This is a smaller and less common species, growing in the woods on the mountains of Virginia to Georgia, along the Alleghanies, and in Missouri. It is not found in Canada, as its specific name might cause one to think. It grows from one to six feet high, and is readily distinguished from the Common Barberry by its dark, reddish brown branches. The leaves are not so spiny, and the bristles are more separated. The flowers are smaller clustered, and it consequently bears fewer berries, which are oval, rather than oblong. The petals are distinctly notched, and are arranged in a double row, or nearly so.