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg., Wash
A pleasing plant, from six inches to over a foot tall, not aromatic, with almost smooth leaves, most of them toothless. The flowers are pretty, though not striking, in pairs from the angles of the lea...
-Bladder-Bush. Salazaria Mexicana. Blue And White. Spring. Southwest
This is the only kind, a very curious spiny desert shrub, about three feet high, varying a great deal in general appearance in different situations. The stems and foliage are gray-green and impercepti...
-Pitcher Sage, Wood-Balm. Sphacele Calycina. White. Spring, Summer. California
This is a rather handsome shrubby plant, from two to five feet high, woody at base, with many stout, leafy, woolly or hairy stems, and rather coarse leaves, hairy, more or less wrinkled and toothed, a...
-Thistle Sage, Persian Prince. Salvia Carduacea. Lilac. Spring, Summer. California
A fantastically beautiful and decorative plant, very individual in character. The stout purplish stem, a foot or two tall and covered with white wool, springs from a rosette of thistle-like leaves of ...
-Chia. Salvia Columbariae. Blue. Spring. Southwest
This is an odd-looking plant, but is often quite handsome. The stout purplish stem, from six inches to over two feet tall, springs from a cluster of rough, very dull green leaves, sometimes so wrinkle...
-Romero, Woolly Blue-Curls. Trichostema Lanatum. Blue. Summer, Autumn. California
This is shrubby and usually has many stems, from two to four feet high, with stiffish leaves, dark green on the upper side, paler and woolly on the under, the margins rolled back, and beautiful flower...
-Giant Hyssop. Agastache Urticifolia (Lophanthus). Pink. Summer. Est, Etc
A handsome plant, from three to five feet high, with stout, branching stems, usually smooth, sometimes hairy, and smoothish, dark green leaves. The small flowers have a green calyx, with mauve teeth, ...
-Horse-Mint. Monarda Pectinala (M. Citriodora In Part). Pink. Summer. Ariz., Utah, Etc
This is handsome when growing in masses, though the flowers are not sufficiently positive in color. It grows from one to three feet high, with a stout, roughish stem, sometimes branching, and leaves w...
-Potato Family. Solanaceae
A large family, widely distributed, most abundant in the tropics. Ours are herbs, shrubs, or vines; leaves alternate, without stipules; flowers perfect, usually regular, in clusters; calyx and corolla...
-Tolguacha, Large-Flowered Datura. Datura Meteloides. White. Spring, Summer. Southwest, Nev. Utah
A handsome and exceedingly conspicuous plant, forming a large clump of rather coarse, dark foliage, adorned with many magnificent flowers. The stout, velvety stems are bronze-color, from two to four f...
-Ground-Cherry. Physalis Crassifolia. Yellow. Southwest
A pretty, delicate, desert plant, irom six to eight inches high, with branching stems and light green leaves. It is sprinkled with pretty cream-yellow flowers, which are not spotted or dark in the cen...
-Bladder-Cherry. Phsyalis Fendleri. Yellow. Summer. Ariz., Utah
A straggling perennial plant, about a foot high, with widely-branching, rough-ish stems, springing from a deep tuberous root. The leaves are dull green, roughish, rather coarse in texture, but not lar...
-Purple Nightshade. Solanum Xanti. Purple. Spring, Summer. California
This is much handsomer than most of the eastern Nightshades, hairy and sticky, with several spreading stems, from one to three feet high, springing from a perennial root, with thin, roughish leaves, m...
-Nightshade. Solanum Douglasii. White. Spring, Summer. Southwest
A branching plant, about two feet high and across, with roughish stems and thin, smooth or slightly hairy, dark green leaves, toothless, or the margins more or less coarsely toothed. The flowers are w...
-San Juan Tree, Tree Tobacco. Nicolidna Glauca. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
A very slender, loosely-branching evergreen shrub, from six to fifteen feet high, with graceful, swaying branches and smooth, thick leaves, with a bloom, the lower leaves eight inches long. The flow...
-Desert Matrimony. L'Cium Cooperi. White. Spring. Southwest
An odd-looking desert shrub, everything about it so closely crowded as to give a queer bunchy and clumsy effect. It is three or four feet high, with thick, dark gray, gnarled, woody branches, crowded ...
-Figwort Family. Scrophulariaceae
A large family, widely distributed, most of them natives of temperate regions; chiefly herbs, with bitter juice, sometimes narcotic and poisonous; without stipules; the flowers usually irregular; the ...
-Snap-Dragon Vine. Maurandia Antirrhiniflora (Antirrhinum Mauran-Dioides). Purple Or Pink And Yellow. Spring. Ariz., New Mex
This is a beautiful trailing or climbing vine, smooth all over, with charming foliage and twining stems, much like those of a Morning-glory, springing from a thickened, perennial root. The pretty flow...
-Sticky Snapdragon. Antirrhinum Glandulosum. Pink, Purple. Spring. California
This is a conspicuous perennial, handsome though rather coarse, hairy and sticky all over, with stout leafy stems, from two to five feet tall, with branches but no tendrils, and soft, rather dark gree...
-White Snapdragon. Anlirrhinum Coullerianum. White And Lilac. Spring. California
This has tendril-like pedicels, which curl around nearby plants, but the stem is stout and erect, over two feet tall, smooth below and hairy above, with smooth, dark green leaves, and bears a long, cr...
-Trailing Snapdragon. Antirrhinum Slrictum. Blue. Spring. California
This is an odd-looking plant, from one to two feet tall, which seems unable to decide whether or not it is a vine, for the pedicels of the flowers are exceedingly-slender and twist like tendrils and b...
-Paint Brush. Castilleja Miniata. Red. Summer. Northwest
This is a very handsome kind, from two to four feet tall, with a smooth stem, and smooth leaves, which are not crinkled, toothed, or lobed, and with more or less hairy bracts, which are beautifully ti...
-Scarlet Paint Brush. Castilleja Pinetorum. Red And Yellow. Summer. Cal., Oreg
This is not quite so large or handsome as the last, but gives much the effect of a brush dipped in red paint, for the yellowish bracts are beautifully tipped with scarlet and the flowers are also brig...
-Paint Brush. Castilleja Angustifolia. Red. Spring, Summer. Utah,, Nev
This is very variable, and is usually about a foot high, with several hairy stems, springing from a long yellow root. The leaves are slightly rough, but not coarse, with fine white hairs along the mar...
-Stemodia. Stemodia Durantifolia. Blue. Spring. Southwest, Etc. And Toad Flax. Linaria Canadensis. Blue, Lilac. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
A slender plant, from six to eighteen inches tall and smooth all over, with branching stems, dark green leaves, and pretty little flowers, delicately scented, from a quarter to half an inch long, with...
-Hairy Speedwell. Veronica Tournefortii. Blue. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Utah, Cal., Etc
This is one of the most attractive of the little Speedwells, for its flowers are bright and quite large. The stems are branching, hairy and purplish, some short and erect, others long and trailing, an...
-American Brook-Lime. Veronica Americana. Blue. Summer. Across The Continent
In shallow water, or in very wet meadows, we find these little flowers. They are smooth perennials, with straggling, branching, purplish stems, more or less creeping, and rooting from the lower joints...
-Alpine Speedwell. Veronica Wormskjoldii. Blue. Summer. Northwest, Ariz., Etc
A pretty little plant, with smooth, stiffish, toothless leaves and deep bright blue flowers, with a little white at the base of the petals and veined with purple. This is found in damp spots in the mo...
-Large Beard-Tongue. Pentstemon Glandulbsus. Lilac, Purple. Summer. Oreg., Wash., Idaho
An exceedingly handsome plant, a foot and a half tall, with a stout reddish stem, rather downy and sticky, and dark green leaves, rather shiny and stiff, and downy on the under side. The flowers are a...
-Pentstemon. Pentstemon Rattani Var. Minor. Blue. Summer. Utah, Oreg., Cal
This forms pretty clumps of bright color, with several stems about eight inches tall, smooth below, and smooth dark green leaves. The flowers are less than half an inch long, with a downy calyx and br...
-Blue Pentstemon, Beard-Tongue. Pentstemon Cyandnthus. Blue. Spring, Summer. Utah, Ariz., Wyo
This is perhaps the most beautiful of all the Pentstemons, with several smooth, stoutish, pale green, leafy stems, from one to two feet tall and smooth, pale bluish-green leaves, with more or less bl...
-Honeysuckle Pentstemon. Pentstemon Cordifolius. Red. Summer. California
A handsome shrub, with much the general appearance of a Honeysuckle, woody below, with long slender branches and pretty heart-shaped leaves. The flowers are often in pairs and are each an inch and a h...
-Pride-Of-The- Mountain. Pentstemon Newberryi. Pink, Lilac. Summer. California
A beautiful little shrub, making splendid patches of vivid color on high bare rocks in the mountains, where it is very conspicuous, hanging over the edges of inaccessible ledges. The stems are woody b...
-Bushy Beard-Tongue. Pentstemon Antirrhindides. Yellow. Spring. California
This is a rather pretty shrub, about four feet high, with pale woody branches, purplish twigs, and many, small, rich green leaves. The flowers have a glossy, bright green calyx and a yellow corolla, w...
-Variable Pentstemon. Pentstemon Confertus. Yellow, Blue, Purple. Summer. Northwest And Cal
This has a smooth stem and smooth, toothless leaves, but is very variable both in form and color, for the typical plant, from Oregon and the Rocky Mountains, has yellow flowers, but in Yosemite the va...
-Cardinal. Pentstemon. Pentstemon Parryi. Scarlet. Spring. Arizona
These wands of flaming scarlet are conspicuous along the trails in the Grand Canyon and are exceedingly beautiful, very graceful in form and vivid in color. The smooth, purplish; somewhat leafy stems,...
-Pentstemon. Pentstemon Wrlghlii. Pink, Purple. Spring. Arizona
This is very much like the last in every way, except the color of its flowers. The leaves are smooth and thickish, bluish-green, with a bloom, the lower ones with a few irregular, blunt teeth, or wi...
-Pentstemon. Pentstemon Laelus. Blue, Purple. Summer. California
This is very beautiful and varied in color and is the commonest kind in Yose-mite,from one to two feet high, with rough-ish, toothless leaves and several slender, erect, somewhat hairy branches, endin...
-Scarlet Bugler. Pentstemon Eatoni. Red. Spring. Ariz., Utah
Very beautiful, from two to three feet high; with purplish stems, smooth leaves, and flowers an inch long, with a bright scarlet, funnel-shaped corolla, not much two-lipped, the stamens not protruding...
-Yawning Pentstemon. Pentstemon Breviflorus. Flesh-Color. Summer. California
A bushy plant, from two to five feet high, with many smooth, slender branches, terminating in long loose clusters of flowers. The leaves are smooth, rather dark green, the lower ones sharply toothed, ...
-Scarlet Pentstemon. Pentstemon Torreyi. Red. Summer. Arizona
Exceedingly handsome, with smooth, pale green stems, two feet or more tall, and smooth, rather bluish-green leaves, with slightly rippled edges. The corolla is an inch and a quarter long, vivid scarle...
-Chinese Houses. Collinsia Bicolor. Purple And White. Spring, Summer. California
These are charming plants, from six inches to a foot and a half tall, with very delicately made flowers. The leaves are smooth or downy and more or less toothed, with rough edges, and the flowers are ...
-Blue-Lips. Collinsia Mulliflora. Lilac, Blue, And Pink. Summer. Northwest
A very attractive little plant, smooth all over, about six inches tall, with toothless, light green leaves and pretty flowers, each over half an inch long. The upper petals are pinkish-lilac, the lowe...
-California Bee-Plant. Scrophularia Californica. Rd, Green. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Cal
This is a coarse plant, smooth, or rather sticky and hairy, with several stout, square stems, and forming a large clump, from two to six feet high. The little flowers have a quaint appearance, but are...
-Sticky Monkey-Flower, Bush Monkey-Flower. Diplacus Longi-Florus (Mimulus.) Salmon-Color (Varying From Pale Yellow To Red). Spring, Summer. California
When in full bloom, this is a handsome and very conspicuous shrub, for the flowers are numerous and unusual in coloring, being usually a peculiar shade of salmon-color, which at a distance gives the e...
-Bush Monkey-Flower. Diplacus Puni-Ceus (Mimulus). Red. Spring, Summer, Autumn California
This is much like the last, and is often very handsome. In the crevices of the sea-cliffs at La Jolla it makes tangled thickets of woody stems and dark green foliage, ornamented with many scarlet or r...
-Monkey-Flower. Mimulus Brevipes. Yellow. Spring. California
A very handsome plant, from one to two feet high, rather hairy and sticky all over, with dark green leaves, usually toothless, and large, clear bright yellow flowers, an inch and a half long, with a p...
-Pink Monkey-Flower. Mimulus Lewisii Pink. Spring, Summer West, Etc
A graceful mountain perennial, growing near streams, from two to three feet tall, with bright green, toothed leaves, thin in texture, more or less hairy, without leafstalks; the stems and buds slightl...
-Scarlet Monkey-Flower. Mimulus Cardinalis. Red. Spring, Summer. Southwest, Oreg
An exceedingly handsome kind, sometimes nearly five feet high, much like the last, but with vivid scarlet corollas, decidedly two-lipped, the upper lip erect and the lower lobes turned back, the stame...
-Little Yellow Monkey-Flower. Mimulus Primuloides. Yellow. Summer. Cal., Oreg
A charming little plant, from three to six inches tall, with pretty delicate flowers, from half an inch to an inch long, the corolla-lobes all alike, bright yellow, often dotted with crimson, growing ...
-Little Pink. Monkey-Flower. Mimulus Torreyi. Pink. Summer. California
A delicate little plant, from three inches to a foot high, rather hairy and sticky, with very slender branching stems, yellowish-green, toothless leaves, and bright flowers, about three-quarters of an...
-Desert Monkey-Flower. Mimulus Fremonlii. Pink. Spring. California
A charming little plant, something like the last but prettier, three or four inches tall, with very slender, stiff, purplish, branching stems and smooth, thickish, light green leaves, purplish on the ...
-Common Yellow Monkey-Flower. Mimulus Langsdorfii. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Southwest, Utah, Etc
There are several varieties of this common and attractive plant, some tall and robust, others very short. The stems are smooth, not sticky, thickish and pale, sometimes branching, about a foot tall, a...
-Musk-Plant. Mimulus Moschalus. Yellow. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
This plant is more or less hairy and seems to be wet all over with slimy dew and smells of musk. When the stems are cut and put in water a slimy sort of mucilage drips from them. It is about ten inche...
-Yellow Pelican Flower. Orthocdrpus Faucibarbatus. Yellow, Whitish. Spring. California
One of the handsomest of its kind, a fine thrifty plant, but not at all coarse, and much prettier and more effective than the next. The branching stem is about a foot tall, and the leaves are very lig...
-Johnny-Tuck. Orthocdrpus Eridnthus. Yellow. Spring. Cal., Oreg
From five to ten inches tall, with a slender, downy, purplish stem, often branching, dull green, downy leaves and purplish-tipped bracts. The sulphur-yellow flowers are usually an inch long. with a ma...
-Pink Johnny-Tuck, Pink Popcorn Flower. Orthocdrpus Eridnthus Var. Roseus. Pink. Spring. California
A delicate little plant, from five to ten inches tall, with a slender, downy, reddish stem, hairy, dull green leaves and bracts, and very pretty little flowers, nearly an inch long; the corollas varyi...
-Yellow Owl's Clover. Orthocdrpus Luteus. Yellow. Summer. West, Etc
This often makes patches of bright color. It is from six to twelve inches tall, with stiff, slender, hairy stems, hairy leaves, and pretty bright yellow flowers, nearly half an inch long. This grows i...
-Escobita, Owl's Clover. Orthocarpus Densiflorus. Purplish-Pink. Spring. California
The Spanish name, which means little broom, is very appropriate for this pretty-plant. The stiff, downy stem is from five to fifteen inches tall and the downy leaves are light green and become tippe...
-Owl's Clover. Orlhocdrpus Pur-Pureo-Albus. Pink And White Summer Ariz., Utah, New Mex
An interesting annual plant, quite pretty, about a foot high, the stem sometimes branching and the branches suggesting those of a candelabrum, clothed with soft, finely divided, dull green leaves and ...
-Owl's Clover. Orthochrpus Exsertus. White And Pink. Spring, Summer. California
A pretty little plant, from six to eight inches high, with hairy leaves cut into narrow divisions and passing into pinkish-lilac bracts towards the top of the stalk, which are mixed with pink and whit...
-Indian Warrior. Pedicularis Densiflora. Crimson. Spring. Cal., Oreg
A robust and very decorative plant, with rich coloring. The stout, purplish stems are slightly hairy, from nine inches to nearly two feet tall, and spring from a graceful cluster of large leaves, whic...
-Duck-Bill. Pedicularis Ornithorhyncha. Pink. Summer. Wash., Oreg
This is an odd-looking plant, about six inches tall, with a stout, purplish stem, woolly at the top, springing from a pretty cluster of smooth, bright green leaves. The flowers are about three-quarter...
-Alpine Betony. Pedicularis Centranthera. Magenta And White. Spring. Utah, Ariz., New Mex
This grows in dry rocky soil at high altitudes, forming a low clump of pretty bronze-colored leaves, cut into many small crinkled lobes, and giving the effect of stiff little ferns, with a short spike...
-Elephants' Heads, Butterfly-Tongue. Pedicularis Groenldndica. Pink. Summer. West, Etc
A handsome plant, with quaint flowers. The smooth, slender, purplish stem is a foot or more tall, with a few alternate leaves, and springs from a cluster of smooth, fern-like foliage, much like that o...
-Broom-Rape Family. Orobanchaceae
A rather small family, resembling Scrophulariaceas, widely distributed; parasitic herbs, without green foliage, with alternate scales instead of leaves; flowers perfect, irregular; calyx five-cleft, o...
-One-Flowered Cancer-Root. Thalesia Uniflora (Orobanche). Purplish. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Utah, Etc
A queer little thing, but pretty and delicate, with a very short stem, mostly underground, bearing one or more slender, slightly hairy, dull yellow, scaly flower-stems from three to eight inches tall,...
-Madder Family. Rubiaceoe
A large family, widely distributed, chiefly tropical. Ours are herbs, or shrubs; leaves opposite or in whorls; flowers regular, usually perfect; calyx with four teeth or none; corolla with four or fiv...
-Desert Innocence. Houstonia Rubra. Pink And White. Summer. Arizona
A pretty little desert plant, about two inches high, forming close tufts of sage-green foliage, like harsh moss, with stiff needle-like leaves and woody stems, sprinkled with charming little pink and ...
-Kelloggia. Kelloggia Galioides. Spring, Summer. White, Pink, Yellowish. West, Etc
The only kind, a slender little plant, from six inches to a foot tall, usually with smooth leaves, with small stipules. The tiny flowers are white, pink, or greenish-yellow, with a bristly calyx, and ...
-Northern Bed-Straw. Galium Borehle. White. Summer. Northwest, Etc
A rather attractive, smooth, perennial, with a stout, leafy stem, sometimes branching, and the leaves in fours, with three veins, the margins sometimes rough and hairy. The small flowers are white and...
-Valerian Family. Valerianaceae
Not a large family, widely distributed, most abundant in the northern hemisphere; herbs, with opposite leaves and no stipules; flowers usually perfect, rather small, in clusters; the calyx sometimes l...
-Corn-Salad. Valerianella Macrosera (Plectritis). Pink. Spring, Summer. Northwest, Cal
This has a juicy stem, from a few inches to over a foot tall, springing from a clump of smooth, very bright green leaves, and bearing most of the flowers at the top, in a small close cluster, with nar...
-Wild Valerian. Valeriana Sitchensis. White, Pinkish. Summer. Wash., Oreg
A very handsome and attractive plant, much like the kind that is cultivated in gardens. It grows from one to three feet tall, from a creeping rootstock, with smooth, juicy, hollow stems and handsome b...
-Arizona Valerian. Valeriana Arizbnica. Pink. Spring. Arizona
An attractive plant, from three to nine inches tall, with smooth hollow stems, smooth leaves, and pretty clusters of flowers, but not nearly so large as the last. They are purplish-pink and slightly s...
-Honeysuckle Family. Caprifoliaceae
Not a large family, mostly of the northern hemisphere; herbs, shrubs, shrubby vines or trees; leaves opposite, usually without stipules; flowers perfect, regular or irregular; calyx with three to five...
-Orange Honeysuckle. Lonicera Ciliosa. Orange And Scarlet. Summer. Northwest
A climbing or trailing shrub, with brilliant flowers, set off by bright green leaves, thin in texture, with pale bloom on the under side and. usually hairy margins, the lower ones with short leafsta...
-Black Twinberry. Lonicera Involucrata. Yellow. Spring, Summer. West
A bush, from three to seven feet high, with thick, woody, pale gray stems and bright green leaves, glossy and thin in texture, or rather coarse and hairy, with fine hairs along the margins. The flower...
-Pink Honeysuckle Lonicera Hispidula Pink Summer Wash., Oreg., Cal
Rather pretty, with a woody trunk and hairy twigs, climbing over shrubs and trees, sometimes to a height of twenty feet. The leaves are pale on the under side, the upper ones usually united around the...
-Twin-Flower Linnaea Borealis Var. Americana Pink Summer Northwest, Utah, Etc
One of the loveliest of woodland plants; the long, woody stems trail over the ground and send up straight, slender branches, a few inches tall, clothed with leathery, evergreen leaves, bright green an...
-Snowberry. Symphoricarpos Racemosus. Pink. Spring, Summer. U. S
An attractive shrub, about four feet high, with slender branches and yellowish twigs. The pretty leaves are mostly smooth, rich green, but not glossy, paler and sometimes downy on the under side, thin...
-Snowberry. Symphoricarpos Longiflorus. White. Summer. Arizona
A straggling shrub, from two to three feet high, with small, slightly velvety, rather pale green leaves, white on the under side, sometimes set edgewise on the stem. The flowers are about half an inch...
-Snowberry. Symphoricarpos Oreophilus. Pink. Spring, Summer. Idaho, Utah, Ariz
A branching shrub, not especially pretty, about three feet high, with shreddy bark, pinkish twigs, and light, bluish-green, toothless leaves, usually smooth. The flowers are about half an inch long, w...
-Gourd Family. Cucurbitaceae
A large family, chiefly of the tropics, climbing or trailing, herbaceous vines, usually with tendrils, rather juicy, with no stipules; leaves alternate, with leaf-stalks, usually lobed or cut; flowers...
-Chilicothe, Wild Cucumber. Micrampelis Fabacea (Echinocystis). White. Summer. California
A graceful, decorative vine, with many tendrils and spreading to a great distance, sometimes as much as thirty feet, partly climbing over bushes and partly on the ground, springing from an enormous bi...
-Calabazilla, Gourd. Cucurbita Foetidissima. Yellow. Spring. Southwest, Etc
This is a near relation of the common Pumpkin and Squash and resembles them. It is an exceedingly coarse, but very decorative vine, with bristly stems, trailing on the ground and sometimes twenty-five...
-Bellflower Family. Campanulaceae
A large family, widely distributed. Ours are small herbs, with bitter milky juice; leaves alternate, without stipules; flowers perfect, usually with five sepals; corolla with five united lobes; stamen...
-Thistle. Carduus Cbulteri. Pink, Crimson. Spring, Summer. California
This is the well-known kind, sung by the poets, and found across our continent and in Europe and Asia, reaching an altitude of twelve thousand feet. A charming, graceful little plant, with slender ste...
-Bellflower. Campanula Scouleri. White, Lilac. Summer. Northwest, Cal
A pretty little plant, with smooth, slender stems, from six to eight inches tall, and smooth, toothed leaves. The flowers are in a loose cluster and are more the shape of little Lilies than of Blue Be...
-Sunflower Family. Compositae
The youngest and largest plant family, comprising about seven hundred and fifty genera and ten thousand species, highly specialized for insect pollination, easily recognized as a whole, but many of it...
-Thistle. Carduus Coulten. Sunflower Family. Compositae.
A strikingly handsome, branching plant, from three to seven feet high, with light green leaves, very decorative in form, more or less downy on the upper side and pale with down on the under. The flowe...
-Arizona Thistle. Carduus Arizbnicus. Pink. Summer. Arizona
A very striking and decorative plant, both in form and color, from two to six feet tall, with a pale, branching, leafy stem, covered with close, white down, springing from a cluster of large rcot-leav...
-Thistle. Carduus Canda-Dissimus. Pink, Crimson Summer California
A very handsome and decorative plant, about three feet tall, with spreading stems, covered with white down, and dull-green leaves, pale with down on the under side and often covered with white down al...
-California Thistle. Carduus Californicus. White. Spring. California
A branching plant, from two to six feet tall, very leafy below, with very dark bluish-green leaves, with more or less woolly down on the upper side and pale with matted down on the under side. The flo...
-Western Thistle. Carduus Occidentalis. Red, Purple. Spring. Cal., Oreg
A stout plant, two or three feet high, with large prickly leaves, and more or less covered all over with cottony wool. The flower-head is about two inches long, and nearly as wide, and is a ball of wh...
-Pearly Everlasting. Anaphalis Margaritclcea. White. Summer. U. S., Etc
This is the prettiest of the Everlastings, from one to three feet tall, with a leafy stem, covered with white wool, and alternate, toothless leaves, which are rather long and narrow, gray-green and mo...
-Encelia. Encelia Eriocephala. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
A handsome, desert plant, with rough, purplish stems, a foot and a half tall, dull-green, hairy leaves, and flowers over an inch across, in loose clusters, with bright golden-yellow rays, yellow cente...
-Golden Hills, Brittle-Bush. Encelia Farinbsa. Yellow. Spring. Arizona
A conspicuous shrubby plant, from two to four feet high, with many stout, branching stems, grayish, downy twigs, and large clumps of downy, gray-green leaves, from which spring the long, slender flowe...
-California Encelia. Encelia Californica. Yellow. Spring. California
A handsome conspicuous shrub, two feet or more high, gray and downy when young but becoming smoother and greener, with downy, reddish twigs, dark green leaves, and numerous flowers, on long flower-sta...
-Encelia Frutescens. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
A rather straggling shrub, about two feet high, with whitish, woody stems, pale reddish twigs, and bright green leaves, which are roughened with minute prickles on the margins and under sides, but loo...
-Common Sunflower. Helianthus Dnnuus. Yellow. Summer. West, Etc
A handsome kind, with a rough stem, from two to ten feet tall, roughish leaves, more or less toothed, the upper alternate, the lower opposite, and a flower-head from two to four inches across, with br...
-Sunflower. Helianthus Fascicularis. Yellow. Spring. Nev., Ariz., Etc
A handsome kind, forming a clump from two to four feet high, with several leafy, rough stems and harsh, rather shiny leaves. The fine flowers measure four inches across, with bright yellow rays, deepe...
-Hairy Golden Aster. Chrysopsis Villosa. Yellow. Summer. Arizona, Etc
A striking plant, quite handsome, with a hairy, pale, leafy stem, from six inches to two feet tall, and gray-green, rather velvety leaves, generally toothless. The flowers are an inch or more across, ...
-Velvet-Rosette. Psathyrotes Annua. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
A curious and pretty little desert plant, that looks as if it were trying to protect itself from cold rather than heat, as its pretty foliage and stems seem all made of silvery, gray velvet, forming a...
-Easter Daisy, Ground Daisy. Townsendia Exseapa. Pink. Spring Ariz., New I.Iex. To Saskatchewan
This is a charming and quaint little plant, with close, downy rosettes of small, gray-green leaves and two or three, pretty, daisy-like flowers, all crowded together close to the ground. The flowers a...
-Fleabane. Erigeron Breweri. Purple. Summer. California
This is rather pretty, with slender, brittle, downy stems, from six to eighteen inches tall, and small, narrow, rough, dull green leaves. The flowers grow singly, at the ends of short leafy branches, ...
-Whip-Lash Fleabane. Erigeron Flagelldris. White, Pink. Summer. Ariz., Utah, Etc
A rather odd-looking plant, with numerous, very slender, weak, branching stems, trailing on the ground, and very small, toothless, grayish-green, downy leaves, forming a rather dense, low bush, about ...
-Rayless Fleabane. Erigeron Concinnus Var. Aphandctis. Yellow. Spring. Utah, Nev., Cal. Etc
A rather attractive little plant, forming small clumps, about five inches high, with several very hairy stems and light dull green, very hairy leaves. The many flower-heads are less than half an inch ...
-Spreading Fleabane. Erigeron Divergens. Violet. Spring, Summer, Autumn. West, Etc
A dear little common plant, from six to fifteen inches high, with several slender, branching, hairy stems, and soft, hairy, gray-green leaves, the upper ones small and narrow, without leaf-stalks and ...
-Large Mountain Fleabane. Erigeron Salsuginosus. Lilac. Summer. West, Etc
A large, handsome kind, abundant in the higher mountains and growing in moist places, as far east as Colorado. The stems are downy and leafy, from one to two feet tall, the leaves are smooth or slight...
-Yellow Fleabane. Erigeron Hureus (Aplopappus Brandegei). Yellow. Summer. Wash., Oreg
A little alpine plant, about three inches tall, with downy stems, thickish, gray-green leaves, covered with close white down and forming a mat of foliage on the rocks at high altitudes. The flowers ar...
-Seaside Daisy, Beach Aster. Erigeron Glaucus. Violet, Pink. Spring, Summer. Cal., Oreg
Very cheerful, sturdy-looking flowers, with stout, hairy stems, four to ten inches tall, and stiffish, slightly hairy leaves, rather pale in color. The handsome flowers are an inch and a half across, ...
-Skevish, Philadelphia Fleabane. Erigeron Philadelphicus. Pink, Mauve. Spring, Summer. U. S
A pretty perennial, from one to three feet tall, usually soft and hairy, the slender stems usually branching above and most of the leaves toothed. The flowers usually form a loose cluster at the top, ...
-Ptilonella. Ptilonella Scabra (Blepharipappus). White. Spring. Oreg., Ida., Nev., Cal
A charming little desert plant, graceful and airy in character, with stiff, very slender, branching, roughish stems, about ten inches tall, and dull green leaves, very rough to the touch, with the edg...
-Desert Holly. Perezia Nana. Pink. Spring. Ariz., Tex
An odd little desert plant, only two or three inches high, with stiff, smooth, dull bluish-green leaves, with prickly edges, like holly leaves but not so stiff, and one quite pretty, light purplish-pi...
-Brown-Foot. Perezia Wrightii. Pink. Spring. Ariz., Tex
Much like the last, but more commonplace looking, for the flowers are smaller and the plant much larger. It is about a foot high and grows among rocks, and the general effect of dull mauve is rather p...
-Brown-Weed. Gutierrezia Sarothrae (G. Euthamiae). Yellow. Summer, Autumn. West, Etc
A bushy plant, resinous, smooth or nearly so, from six inches to two feet high, with many stiff, upright branches and alternate, toothless, narrow leaves, an inch or so long. The flowers have yellow c...
-Sneeze-Weed. Helenium Bigelowii. Yellow-Summer, Autumn. Cal., Oreg
A handsome plant, with a roughish stem, from two to four feet tall, and toothless, rather coarse leaves, rougher on the underside, the lower part of the leaf grown to the stem along its middle in a cu...
-Hymenopdppus Luteus. Yellow. Summer. Ariz., New Mex., Col., Utah
A pretty and rather unusual-looking plant, with a cluster of root-leaves, gray-green and downy, cut into many fine divisions, and slender stems, about a foot tall, with two or three, narrow, alternate...
-Common Madia, Tarweed. Madia Elegans. Yellow. Summer, Autumn. West
Pretty flowers, with hairy stems, from six inches to three feet tall, and velvety or hairy leaves, more or less sticky and the upper ones alternate. The flowers grow in loose clusters and are from one...
-Gum-Weed. Madia Dissitiflora. Yellow. Summer. California
A slender plant, over a toot tall, with hairy stem and leaves, which are aromatic when crushed, and rather pretty little flowers, about half an inch across, with pale yellow rays, yellow centers speck...
-Desert Coreopsis. Coreopsis Bigelowii. Yellow. Spring. California
This is very pretty, with one or several, slender, smooth stems, about ten inches tall, springing from a tuft of pretty, bright green, smooth, shiny leaves, cut into narrow divisions and slightly succ...
-Sea Dahlia. Coreopsis Maritima (Leptosyne). Yellow. Spring. California
A magnificent plant, forming large clumps, two feet high, but not at all coarse in character. The leaves are very bright green, smooth and quite succulent, and cut into narrow lobes, so that the effec...
-Trixis. Trixis Anguslifolia Var. Latiuscula. Yellow. Spring. Southwest, New Mex
A small evergreen shrub, about a foot high, with smooth, light dull green leaves. with a few fine teeth, and loose clusters of rather pretty, bright yellow flowers, the heads about three-quarters of a...
-Ox-Eye Daisy. Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum. White. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Northwest, Etc
This is the well known common kind, a general favorite, except with farmers, naturalized from Europe and also found in Asia; a perennial weed in pastures, meadows, and waste places, more or less all o...
-Woolly Aster. Coreothrogyne Filaginifolia. Pink, Purple. Spring, Summer, Autumn. California
This forms a clump from one to three feet high, with many erect stems, white with woolly down, at least when young, and crowded with alternate, pale grayish-green leaves, thin and soft in texture and ...
-Psilostrophe Tagetlna Var. Sparsiilbra(Riddellia). Yellow. Spring, Summer. Arizona
These flowers do not look much like those of a composite, but give more the effect of yellow Wallflowers. The plant is very attractive, from one to two feet tall, with alternate, bluish-green leaves, ...
-Paper Flowers. Psilostrophe Cobperi. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
A pretty, compact, shrubby plant, woody below, about a foot high, with tangled branches, pale downy twigs, and thickish, dull green, downy leaves. The pretty flowers are an inch and a quarter across, ...
-Xylorrhiza. Xylorrhiza Tortifolia. Lilac. Spring. Southwest, Utah, Col
A handsome plant, growing in clumps over two feet high, with prickly leaves and beautiful flowers, two inches and a half across, with rays shading from bright lilac to nearly white and yellow centers....
-Heart-Leaved Arnica. Arnica Cordifolia. Yellow. Summer. West, Except Ariz
A handsome mountain flower, with a hairy stem, from six inches to two feet tall, and velvety leaves, coarsely toothed, the lower ones usually heart-shaped. The flower-heads are usually single, over tw...
-Broad-Leaved Arnica. Arnica Latifblia. Yellow Summer Northwest
A handsome kind, sometimes a foot and a half tall, with pretty flowers, about two inches across, with very bright yellow rays. The bright green leaves are thin in texture and practically smooth, the l...
-Common Sagebrush. Artemisia Tridentata. Yellow. Summer, Autumn West, Etc
This is the characteristic sort, often immensely abundant and found as far east as Colorado, often tinting the landscape for miles with its pale and beautiful foliage and one of the dominant shrubs in...
-Woolly Yellow Daisy. Eriophyllum Lanatum. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Cal.,Oreg., Wash
This is a handsome kind, in favorable situations forming large conspicuous clumps, from one to two feet high, covered with bright golden flowers, each over an inch across. The leaves are dull green on...
-Eriophyllum Eriophyllum Caespilbsum Var. Integrijolium Yellow Summer Northwest, Etc. And Golden Yarrow. Eriophyllum Coniertifiorum. Yellow. Summer. California
This forms low tufts of pale gray dcwny foliage, contrasting well with the bright yellow flower-heads, each about an inch across. This grows around Yosemite and in other mountain places, as far east a...
-Mayweed Chamomile, Dog Fennel. Anthemis Cotula. White. Summer, Autumn. U. S., Etc
This little weed is common in waste places and fields and along roadsides, almost all over the world. It is a branching annual, from one to two feet tall, with feathery light green foliage, cut into m...
-Chaenactis. Chaenactis Douglasii. White. Spring, Summer. Utah, Cal., New Mex
A rather pretty plant, from eight inches to over a foot tall and more or less downy, with stifnsh, gray-green, leaves, cut into many short, blunt lobes and teeth. The flower-heads are about an inch lo...
-Golden Girls. Chaenactis Lanbsa. Yellow. Spring. California
A charming desert plant, with several downy stems, over a foot tall, springing from a feathery cluster of pretty, bright green, thickish leaves, cut into narrow divisions, rather downy and often tinge...
-Morning Bride. Chaenactis Fremontii. White. Spring. Southwest
This is very much like the last in size, form, and foliage and is equally charming, but the flowers are all pure white, or pinkish, instead of yellow. It is one of the most attractive of the white des...
-Desert Star. Erimidstrum Bellidoldes. Lilac. Spring. Arizona
A charming little desert plant, with spreading stems and small, narrow, toothless, gray bluish-green leaves, which are soft, but sprinkled with small, stiff, white bristles, the whole forming a rosett...
-Venegasia. Venegasia Car Pesioldes. Yellow. Summer. California
These big, leafy plants, with their bright flowers, are a splendid feature of the California woods and canyons in June, especially on the slopes of the Santa Inez mountains, where they often cover lar...
-Lessingia. Lessingia Le Ptoclada. Lilac. Summer. California
This is a slender plant, from six inches to two feet tall, with pale gray-green, woolly leaves, the lower ones somewhat toothed, and pale pinkish-lilac flowers, not very conspicuous in themselves, but...
-Sunshine, Gold Fields. Baeria Gracilis. Yellow. Southwest
There are many kinds of Baeria, not easily distinguished. This is a dear little plant, often covering the fields with a carpet of gold. The slender stems are about six inches tall, with soft, downy, l...
-Bahia. Bahia Absinthifolia. Yellow. Spring. Arizona
This is from eight to fifteen inches tall, with pretty flowers, an inch and a half across, with bright yellow rays and deep yellow centers, contrasting well with the pale gray-green foliage, which is ...
-Desert Zinnia. Crassina Pumila (Zinnia). White. Spring. Arizona
Nothing could look much less like a garden Zinnia than this dry, prickly-looking dwarf shrub. It is from three inches to a foot high, the branches crowded with very small, stiff, dull green leaves, an...
-Wild Marigold. Bailey A Mulliradiata. Yellow. Spring, Summer, Etc. Southwest, Tex
Charming flowers, with a thrifty, cultivated appearance like that of a garden flower. The plant is a foot tall, with grayish-green, woolly stems and foliage, and the handsome flower is an inch and a h...
-Bailey A Pauciradiata. Yellow. Spring. Southwest
An odd little desert plant, about six inches tall, with a thickish stem and soft, thickish leaves, covered all over with silky, white wool, giving a pale, silky effect to the whole plant, which is qui...
-Pentachaeta. Penlachaeta Aurea. Yellow. Spring. California
Gay, yet delicate little flowers, with slender branching stems, about eight inches tall, and light green, very narrow leaves. The flowers are an inch across, with a feathery ruffle of very numerous na...
-Daisy Dwarf. Actinolepis Lanosa. White. Spring. Arizona
A quaint little desert plant, only two or three inches tall, with thickish, pale gray-green leaves, covered with close white down, and pretty little flowers, growing singly at the ends of tiny branche...
-Yellow Tidy-Tips. Blepharipappus Elegans (Layia) Yellow. Spring. California
There are a good many kinds of Blepharipappus. Very pretty flowers, with slender, branching, hairy stems, about a foot tall, and light green, hairy leaves. The flowers are about two inches across, ...
-White Tidy-Tips. Blepharipappus Glandulosus (Layia). White. Spring. Southwest, Oreg., Wash
A beautiful kind, eight or nine inches tall, with pale green, hairy leaves, the lower ones toothed, and a slender stem, bearing a charming flower, nearly an inch and a half across, with neat pure whit...
-Blanket-Flower, Gaillardia. Gaillardia Pinnatifida. Yellow. Summer. Ariz., Col., Tex
This is handsome and conspicuous, with a slender, rough stalk, about a foot tall, dull green, stiff, rather hairy leaves, mostly from the root, and beautiful flowers, an inch and a half across, with g...
-Arizona Gaillardia. Gaillardia Arizonica. Yellow. Spring. Arizona
A pretty little desert plant, from four to eight inches tall, with a slender, downy flower-stalk, springing from a cluster of roughish, light dull green leaves, more or less hairy and bearing a single...
-Tiny Tim. Hymenathernm Hartwegi. Yellow. Spring. Arizona
A neat little evergreen, shrubby plant, only about three inches high, with branching stems, clothed with small, narrow, dull green leaves, which look prickly but are actually not very stiff, though ti...
-Tall Purple Aster. Machaeranthera Incana (Aster). Purple. Spring. Southwest, Utah, New Mex
This looks a good deal like an Aster, a branching plant, from two to nearly three feet high, with grayish-green, slightly downy leaves, with very sharp teeth. The flowers are an inch and a half across...
-Laphdmia Bisetosa. Yellow Summer. Ariz., New Mex., Tex
An insignificant plant, except that it grows on the sides of bare, red rocks or head-downward on the under side of overhanging ledges, apparently needing little or no soil, and is therefore noticeable...
-Gum Plant. Grindelia Latijolia. Yellow. Spring. California
Coarse but rather effective flowers, with smooth, stiff, branching stems, about three feet high, and dark dull green leaves. The flower-heads are over an inch and a half across, with bright yellow ray...
-Arrow-Leaf. Balsam-Root, Big Root. Balsamorrhiza Sagittata. Yellow. Spring. Utah, Ida., Cal.,Nev., Col
A very handsome plant, the contrast between the gray-velvet leaves and the great yellow flowers being very striking. It forms large clumps, about a foot and a half high, with slightly downy flower-sta...
-Cut-Leaved Balsam-Root. Balsamorrhiza Macrophylla. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Utah, Wyo
A strikingly handsome plant, forming clumps even larger than the last, with similar flowers, but with quite different foliage. The leaves are rich-green, and decorative in form, more or less slashed i...
-Balsam-Root Balsamorrhiza Hookeri Yellow-Spring West, Except Ariz
Rather handsome, though a coarse plant, over a foot tall, with hairy, dull green or grayish leaves, crisp and harsh to the touch, variously lobed and cut, chiefly in a clump at the root. The flowers a...
-Yellows, Mule-Ears. Wyethia Amplexicaulis. Yellow. Spring, Summer. Utah, Nev., Etc
A robust and exceedingly handsome plant, one or two feet tall, with rich foliage and gorgeous flowers. The leaves are stiffish, dark rich green, smooth but somewhat sticky, often toothed; the stem-lea...
-Woolly Wyethia. Wyethia Mollis. Yellow. Summer. California
Not so handsome as the last, but a striking plant, from one to four feet high, with gray-green, velvety foliage, all covered with soft wool, forming large clumps of leaves, from six to fifteen inches ...
-Black Eyed Susan. Rudbeckia Hirta. Yellow. Summer. California, Etc
From one to four feet high, with rough leaves and one or a few handsome flowers, from one to four inches across, with deep yellow rays and a purplish-brown conical center. This comes from the Mississi...
-Brass Buttons, Butter-Heads. Colula Coronopifolia. Yellow. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Cal., Oreg. And Tetradymia. Tetradymia Spinosa Yellow Spring West, Etc
An odd desert shrub, about three feet high, with gray bark and crooked, gnarly, tangled branches, armed with long spines and clothed with small, downy, pale green leaves. The flower-heads are three-qu...
-Arizona Golden-Rod. Solidago Trinervala. Yellow. Summer. Arizona
A handsome kind, from one to two feet high, with flower-heads nearly three-eighths of an inch across, with bright yellow rays and centers, forming a large, handsome, plume-like cluster. The stem and l...
-Ragwort. Senecio Perplexus Var. Dispar. Yellow. Spring, Summer Utah,Idaho
A conspicuous plant and quite handsome, though its flowers are rather untidy-looking, for, like many other Senecios, the rays do not come out evenly. It is about two feet high, with a stout, hollow, r...
-Creek Senecio. Sevecio Dougldsii. Yellow. Spring, Summer, Autumn. Southwest
A handsome bush, about three feet high, covered with many flowers, on slender flower-stalks, sticking up out of a mass of rather delicate foliage, which is often covered with white cottony wool. The f...
-Senecio Limmoni. Yellow. Spring. Arizona
This is quite effective, with attractive flowers and foliage, growing among rocks on hillsides and forming large clumps over a foot high. The stems are slender and often much bent, the leaves are dark...
-White Squaw-Weed. Senecio Cordatus. White. Summer. Northwest
A rather handsome plant, with a stout stem, about two feet tall; the upper leaves more or less downy and the root-leaves rather thick and soft, covered with whitish hairs on the under side. The flower...
-Senecio Riddellii. Yellow. Spring, Winter. Arizona
A rather showy plant, from six inches to two feet tall, blossoming both as an annual and as a biennial, after which it dies. The whole plant is smooth and the foliage is green or bluish-green, rather ...
-S. Multilobcitus Yellow Summer Ariz., Utah, Etc
A rather pretty plant, about a foot tall, with a few small leaves on the slightly woolly stem, but most of them in a rosette at the base. They are smooth, thickish and slightly stiff, about an inch an...
-African Senecio. Senecio Elegans. White And Mauve. Spring. California
A handsome plant, which is noticeable on account of its unusual coloring. The stout, smooth stem is two or three feet tall, with smooth, slightly thickish leaves, the margins rolled back, a very pecul...
-Groundsel-Tree Chaparral Broom. Baccharis Pilularis. Whitish, Yellowish. Autumn. Cal., Oreg., Wash
A branching evergreen shrub, from two to five feet high, with smooth dark green, leathery leaves, an inch or less long, rather wedge-shaped, usually coarsely toothed. The flower-heads are very small, ...
-Aster. Aster Chamissonis. Purple. Summer, Autumn. Cal., Oreg
This is one of the commonest kinds and is quite handsome, from two to five feet high, with leafy, branching stems and alternate, lance-shaped leaves, from two to five inches long, usually toothless, w...
-Chicory Family. Cicoriaccae
A large family, of wide geographic distribution, resembling the Sunflower Family and by some authors included in it. They are herbs, rarely trees, almost always with milky, acrid, or bitter juice; the...
-Flowering-Straw. Ptiloria Pauciflora (Slephanomeria Runcinata). Pink. Spring. West, Etc
In the desert this is a very strange-looking, pale plant, forming a scanty, straggling bush, about two feet high, with slender, brittle, gray stems, most of the leaves reduced to mere scales, and deli...
-Desert Pink. Ptiloria Wrightii (Stephanomeria). Pink. Summer. Ariz., New Mex
Much like the last, but not a queer-looking plant, with pale green fcliage and larger, prettier flowers, three-quarters of an inch long, giving the effect of tiny, pale pink carnations. This grows at ...
-Goat Chicory. Large-Flowered. Agoseris. Agoseris Glauca. Yellow. Spring. Utah, Ida., Wash. Etc
A pretty perennial plant, about fourteen inches tall, with a slender, slightly woolly flower-stem, springing from a pretty cluster of smooth bluish-green leaves, sometimes toothless, and bearing a han...
-Malacothrix Glabrata. Yellow. Spring. Southwest, Nev., Utah
A very attractive plant; with several flower-stalks, from six inches to a foot tall, springing from a pretty feathery tuft of bright green root-leaves, cut into almost threadlike divisions and often t...
-Snake's Head. Malacothrix Coulteri. White. Spring. California
A smooth plant, with a bloom, from five to sixteen inches high, often branching from the base, the leaves cut into wavy lobes, with no leaf-stalk. The handsome flowers are about an inch across, white,...
-Desert Dandelion. Malacothrix Fendleri. Yellow. Spring. Arizona. And Salsify Oyster Plant. Tragopogon Porrifblius. Purple. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
This is the common Salsify, the root of which is used as a vegetable. It is naturalized from Europe and is now quite common in the West as a stray and also in the East. It has a smooth, stout, hollo...
-Desert Chicory. Nemoseris Neo-Mexicdna (Rafinesquia) White. Spring. Ariz., New Mex
A straggling desert plant, from a few inches to a foot and a half high, with smooth branching stems and smooth, very pale bluish-green leaves, rather thick in texture. The pretty flowers are from one ...
-Chicory, Blue Sailors. Cichorium Intybus. Blue. Summer, Autumn. Northwest, Etc
This is a straggling plant, from one to three feet tall, a perennial, with a long, deep tap-root, stiff, branching stems, and leaves irregularly slashed into toothed lobes and chiefly from the root. T...
-Silver-Puffs. Microseris Linearifolia. Yellow. Spring. Southwest, Nev
This is about a foot tall, with smooth, hollow flower-stems, smooth leaves, and rather small yellow flowers, not particularly pretty. The gone-to-seed flower-heads are, however, very conspicuous, ...
-Sow Thistle. Sonchus Olerhceus. Yellow. All Seasons. West, Etc
A common weed, from Europe, found across the continent, coarse but decorative in form, with a stout leafy stem, from one to four feet tall, and smooth leaves, with some soft prickles on the edges, the...
-Dandelion. Taraxacum Taraxacum. Yellow. All Seasons. U. S., Etc
This is a weed in all civilized parts of the world, growing in meadows, fields, and waste places. It has a thick, deep, bitter root, a tuft of root-leaves, slashed into toothed lobes, and several holl...
-Gray Hawks-Beard. Crepis Occidenthlis. Yellow. Spring, Summer. West, Etc
This is a pretty plant, for the gray-green foliage sets off the yellow flowers. It is from six to eighteen inches high, more or less hairy or downy all over, with one or several, stout, branching, lea...
-Smooth Hawks-Beard. Crepis Vlrens. Yellow. Summer. Cal., Oreg., Etc
This is a weed from Europe, growing in fields and waste places, in the East and on the Pacific Coast. It is a smooth plant, from one to two feet tall, with green leaves the shape of Dandelion leaves, ...
-Hawksbeard. Crepis Acuminata. Yellow. Spring, Summer. West, Except Ariz
A handsome and conspicuous plant, often forming large clumps, from one to three feet tall, with dull green, downy, rather leathery leaves, irregularly slashed and cut, and large clusters of light brig...
-A Selection From The Catalogue Of G. P. Putnam's Sons
Complete Catalogue sent on application By F. SCHUYLER MATHEWS Field Book Of Wild Birds And Their Music 16mo. With 38 Colored and 15 other Full-page Illustrations, and numerous Musical Diagram...









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