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Who's Who Among The Wild Flowers | by W. I. Beecroft



There may be perverse and misguided folk, who, like myself, have an unaccountable distaste for looking at Mother Nature through the spectacles of Another. One is humbly aware that the "spectacles" offered by the various writers are admirable; that they clarify and enlarge the vision, place the object in an excellent light and show our much-inspected Mother as wearing the loveliest of complexions, and yet - one likes to use his own eyesight - his own spectacles. To such, this little book will prove a peculiar blessing. It goes no farther than to tell "Who's Who" among the wild flowers, merely giving an introduction and allowing one the privilege of making friends with them after the devices of his own heart.

TitleWho's Who Among The Wild Flowers
AuthorW. I. Beecroft
PublisherMoffat, Yard And Company
Year1910
Copyright1910, Moffat, Yard And Company
AmazonA Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants

Compiled And Illustrated By W. I. Beecroft

With An Introduction By Frances Duncan

-Introduction
There may be perverse and misguided folk, who, like myself, have an unaccountable distaste for looking at Mother Nature through the spectacles of Another. One is humbly aware that the spectacles off...
-I. White And Greenish. Bloodroot
Indian Paint: Red Puccoon. Sanguinaria canadensis. Poppy Family Apr. - May. Found in open woods and borders of woodlands. Nova Scotia to Florida, west to Nebraska. Flowers Pure white, 8 - ...
-Dutchman's Breeches
Ear-drops: White Hearts: Soldiers' Cap. Dicentra Cucullaria. Fumitory Family. Apr. - May. Found in rich, rocky woods. Nova Scotia to the Carolinas, common westward. Flowers White, tipped w...
-Squirrel Corn
Dicentra canadensis. Fumitory Family. Apr. - May. Found in rich woods. Nova Scotia to Virginia, west to Mississippi. Flowers White, tinged with magenta, fragrant; 4 - 8 on a stalk 6 - 12 i...
-Toothwort. Crinkle-Root
Dentaria diphylla. Mustard Family. Apr. - May. Found in rich woods. Nova Scotia, Maine to Minnesota, south to the Carolinas, west to the Mississippi. Flowers White, 4 divisions, borne in a lo...
-Cut-Leaved Toothwort
Pepper-root. D. laciniata. Plant similar to the above. Flowers White or pinkish. Leaves Stem leaves in whorls of 3, much divided, toothed. Roots tuberous, edible. ...
-Partridge Berry
Partridge Vine: Twin-berry: Mitchella-vine: Squawberry. Mitchella repens. Madder Family. May - June. Found in woods. Nova Scotia to Gulf of Mexico, westward to Minnesota and Texas. Flowers ...
-Foam-Flower. False Mitrewort
Coolwort: Nancy-over-the-ground. Tiarella cordifolia. Saxifrage Family. Apr. - June. Found in rich woods. Nova Scotia to Georgia, westward to Minnesota and Indiana. Flowers White, small, i...
-Mitrewort. Bishop's Cap
Mitella diphylla. Saxifrage Family. Apr. - May. Found in rich woods. Quebec to North Carolina, west to Minnesota and Missouri. Flowers White, tiny, on stalk 8 - 16 inches high. Leaves L...
-Early Spring, Plantain-Leaved, Or Mouse-Ear Everlasting. Pussy's Toes
White Plantain, and Ladies Tobacco. Antennaria plantaginifolia. Composite Family. Apr. - June. Found in dry fields and on hillsides. Common in U. S., Labrador to Gulf of Mexico, west to Nebraska...
-Early Saxifrage
Saxifraga virginiensis. Saxifrage Family. Apr. - June. Found on dry, rocky hillsides. New Brunswick to Georgia, west to Minnesota and Tennessee. Flowers White, 5 divisions, small, in clusters...
-Red Baneberry
Cohosh: Herb-Christopher. Actaea rubra. Crowfoot Family. Apr. - June. Found in rich woods, an erect, bushy plant 1 - 2 feet high. Nova Scotia to Georgia and far west. Common northward. Flo...
-Solomon's Seal
Hairy, or True, or Twin Flowered Solomon's Seal. Polygonatum biflorum. Lily Family. Apr.- June. Found in rich woods. A plant 1 - 3 feet high. New England to Florida, west to Michigan, Minnesota,...
-Rue Anemone
Anemonella thalictroides. Crowfoot Family. Apr. - June. Found in thin woods, a small plant 5 - 9 inches high. New England to Minnesota, south to Tennessee. Flowers White, or pink tinged, 5 - ...
-Wood Anemone
Wind-Flower: Anemone quinquefolia. Crowfoot Family. Apr. - June. A plant 4 - 8 inches high. Found in open woods. Canada, south to Georgia, west to Rocky Mountains. Flowers White, or mag...
-Wild Or False Sarsaparilla
Aralia nudicaulis. Ginseng Family. May - June. A plant 8 - 12 inches high. Found in woods. New England to Dakota, south to mountains of Carolina. Flowers Greenish white, tiny, 3 - 7 clu...
-Dwarf Ginseng
Ground Nut. Panax trifolium. Ginseng Family. May - June. A plant 4 - 8 inches tall. Found in woods. Canada to the mountains of Georgia. Flowers White, tiny, in small clusters. Berries yell...
-Arrow Arum
Green Arrow Arum. Peltandra virginica. Arum Family. May - June. A plant 1 - 3 feet high. Found growing in clumps in shallow water. Maine to Florida, west to Michigan and Missouri. Flowers ...
-Water Arum
Marsh Calla. Calla palustris. Arum Family. May - June. A plant 5 - 10 inches high. Found in cool bogs and swamps. Nova Scotia and southward to Virginia, westward to Minnesota, Iowa and Michigan....
-Maianthemum
Canada Mayflower: Two-leaved Solomon's Seal: False Lily-of-the-Valley. Maianthemum canadense. Found in rich woods. Labrador to North Carolina, west to Dakota and Manitoba. Flowers White, tiny...
-Painted Trillium
Trillium undulatum. Lily Family. May - June. Found in rich woods. Quebec and Ontario to Georgia, west to Wisconsin and Missouri. Flowers Solitary, 3 wavy-edged, white divisions marked with...
-Star Flower
Star Anemone: Chick-weed Wintergreen. Trientalis americana. Primrose Family. May - June. A plant 3 - 7 inches high. Found in moist woods. From mountains of Virginia and Illinois north to Labrado...
-Goldthread
Canker-root. Coptis trifolia. Crowfoot Family. May - July. Found both in dry and wet woods. Labrador to Alaska, south to Michigan and mountains of North Carolina and Tennessee. Flowers ...
-False Solomon's Seal
False Spikenard: Solomon's Zig-zag. Smilacina racemosa. Lily Family. May - June. A plant 1 - 3 feet high. Found in moist woods and borders of woods. Nova Scotia to Georgia, westward Minnesota, A...
-Poison Sumach
Rhus Vernix. Cashew Family. June. Shrub 6 - 15 feet high. Found on wet, low ground. Very poisonous. Western Maine to Ontario and southward. Flowers Small, whitish green in loose clusters from...
-Poison Ivy
Three-Leaved Ivy: Mercury. Rhus Toxicodendron. Cashew Family. June - July. A plant sometimes vine-like in habit, sometimes bushy. Found along roadsides, on fences and stone walls, tree-trunks, a...
-Bristly Sarsaparilla
Aralia hispida. Ginseng Family. June - July. Found in rocky woods. A hairy plant 2 - 3 feet high. Newfoundland to North Carolina, west to Indiana and Minnesota. Flowers Tiny, dull white, i...
-Shin Leaf
Pyrola elliptica. Heath Family. June - July. Found in woods. Eastern United States and Quebec to Maryland, west to Rocky mountains. Flowers Greenish white, 5 divisions, fragrant, on stalk ...
-Round-Leaved Pyrola
P. americana. Flowers Similar to the preceding. Leaves Nearly round, thick, shining green. One-Flowered Pyrola Moneses uniflora. Bears a single white or pink flower. ...
-Red-Berried Elder
Sambucus racemosa. Honeysuckle Family. June - July. Found on borders of woods. A shrub 2 - 12 feet high. New Foundland to British Columbia, south to Georgia, Iowa and Colorado. Flowers Dull w...
-Sweet Pepperbush
White Alder: Alder-leaved Clethra. Clethra alnifolia. Heath Family. July - Aug. Shrub 3 - 10 feet high. Found in low woodlands, thickets, chiefly near the Atlantic coast. Flowers White, in...
-Rein Orchis. Habenaria Bracteata
Orchis Family. June - Aug. Found in damp woods. Nova Scotia to Alaska, south to Washington, Minnesota and Pennsylvania. Flowers Greenish, small, in spike terminating stem 6 - 20 inches high. ...
-Thimbleweed. Tall Or Summer Anemone
Anemone virginiana. Crowfoot Family. June - Aug. Found along roadsides and borders of woodlands. Maine to Minnesota and southward. Flowers White or greenish, 5 divisions, terminating stalk...
-Field Chickweed
Cerastium arvense. Pink Family. May - July. Found in dry, rocky land. Common. Flowers White, 5 divisions, divisions 2 - lobed, terminating stems 4 - 10 inches high. Leaves Small, narrow...
-Indian Pipe
Corpse Plant: Ice-plant: Ghost-flower. Monotropa uniflora. Heath Family. June - Aug. Found in moist, heavily-shaded woods. Throughout North America, except far south. Flowers Waxy white, s...
-Wild Leek
Allium tricoccum. Lily Family. June - July. Found in rich woods. New Brunswick to Minnesota, south to North Carolina. Flowers Greenish white, clustered at the end of stalk 4 - 15 inches high....
-Bladder Campion
Silene latifolia. Pink Family. June - Aug. Found in fields, roadsides, waste places. Canada south to New Jersey, Illinois and Iowa. Naturalized from Europe. Flowers White, 5 divisions, divisi...
-Musk Mallow
Malva moschata. Mallow Family. June - Sept. Found by roadsides and in waste places. Canada, Eastern, Middle and Southern States. Naturalized from Europe. Escaped from cultivation. Flowers Whi...
-Chamomile
Mayweed: Dog-fennel: Dill-weed: Pig-sty Daisy: Dog's or Fetid Chamomile. Anthemis Cotula. Composite Family. June - Oct. A plant 8 - 20 inches high. Found by roadsides and in dry waste land. Wide...
-Bunchberry
Low or Dwarf Cornel. Cornus canadensis. Dogwood Family. June - July. Found in woods. Plant 4 - 8 inches high. Labrador to Alaska, south to West Virginia and Minnesota. Flowers Dull white, ...
-Daisy Fleabane
Erigeron ramosus. Composite Family. June - Oct. A plant 1 - 2 feet high. Found in fields, waste lands, roadsides. Nova Scotia to Virginia, and west to Missouri. Flower-Heads About 1/2 inch...
-Yarrow. Milfoil
Old Man's Pepper; Nosebleed. Achillea Millefolium. Composite Family. June - Oct. Found on roadsides and in waste places. Common throughout North America. Flower-Heads Grayish white, sometimes cr...
-Virgin's Bower
Traveller's Joy: Old Man's Beard: Devil's Yarn. Clematis virginiana. Crowfoot Family. July - Aug. A vine 6 - 12 feet long. Found in rich, damp soil, climbing over fences and shrubs. From Canada ...
-Ragged Fringed Orchis
Fringed Green Orchis. Habenaria lacera. Orchis Family. July - Aug. Found in swamps and wet woods from Newfoundland to Minnesota, south to Missouri and Alabama. Flowers Greenish or dingy wh...
-Rattlesnake Plantain
Downy Rattlesnake Plantain. Epipactis pubescens. Orchis Family. July - Aug. Found in dry woods. New England to Florida, west to the Mississippi. Flowers Small, white, numerous on downy sta...
-Greater Green Orchis
Large Round-leaved Orchis. Habenaria orbiculata. Orchis Family. July - Aug. Found in rich woods. Labrador to Alaska, south to South Carolina, Minnesota, and Washington. Flowers Greenish white, o...
-Round-Leaved Sundew
Dew-plant. Drosera rotundifolia. Sundew Family. July - Aug. Found in bogs and sandy marshes. Labrador to the Gulf of Mexico and westward. From Alaska to California. Flowers Small, white...
-Ladies' Tresses
Spiranthes cernua. Orchis Family. Aug. - Oct. Found in low meadows and swamps. Newfoundland to Georgia, Minnesota and Nebraska. Flowers Small, white or yellowish, arranged spirally on stem...
-Thoroughwort. Boneset
Ague-weed: Indian Sage. Eupatorium perfoliatum. Composite Family. July - Sept. Found in low, wet ground. From Nebraska, Manitoba, New Brunswick, south to the Gulf of Mexico. Flower-Heads S...
-White Snakeroot
White or Indian San-icle: Deerwort Boneset. E. urticaefolium. Found in rich moist woods. A plant 1 - 4 feet high. Flower-Heads White, resembling the garden Ageratum, in spreading cluster. ...
-Turtlehead. Balmony
Snake-head: Shell-flower: Cod-head. Chelone glabra. Figwort Family. July - Sept. Found in wet ground. Newfoundland to Florida and Texas, west to Mississippi and Minnesota. Flowers White or...
-Arrow-Head
Sagittaria latifolia. Water Plantain Family. July - Sept. Found in shallow water. From Mexico northward throughout North America. Flowers White, divisions 3, in whorls of 3, on stalk 6 inches...
-Rough Bedstraw
Galium asprellum. Madder Family. June - Aug. A plant 2 - 4 feet tall. Found in rich, moist ground. Eastern half of United States and Canada. Flowers White, tiny, in airy clusters. Flower stem...
-Wild Balsam-Apple
Echinocystis lobata. Gourd Family. July - Sept. A rapid climbing vine 10 - 20 feet long. Found in rich, moist soil, beside streams and in waste places. New Brunswick to Kentucky, west to Manitob...
-Tall Meadow Rue
Thalictrum polygamum Crowfoot Family. July - Sept. Found in swamps and low meadows. Newfoundland to Ohio and southward. Flowers White or greenish, in plume-like cluster terminating stem 3 - 1...
-Grass Of Parnassus
Carolina Grass of Parnassus. Parnassia caroliniana. Saxifrage Family. July - Sept. Found in swamps and wet meadows. New Brunswick to Florida, west to Iowa. Flowers Creamy white with greeni...
-Water Plantain
Alisma Plantago-aquatica. Water Plantain Family. July - Sept. Found in shallow water. North America, Europe, Asia. Flowers Small, white, in loose, symmetrical cluster, on stalk 1 - 3 feet hig...
-Common Dodder
Strangle-weed: Love-vine: Angel's Hair. Cuscuta Gronovii. Convolvulus Family. July - Sept. Found in moist soil. Nova Scotia and Minnesota south to Gulf of Mexico. Flowers Tiny, dull white,...
-Wood Sorrel
White or True Wood-sorrel: Alleluia: Oxalis Acetosella. Wood Sorrel Family. May - July. A plant 3 - 4 inches tall. Found in cold, damp woods. Nova Scotia and Manitoba, south to North Carolina. ...
-Pearly, Or Large-Flowered, Everlasting
Immortelle: Silver-leaf: Cotton-weed: Moonshine: None-so-pretty. Anaphalis margaritacea. Composite Family. July - Sept. Found in dry fields, hillsides. North Carolina to Kansas and California, a...
-White Melilot. Sweet Clover
Bokhara or Tree Clover: Honey Lotus. Melilotus alba. Pulse Family. June - Aug. Found by roadsides and in waste places. Naturalized from Europe: widespread in United States. Flowers White, ...
-Wild Carrot. Queen Anne's Lace
Bird's Nest. Daucus Carota. Parsley Family. July - Sept. A plant 2 - 3 feet high. Found in fields, roadsides, waste places. Naturalized from Europe. Eastern half of United States and Canada. ...
-Buttonbush
Globe-flower: Honey-balls: Button-ball Shrub: River-bush. Cephalanthus occidentalis. Madder Family. July - Sept. A shrub 3 - 12 feet high. Found in wet ground and beside ponds and streams. Ne...
-Pokeweed. Pigeon Berry
Scoke: Ink-berry: Garget. Phytolacca decandra. Pokeweed Family. July - Sept. A plant 4 - 10 feet tall. Found by roadsides, in clearings, waste places. Maine and Ontario to Florida and Texas. ...
-Flowering Moss. Pyxie
Pine-barren Beauty. Pyxidanthera barbulata. Diapensia Family. Mch. - May. A low plant, growing in mat-like patches, creeping prostrate branches 6 - 10 inches long. Found in dry, sandy soil, pine...
-Mayflower. Trailing Arbutus
Ground Laurel. Epigaea repens. Heath Family. Mch. - May. Found in woodlands or mossy, rocky places. Newfoundland to Florida, west to Kentucky, Minnesota and the Northwest. Flowers White or...
-White Adder's Tongue
Erythronium albidum. Lily Family. Mch. - May. Found in rich soil. Common west as far as Texas, Arkansas and Minnesota. Somewhat rare in Eastern States, New York to New Jersey. Flowers Pinkish...
-Twinleaf
Rheumatism Root. Jeffersonia diphylla. Barberry Family. Apr. - May. Found in rich, shady woods. New York to Wisconsin, south to Tennessee. Flowers White, 8 divisions, 1 inch broad, solitar...
-May Apple. Mandrake
Hog Apple: Wild Lemon. Podophyllum peltatum. Barberry Family. Apr. - May. A plant 12 - 18 inches high. Found in rich, moist woods. Western Quebec and western New England to Minnesota and sout...
-Sweet White Violet
Viola pallens. Violet Family. Apr. - May. Plant 3 - 5 inches tall. Found in moist, wooded places. Common. Flowers White with purple veins, side divisions usually bearing a small tuft of ha...
-Water Cress
Radicula Nasturtium-aquaticum. Mustard Family. Apr. - Aug. Found in brooks, ditches. Naturalized from Europe. Common. Flowers White, 4 divisions, small, in terminal clusters. Leaves Com...
-Creeping Snowberry
Chiogenes hispidula. Heath Family. May - June. A low, creeping plant. Found in mossy bogs and woods. Canada, south to Minnesota, Michigan and North Carolina. Flowers White, very small, bell-s...
-New Jersey Tea. Red-Root
Ceanothus americanus. Buckthorn Family. May - July. A shrub 1 - 4 feet high. Found in dry, open woods. Gulf of Mexico to Ontario. Flowers White, small, in dense, oblong, terminal clusters. ...
-Black Snakeroot. Black Cohosh
Tall Bugbane. Cimicifuga racemosa. Crowfoot Family. June - July. Found in rich woods, hillsides. Southern New England and Wisconsin south to Georgia. Flowers White, ill-scented, fuzzy, bor...
-Clammy Azalea. White Swamp Honeysuckle
Rhododendron viscosum. Heath Family. June - July. A shrub 3 - 7 feet high, resembling the earlier-blooming Pink Azalea. Found in swamps, generally near the coast. Maine, south and west to Ohio and Ark...
-Showy Lady's Slipper
Cypripedium hirsutum. Orchis Family. June - July. Found in wet, mossy woods, swamps. Newfoundland to Georgia, west to Mississippi. Flowers Pouch white, more or less stained with crimson-magen...
-Lizard's Tail
Saururus cernuus. Pepper Family. June - Aug. A plant 2 - 5 feet high. Found in swamps, shallow water. Rhode Island to Gulf of Mexico, west to Minnesota and Texas. Flowers White, fragrant, ...
-Poke Or Tall Milkweed
Asclepias phytolaccoides. Milkweed Family. June - Aug. A plant 3 - 6 feet high. Found in woodland borders, thickets from Maine to Georgia and far west. Flowers Similar in structure to the Com...
-Water Hemlock. Spotted Cow-Bane
Musquash Root: Beaver Poison. Cicuta maculata. Parsley Family. June - Aug. Found in wet meadows, swampy places. A deadly poison contained in its fleshy roots. New Brunswick to Virginia and westw...
-Water Parsnip
Hemlock Water Parsnip. Slum cicutaefolium. Is a similar species growing in wet places and also poisonous. It may be found from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Flowers White, in broad clusters. ...
-Dalibarda
Creeping Dalibarda. Dalibarda repens. Rose Family. June - Sept. Found in woodlands. Nova Scotia to Pennsylvania, west to the Mississippi. Flowers White, solitary, 5 divisions, on stalks 2 ...
-Water Lily
Pond Lily: Water Nymph: Sweet-scented Water Lily. Castalia odorata. Water Lily Family. June - Sept. Found in shallow water. Common. Nova Scotia to the Gulf of Mexico, west to Mississippi. Flo...
-White Fringed Orchis
Habenaria blephariglottis. Orchis Family. July - Aug. Found in bogs, swamps. Eastern Canada to Michigan, south to Mississippi. Flowers Similar in habit to the Yellow Fringed Orchis, white, fr...
-Wintergreen. Checkerberry
Partridge-berry: Deer, Box, or Spice-berry: Mountain or Ground Tea. Gaultheria procumbens. Heath Family. July - Aug. Found in woodlands. Newfoundland to Northern Georgia, west to Minnesota, Michgan...
-Culver's Root
Culver's Physic: Veronica virginica. Figwort Family. July - Aug. An erect plant with straight, usually unbranched stem 2 - 7 feet high. Found in moist woods, meadows. Western Massachusetts and C...
-Jamestown Or Jimson Weed
Thorn-apple: Stramonium: Devil's Trumpet. Datura Stramonium. Nightshade Family. July - Sept. A plant 1 - 5 feet tall. Found in fields, waste land. Nova Scotia to Gulf, west beyond the Mississipp...
-II. Yellow And Orange. Yellow Adder's-Tongue. Dog's-Tooth Violet
Trout Lily. Erythronium americanum. Lily Family. Apr. - May. Found in moist woods, brooksides. New Brunswick to Florida, west to Mississippi, Minnesota and Arkansas. Flowers Lily-like, 6 d...
-Marsh Marigold
Meadow-gowan: American Cowslip. Caltha palustris. Crowfoot Family. Apr. - May. A plant 8 - 24 inches high. Found in low, wet meadows. Newfoundland to South Carolina, Tennessee, and Nebraska. ...
-Star Grass
Hypoxis hirsuta. Amaryllis Family. Apr. - July. Found in dry, open woods, meadows. Maine to Gulf of Mexico and west to Minnesota, Texas, Kansas. Flowers Yellow inside, greenish and hairy outs...
-Cinquefoil
Common Cinquefoil: Five-Finger. Potentilla canadensis. Rose Family. Apr. - Aug. Found in dry fields, roadsides, waste places. Quebec to Georgia, west to Minnesota, Iowa. Flowers Yellow,...
-Golden Alexanders
Early Meadow Parsnip. Zizia aurea. Parsley Family. May - June. Found in meadows and river-banks. From New Brunswick and Dakota to the Gulf States. Flowers Yellow, tiny, in thin, flat clust...
-Wild Parsnip. Field Parsnip
Madnep: Tank. Pastinaca sativa. Parsley Family. June - Sept. A plant 2 - 5 feet tall, with noticeably grooved stem, found in roadsides, waste places. Common throughout United States and Canada. ...
-Clintonia. Yellow Clintonia
Clintonia borealis. Lily Family. May - June. Found in moist woods. Labrador to North Carolina, west to Manitoba and Minnesota. Flowers Greenish yellow, 6 divisions, lily-like, 3 - 6 terminati...
-Indian Cucumber-Root
Medeola virginiana. Lily Family. May - June. A plant 1 - 3 feet high, found in rich woods. New Brunswick to Minnesota, south to Gulf States. Flowers Greenish yellow, few at summit of st...
-Oakesia
Oakesia sessilifolia. Lily Family. May - June. A plant 6 - 12 inches tall, found in rich woods. New England to Florida, west to Minnesota, Nebraska and Arkansas. Flowers Pale yellow, 6 divisi...
-Large-Flowered Bellwort
Uvularia grandiflora. Lily Family. Apr. - June. Found in rich woods. Western New England to Minnesota and Kansas, south to Georgia. Flowers Larger and more irregular than those of the precedi...
-Yellow Lady's Slipper
Large Yellow Lady's Slipper: Yellow Moccasin Flower: Whippoorwill's Shoe. Cypripedium parviflorum Var. pubescens. Orchis Family. May - July. Found in moist or boggy woods. Nova Scotia to Alabama...
-Golden Ragwort
Groundsel: Squaw-weed. Senecio aureus. Composite Family. May - July. Found in wet meadows. Newfoundland and Ontario to Gulf of Mexico, west to Missouri. Flower-Heads Golden yellow, in l...
-Carrion-Flower
Smilax herbacea. Lily Family. May - July. A handsome vine growing 4 - 15 feet long, found in moist soil. Canada to Gulf States, west to Nebraska. Flowers Greenish yellow, in inconspicuous ...
-Yellow Pond Lily. Cow Lily
Large Yellow Pond or Water Lily: Spatter-dock. Nymphaea advena. Water Lily Family. May - Sept. Found in shallow, stagnant water. Nova Scotia to Gulf States, west to Rocky Mountains. Flowers ...
-Wild Yellow Lily
Meadow or Field Lily: Canada Lily. Lilium canadense. Lily Family. June - July. Found in wet meadows and swamps. Nova Scotia to Georgia, west beyond Mississippi, Minnesota and Missouri. Flower...
-Fringed Loosestrife
Steironema ciliatum. Primrose Family. June - Aug. Found in low ground, thickets. Maine to British Columbia, south to Gulf States. Flowers Yellow, divisions 5, a terra-cotta colored ring in th...
-Agrimony
Agrimonia gryposepala. Rose Family. June - Aug. Found in roadsides, borders of woods and fields. Canada to North Carolina, west to California. Flowers Yellow, small, divisions 5, borne on sle...
-Celandine
Greater Celandine: Swallow-wort. Chelidonium majus. Poppy Family. May - Aug. A plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in roadsides, waste places. Eastern United States. Naturalized from Europe. Flowers...
-Loosestrife
Lysimachia terrestris, Primrose Family. June - Aug. Found in low, wet ground. Newfoundland to Northern Georgia, west to Minnesota, Arkansas and Manitoba. Flowers Yellow, with reddish dots nea...
-Four-Leaved Loosestrife
Whorled Loosestrife: Crosswort. Lysimachia quadrifolia. Primrose Family. June - Aug. A slender plant 1 - 3 feet tall, found in open woods, moist, sandy soil. New Brunswick to Georgia, west to Il...
-Cone-Flower. Purple Cone-Flower
Black-eyed Susan: Yellow or Ox-eye Daisy: Nigger-head: Golden Jerusalem. Rudbeckia hirta. Composite Family. June - Sept. A plant 1 - 3 feet tall, found in fields and open, sunny places. New Engl...
-Common Mullein
Great Mullein: Velvet or Flannel Plant: Mullein Dock: Aaron's Rod. Verbascum Thapsus. Figwort Family. June - Sept. A plant 2 - 7 feet tall, found in dry fields, waste places. Nova Scotia to Flor...
-Moth Mullein
Verbascum Blattaria. Figwort Family. June - Sept. A plant 2 - 5 feet tall, found in dry fields, waste places. Fairly common through United States and Canada. Naturalized from Europe. Flowers ...
-Wild Lettuce
Tall Lettuce: Wild Opium: Horse-weed. Lactuca canadensis. Composite Family. June - Sept. Found in roadsides, borders of fields, thickets, moist soil. Canada to Georgia, west to Arkansas. Flow...
-Yellow Or Hop Clover
Trifolium agrarium. Pulse Family. June - Sept. Found in sandy fields, roadsides. Naturalized from Europe. Virginia to Iowa, far northward. Flowers In heads composed of many tiny, yellow flore...
-Lady's Sorrel
Yellow Wood-sorrel. Oxalis corniculata. Wood Sorrel Family. May - Sept. Common weed in all situations. Nova Scotia to Gulf, west to Dakota. Flowers Yellow, small, 5 divisions. Leaves...
-Black Mustard
Brassica nigra. Mustard Family. June - Sept. A plant 2 - 5 feet high, found in fields and roadsides. Naturalized from Europe. Common throughout United States. Flowers Yellow, 4-parted, in ...
-Common Evening Primrose
Evening Primrose: Night Willow-herb. Oenothera biennis. Evening Primrose Family. June - Sept. A plant 1 - 5 feet high, found in fields and roadsides. Labrador to Gulf, west to Rockies. Flower...
-Sundrops
Common Sundrops: Oenothera fruticosa. Evening Primrose Family. May - July. Plant 1 - 3 feet tall, found in fields, roadsides. New England to South Carolina, west to Indiana and Michigan. Flow...
-Spotted Touch-Me-Not. Jewel-Weed
Silver Cap: Lady's Ear-drop: Snap Weed: Wild Balsam: Wild Lady's Slipper. Impatiens biflora. Touch-me-not Family. June - Sept. A smooth-stemmed, branching plant, 2 - 5 feet high, found on brooks...
-Common St. John's Wort
Hypericum perforatum. St. John's-wort Family. June - Sept. A plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in fields, roadsides. Common throughout the United States. Naturalized from Europe. Flowers Yellow, i...
-Butter-And-Eggs
Yellow Toad Flax: Flax-weed: Brideweed: Eggs and Bacon. Linaria vulgaris. Figwort Family. June - Oct. A plant 1 - 3 feet tall, found in fields, roadsides, waste places. Nova Scotia to Virgini...
-Yellow Fringed Orchis
Habenaria ciliaris. Orchis Family. July - Aug. Found in moist meadows, sandy bogs. Vermont and Massachusetts to Michigan, Missouri, and southward. Flowers Golden or orange-yellow, lower lip f...
-Downy False Foxglove
Gerardia flava. Figwort Family. July - Aug. A plant 2 - 4 feet tall, found in open woods. New England to Gulf States, west to Ontario and Wisconsin, Iowa, Arkansas. Flowers Yellow, trumpet-sh...
-Elecampane
Horseheal: Yellow Starwort. Inula Helenium. Composite Family. July - Sept. Plant 2 - 6 feet tall. Found in roadsides, fields, damp pastures. Naturalized from Europe. Minnesota and Missouri east ...
-Partridge Pea
Large-flowered Sensitive Plant: Cassia Chamaecrista. Pulse Family. July - Sept. A plant 1 - 2 feet tall, found in dry or sandy fields. Massachusetts to Minnesota and southward. Flowers Yellow, 5...
-Fall Dandelion
Autumnal Hawkbit. Leontodon autumnalis. Composite Family. July - Nov. Found in fields, roadsides. Throughout northern United States, south to Ohio and New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Naturalized fr...
-Tansy
Bitter-buttons. Tanacetum vulgare. Composite Family. July - Sept. Found in roadsides, waste places and around old buildings. Introduced from Europe. Nova Scotia to North Carolina and Missouri...
-Orange Or Tawny Hawkweed. Devil's Paint-Brush
Grim the Collier. Hieracium aurantiacum. Composite Family. July - Sept. Found in fields, pastures. Naturalized from Europe. Canada south to Pennsylvania and Middle Atlantic States. Flower-Hea...
-Hawkweed
Rough Hawkweed. Hieracium scabrum. Composite Family. July - Sept. A plant 1 - 3 feet high, found in dry woods, pastures. Nova Scotia to Georgia, west to Nebraska. Flower-Heads Yellow, i...
-Rattlesnake-Weed
Early or Vein-leaf Hawkweed: Snake or Poor Robin's Plantain. Hieracium venosum. Composite Family. June - Sept. Found in dry woods, open, sandy places. Atlantic States to Minnesota and Iowa. F...
-Thin-Leaved Or Ten-Petaled Sunflower
Helianthus decapetalus. Composite Family. Aug. - Sept. A plant 2 - 5 feet tall, found in moist woods, beside streams. Eastern United States to Minnesota, Missouri and southward. Flower-Heads ...
-Larger Bur-Marigold
Brook Sunflower. Bidens laevis. Composite Family. Aug. - Oct. Plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in swamps, wet places. New England to Minnesota and southward. Flower-Heads Yellow, 1 - 2 1/2 inc...
-Golden Corydalis
Corydalis aurea. Fumitory Family. Mch. - May. A smooth-stemmed, branching plant 6 - 14 inches high, found in woodlands. Nova Scotia to Pennsylvania, west to the Rocky Mountains. Flowers Go...
-Round-Leaved, Or Early Yellow Violet
Viola rotundifolia. Violet Family. Apr. - May. Found in woodlands. A plant 2 - 4 inches high. New England to Georgia. Flowers Yellow, with purplish veins, small, side divisions bearded. Leave...
-Golden Club
Orontium aquaticum. Arum Family. Apr. - May. Found in shallow water, swamps, chiefly near the Atlantic coast. New England to Gulf of Mexico. Flowers Yellow, minute, crowded on a club 1 - 2...
-Indian Poke. American White Hellebore
Itch-weed. Veratrum viride. Lily Family. Apr. - June. A plant 2 - 7 feet high, poisonous throughout; found in low, wet places. Canada to British Columbia, south to Georgia, Tennessee, Minnesota....
-Yellow Melilot Or Sweet Clover
Melilotus officinalis. Pulse Family. June - Aug. Found in waste places. Naturalized from Europe. Flowers Resemble the White Melilot, except in color, yellow, small, in slender spikes terminat...
-Frostweed. Rockrose
Frost-flower, Frost-wort: Long-branched Frost-weed: Canadian Rockrose. Helianthemum canadense. Rockrose Family. June - Aug. Found in sandy soil. New England to South Carolina, west to Wisconsin. Fl...
-Fern-Leaved False Foxglove
Gerardia pedicularia. Figwort Family. Aug. - Sept. A plant 1 - 3 feet high, found in borders of dry woods, thickets. Maine to Ontario, Minnesota, and West Virginia. Flowers Yellow, bell-shape...
-Golden Aster
Chrysopsis mariana. Composite Family. Aug. - Oct. Found in dry, sandy soil. Gulf of Mexico, north to Pennsylvania and Long Island. Flower-Heads Yellow, aster-like, nearly 1 inch across, in...
-III. Red, Pink, Crimson And Magenta. Spring Beauty
Claytonia. Claytonia virginica. Purslane Family. Mch. - May. A plant 6 - 12 inches high, found in moist, open woods, low meadows. Common west and south. Flowers White veined with pink, ...
-Shooting Star. American Cowslip
Pride of Ohio. Dodecatheon Meadia. Primrose Family. Apr. - June. Found in open woods, prairies, moist cliffs. Wisconsin to Pennsylvania, south to Texas and Georgia. Flowers Magenta-pink or...
-Arethusa
Indian Pink. Arethusa bulbosa. Orchis Family. May - June. Found in bogs and swamps. Newfoundland south to South Carolina mountains, west to Indiana and Minnesota. Flowers Magenta-crimson, ...
-Wake Robin
Purple Trillium: Ill-scented. Wake Robin: Birthroot. Trillium erectum. Lily Family. Apr. - June. Plant 8 - 16 inches high, found in rich woods. Eastern Quebec south to North Carolina, west...
-Wild Columbine
Honeysuckle. Aquilegia canadensis. Crowfoot Family. Apr. - June. A slender plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in open, rocky woodlands, pastures. Common throughout the United States. Flowers Red...
-Wild Pink
Catchfly. Silene pennsylvanica. Pink Family. Apr. - June. Found in gravelly, rocky places. Eastern New England to New York and Kentucky, south to Georgia. Flowers Crimson-pink, divisions 5, s...
-Maiden Pink
Dianthus deltoides. Pink Family. June - Aug. Found in fields, waste places. New England to Michigan. Naturalized from Europe. Flowers Crimson-pink or white, 5 toothed divisions, blooming sing...
-Wild Cranesbill. Wild Or Spotted Geranium
Geranium maculatum. Geranium Family. Apr. - July. A plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in open woods, roadsides. Maine to Manitoba and southward. Flowers Pale or deep magenta-pink or lavender, d...
-Herb Robert
Red Robin: Red Shanks: Dragon's Blood. Geranium Robertianum. Geranium Family. June - Oct. Found in moist, rocky woods. Eastern Quebec to Minnesota, south to New Jersey and Missouri. Flowers ...
-Pitcher-Plant
Indian Dipper: Side-saddle Flower: Huntsman's Cup. Sarracenia purpurea. Pitcher-plant Family. May - June. Found in mossy bogs. Labrador to Minnesota, Rocky Mountains, southeast of Alleghenies to...
-Stemless, Pink, Or Venus' Lady's Slipper
Moccasin Flower. Cyripedium acaule. Orchis Family. May - June. Found in dry woods. Newfoundland to North Carolina, west to Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota. Flowers Pouch variable crimson, vei...
-Showy Orchis
Gay, or Spring Orchis. Orchis spectabilis. Orchis Family. May - June. Found in rich woods. New Brunswick to Georgia, west to Minnesota and Missouri. Flowers Magenta, lower lip almost white...
-Wild Azalea
Pinxter Flower: Wild Honeysuckle: Pink or Purple Azalea. Rhododendron nudiflorum. Heath Family. May - June. A shrub 2 - 6 feet high; found in open woods, swamps. Massachusetts to Florida, west t...
-Fringed Milkwort. Flowering Wintergreen
Gay Wings: Fringed Poly-gala. Polygala paucifolia. Milkwort Family. May - July. Found in moist woods. Eastern Quebec to Minnesota and Illinois, south in Alleghenies. Flowers Magenta, magen...
-Field Milkwort
Common or Purple Milkwort: Purple Polygala. Polygala sanguinea. Milkwort Family. June - Sept. Found in moist or sandy fields, roadsides. Southern Canada to North Carolina, west to the Mississipp...
-Mountain Or American Laurel
Calico Bush: Spoonwood: Calmoun: Broad-leaved Kalmia. Kalmia latifolia. Heath Family. May - July. Found in rocky woods. Canada and Maine mountains to Gulf of Mexico, west to Ohio and Tennessee. ...
-Twisted-Stalk
Sessile-leaved Twisted Stalk. Streptopus roseus. Lily Family. . May - July. A plant 1 - 2 l/2 feet high, found in moist woods. Newfoundland to Minnesota, south to Ohio, Pennsylvania, mountains o...
-Wood Betony. Lousewort
Beefsteak Plant: High Heal-all. Pedicularis canadensis. Figwort Family. May - July. Found in open woods. Nova Scotia to Florida, west to Manitoba, Kansas, Colorado. Flowers Greenish yellow...
-Bouncing Bet. Soapwort
Hedge Pink: Bruisewort: Old Maid's Pink: Fuller's Herb. Saponaria officinalis. Pink Family. June - Sept. A plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in roadsides, waste places. Adventive from Europe. Common,...
-Pale Corydalis
Corydalis sempervirens. Fumitory Family. May - Aug. Found in rich, rocky places. Eastern Quebec to Alaska, south to Georgia, Kentucky, and Montana. Flowers Crimson-pink about 1/2 inch long, i...
-Sheep Laurel. Lambkill
Wicky: Sheep-poison: Calf-kill: Narrow-leaved Laurel. Kalmia angustifolia. Heath Family. June - July. A shrub 1 - 3 feet high, found on hillsides and in swamps. Labrador and Ontario to Michigan,...
-Grass Pink
Calopogon. Calopogon pulchellus. Orchis Family. June - July. Found in open bogs, meadows. Newfoundland to Florida, west to Minnesota and Missouri. Flowers Magenta-pink, the lip on the uppe...
-Rose, Or Sweet Pogonia. Snake Mouth
Pogonia ophioglossoides. Orchis Family. June - July. Found in wet meadows, swamps. Newfoundland to Florida, west to Indiana and Minnesota. Flowers Crimson-pink, crest of lower lip yellow t...
-Wild Orange-Red Lily. Wood Lily
Flame or Philadelphia Lily. Lilium philadelphicum. Lily Family. June - July. Found in dry, sandy soil, woodland borders. New England to North Carolina, west to Minnesota and Missouri. Flowers...
-Spreading Dogbane
Fly-trap Dogbane: Bitter-root: Honey-bloom: Indian Hemp. Apocynum androsaemifolium. Dogbane Family. June - Aug. Found in open woods, roadsides. Northern Canada to Georgia, west to Nebraska. F...
-Twin-Flower
Ground Vine. Linnaea borealis. Honeysuckle Family. June - Aug. A trailing vine, stems 6 - 20 inches long, found in moist, mossy woods. Labrador to New Jersey and mountains of Maryland, west to M...
-Meadow-Sweet
Queen-of-the-Meadow: Quaker Lady. Spiraea latifolia. Rose Family. June - Aug. A shrubby plant, 2 - 4 feet high, found in rocky pastures, borders of fields. Newfoundland to Georgia, west to Minne...
-Hardhack. Steeple Bush
Spiraea tomentosa. Rose Family. July - Sept. A shrubby plant, with erect, woolly stems 2 - 4 feet high, found in low ground or on hillsides. New Brunswick to Georgia, west to Minnesota and Kansas. ...
-Purple Flowering Raspberry
Virginia Raspberry. Rubus odoratus. Rose Family. June - Aug. A sprawling shrub, 3 - 5 feet high, found in rocky woods, shaded roadsides. Nova Scotia to Georgia, west to Michigan. Flowers Crimson...
-Large, Or Early, Purple Fringed Orchis
Habenaria fimbriata. Orchis Family. June - Aug. Found in wet woods, swamps. Newfoundland to North Carolina, west to Michigan. Flowers Magenta-pink, varying to almost white, lower lip 3-par...
-Prince's Pine. Pipsissewa
Chimaphila umbellata. Heath Family. June - Aug. Found in dry woods. Nova Scotia to Georgia, west to Pacific. Flowers Flesh color or pinkish, waxy, 5-parted, in small groups terminating stem 3...
-Common Milkweed
Silkweed. Asclepias syriaca. Milkweed Family. June - Aug. A plant 3 - 5 feet high, found in fields, roadsides, waste places. Common. New Brunswick south to North Carolina and Kansas; also westwa...
-Hedge Or Great Bindweed. Wild Morning-Glory
Bell-bind: Rutland Beauty: Lady's Nightcap. Convolvulus sepium. Convolvulus Family. June - Sept. A vine 3 - 10 feet long, found in thickets, fields, waysides. North Atlantic States westward. ...
-Large Marsh Pink
Sabatia dodecandra. Gentian Family. July - Aug. A plant 1 - 2 feet high, found on borders of brackish ponds near the Atlantic coast. Massachusetts to North Carolina. Flowers Crimson-pin...
-Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias incarnata. Milkweed Family. July - Aug. Found in swampy places. New Brunswick, west and southwest. Flowers Dull crimson or crimson-pink, in clusters, terminating stem 2 - 4 feet ...
-Great Or Spiked Willow-Herb. Fireweed
Epilobium angustifolium. Evening Primrose Family. July - Aug. Found in dry soil, clearings, newly burnt land. New England to North Carolina, west to Minnesota and Kansas, and, with few exception...
-Cardinal Flower
Lobelia cardinalis. Lobelia Family. Aug. - Sept. Found in low, moist ground. New Brunswick to Ontario and southward. Flowers Rich, deep red, lower lip 3-lobed, in somewhat 1-sided spike termi...
-Meadow Beauty. Deer-Grass
Rhexia virginica. Meadow Beauty Family. July - Sept. A square-stemmed plant 10 - 18 inches high, found in sandy marshes or near water. Maine to Florida, Ontario to Iowa and southward. Flowers ...
-Oswego Tea. Bee Balm
Monarda didyma. Mint Family. July - Sept. A square-stemmed plant 2 - 3 feet high, found in moist ground, especially near streams, from New England west and south; also cultivated in gardens. Flo...
-Pink Knotweed. Smartweed
Common Persicaria: Jointweed. Polygonum pennsylvanicum. Buckwheat Family. July - Sept. A plant of sprawling, branching habit, 1 - 3 feet high, common in waste places, moist soil. Flowers ...
-Water Persicaria
Polygonum amphibium. Buckwheat Family. July - Aug. Found in shallow water. Quebec to New Jersey, west to Pacific. Flowers Pink, small, in short, dense, terminal clusters. Leaves Usually...
-Joe-Pye Weed
Trumpet Weed: Gravel or Kidney-root: Purple Thoroughwort: Tall or Purple Boneset. Eupatorium purpureum. Composite Family. Aug. - Sept. A tall plant 3 - 10 feet high, common in low, swampy places...
-Rabbit's - Foot, Old-Field, Pussy, Or Stone Clover
Trifolium arvense. Pulse Family. Aug. - Sept. A plant 4 - 10 inches high, with branching stem, found in fields, waste places, dry soil. Naturalized from Europe. Flowers In soft, fuzzy head...
-Live-For-Ever. Garden Orpine
Midsummer-men: Pudding-bag Plant: Live-long: Witches' Money: Garden-stonecrop. Sedum purpureum. Orpine Family. Aug. - Sept. Found in fields, waysides. Quebec to Maryland, Michigan and westward. ...
-Ground Or Moss Pink
Phlox subulata. Polemonium Family. Apr. - June. A low plant, forming moss-like mats, sometimes carpeting the ground. Found in rocky ground, hillsides. Southern New York to Michigan, south to Flo...
-Downy Phlox
Phlox pilosa. Polemonium Family. May - June. A downy-stemmed plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in dry, sandy soil. Ontario to Manitoba, New Jersey, Florida, Arkansas and Texas. Flowers Borne in...
-Violet Wood Sorrel
Oxalis violacea. Wood Sorrel Family. May - June. Found in rocky places, open woods. Massachusetts to Minnesota and southward. Flowers Pale magenta, sometimes white, 5 divisions, borne in c...
-Hairy Beard-Tongue
Pentstemon hirsutus. Figwort Family. May - July. A plant 1 - 3 feet high, found in dry, rocky ground. Maine to Georgia, westward to Wisconsin and Missouri. Flowers Dull magenta or white, tubu...
-Painted Cup
Scarlet Painted Cup: Indian Paint-brush. Castilleja coccinea. Figwort Family. May - July. Found in wet meadows, moist, sandy soil. Massachusetts to Manitoba, south to Virginia, Tennessee and Tex...
-Queen Of The Prairie
Filipendula rubra. Rose Family. June - July. A tall, smooth-stemmed, branching plant, 2 - 8 feet high, found in meadows, prairies. Pennsylvania to Michigan, Iowa, Kentucky and Georgia. Flowers ...
-Common Pasture, Or Dwarf, Wild Rose
Rosa virginiana. Rose Family. June - July. A shrub 1 - 5 feet high, found on margins of swamps, rocky shores. Newfoundland to New York and Eastern Pennsylvania. Flowers Crimson-pink, 5 div...
-Wild Bergamont
Monarda fistulosa. Mint Family. July - Aug. A plant 2 - 3 feet high, found in open woods, dry, rocky soil. Maine to Ontario, southward to Tennessee. Flowers Purplish, magenta, pink or whit...
-Purple Cone-Flower
Brauneria purpurea. Composite Family. July - Sept. Found in rich soil. Western Pennsylvania and Virginia to Michigan, Iowa and southward. Flower-Heads 15 - 20 magenta colored, drooping rays, ...
-Cross-Leaved Milkwort
Marsh Milkwort. Polygala cruciata. Milkwort Family. July - Sept. A plant 3 - 12 inches high, found on margins of swamps, in low ground. Maine to South Carolina, and from Michigan to Minnesota an...
-Corn Cockle. Corn Rose
Corn or Red Campion: Crown of the Field. Agrostemma Githago. Pink Family. July - Sept. Found in grain fields, dry, waste places throughout the United States. Introduced from Europe. Flowers ...
-Swamp Rose Mallow. Mallow Rose
Hibiscus Moscheutos. Mallow Family. July - Sept. A shrub-like plant 4 - 6 feet high, found in marshes, on lake-shores, river-banks. Massachusetts and southward; usually near the coast; locally in t...
-Purple Gerardia
Large Purple Gerardia. Gerardia purpurea. Figwort Family. Aug. - Sept. Found in low fields, moist, sandy soil. Massachusetts to Florida and Texas near the coast, westward along the Great Lakes t...
-IV. Blue And Purple. Liverleaf. Hepatica: Liverwort
Round-lobed or Kidney Liverleaf: Noble Liverwort: Squirrel Cup. Hepatica triloba. Crowfoot Family. Mch. - May. Found in open woods. Nova Scotia to Florida, Missouri and Minnesota. Flowers Variab...
-Bird-Foot Violet
Viola pedata. Violet Family. Apr. - June. Found in open, sunny fields and slopes. Massachusetts to Minnesota and southward. Flowers Largest of all the violets, blue-violet or lilac, orange...
-Robin's Plantain
Poor Robin's or Robert's Plantain: Blue Spring Daisy. Erigeron pulchellus. Composite Family. Apr. - June. An erect, hairy-stemmed plant 10 - 20 inches high, found in fields, copses, along roadsi...
-Wild Lupine
Old Maid's Bonnets: Wild Pea: Sun Dial. Lupinus perennis. Pulse Family. May - June. An erect, branching, leafy plant, found in dry, sandy places. New England to Minnesota, southward to the Gulf ...
-Bluets. Innocence
Quaker Ladies: Quaker Bonnets: Venus Pride: Houstonia. Houstonia caerulea. Madder Family. Apr. - July. A delicate little plant found in patches, almost carpeting moist, grassy places. Nova Scoti...
-Gill-Over-The-Ground
Ground Ivy or Joy: Creeping Charlie: Field Balm. Nepeta hederacea. Mint Family. Apr. - July. A plant with creeping stem, 6 - 18 inches long, found in damp, shady places. Eastern half of United S...
-Larger Blue Flag. Fleur-De-Lis
Blue Iris: Flower-de-luce. Iris versicolor. Iris Family. May - July. Found in swamps, on margins of ponds and streams. Newfoundland to Manitoba and southward. Flowers Violet-blue, the 3 ou...
-Cow Vetch. Tare
Blue or Tufted Vetch: Cat Peas: Tinegrass. Vicia Cracca. Pulse Family. June - Aug. Found in fields, waste land. Newfoundland to New Jersey, westward to Kentucky, Iowa and Minnesota. Flowers ...
-Bittersweet. Nightshade
Blue Bindweed: Felonwort: Scarlet or Snakeberry: Poison Flower: Woody Nightshade. Solatium Dulcamara. Nightshade Family. June - Sept. A climbing or straggling, shrubby plant, stems 2 - 8 feet lo...
-Self-Heal. Heal-All
Blue Curls: Heart-of-the-Earth: Brunella. Prunella vulgaris. Mint Family. June - Sept. Found in fields, waste places, along roadsides, throughout the United States. Naturalized from Europe. F...
-Blue-Eyed Grass
Eye-bright: Blue Star. Sisyrinchium angustifolium. Iris Family. May - July. Found in moist fields, meadows. Newfound, land to the far West, southward to Virginia. Flowers Deep violet-blue ...
-Bellflower
Rampion, European, or Creeping Bellflower. Campanula rapunculoides. Bluebell Family. July - Aug. A sturdy plant 1 - 3 feet high, found along roadsides and in waste places. New Brunswick to Ontar...
-Harebell. Bluebell
Bluebells of Scotland: Lady's Thimble. Campanula rotundifolia. Bluebell Family. June - Sept. Found on dry or moist rocky cliffs, in meadows, along margins of ponds. Arctic regions south to New J...
-Pale Spiked Lobelia
Lobelia spicata. Lobelia Family. July - Aug. Found in dry, sandy soil, meadows. Prince Edward Island to Ontario, westward and southwest. Flowers Pale bluish violet, upper lip of 2 narrow, ere...
-Motherwort
Leonurus Cardiaca. Mint Family. June - Aug. An erect, branched plant 2 - 4 feet high, found in waste places, generally near dwellings. Nova Scotia to North Carolina, west to Minnesota and Nebraska....
-Pickerel-Weed
Pontederia cordata. Pickerel-weed Family. July - Sept. An erect, stout, fleshy plant 1 - 3 feet high, found in shallow water. Nova Scotia to Ontario, Minnesota and Texas. Flowers Violet-blue,...
-Monkey Flower
Mimulus ringens. Figwort Family. June - Sept. A square-stemmed plant 1 - 3 feet high, found beside brooks and streams, swamps. New Brunswick to Manitoba and southward. Flowers Purple, with 2 ...
-Mad-Dog Skullcap
Helmet Flower: Madweed: Hoodwort. Scutellaria lateriflora. Mint Family. July - Sept. A plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in damp, shady places throughout the United States and northward. Flowers ...
-Blue Vervain
Wild Hyssop: Simpler's Joy. Verbena hastata. Vervain Family. July - Sept. A plant 3 - 7 feet high, found in fields, waste places, along roadsides. Common in the United States and Canada. Flow...
-Wild Mint
Mentha arvensis var. canadensis. Mint Family. July - Sept. Found in wet places. New Brunswick to California. Flowers Purplish to white, tiny in whorls at the angles of the leaves. Leaves ...
-Spearmint
Garden or Mackerel Mint. Mentha spicata. Mint Family. July - Sept. Found in wet places. Eastern half of United States and Canada. Naturalized from Europe. Flowers Purplish, variable in dep...
-Ironweed
Flat Top. Vernonia noveboracensis. Composite Family. July - Sept. Found in moist soil, meadows. Massachusetts to Virginia and Mississippi; usually near the coast. Flower-Heads Reddish purp...
-Chicory. Succory
Blue Sailors: Bunk: Cichorium Intybus. Composite Family. July - Oct. Found in fields, waste places, along roadsides. Newfoundland to Minnesota and southward. Naturalized from Europe. Flower-H...
-Blazing Star
Button Snakeroot: Gay Feather. Liatris scariosa. Composite Family. Aug. - Sept. Found in fields, along roadsides, dry soil. Maine to Ontario, Nebraska and southward. Flower-Heads Variable ...
-New England Aster
Starwort. Aster novae-angliae. Composite Family. Aug. - Oct. Most striking of the asters; found in swamps, roadsides, moist ground. Maine, westward and southwest. Like the golden-rods, the numbe...
-Fringed Gentian
Gentiana crinita. Gentian Family. Sept. - Oct. Found in moist meadows, woods. Maine to Quebec, south to Georgia and westward. Flowers Pale or deep violet-blue, erect, tubular, with 4 spreadin...
-Closed Gentian
Blind or Bottle Gentian. Gentiana Andrensii. Gentian Family. Aug. - Oct. A plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in woodland borders, moist soil. Maine to Manitoba and southward. Flowers Tightly cl...
-Virginian Cowslip
Bluebells: Tree or Smooth Lungwort. Mertensia virginica. Borage Family. Apr. - May. A plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in low meadows, along streams. New York and Ontario to Nebraska, and southward....
-Early Blue Violet
Viola palmata. Violet Family. Apr. - May. Found in dry ground, chiefly woodlands. Massachusetts to Minnesota, and southward. Flowers Light or deep violet. Leaves Heart-shaped, first ...
-Wild Blue Phlox
Phlox divaricata. Polemonium Family. May - June. Plant 1 - 2 feet high, easily recognized by its likeness to the cultivated Phloxes; found in moist, thin woods. Western Quebec to Minnesota and s...
-Forget-Me-Not
Mouse-ear: Snake Grass: Scorpion Grass: Love Me: Myosotis scorpioides. Borage Family. May - July. Escaped from gardens; a plant with leafy, branching, half-reclining stems 6 - 15 inches high, fo...
-Spiderwort
Widow's or Job's Tears. Tradescantia virginiana. Spiderwort Family. May - Aug. Found in rich, moist woods, thickets. Connecticut to South Carolina; also introduced northwestward. Flowers P...
-Beach Pea
Seaside, Sea, or Everlasting Pea. Lathyrus maritimus. Pulse Family. May - Aug. Found chiefly near seashores from New Jersey and Oregon to the Arctic Sea; also shores of Great Lakes. Flowers ...
-Common Speedwell
Fluellin: Paul's Betony: Ground-hele. Veronica officinalis. Figwort Family. May - Aug. A low growing plant, with downy, prostrate stem 3 - 10 inches long, found in dry fields, open woods. Newfou...
-American Brooklime
Veronica americana. Figwort Family. May - Sept. A smooth-stemmed plant, 6 - 15 inches high, its stem lying partly on the ground, rooting from lower joints; found on borders of brooks, ponds, damp p...
-Virginia, Or Common, Day-Flower
Commelina virginica. Spiderwort Family. June - Sept. A plant with smooth, branched stems 18 - 36 inches high, found in moist, shady places. New York to Florida, west to Michigan, Kansas and Texas. ...
-Blue Toadflax
Wild Toadflax: Blue Linaria. Linaria canadensis. Figwort Family. June - Sept. A slender plant, 5 - 30 inches high, found in dry, sandy places. New England westward and southwest. Flowers P...
-Viper's Bugloss. Blue-Weed
Viper's Herb or Grass: Blue Thistle: Snake-flower: Blue Devil. Echium vulgare. Borage Family. June - Sept. A plant 12 - 30 inches high, with bristly, hairy, spotted stem, found in fields, waste ...
-Tall Wild Larkspur
Delphinium exaltatum. Crowfoot Family. July - Aug. A plant 2 - 6 feet high, found in rich woods. Pennsylvania to Minnesota, Nebraska and southward. Flowers Light purple, irregular, born...
-Dwarf Larkspur
Stagger Weed. D. tricorne. A plant 2 - 3 feet high, appearing earlier in the season; leaves deeply 5-parted, their divisions unequally 3 - 5-cleft; root a tuberous cluster. ...
-Purple Orchis
Fringeless Purple Orchis. Habenaria peramoena. Orchis Family. July - Aug. Found in moist meadows. Pennsylvania and New Jersey to Illinois, and southward. Flowers Purple, clustered in dense...
-Sea Lavender. Marsh Rosemary
Canker-root: Ink-root. Limonium carolinianum. Leadwort Family. July - Sept. A plant 1 - 2 feet high, with much-branched stems, found in salt marshes. Labrador to Texas. Flowers Lavender, v...
-V. Miscellaneous. Skunk Cabbage
Swamp Cabbage. Symplocarpus foetidus. Arum Family. Mch. - Apr. An unmistakably ill-scented plant, found in low, wet ground. Nova Scotia to North Carolina, westward to Ontario, Minnesota and Iowa...
-Wild Ginger
Canada Snakeroot: Asarabacca. Asarum canadense. Birthwort Family. Apr. - May. Found in rich woods. North Carolina, Missouri and Kansas, northward to New Brunswick and Manitoba. Flowers Bro...
-Jack-In-The-Pulpit. Indian Turnip
Arisaema triphyllum. Arum Family. Apr. - June. A plant 10 - 30 inches high, springing from an acrid bulb, found in moist, shady woods. Nova Scotia, westward to Minnesota, and southward to the Gulf ...
-Branching Bur-Reed
Sparganium americanum. Bur-reed Family. June - Aug. Plant 1 - 2 feet high, stem having 1 - 2 branches, found on borders of ponds and streams. Newfoundland to Minnesota, southward to Missouri and Fl...
-Sweet Flag
Acorus Calamus. Arum Family. June - Aug. Found in wet, swampy places. Maine, south and west to Minnesota, Iowa, and Kansas. Flowers Tiny, compactly covering a long, slender, greenish club, wh...
-Pinesap. False Beechdrops
Yellow Bird's-nest. Monotropa Hypopitys. Heath Family. June - Sept. Found in dry woods. Florida and Arizona, northward into British Possessions. Flowers Crimson and yellow, somewhat variab...
-Beechdrops
Cancer-root. Epifagus virginiana. Broom-rape Family. Aug. - Oct. Found usually under beech trees. New Brunswick to Ontario, Wisconsin, and southward. Flowers Light yellow or brownish, purp...
-Large Coral Root
Corallorrhiza maculata. Orchis Family. July - Aug. Found in dry woods. Nova Scotia, westward to British Columbia, south to Florida, Missouri, and California. Flowers Light yellow, more or les...
-Rattlesnake-Root
Wild Lettuce: Canker-weed: Lion's Foot. Prenanthes altissima. Composite Family. July - Sept. Plant 3 - 6 feet high, found in woodlands, thickets. Newfoundland to Manitoba, southward to Georgia a...
-Groundnut
Wild Bean. Apios tuberosa. Pulse Family. July - Sept. A climbing vine, 3 - 6 feet high, found in low, moist ground. New Brunswick to Minnesota, south to Florida, Louisiana, and Kansas. Flower...
-Early Meadow Rue
Thalictrum dioicum. Crowfoot Family. Apr. - May. Plant 1 - 2 feet high, found in thin woods. Maine, westward and southward. Flowers Small, tassel-like, in airy clusters, green, or purplish in...
-Blue Cohosh
Pappoose Root. Caulophyllum thalictroides. Barberry Family. Apr. - May. Plant 1 - 3 feet high, found in rich woods. New Brunswick to Manitoba and southward. Flowers Greenish yellow, more o...
-Common Alum Root
Heuchera americana. Saxifrage Family. May - Aug. Found in dry and rocky woods. Connecticut to North Carolina, westward to Minnesota, Kansas, and Mississippi. Flowers Greenish or purplish, 5-c...
-Large Twayblade
Liparis liliifolia. Orchis Family. June - July. Found in woodlands. New Hampshire to Minnesota, Missouri, and Alabama. Flowers Madder-purple or greenish, lip broad, translucent, other divi...
-Cut-Tail Flag
Typha latifolia. Bur-reed Family. June - July. Found in swamps throughout temperate North America. Flowers Borne in a dense, cylindrical head terminating stem 4 - 8 feet high. Leaves ...









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