When one is just forming an acquaintance with the Wood and the Rue Anemones, it frequently happens that the names of the two flowers become confused in the mind, and one finds it bothersome to determine at sight which is which. It is easy, however to memorize
Wood - one, Rue - two, Wood - one, Rue - two, and to fix in the mind that the Wood Anemone has one flower and one root stalk, hence Wood-one; while the Rue Anemone has two or more flowers and two or more root parts, hence, Rue - two. But there is no reason in the wide, wide world to confuse the plants, although they exhibit similar traits, and the foregoing matter is intended merely for the purpose of keeping their names mentally distinct. This will be better appreciated when it is considered that both species blossom at about the same time, and often grow side by side. The most striking difference between the Wood and Rue Anemone is found in the roots. The former has a thick, horizontal root stock, while the roots of the latter are formed of a small group of little bulbs, resembling tiny sweet potatoes. The perfect, white flower is sometimes tinted with pink. It is smaller than those of its cousin, the Wind Flower, and in common with them, it soon perishes after being plucked. From five to ten, usually six, thin, oval, petal-like sepals form the flower, which varies from one-half to one inch in diameter. It has numerous short, yellow-tipped, white, hair-like stamens clustered around the several light green pistils in the centre. Two, or generally three, flowers are borne on slender stems in a cluster surrounded with a loose whorl of three-lobed, hair-stemmed leaflets, the stems of which unite on the stalk with those of the flowers. The centre flower opens first. The single, slender, erect stem is stained with red, and grows from four to nine inches high. The leaflets of the compound leaves, which appear after the flowers, are grouped into threes, and strongly resemble those of the Meadow Rue. Their texture is smooth and fine, medium or dark green in colour, or at first often tinged with red, and notched into two or three lobes on the rounding end. They are delicately veined and rise directly from the roots. The Rue Anemone is found commonly during the spring from March to June, in thin woods, throughout the Eastern United States, west to Kansas and Minnesota, and sparingly in Ontario. The Latin name is derived from the Greek and means bound together.
RUE ANEMONE. Anemonella thalictroides.