Wood Lily; Wild Orange-Red Lily (Lilium Philadelphicum) has a leafy stem 1 to 3 feet high, at its summit bearing one to four erect (not pendulous) flowers; the divisions of the perianth are deep orange-red, lightening in color at the stem-like bases and profusely spotted with dark brown; the outside of the perianth is dull whitish-green. The leaves are lanceolate, sharply pointed at each end and whorled about the stem in groups of from three to seven. Blooms in July and August in sandy soil from N. E. to Mich, and southwards.
Southern Red Lily (L. Catesbaei) has a single bright scarlet, bell-shaped, upright blossom, spotted within with purple and yellow. The leaves are narrow and scattered along the stalk. Found from N. C. to Mo. and southwards.
Turk's-Cap Lily (Lilium Superbum) is a most beautiful flower; it is very appropriately specifically called superbum. It is prolific in bloom almost beyond belief. One has to see the tall, stately, leafy stalk, surrounded by a drooping cluster containing from thirty to forty brilliant orange flowers, in order to realize the impressiveness of this flower at its best. The bright sepals are always reflexed, sometimes so much so that they remind one of a coiled spring. These lilies apparently know their own beauty for, be the surrounding foliage high or low, they will rear their flowering heads above it. They are cross-fertilized chiefly by bees and some of the larger butterflies. One has but to touch the large pendant anthers to get a practical demonstration of how the pollen is attached to the body of a bee and carried to another flower, there to be deposited oh the sticky stigma of the mature style. Naturally a species so prolific of flower and so capable of being cross-fertilized by foreign agency is in little danger of having its numbers lessened. In fact, wherever it gets a foothold it spreads with great rapidity; a habit that I am sure is regretted by none who admire this beautiful lily, and these number all who have ever had the opportunity to see it.
Turk's-cap Lily. Lilium superbum.
The flowers, nodding at the top of a stem ranging from 2 to 7 feet in height, have a six parted perianth, orange-red, thickly spotted with purplish brown; the six stamens have large, long brown anthers extending far beyond the reflexed sepals. The lanceolate leaves are crowded along the upper stem and whorled about its lower portion. Blooms abundantly in rich soil, during July and August, from N. B. to Minn, and southwards.
Lilium carolinianum is a quite similar species with broader leaves and only one to three flowers. Found on the borders of mountain woods from Va. southwards.
Field, Wild, Meadow, Yellow Or Canada Lily (Lilium Canadense) is one of the most abundant of the genus. Its graceful, bell-like heads nod in profusion in all suitable localities soon after it gains a foothold. Imagine a rich meadow, surrounded by deep green woods and covered with thousands of these lilies, their heads hanging and nodding invitingly and seeming fairly to tinkle in the bright sunlight. They are great favorites with country children, by whom they are often called "Fairy Caps" or "Witch-caps". They are also great favorites with all the larger bees and butterflies. On the whole, this flower may be regarded as more graceful in form than is the Turk's-cap, but it cannot compare with the latter flower for beauty of coloring. The regular whorled leaves and graceful bending penduncles supporting the hanging "bells" make a conventional design that often appeals to the artistic eye.
Meadow Lily. Lilium canadense.
The flowers are in terminal clusters of one to twelve blossoms, nodding on long peduncles from the summit of a tall leafy stem; yellowish-brown outside and yellow or orange within, spotted with brown; sepals spreading and slightly reflexed, but not to any such degree as those of the Turks-cap. The leaves are lanceolate, arranged about the stem at intervals in whorls of three to eight. Flowers during June and July in moist meadows, from Quebec to Minn, and southwards to Ga. and Mo.