A common and familiar little zigzag-stemmed, woodland plant, bearing usually two leaves or often only one, and found generally about the base of stumps and trees in moist woods and thickets, where it blossoms from May to July. The slender stalk is round and grooved, and grows from two to seven inches in height. The alternating, broad-oval leaves have a short-tipped, blunt point and are heart-shaped with a narrow slit at the base where they are either clasping or short-stemmed. The surface is smooth and shining, and the veinings are parallel. They are yellowish-green in colour, becoming stained and rusty with age. The tiny, fragrant, waxy-white flower has four spreading petal-like parts, and four cream-tipped stamens. They are crowded on a short terminal spike, and are followed with round, grayish or creamy white red-speckled berries, which finally become dark, shining, ruby red in colour. There is not the slightest resemblance to the Lily of the Valley of our gardens, and this name is therefore misleading. This rather dainty species occurs in scattered or dense colonies from Canada to North Carolina, Iowa, and South Dakota.