One-Flowered Pyrola (Moneses Uniflora) externally closely resembles the preceding species; in reality it is intermediate between the Pyrolas and Chimaphila. The leaves, clustered at the apex of creeping subterranean shoots, are thin, rounded, shal-. low-toothed and on slender trough-shaped stems. The flower scape is from 2 to 5 inches high, has a few scale-like bracts, and at the summit bears, during June or July, a single nodding flower, with five ivory-white petals, ten white stamens with large, two-pointed anthers and a prominent, club-shaped, green pistil. It ranges from Labrador to Alaska and south to Pa. and Minn.
Indian Pipe, Corpse Plant (Monotropa Uniflora) is a very peculiar, ghostly appearing plant found commonly in dimly-lighted, rich woods. It has no green foliage, just white bract-like appendages on its upright, white, cold, clammy stem. A single white flower nods from the top. It is parasitic, drawing its nourishment from living roots or decaying vegetable matter. Common throughout our range,
White Azalea; Swamp Honeysuckle. Rhododendron viscosum.
Swamp Honeysuckle; White Azalea (Rhododendron Viscosum) is a most beautiful swamp shrub with handsome, fragrant, white flowers. In low, wet swamps it is very common and blooms very profusely during June and July. The bush is from 3 to 8 feet in height and very branchy. The leaves are long-oval, broadest towards the blunt-pointed tip and narrowing to short stems.
The beautiful flowers are pure white, or rarely tinged with pink; the tube of the long corolla is covered with very sticky, brownish hairs, and terminates in five, large, pointed, spreading lobes. The stamens are very long, slender and white, and tipped with yellow anthers. The five-pointed calyx is very small and inconspicuous.
Besides being quite fragrant, the flowers secrete considerable nectar in the base of the tube, and are, consequently, favorites with many species of butterflies, moths and bees. Pilfering insects, like ants, are unable to reach the nectar tube, because of the very sticky exterior of the corolla. This species has the branchlets, and the margins and midribs of the leaves, bristly, this distinguishing it from the very similar Smooth Azalea (R. arborescens). The corolla tubes of both these species are much longer than the spreading lobes, this readily distinguishing them readily from the Pink Azalea in which the tube is about the same length as the lobes.
During the early time of their bloom, all the Azaleas bear, hanging among the fragrant flowers, peculiar, juicy, pulpy growths that are edible, as any well bred farmer's boy knows; he calls them May or Swamp Apples, but they are really modified buds and not fungus growths or caused by insects, as was formerly believed. These beautiful Azaleas are found from Me. to Ohio and southwards.
A. Pink Azalea. Rhododendron nudiflorum.
B. Rhodora. Rhododendron canadense.