A family composed of shrubs, vines or herbs with opposite leaves and perfect, usually regular flowers of a funnel-form.
Fly Honeysuckle (Lonicera Canadensis) is a bush or shrub with thin, straggling, brown branches, attaining heights of 2 to 4 feet. The leaves are thin, light green, somewhat heart-shaped and short stem-ed. They grow oppositely on the branches and have small stipules between them. The flowers are borne in pairs from the axils of the terminal leaves. The Naples yellow tubes are about three fourths of an inch in length and have five lobes. The pairs of blossoms are joined to the slender peduncles with exceedingly short stems. After the flowering season, two bright red berries, with their bases touching but not united, take the places of the pairs of flowers. This species is common from Quebec to Manitoba and south to Pa. and Mich.
A similar species, the Mountain Ply Honeysuckle (L. caerulea) has the pairs of flowers almost united at their bases and the berries united into a single one with two "eyes." This is also common in low woods in the same range.
A. Fly Honeysuckle.
Twinflower (Linnaea Borealis Americana) is one of the most delicately beautiful of our wild flowers. The stem is slender, trailing, reddish-brown and from 6 to 24 inches long; at intervals very slender, leafy flower stalks rise, bearing at the end, two pendulous, bell-shaped, white, fragrant blossoms; the corolla, which has five lobes, is crimson pink within. The evergreen leaves are short-stemmed, almost round and scallop-toothed. It was a favorite plant with Linnaeus and is named after him. It is also highly prized by all who reside in, or visit, the sections it frequents. It blooms in July and August in cool mossy woods from Lab. to Minn, and south to Pa. in the mountains.
Coral Honeysuckle. Lonicera sempervirens.
Coral Or Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera Sempervirens) is a very ornamental, climbing, woody vine growing from 8 to 15 feet in length. It trails over bushes or entwines its stems about the branches of trees. It is more slender and graceful than the Trumpet-creeper and, while its flowers are not as large as the latter, they are brightly colored so that the species is fully as often seen in cultivation as the Trumpet-creeper. The lower leaves have short stems, are rounded-oval in shape and opposite, as are those of all the members of this family. The leaves near the ends of the branches are united at their bases, clasping the stems and forming cup-shaped structures. The strikingly colored flowers grow in whorls on spikes terminating the branches. The tubular corollas are about two inches in length, bright red on the outside and yellow within; the opening of the corolla spreads but very little and is five-lobed. As may be seen from the picture on the opposite page, this honeysuckle flaunts the favorite colors of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird and is consequently visited very often by these birds. Its long slender corolla is perfectly adapted to the long bill and tongue of this smallest of our birds. In the South the leaves of the Coral Honeysuckle are evergreen but in the North they are deciduous. In the Fall where each flower was located during the Summer we find an orange-red berry. These are eaten by various migrating birds and in this manner the seeds contained in the berries are scattered over a wide range of territory. This is one of Nature's surest ways of increasing the range of a species and adding to its vitality by bringing it into contact with the same kind of plants from widely separated localities. This species is distributed from Conn, and Nebr. southwards.