Whatever the Bunchberry lacks in height, it makes up for in spread of foliage during the summer, and brightness of fruit during the autumn. The single slender stalk is four-sided and grooved, and rises from three to nine inches in height from a nearly horizontal rootstock. The four, five, or six, pointed, broad-oval, toothless leaves radiate in a close, flat whorl from the tip of the stalk. They are yellowish green in colour and their surface is strongly marked with several pairs of curving ribs. Frequently one or two opposite pairs of these leaves occur on the stalk below the umbrellalike top. The curious, solitary flower head is composed of a small, dense, flat cluster of tiny, greenish florets, each of which has four spreading petals and an equal number of stamens. Four large, greenish white, rounded, petal-like leaflets surround the cluster, and at a glance the arrangement appears like a single large flower with a greenish centre. The flowers are borne on the tip of a slender stem an inch or so above the centre of the leaves. The rather large, scarlet berries succeed the flowers, and form a stiff, crowded bunch that is very attractive and decorative. They are said to be edible, and to woodland campers they are a most familiar sight in the autumn. This species is very common in cool, moist woods from Newfoundland to Alaska, New Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, Minnesota, Colorado, and California, where it is found blooming during May, June and July.