Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus Tuberosus) is, like the Common Sunflower, a valuable species, and one that is often cultivated because of its edible roots, these being tender and of good flavor; they are eaten raw or cooked. Their value as articles of food was first discovered by Indians and by them imparted to our early colonists. The name Jerusalem, in connection with this plant, is a corruption from the name applied to the species by Italians, (Gir-asole Articocco), meaning sunflower artichoke.
It is a handsome plant, the stout, leafy, hairy stalk growing from 3 to 12 feet tall and being topped with several large showy flowers. The large, three-veined leaves are hairy and have toothed margins. They are chiefly set oppositely on the stem, although some of the upper ones may alternate. The several flower heads are large, measuring up to three inches across. The central florets are greenish yellow and are surrounded by from 12 to 24 long, golden-yellow rays.
This species is often also known as the Canada Potato and the Earth Apple. Its range extends from southern Canada southwards nearly to the Gulf.
Tall Or Giant Sunflower (Helianthus Giganteus) is a very tall species with a rough, ruddy stem from 2 to 10 feet tall, growing from perennial creeping, tuberous roots. The leaves are rather coarse, rough, bright green, toothed, nearly stemless and usually alternating along the stem. The stem branches at the summit and bears several large flower heads from 2 to 3 inches across. The yellowish-green disc is surrounded by from 10 to 20 neutral, golden rays. The Tall Sunflower is common in swamps and on the borders of wet woods from New England to Minn, and southwards.
A. Beggar Ticks.
B. Large Bur-Marigold.
Beggar-Ticks; Stick-Tight (Bidens Frondosa) , is a plant familiar, to their sorrow, to all who roam the woods and fields during Fall. Who has not had the pleasant task of sitting down and, one by one, removing the little two-hooked, black seeds that hang so closely to clothing. These little hooked seedpods are not designed for the adornment of the plant, nor for the purpose of annoying human beings, but serve a very important purpose, just like the plumed seeds of the milkweed, but they travel in a different manner. Of course they were originally designed to be carried from place to place on the hairy coats of our wild animals but man often serves their purpose even better than beasts.
Beggar-ticks, in appearance, is an uninteresting weed common everywhere in moist ground or along roadsides. The stem is very branching and is from 1 to 8 feet tall. The leaves are compounded of three to five, sharply toothed, lance-shaped leaflets. The flower heads are composed of tubular brownish-yellow florets, sometimes with no surrounding rays and again with a few, tiny, short ones.