One of our smallest, prettiest, and most common creeping herbs, having three conspicuous characteristics that make an otherwise insignificant vine of more than passing interest. First of all are the evergreen leaves; then the delightfully fragrant twin flowers: and, finally, relatively large, attractive scarlet fruit. The Partridge-berry enjoys a most luxuriant growth, extending itself from six to twelve inches in length. Its slender and often branching stalk trails along over the ground, or grass, or mossy rocks near its abode in a thrifty, self-satisfied manner, often forming large masses. The smooth, round, leafy stem takes root again and again at its leaf joints as it extends. It is light green in colour, and is sometimes stained with red. The leaves occur in opposite pairs at short intervals on tiny stems. They are small, shiny and dark green, with the under surface of a lighter shade. The midrib is prominent, and the veinings are easily traced. These ribbings in a lighter shade show plainly, giving the older leaves a variegated aspect. The leaves are generally rounding egg-shaped, at first almost round and slightly heart-shaped at the base, and tapering toward a rounding apex. Their texture is thin and stiff, but exceedingly tough. The margin is toothless and occasionally a little wavy. The flowers, which appear from April to July and frequently again during autumn, are singularly pretty and interesting, and one cannot help comparing them instinctively with those of the Trailing Arbutus. They are noticeably large for the size of the vine and its leaves, and as they always blossom in pairs, this appearance is more striking. They exhale an exquisite and refreshing fragrance, not unlike that of lilacs. The flowers are funnel-shaped with four spreading, recurved, petallike points, the inner surface of which is covered with a fine white or light creamish white, cottony fuzz that fairly fills the throat of the stout, waxy corolla. The outer surface of the tube is shiny and shades from white at its base to purple at the tips. The flower is half an inch long, and the tubes are often united, forming so-called double flowers. The little green calyxes of the twin flowers are united, and together they spring from the tip of the single terminal stem. The flowers are of two sorts. In one the stamens are very short and do not show, and the pistil is very long, extending beyond the corolla, while in the other, these conditions are exactly reversed and the dark-tipped stamens protrude. There are four stamens attached to the throat of each flower, one each between the divisions thereof. The pistil has a four-pointed style. The fruit is small, oval, and berry-like, and when it is matured, it is a smooth and shiny coral-red, and has two eye-like openings. These red berries are abundant and conspicuous during the fall and winter, and are relished by birds and small animals. Indeed, there are few persons who roam the woods who have not indulged in this tempting yet quite tasteless fruit. It is often found on sale in the markets at holiday time. This vine is called sometimes the Squaw-berry, and it is said to have been steeped and used by the Indian squaws as a medicine which they commonly believed possessed some peculiar advantages. This plant is named Mitchella, after Dr. John Mitchell, of Virginia, one of our first American botanists, and who was a correspondent of Linnaeus. It has many interesting local names among which are Hive-vine, Squaw-vine, Checkerberry, Deerberry, Foxberry, Box-berry, Partridge-vine, and Winter Clover. It is easily transplanted and grows readily about the garden. It is found abundantly in the woods, often about the base of pine trees, and along partly shaded hillsides, from Nova Scotia to Florida, and to western Ontario, Minnesota, Arkansas, and Texas.