The Sunflowers are native to this country, and this species is extensively cultivated in Russia, India, Turkey, Egypt, Germany, Italy, France and China, as well as here, for the production of fixed oil contained in the seed. This oil is said to make an excellent salad dressing and to be one of the best burning-oils known. The stalk, when treated as is flax, yields a long, fine fibre, which is said to be used in China for the adulteration of silk. The Sunflower is believed by some to ward off the effects of malarial fevers, and in Caucasus malarial patients are wrapped in sheets saturated with milk, and covered with the leaves of this plant. The Pah Ute Indians are said to be very fond of Sunflower seeds as food. The seeds are peddled about the streets of Russia, like peanuts, except they are eaten raw. The Sunflower also yields a byproduct used in making soap and candles. The stems and heads make an excellent paper, and are used for fuel. The seeds are also used as food for parrots and for fattening poultry and swine. The foliage has been used for fodder, and the flowers yield honey and also a yellow dye. The tall, stout, rough, hairy stalk is leafy, and branches at the top. It grows annually from three to six feet high, or in cultivated forms, sometimes fifteen feet high. The large, alternating, long-stemmed leaves are broadly oval with a tapering tip; strongly three-nerved, coarsely toothed, and rough on both sides. The lower ones are often heart-shaped. The flower heads of the wild species, which measure from three to six inches broad, are composed of numerous dark purple or brown tubular disc florets, surrounded by a row of long, curving, flaring yellow rays, contained in a flat green mat edged with several rows of pointed green parts. They terminate the stalk and stout stems springing from the axils of the leaves. The Wild Sunflower is found from July to September, in rich soils, from Minnesota to the Northwest Territory, Missouri, and Texas and California. Occasionally it is found in waste ground eastward, where it has escaped from gardens. The generic name is from helios, the sun, and anthos, a flower. The heads face the sun, and usually turn in its direction. There are about sixty species belonging to this group which are native to our hemisphere. Of this number about forty are found in North America.