Perennial, having stems, flowers white tinged with purple. Rich woods. Newfoundland to Saskatchewan, south to North Carolina. Abundant in northern Ohio. April, May.
Tufted, leafy, six to eighteen inches high.
Heart-shaped, pointed, serrate, short-petioled.
White with purplish tinge and purple veins; the lateral petals bearded; the long sepals tapering to sharp points; spur short; slightly fragrant.
"A violet in her greenwood bower
Where birchen boughs with hazel mingle, May boast itself the fairest flower In glen or copse or forest dingle."
- Sir Walter Scott.
The Canada Violet is in truth a nursling of the forest and loves the woods. Latest of Violets to bloom, at first the blooming stem is from six to twelve inches high, but in midsummer individuals may be found in deep recesses of northern woods which have shouldered their way upward among the bushes of a thicket, resting here and clinging there until they are more than three feet high and still in bloom. The stem is slender, strong, and rather leafy; the flowers have a delicate beauty all their own, pure white, yellow-centred, marked with purple lines above, and violet-washed beneath.
Canada Violet. Viola Canadensis