One of the tallest, stoutest, and most frequently found of our most attractive Orchids, blooming during July and August, in wet meadows and along the borders of moist, open woods. The beautiful orange yellow flowers are closely clustered in a large, rounded, oblong, terminal spike, and are exceedingly handsome and very attractive as the tall, slender, leafy stalk sways its brilliant, fringy torch in the long grasses of late summer. It grows from twelve to thirty inches high, and its long, pointed, lance-shaped leaves pass suddenly into pointed, bract-like leaflets, as they approach the blossoms. The rather large, showy flowers have bluntly pointed, broad oval or almost circular sepals, two of which are ear-like and spreading, while the upper one extends forward, and is hoodlike. The petals are much smaller, and generally toothed. The long, drooping, oblong lip is deeply cut into a fine fringe, and is prolonged into a very long, slender, curving spur. The buds resemble the golden balls of a miniature, drum-major's baton. This magnificent Orchid is one of the most interesting of our early autumn wild flowers, and it fairly quickens the pulse to come suddenly upon it for the first time during the season. Personally, I always feel the same tingling sensation as that which I have experienced when finding for the first time, the nests of our rarest birds in remote recesses. The Greek name Habenaria signifies Rein Orchis. This group is characterized by its lofty stems and its plumy wands of many flowers. It contains about four hundred species which are distributed throughout the world and of which about forty are found in North America. It also contains some of the larger plants of our native Orchids. The principal character of the blossom is the very long, slender spur which hangs from under the drooping spreading lip, and the usual variously cut and fringed design of the latter. The Yellow Fringed Orchis ranges from New England to Ontario and Michigan, and south to the Gulf States.