Round-Leaved Orchis (H. Orbiculata) is similar to Hookeri; the lip is oblong, obtuse and about the same length as the spur. The two basal leaves are almost round. It is common in rich woods from Labrador to Alaska and southwards.
A. Ragged Fringed Orchis.
B. White Fringed Orchis.
Ragged Fringed Orchis (Habenarla Lacera) does not attract our attention because of its beauty, for its flowers are rather inconspicuous in color. They are, however, remarkable for the peculiarly cut and slashed lip, it being divided apparently with no regard for method or symmetry. The greenish-white flowers are in a dense, many-flowered raceme at the summit of a leafy stem from 10 to 20 inches high. The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, diminishing in size to the flower bracts as they reach the raceme. This species is not uncommon in swamps from Newfoundland to Minn, and southwards.
White Fringed Orchis (H. Blephariglottis) has a densely flowered raceme or spike similar to that of the Yellow Fringed species, but the flowers are pure white; the lip is not divided but is copiously fringed; lateral sepals rounded, upper ones elliptical and concave; spur nearly an inch long. Leaves lanceolate and gradually diminishing in size as they alternate to the top of the stem. In July and August you may find this species flowering, throughout the United States.
Habenaria leucophaea is also a white fringed Orchis. It is large, the stem varying from 1 to 3 feet in height. The flowers are also large, the spur averaging 1 1-2 inches in length; the lip is in three divisions, each of which is conspicuously fringed; the lateral and upper sepals are nearly round and quite strongly concaved. The lanceolate leaves are large at the bottom of the stem, but are reduced in size to the flower bracts as they reach the spike. This will be found in wet meadows and swamps from N. S. to Minn, and southwards, chiefly west of the Alle-ghanies, to the Gulf of Mexico, flowering in June and July.
A. Purple Fringed Orchis.
B. Small Purple Fringed Orchis.
Small Purple Fringed Orchis (Habenaria Psycodes) has pale purplish flowers in a dense cylindrical spike terminating a leafy stem, about 1 or 1 1-2 feet tall. The spreading flower-tip is 3-parted and fringed; sepals rounded, petals spatulate and slightly toothed. The leaves are lanceolate and, like those of the fringed orchids, grow smaller as they approach the top of the stem. Flowers in July and August in wet meadows or swamps, from Newfoundland to Manitoba and southwards.