This plant has been considered to be the handsomest and most beautiful of our native ornamental shrubs. It is now highly esteemed and extensively used for decorating home grounds and parks. In the Alleghany regions it covers entire mountain sides so densely as to make any attempt to penetrate them well-nigh impossible. The flowers are arranged in large terminal clusters which nearly cover the plant during June and July, and present a sight that is magnificent beyond description. The wood is hard. and strong, light brown in colour, and a cubic foot weighs thirty-nine pounds. The Rhododendron has been adopted as the state flower of Washington and West Virginia. Honey made from the flowers is said to be poisonous. It is a tall, branching shrub, or sometimes a tree upward of forty feet high and a foot in diameter, but usually from six to thirty feet high. The long-oblong or broad lance-shaped evergreen leaves are narrowed toward the base, and are very smooth, leathery, toothless, and shiny. They are dark green, blunt-pointed, short-stemmed and strongly ribbed. The flower, which often grows two inches broad, is bell-shaped, with five spreading, oval lobes. They are usually rose coloured, varying to white, with a greenish throat and spotted with yellowish or orange spots. They have ten equally spreading stamens and one pistil. The buds are cone - like, and the five-parted green calyx is very small. This magnificent plant is found in deep, damp woods and along streams in hilly country from Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Ohio to Georgia.