Pipsissewa was employed by the Indians in relieving affections of the skin and for rheumatism. It was also a very popular remedy among the early settlers of this country. The foliage, when crushed, exhales a peculiar odour, and the flowers are delicately perfumed. The perennial stalk creeps extensively underground, and sends up green, leafy branches a foot or so in height. The thick, shining, evergreen leaves are long-oblong, and widen toward the tip with a sharply toothed margin. They are arranged in whorls about the stalk. Several five-petalled, waxy, white or purplish flowers are gathered on curved stems in a loose terminal cluster. The centre is marked with a deep pink ring, and the ten purple-tipped stamens are spread against the widely flaring, concaved petals which encircle the large, thick, and sticky - topped green pistil. The round, brown seed cases ripen on the stem, which becomes erect after the petals fall. The flowers are found in dry woods where there is plenty of leafmould, from June to August, and range from the Atlantic to the Pacific in Canada, and south to Georgia, Mexico, and California.