Thoroughwort; Boneset (Eupatorium Perfoliatum) is a flowering herb, dearly beloved by the old-fashioned housewife and equally detested by the small boy. It was, and still is, one of the most commonly used home remedies and doubtless is quite often efficacious in producing, or conducing to, cures of colds, chills, slight fevers etc. The stem is stout, hairy and 1 to 5 feet tall. The opposite leaves are perfoliate, that is the ends are joined together. It is very common in swamps or thickets everywhere.
A. Golden Aster.
B. Lance-leaved Golden Aster.
Curved-Leaved Golden Aster (Chrysopsis Falcata) is a very beautiful species with a silvery, woolly stem 4 to 10 inches high, closely crowded with stiff, linear, downy, slightly recurved leaves. The golden-yellow flowers spread about an inch; the tubular florets in the center have a brownish orange tinge but the numerous straps or ray-flowers are the brightest of orange-yellow. This species loves dry sandy soil and is most abundant near the coast from Cape Cod to the pine barrens of New Jersey. It may be found in bloom from the latter part of July until September.
Golden Aster (Chrysopsis Mariana) is, as one would judge from its species name, very partial to the seacoast, where it may be found in profusion in dry sandy places and along roadsides.
It is to me, an even more beautiful species than the preceding. It is a larger, more rugged plant, growing from 1 to 2 feet tall. The stem is quite branchy and is rather closely set with lance-shaped stemless, gray-green leaves. The flowers, however, are just a trifle smaller than those of the last species; they grow in rather loose, flat-topped clusters, each head being on a rather long, slightly sticky peduncle. The tubular and ray florets proceed from a bell-shaped involucre composed of closely overlapping bracts, a formation quite characteristic of members of this family. This species is not as closely confined to the immediate seashore as is the last and may even be found in dry woods. Its period of bloom is during August and September and it ranges from N. Y. and Pa. southwards to Fla. and La.
Another species (C. villosa), with hairy stems and leaves, is found on dry plains and prairies from Manitoba southwards to the Gulf.
A. White Golden-rod; Silver-rod.
B. Blue-stemmed Golden-rod.
The Genus Solidago is a very large one, comprising more than eighty species. They are the most familiar and abundant of our Fall flowers. The flowers are always in clusters and with one exception they are yellow or golden. The most common forms have a simple wand-like stem topped with a long golden spike, readily suggesting the common name of Golden-rods.