Syndesmon, Greek, bound together, the plant uniting many of the characters of Anemone and Thalictrum.
Perennial. In rich woods and borders of thickets. Maine to Minnesota and Kansas. Abundant in northern Ohio. March-June.
Slender, smooth, six to twelve inches high.
Basal leaves twice compounded in threes; stem-leaves three in a whorl, forming an involucre, two consisting of three rounded, scalloped, petioled leaflets; sometimes the third has but a single leaflet.
Three to six, slender pedicelled, white flowers, one-half to three-fourths of an inch across, at the summit of the stem.
Of six to ten sepals, white or slightly flushed with purple, resembling petals.
Many; filaments threadlike; anthers oblong. Pistil. - Compound; carpels six to ten; style none; stigma simple. Fruit. - Akenes, pointed, deeply grooved.
Meadow Rue Anemone. Syndesmon thalictroides
The Rue-Anemone comes a little earlier than Anemone quinquefolia and bears a more delicate flower; perhaps the delicacy of its leaves adds to its charm. These resemble those of the Meadow-Rue and give the common name to the plant. It likes moist woods and flowers abundantly throughout May. The flowers appear in a little umbel of two or three blossoms, surrounded by an involucre of what is apparently a loose whorl of long-petioled, three-lobed leaflets. The centre flower opens first. This plant was formerly given in the botanies as Anemone thalictroides; afterward it appeared as Thalictrum anemonoides; finally it got the name Anemonella thalictroides, which, however, it seems to have lost, and in the late botanies it stands as Syndesmon thalictroides. The explanation of all these changes lies in the fact that the plant so resembles both Anemone and Thalictrum in its specific characters that botanists name it according to their personal views.