Slip through the thicket that skirts the country roadway and into the damp, shaded ravine or hillside where the Jack-in-the-Pulpit is capering during May, and the chances are, as you make your way through the sparse undergrowth, that you will unconsciously brush aside the large, soft leaves of the knee-high Cohosh. The large, loose, fluffy, oblong, and cylindrical mass of tiny, fuzzy flowers resemble a glass chimney or bottle-cleaner as much as anything. The small white flowers have from three to five petal-like sepals, that drop as they open, exposing from four to ten tiny, narrow, blunt, or claw-tipped petals which soon fall away, leaving the numerous, longer, fine, hairlike, and white, yellow-tipped stamens expanded into small airy balls, each with its single pistil bearing a prominent, two lobed stigma. The flowers are borne on short stems which grow out from the main stem at right angles and with a deliberate gesture that gives the blossoms and the later appearing fruit a decidedly poised appearance. The clustered flowers open with almost one accord along the end of the long, pale green stalk. Their odour is coarse and unpleasant. The leaves are large, open, and of rather fine and soft texture with the veins showing effectively. They are dark green in colour and are more or less deeply cut into three distinct and acute lobes. They are arranged in threes and are compounded again, sometimes twice or three times. The margins are sharply notched and irregular. The green, leafy stem is small, round, grooved, and slender, and the leaflets are attached with or without short stems. The flower stem unites with the stalk at the junction of the leaf stems. The plant has a single, erect stalk branching near the top, and is a perennial. The most striking feature of the Cohosh appears during September in the form of short, plump, bean-like berries, pure white in colour and marked with a conspicuous, deep purple spot. The entire end of the flower stem, which bears the fruit, is bright scarlet in colour at this time. It is noticeably thick, and the entire effect is stiff and waxy. The berries are said to have some poisonous qualities. In Massachusetts, these berries are known as "Dolls'-eyes." The White Baneberry is found during April, May and June, from Nova Scotia to Georgia and west to Missouri and British Columbia. Actaea is an ancient name of the Alder. The Red Baneberry, A. rubra, is a similar species, more common northward than the above, and having less pointed and more broadened leaves. Its principal difference appears in its oval, cherry-red berries which are borne on slender stems. It is found from New Jersey and Pennsylvania west to the Rocky Mountains and north to Nova Scotia.